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ASCA Responses Staff to Inmate Ratio Survey, Association of State Correctional Administrators, 2010

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ASCA Responses: Staff to Inmate Ratio Survey (June 2010)

6. What is the total number of
inmates currently incarcerated in
your state correctional facilities?

2. What is the total number of
security staff employed by
your state correctional
facilities?
1. Please enter the contact information for the person in
your Agency that is familiar with this topic.
State:

Name and Title:

(PBMS defines security staff
as uniformed staff, such as
majors, captains, lieutenants,
3. Inmate to
sergeants, cadets and
Correctional
correctional officers.) (Please
differentiate between Officers and Officer Ratio
Supervisors.)

Email Address:

Correctional
Officers
(nonsupervisors)

Correctional
Supervisors

4.
Correctional
Officer to
Supervisor
Ratio

5. Inmate to
Total
Correctional
Officer and
Supervisor
Ratio

(PBMS defines inmates currently
incarcerated as Inmates in facilities
operated by the DOC on the last day of
a given month. Excludes inmates
housed in other states’ correctional
facilities, facilities not operated by the
DOC, and parolees. It includes interstate compact cases and offenders
housed in DOC facilities as “safe
keepers,” i.e., for an
evaluation/diagnostic assessment or
as a courtesy for a local facility or law
enforcement agency.)

Inmate Count

7. What is the total
number of direct
supervision custody
staff members
(housing unit officers
only, excludes
supervisors, rovers
and control room
personnel) assigned
to day shift – the shift
that covers the hours
of 0800 – 1600?

8. Comments:

Hours - 0800 - 1600

Alabama

Glen Casey
Research Director

glen.casey@doc.alabama.gov

2,559

549

9.9

4.7

8.2

25,382

ADOC utilizes 12 hr. shifts in some facilities where total manning is
adequate to support such. This is not utilized on a system-wide basis.
Calculation of staff in question number 4 is not feasible.

Arkansas *

George Brewer
Research

george.brewer@arkansas.gov

953

1,874

14.4

0.5

4.8

13,682

Hard to estimate question #4. We have many direct supervision custody
staff members supervising inmate work and program assignments other
than just those that man a post in the housing unit.

California

Brian Duffy
Special Assistant to
the Undersecretary,
Operations

brian.duffy@cdcr.ca.gov

8,003

1,761

20.8

4.5

17.0

166,191

The answer to question #4 would require significant staff work to survey
the state's 33 institutions. Based upon the multiple designs, custody
levels, and program needs of each of these facilities, each one has a
different staffing level. If you require additional information, please
contact Robert Neuschmid, Chief, Program Support Unit, at (916) 3276387.

Colorado

Bonnie Barr,
Senior
Statistical Analysis

bonnie.barr@doc.state.co.us

2,949

464

4.9

6.4

4.2

14,364

Question 2. Data as of May 1, 2010, Question 3. Data as of April 30,
2010, Question 4. Data not available
The numbers above reflect Prisons and Community Corrections
facilities. The Community Corrections facilities are more commonly
known as work release centers, residential treatment, violation of
probation centers, etc. In regard to the number of persons
incarcerated, the number is the prisons totaled 5453 and the number in
community corrections totaled 1,176 for a combined total of 6,629 as
listed in question 3.

Delaware

Federal
Bureau of
Prisons
Illinois
Indiana

Deborah Craig,
Planner V

Jennifer Batchelder,
Supervisory
Research Analyst
Steven P. Karr,
Manager
Amanda Copeland,
Exec Dir
Research &
Technology

Staff to Inmate Ratio Survey.xls (NJ)

Debbi.Craig@state.de.us

1,593

188

4.2

8.5

3.7

6,629

jbatchelder@bop.gov

15,895

1,426

10.8

11.1

9.9

172,284

Steve.Karr@doc.illinois.gov

6,882

604

6.6

11.4

6.1

45,368

acopeland@idoc.in.gov

3,824

795

6.9

4.8

5.7

26,368

Page 1 of 5

275

I can't provide staff information by shift.

Staff and inmate counts are based on adult State facilities only. Shift
data is currently not available.

Last Update: 6/16/10 at 1:01 PM

ASCA Responses: Staff to Inmate Ratio Survey (June 2010)

6. What is the total number of
inmates currently incarcerated in
your state correctional facilities?

2. What is the total number of
security staff employed by
your state correctional
facilities?
1. Please enter the contact information for the person in
your Agency that is familiar with this topic.
State:

Kansas

Louisiana

Name and Title:

Email Address:

Correctional
Officers
(nonsupervisors)

Correctional
Supervisors

Charles E. Simmons,
Deputy Secretary,
Facilities
Management

chucks@doc.ks.gov

1,393

437

Tanisha Matthews,
HR Director

Maryland

George Hall,
Director,
Policy and
Regulations

Massachusetts

Erin Gotovich,
Executive Assistant

Michigan
Minnesota

(PBMS defines security staff
as uniformed staff, such as
majors, captains, lieutenants,
3. Inmate to
sergeants, cadets and
Correctional
correctional officers.) (Please
differentiate between Officers and Officer Ratio
Supervisors.)

