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U.S. Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs

Bureau of Justice Statistics

Special Report
Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003

August 2007, NCJ 218914

Sexual Violence Reported
by Correctional Authorities, 2006
By Allen J. Beck, Ph.D.
Paige M. Harrison, BJS Statisticians
and Devon B. Adams, Policy Analyst
The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (P.L. 108-79)
requires the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) to develop
new national data collections on the incidence and prevalence of sexual violence within correctional facilities. This
report fulfills the requirement under Sec. 4 (c)(1) of the Act
for submission of an annual report on the activities of BJS
with respect to prison rape.
Between January 1 and June 30, 2007, BJS completed the
third annual national survey of administrative records in
adult correctional facilities, covering calendar year 2006.
Although the results were limited to incidents reported to
correctional officials, the survey provides an understanding
of what officials know, based on the number of reported
allegations, and the outcomes of follow-up investigations.1
By comparing results of the 2006 survey with those from
2004 and 2005, BJS is able to assess trends in sexual violence for the first time since the Act was passed.
Administrative records surveys are one part of BJS’s multimeasure, multi-mode implementation strategy. During
2006, BJS completed development and testing of survey
methodologies that rely on reports of victimization provided
directly by prison and jail inmates, former inmates, and
youth held in juvenile facilities. These methodologies rely
on self-administered surveys that offer anonymity to victims
of sexual violence to report their experiences. Using Audio
Computer-Assisted Self-Interview procedures, respondents
interact with a computer-administered questionnaire using
a touch-screen and follow audio instructions delivered via
headphones. (See box on page 2 for a status report and
national implementation schedule.)
1

A survey of State-operated juvenile systems and privately or locally operated juvenile facilities was also conducted for 2006. Results from the 2005
and 2006 juvenile surveys will be published in a separate report.

The 2006 administrative records survey provides the basis
for the annual statistical review required under the Act. The
survey included all Federal and State prison systems and
facilities operated by the U.S. military and Immigration and
Customs Enforcement. The survey also included representative samples of jail jurisdictions, privately operated adult
prisons and jails, and jails in Indian country. Altogether, the
administrative survey included facilities housing more than
1.8 million inmates, or 81% of all inmates held in adult facilities in 2006. (See Methodology for detailed sampling
description.)
As with previous administrative records surveys, the 2006
survey results should not be used to rank systems or facilities. Given the absence of uniform reporting, caution is
necessary for accurate interpretation of the survey results.
Higher or lower counts among facilities may reflect variations in definitions, reporting capacities, and procedures for
recording allegations as opposed to differences in the
underlying incidence of sexual violence.
In 2004 BJS developed uniform definitions of sexual violence. Incidents of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence were
classified as either nonconsensual sexual acts (the most
serious violent forms of sexual assault) or abusive sexual
contacts (less serious, but unwanted). Incidents involving
staff were separated into staff sexual misconduct (any act
of a sexual nature directed toward an inmate) or staff sexual harassment (repeated verbal statements of a sexual
nature to an inmate). For this report, all such incidents are
considered sexual violence. (See Methodology for detailed
definitions.)
Detailed tabulations of the survey results by system and
sampled facility are presented in Appendix tables 1a – 4b,
available on the BJS web site at <http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/
bjs/pub/pdf/svrca06.pdf>.

Allegations of sexual violence rose during 2006
Reports of sexual violence varied across systems and sampled facilities, with every State prison system except Alaska
and New Mexico reporting at least one allegation of sexual
violence. Among the 344 sampled local jail jurisdictions
participating in the survey, 161 (47%) reported an allegation. About 52% of the 46 sampled privately operated prisons and jails reported at least one allegation.

The 2006 survey recorded 5,605 allegations of sexual violence. Taking into account weights for sampled facilities,
the estimated total number of allegations for the Nation was
6,528. Since the Prison Rape Elimination Act was passed
in 2003, the estimated number of allegations nationwide
has risen by 21% (5,386 in 2004; 6,241 in 2005). Some of
the increase may have resulted from adoption of BJS definitions and improved reporting by correctional authorities.