Teri Cline,
Budget Officer
Shari Burt,
Communications
Director

Staff to Inmate Ratio Survey.xls (NJ)

tmatthews@corrections.state.la.us

3,135

786

6.2

5.1

4.
Correctional
Officer to
Supervisor
Ratio

3.2

4.0

5. Inmate to
Total
Correctional
Officer and
Supervisor
Ratio

4.7

4.1

(PBMS defines inmates currently
incarcerated as Inmates in facilities
operated by the DOC on the last day of
a given month. Excludes inmates
housed in other states’ correctional
facilities, facilities not operated by the
DOC, and parolees. It includes interstate compact cases and offenders
housed in DOC facilities as “safe
keepers,” i.e., for an
evaluation/diagnostic assessment or
as a courtesy for a local facility or law
enforcement agency.)

7. What is the total
number of direct
supervision custody
staff members
(housing unit officers
only, excludes
supervisors, rovers
and control room
personnel) assigned
to day shift – the shift
that covers the hours
of 0800 – 1600?

8. Comments:

Inmate Count

Hours - 0800 - 1600

8,690

173

We do not staff facilities by ratio. We staff by the number of posts
determined for each facility based on factors such as the physical plant,
security level, number of inmates.

1,379

State Correctional Departments should utilize assigned posts/positions
per offender not CSO’s per offender. We do ourselves an injustice by
not educating the public that it takes 4.2 positions to fill one 24 hour
post, 2.0 positions to fill one 12 hour post and 1.75 positions to fill one
ten hour post. The Governor’s Budget Staff, Legislators and the public
need to better understand CSO ratios.

16,030

Question #5 is difficult to answer as there were no details. Maryland
has a Division of Correction and the Patuxent Institution which houses
the criminally insane. There are different security levels within an
institution, as well as different types of physical structures. At our MD
Correctional Institute - Jessup (medium security) there are
approximately 1000 inmates in 6 housing units and 2 dormitories and a
segregation unit. The housing units hold 128 inmates each and there
are 2 correctional officers assigned to each housing unit, that is, one
pod officer and one officer in charge (usually a Sergeant). The
segregation unit is staffed with 5 correctional officers. The dormitories
are staffed with one CO each.

ghhall@dpscs.state.md.us

6,266

822

3.5

7.6

3.1

21,835

elgotovich@doc.state.ma.us

2,834

904

4.0

3.1

3.0

11,236

287

Please note that the answer to question #4 is for the general population
housing unit officers.

clinetm@michigan.gov

7,648

839

6.0

9.1

5.4

45,957

1,556

1,282 other officers on the morning shift not assigned to housing units.

shari.burt@state.mn.us

1,955

137

4.6

14.3

4.3

9,052

Page 2 of 5

#3 total adult inmates on 1/1/10. #4 not available

Last Update: 6/16/10 at 1:01 PM

ASCA Responses: Staff to Inmate Ratio Survey (June 2010)

6. What is the total number of
inmates currently incarcerated in
your state correctional facilities?

2. What is the total number of
security staff employed by
your state correctional
facilities?
1. Please enter the contact information for the person in
your Agency that is familiar with this topic.
State:

Name and Title:

Missouri

Derek R. Hines
Chief Security Coor.

Montana

Bob Paul
Ross Swanson

Nebraska

Marian Layman
Agency HR
Administrator

George Tapia,
Deputy Director
of Adult Prisons
Daniel Martuscello,
New York State Director of
Human Resources
Cherie Greenwade
Oregon
New Mexico

Pennsylvania

Steven Freeman,
HR Analyst 3

Staff to Inmate Ratio Survey.xls (NJ)

Email Address:

(PBMS defines security staff
as uniformed staff, such as
majors, captains, lieutenants,
3. Inmate to
sergeants, cadets and
Correctional
correctional officers.) (Please
differentiate between Officers and Officer Ratio
Supervisors.)

Correctional
Officers
(nonsupervisors)

4.
Correctional
Officer to
Supervisor
Ratio

5. Inmate to
Total
Correctional
Officer and
Supervisor
Ratio

Correctional
Supervisors

(PBMS defines inmates currently
incarcerated as Inmates in facilities
operated by the DOC on the last day of
a given month. Excludes inmates
housed in other states’ correctional
facilities, facilities not operated by the
DOC, and parolees. It includes interstate compact cases and offenders
housed in DOC facilities as “safe
keepers,” i.e., for an
evaluation/diagnostic assessment or
as a courtesy for a local facility or law
enforcement agency.)