Collection of victim self-report of sexual violence in prisons and jails underway
BJS is working toward full implementation of the Prison
Rape Elimination Act. As of June 30, 2007, BJS and its
data collection agents had completed all phases of
development and testing. BJS has entered into
cooperative agreements to collect reports of sexual
violence directly from inmates in prisons and jails,
former State prison inmates, and youth in State juvenile
facilities. BJS has worked extensively with 1. Research Triangle International (RTI) (Raleigh, NC)
to collect data from inmates in prisons and jails;
2. Westat, Inc. (Rockville, MD) to collect data from
adjuducated youth in State and local juvenile facilities;
3. National Opinion Research Center (NORC)
(Chicago, IL) to collect data from State inmates under
active parole supervision.
Though underlying survey methodology and logistical
procedures differ with each of these data collections,
the measurement strategies are consistent. The
surveys consist of an Audio Computer-Assisted SelfInterview (ACASI) in which respondents interact with a
computer-administered questionnaire using a touchscreen and follow audio instructions delivered via
headphones. The use of ACASI is expected to
overcome many limitations of previous research.
The following work has been completed or is
underway:
Prison and jail inmates
• Implementation of the National Inmate Survey (NIS)
began in April 2007 in 148 prisons and 302 jails. Data
collection will continue through December 2007, with
about 90,000 completed interviews anticipated.
• On August 30, 2007, BJS will consult with corrections
administrators and experts in statistical scaling to discuss
various measures of sexual violence by which to rank
facilities.

2 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

• Rankings of prison facilities, as required under the Act,
are expected in November 2007; jail rankings are expected
shortly after the completion of the data collection.
Youth in custody
• Testing of the National Survey of Youth in Custody
(NSYC) was completed in June 2007. The test involved 12
juvenile facilities in 6 States with more than 750 completed
interviews.
• Results of the testing and plans for implementation will be
presented to juvenile administrators, researchers, and
other stakeholders at a national workshop on August 28,
2007.
• National implementation is expected in early 2008, pending approval from the Office of Management and Budget
(OMB). When fully implemented, the NSYC will include
about 15,000 adjudicated youth in a sample of 208 Stateoperated facilities and 48 large non-State facilities (that had
an average daily population of 90 or more youth during
2005).
Former State prisoners
• The Former Prisoner Survey (FPS) was tested in 16
parole offices with 788 former inmates on active parole
supervision. In May 2007, the collection was submitted to
OMB for review.
• The survey will provide a national estimate of the incidence and prevalence of sexual vicitimization based on
reports of former State prison inmates. Data will be collected on the totality of the prior term of incarceration,
including any time in a police lockup, local jail, State prison,
or community correctional facility prior to final discharge.
• National implementation will begin in late 2007, pending
OMB approval. When fully implemented the survey will
include about 16,500 former inmates in a sample of 285
parole offices.

Expressed as rates, there were 2.91 allegations of sexual
violence per 1,000 inmates held in prison, jail, and other
adult correctional facilities in 2006, up from 2.46 per 1,000
inmates in 2004. Overall, the rate in State prisons (3.75 per
1,000) was higher than the rate in local jails (2.05 per
1,000) (table 1).
About 36% of the reported allegations of sexual violence in
2006 involved staff sexual misconduct; 34%, inmate-oninmate nonconsensual sexual acts; 17%, staff sexual
harassment; and 13%, inmate-on-inmate abusive sexual
contacts. These percentages were nearly unchanged from
those reported in 2005. Correctional authorities reported
Table 1. Allegations of sexual violence and rates per 1,000
inmates, by type of facility, 2005 and 2006
Facility type
Total
Prisons
Public-Federala
Public-State
Private
Local jails
Public
Private
Other adult facilities
Indian country jailsb
Military-operated
ICE-operated

National estimate
2006
2005

Rate per 1,000 inmates
2006
2005

6,528

6,241

2.91

2.83

242
4,516
200

268
4,341
182

1.50
3.75
1.91

1.71
3.68
1.80

1,521
12

1,384
22

2.05
0.72

1.86
1.33

29
3
5

32
8
4

^
^
^

^
^
^

^Too few cases to provide a reliable rate.
aFederal numbers for 2006 are not comparable to those

in 2005 due to

a change in reporting.
bExcludes

facilities housing juveniles only.

3,489 allegations of staff sexual misconduct and harassment during 2006, compared to 3,470 during 2005.2
Allegations of sexual violence, by type of incident, 2005 and 2006
National estimate
Percent
Incident type
2006
2005
2006
2005
Total
Inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts
Inmate-on-inmate abusive
sexual contacts
Staff sexual misconduct
Staff sexual harassment

6,528

6,241

100%

100%

2,205

2,160

34

35

834
2,371
1,118

611
2,386
1,084

13
36
17

10
38
17

Upon investigation, most allegations were
unsubstantiated or unfounded
The most common outcome of investigations was a determination that the evidence was insufficient to show whether
the alleged incident occurred. In 2006 more than half of all
allegations (55%) were unsubstantiated; more than a quarter (29%) were unfounded (determined not to have
occurred). About a sixth of all allegations (17%) were substantiated. Previous surveys recorded similar outcomes.
Based on completed investigations, allegations of staff sexual harassment and inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts were less likely to have been substantiated than
other types of allegations (table 2). During 2006, 7% of allegations of staff sexual harassment and 14% of inmate-oninmate nonconsensual sexual acts were substantiated,
compared to 19% of the allegations of inmate-on-inmate
abusive sexual contacts and 25% of the allegations of staff
sexual misconduct.
2See

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2005 at
<http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/svrca05.htm>.

Table 2. Outcomes of investigations into allegations of sexual violence, by type of facility, 2006
All facilitiesa
Number
Inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts
Substantiated
Unsubstantiated
Unfounded
Investigation ongoing
Inmate-on-inmate abusive sexual contacts
Substantiated
Unsubstantiated
Unfounded
Investigation ongoing
Staff sexual misconduct
Substantiated
Unsubstantiated
Unfounded
Investigation ongoing
Staff sexual harassment
Substantiated
Unsubstantiated
Unfounded
Investigation ongoing

2,205
262
1,030
616
297
834
158
491
165
20
2,371
471
877
535
489
1,118
70
595
292
161

Percentb
100%
14
54
32
100%
19
60
21
100%
25
47
28
100%
7
62
31

State and Federal prisons
Number

Percentb

1,390
147
707
304
232
707
125
426
139
17
1,677
235
745
309
388
984
47
537
258
142

100%
13
61
26
100%
18
62
20
100%
18
58
24
100%
6
64
31

Local jails
Number
725
111
295
259
60
116
31
54
28
2
575
229
91
166
90
105
15
50
34
6

Percentb

Private prisons and jails
Number

100%
17
44
39
100%
27
48
25
100%
47
19
34
100%
15
51
34

87
3
28
52
4
11
0
9
0
1
95
15
36
37
9
19
0
7
0
12

Percentb
100%
4
34
63
100%
0
100
0
100%
17
41
42
100%
0
100
0

Note: Detail may not sum to total due to rounding.
aIncludes
b

jails in Indian country and facilities operated by the U.S. military and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).

Percents based on allegations for which investigations have been completed.

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

3

Overall, 967 incidents of sexual violence were substantiated in 2006, compared to 885 in 2005 (table 3). Relative to
the number of inmates, the rate of substantiated incidents
of sexual violence in 2006 was 4.3 per 10,000 inmates,
nearly unchanged from the 4.0 per 10,000 inmates
recorded in 2005. Rates were lowest in Federal prisons
and privately operated prisons (fewer than 1 in 10,000).
Rates of substantiated incidents in State prisons, local jail
jurisdictions, and privately operated jails were 4 to 5 times
higher. Substantiated incidents were too few to provide reliable estimates for other types of facilities.
Surveys reveal consistent patterns of sexual violence
in correctional facilities
In 2005 and 2006, correctional authorities were asked to
provide detailed information on all substantiated incidents
of sexual violence on a separate incident form. Authorities
reported information on the circumstances of each incident,
characteristics of victims and perpetrators, type of pressure
or physical force, sanctions imposed, and victim assistance. The two surveys provide a profile of victims and perpetrators and reveal consistent patterns among the substantiated incidents.
Data provided on incidents of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence revealed that —
• More than one inmate was reported to have been victimized in 8% of the incidents in 2006 and 4% of those in 2005
(table 4).
• More than one perpetrator was involved in 10% of the
incidents in 2006 and 7% of those in 2005.
• Males constituted 82% of the victims and 85% of the perpetrators in 2006, compared to 88% of the victims and 91%
of the perpetrators in 2005.
• In both years, victims were on average younger than perpetrators. In 2006, 44% of victims were age 24 or younger,
while 81% of perpetrators were age 25 or older.
Table 3. Substantiated incidents of sexual violence and
rates per 1,000 inmates, by type of facility, 2005 and 2006
Facility type
Total
Prisons
Public-Federal
Public-State
Private
Local jails
Public
Private
Other adult facilities
Indian country jails*
Military-operated
ICE-operated

National estimate
2006
2005

Rate per 1,000 inmates
2006
2005

967

885

0.43

0.40

5
549
9

41
458
24

0.03
0.46
0.09

0.26
0.39
0.24

385
8

336
13

0.52
0.48

0.45
0.78

7
2
2

10
2
1

^
^
^

^
^
^

^Too few cases to provide a reliable rate.
*Excludes facilities housing juveniles only.