Inmate Count

derek.hines@doc.mo.gov

4,820

977

6.3

4.9

5.2

30,378

bpaul@mt.gov / rswanson@mt.gov

343

53

4.2

6.5

3.6

1,437

7. What is the total
number of direct
supervision custody
staff members
(housing unit officers
only, excludes
supervisors, rovers
and control room
personnel) assigned
to day shift – the shift
that covers the hours
of 0800 – 1600?

Hours - 0800 - 1600

Q#2 the break down for supervisory staff: Sergeants 639; Lieutenants
210; Captains 106 & Majors 22. Q#4 Would not allow a separation
based on facility size; 40 staff would be the maximum number at a large
facility; 10 staff would be assigned as a minimum number for a small
facility or treatment center.
32

marian.layman@nebraska.gov

1,015

67

4.4

15.1

4.1

4,432

265

George.Tapia@state.nm.us

1,145

100

3.2

11.5

2.9

3,657

609

Daniel.MartuscelloIII@docs.state.ny.us

18,987

1,995

3.0

9.5

2.7

57,394

9,903

Cherie.L.Greenwade@doc.state.or.us

2,413

169

5.7

14.3

5.3

13,784

171

sfreeman@state.pa.us

8,614

736

5.6

11.7

5.1

Page 3 of 5

47,988

8. Comments:

1,723

For question #4, please note the number of day shift custody staff only
represents the number of custody staff on day shift, 6 a.m. to 2 p.m.,
and includes only Correctional Officers, Correctional Corporals, and
Correctional Sergeants minus custody staff in the Control Centers. The
number does not include Custody Management (Lieutenants,
Captains, and Majors, nor does the number include Housing staff (Unit
Caseworkers, Case Managers, Unit Managers and Unit Administrators).
If you have any questions, please contact Marian Layman, NDCS HR
Administrator, at 402/479-5752.

Inmate count is from January 1, 2010
The Pennsylvania Dept. of Corrections uses 3 main shifts: 1st 06001400; 2nd 1400 to 2200; 3rd 2200 to 0600 hours. We do use a 0800 to
1600 shift for a select few positions that generally work a Monday thru
Friday schedule. Our housing unit officer don not work a 0800 to 1600
shift. The figures in question #4 represent our estimated staffing on the
0600 - 1400 shift.

Last Update: 6/16/10 at 1:01 PM

ASCA Responses: Staff to Inmate Ratio Survey (June 2010)

6. What is the total number of
inmates currently incarcerated in
your state correctional facilities?

2. What is the total number of
security staff employed by
your state correctional
facilities?
1. Please enter the contact information for the person in
your Agency that is familiar with this topic.
State:

Name and Title:

Email Address:

(PBMS defines security staff
as uniformed staff, such as
majors, captains, lieutenants,
3. Inmate to
sergeants, cadets and
Correctional
correctional officers.) (Please
differentiate between Officers and Officer Ratio
Supervisors.)

Correctional
Officers
(nonsupervisors)

4.
Correctional
Officer to
Supervisor
Ratio

5. Inmate to
Total
Correctional
Officer and
Supervisor
Ratio

Correctional
Supervisors

(PBMS defines inmates currently
incarcerated as Inmates in facilities
operated by the DOC on the last day of
a given month. Excludes inmates
housed in other states’ correctional
facilities, facilities not operated by the
DOC, and parolees. It includes interstate compact cases and offenders
housed in DOC facilities as “safe
keepers,” i.e., for an
evaluation/diagnostic assessment or
as a courtesy for a local facility or law
enforcement agency.)

Inmate Count

7. What is the total
number of direct
supervision custody
staff members
(housing unit officers
only, excludes
supervisors, rovers
and control room
personnel) assigned
to day shift – the shift
that covers the hours
of 0800 – 1600?

8. Comments:

Hours - 0800 - 1600

Rhode Island

Jeffrey Renzi

jeff.renzi@doc.ri.gov

960

64

3.6

15.0

3.4

3,453

472

Questions 2 & 3 as of 3/31/10. 960 Line Staff. 49 Lieutenants; 15
Captains. Question 2 DOES NOT include 79 Correctional Officers who
are included in the following descriptions: Stewards, LPN, RN, Records
& ID and Training Academy personnel. Total Security Staff = 1103 on
3/31/10. Question 3 includes awaiting trial, sentenced, civil purge,
immigration and holds. Question 4: first shift is 0700 - 1500.