4 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

• In 2006 whites made up 72% of the victims; blacks, 16%;
and Hispanics, 9%. Among perpetrators, 39% were white;
49% black; and 10% Hispanics. Similar distributions were
observed in 2005.
• In both years at least half of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence was interracial: 6% of incidents in 2006 involved a
white perpetrator and a non-white victim; 35%, a black perpetrator and a non-black victim; and 8%, a Hispanic perpetrator and a non-Hispanic victim (not shown in table).
Number of victims and perpetrators by race/
Hispanic origin
Perpetrator
Victim
White* Black* Hispanic Other*
Total
200
227
52
8
White*
171
146
32
7
Black*
9
58
7
0
Hispanic
14
19
11
0
Other*
6
4
2
1
*Excludes persons of Hispanic origin.

Table 4. Characteristics of victims and perpetrators in
substantiated incidents of inmate-on-inmate sexual
violence, 2005 and 2006
2006
Victim characteristics
Number of victims
1
2 or more
Gender
Male
Female
Age
Under 25
25-39
40 or older
Race/Hispanic origin
Whitea
Blacka
Hispanic
Othera,b
Perpetrator characteristics
Number of perpetrators
1
2 or more
Gender
Male
Female
Age
Under 25
25-39
40 or older
Race/Hispanic origin
Whitea
Blacka
Hispanic
Othera,b
a
b

2005

92%
8

96%
4

82%
18

88%
12

44%
40
15

53%
39
8

72%
16
9
3

73%
12
9
6

90%
10

93%
7

85%
15

91%
9

20%
53
28

26%
44
30

39%
49
10
2

43%
39
15
3

Excludes victims and perpetrators of Hispanic origin.

Includes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Native
Hawaiians, and Other Pacific Islanders.

Most incidents of sexual violence among inmates
involve force or threat of force and occur in the
victim’s cell, in the evening

injured rose, from 15% in 2005 to 20% in 2006. Anal or rectal tearing was reported at nearly the same levels (5% in
2006 and 6% in 2005).

Correctional authorities reported that physical force or
threat of force was used in more than half of all substantiated incidents of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence (table
5). In 21% of the incidents in 2006, no force was used or
threatened. In 30% of incidents, victims were talked into it.
In 7% of incidents, victims were offered protection, bribed,
or blackmailed.

Incidents of sexual violence among inmates occurred most
often in a victim’s cell or dormitory (totaling more than 70%
in both years). By contrast, 17% of the incidents in 2006
and 21% of the incidents in 2005 occurred in a common
area, such as a shower or dayroom. In 6% of the incidents
in 2006 and 9% in 2005, the location was a program service area, such as a storage room, hallway, laundry, cafeteria, kitchen, or workshop.

Force or the threat of force was more common among incidents of nonconsensual sexual acts (67%) than among
incidents of abusive sexual contact (44%). The victim was
held down or restrained in 38% of the incidents of nonconsensual sexual acts during 2006. In 18% of these incidents,
the victim was physically harmed or injured. Although abusive sexual contacts are typically less serious forms of
assault, the victim was held down or restrained in 28% of
the incidents, and the victim was physically harmed or
injured in 10% of the incidents (not shown in table).
Overall, the use or threat of force was more prevalent
among incidents reported in 2006 (58%) than in 2005
(51%). In addition, the proportion of victims who were

Sexual violence among inmates was more common in the
evening (between 6 p.m. and midnight) than at any other
time of the day, exceeding 40% of all incidents in both surveys. In 2005 it was least common between midnight and 6
a.m. (18%); in 2006 it was least common between 6 a.m.
and noon (20%).
Incidents of sexual violence among inmates, when
reported, are typically reported by a victim or another
inmate and not by a correctional officer or other staff. In
2006, 83% of the substantiated incidents of inmate sexual
violence were reported by the victim or another inmate; in
2005, 91%.