South Carolina

Bob Petersen,
HR Director

Petersen.Bob@doc.state.sc.us

2,592

1,165

9.2

2.2

6.3

23,722

250

Question 3 - 23,722 as of 4/30/2010 Question 4 - 250 (177 in General
Housing + 73 in Special Management Units)

Tennessee

Jim Dickman

Jim.Dickman@tn.gov

2,466

762

6.2

3.2

4.7

15,276

826

The answer to number 4 includes the portions of our first and second
shifts that coincide with the hours you requested in question number 4.

2,319

#2. Officers employed by Transportation, a secure parole facility and
Correctional Officers that have not completed training are included.
26,179 Correctional Officers as of 4/30/2010. 3,049 CO Supervisors
(excluding wardens) as of 4/30/2010 #3. 138,845 as of 4/30/2010 State Operated Facilities #4. The total number of direct supervision
custody staff members comes from the following positions included in
the staffing plan of each correctional facility. Housing Pickets = 679
Housing Rovers = 1640 These positions are strictly assigned to
housing and not in the categories listed to be excluded.

Texas

Karen Hall-Manager,
Executive Support

Virginia

Helen S. Hinshaw,
Manager,
Research &
Management
Services Unit

Washington

Dargie Sutton

Staff to Inmate Ratio Survey.xls (NJ)

karen.hall@tdcj.state.tx.us

26,179

3,049

5.3

8.6

4.8

138,845

Question 2. It is split into established and filled positions. The total
number of security employees - Established = 7,829; Filled = 7,135
Part B - Non-supervisors - Established = 6,646; Filled = 6,010.
Supervisors - Established = 1,183; Filled = 1,125. Question 3: 31,536
(on 6-1-10) contains 1,054 contract cases, of which 999 are from PA
DOC. We have these inmates under contract housed at Greenrock
Correctional Center in VA to help alleviate PA’s overcrowding. This is
not a temporary situation but a long-term, contractual arrangement.
Our staff are providing the supervision for the contract cases which is
why I left them in the count. Question 4 - Not available.

Helen.hinshaw@vadoc.virginia.gov

dargie.sutton@doc.wa.gov

3,270

543

4.9

6.0

4.2

Page 4 of 5

16,086

288

WADOC shift hours for day shift is 0530-1400. This is the custody
housing unit shift count that is provided. Thank you.

Last Update: 6/16/10 at 1:01 PM

ASCA Responses: Staff to Inmate Ratio Survey (June 2010)

6. What is the total number of
inmates currently incarcerated in
your state correctional facilities?

2. What is the total number of
security staff employed by
your state correctional
facilities?
1. Please enter the contact information for the person in
your Agency that is familiar with this topic.
State:

(PBMS defines security staff
as uniformed staff, such as
majors, captains, lieutenants,
3. Inmate to
sergeants, cadets and
Correctional
correctional officers.) (Please
differentiate between Officers and Officer Ratio
Supervisors.)

4.
Correctional
Officer to
Supervisor
Ratio

5. Inmate to
Total
Correctional
Officer and
Supervisor
Ratio

(PBMS defines inmates currently
incarcerated as Inmates in facilities
operated by the DOC on the last day of
a given month. Excludes inmates
housed in other states’ correctional
facilities, facilities not operated by the
DOC, and parolees. It includes interstate compact cases and offenders
housed in DOC facilities as “safe
keepers,” i.e., for an
evaluation/diagnostic assessment or
as a courtesy for a local facility or law
enforcement agency.)

7. What is the total
number of direct
supervision custody
staff members
(housing unit officers
only, excludes
supervisors, rovers
and control room
personnel) assigned
to day shift – the shift
that covers the hours
of 0800 – 1600?

Name and Title:

Email Address:

Correctional
Officers
(nonsupervisors)

Correctional
Supervisors

West Virginia

Brad Douglas,
Director of
Research & Planning

brad.t.douglas@wv.gov

844

274

6.0

3.1

4.5

5,074

Wyoming

Daniel Shannon
Prison Administrator

dshann@wdoc.state.wy.us

529

174

3.7

3.0

2.8

1,963

72

AVERAGE

5,002

776

6.4

7.4

5.1

33,806

1,212

TOTAL - 29

Inmate Count

8. Comments:

Hours - 0800 - 1600

Answer to Q4 is unavailable, WVDOC institutions do not have
standardized shift patterns.

* Includes a large number of CO II's (Sergeants) who supervise inmate work crews outside the prisons.

Staff to Inmate Ratio Survey.xls (NJ)

Page 5 of 5

Last Update: 6/16/10 at 1:01 PM

 

 

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