Table 5. Circumstances surrounding substantiated incidents of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence,
by type, 2005 and 2006
Number of incidents

All types
2006
2005

Nonconsensual sexual acts
2006
2005

Abusive sexual contacts
2006
2005

Type of pressure or force
None
Force/threat of force
Persuasion or talked into it
Other

21%
58
30
7

30%
51
18
17

14%
67
32
8

18%
59
22
22

31%
44
28
4

57%
33
10
8

Victim injured
No
Yes

80%
20

85%
15

74%
26

78%
22

87%
13

97%
3

Where occurred
In victim's cell/room
In a dormitory
In a common area
Other areas

64%
9
17
13

59%
12
21
14

76%
6
11
10

59%
11
23
10

46%
14
26
17

59%
15
16
24

Time of dayb
6 a.m. to noon
Noon to 6 p.m.
6 p.m. to midnight
Midnight to 6 a.m.

20%
26
45
26

28%
20
44
18

17%
18
47
32

22%
18
50
18

24%
37
41
17

41%
25
31
18

Who reported the incident
Victim
Another inmate
Correctional officer
Other

70%
13
17
4

83%
8
11
6

72%
16
12
2

84%
8
11
6

65%
9
24
7

79%
10
10
4

Note: Detail may sum to more than 100% because multiple responses were allowed for each item.

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

5

Most victims experienced a change in their housing;
most inmate perpetrators received solitary
confinement

The sexual relationship “appeared to be willing” in
57% of incidents of staff sexual misconduct and
harassment

The most common response to a reported incident of sexual violence among inmates was to place the victim in
administrative segregation or protective custody and to
move the perpetrator to solitary confinement or other higher
level of custody. Among victims of inmate sexual violence
reported in the 2006 survey, 40% were placed in administrative segregation or protective custody; 13% were placed
in a medical unit; and 16% were transferred to another
facility (not shown in table). Nearly a quarter (24%) experienced no change in their housing or custody level. Among
victims in the 2005 survey, nearly the same actions had
been taken; a slightly higher percent (32%) had experienced no change in housing.

Correctional authorities also reported detailed data on 544
substantiated incidents of staff sexual misconduct and
harassment (up from 344 in 2005). To address concerns
about the reporting and interpretation of data in the 2005
survey, BJS changed the item related to the nature of the
incidents in 2006. The option “Romantic” was replaced by
“Sexual relationship between inmate and staff appeared to
be willing.” The options “Other” and “Level of coercion
unknown” were added. In addition, the options were reordered from most to least coercive. (See Methodology for
further details.)

Inmate perpetrators were moved to solitary confinement in
78% of the incidents of sexual violence in 2006, compared
to 71% in 2005 (table 6). Perpetrators of the most serious
incidents, nonconsensual sexual acts, were the most likely
to receive solitary confinement (81% in 2006, 72% in
2005).
Legal sanctions, including arrest, referral for prosecution,
or a new sentence, were imposed on perpetrators in 41%
of the incidents in 2006 and 51% of the incidents in 2005.
This drop was attributed to a decline in legal sanctions
imposed on perpetrators of abusive sexual contacts (39%
in 2005; 18% in 2006).
In addition, perpetrators in 2006 received a combination of
other sanctions, including confinement to their cell or room
(16%), loss of privileges (20%), placement in a higher custody level (22%), and transfer to another facility (22%).
These types of sanctions were imposed in 2005 at similar
rates, except for confinement to their cell or room (28%).
Table 6. Sanctions imposed on perpetrators in
substantiated incidents of inmate-on-inmate sexual
violence, by type of incident, 2005 and 2006
Nonconsensual Abusive sexual
All incidents sexual acts
contacts
2006 2005
2006 2005
2006
2005
Solitary/disciplinary
Legal action
Arrested
Referred for prosecution
Confined to own cell/
room
Placed in higher custody
Loss of privileges
Transferred to
another facility

78%
41
16

71%
51
12

81%
56
21

72%
58
16

75%
18
6

70%
39
4

33

46

46

51

13

35

16

28

18

25

12

33

22
20

20
21

24
23

27
22

20
16

5
19

22

19

24

18

17

21

Note: Detail may sum to more than 100% because multiple sanctions
may have been imposed.

Though these changes were introduced in 2006, the findings remained similar to those reported in 2005.
• The sexual relationship “appeared to be willing” in 57% of
incidents in 2006 (table 7). In comparison, the relationship
was classified as “romantic” in 68% of the incidents in
2005.
• Physical force, abuse of power, or pressure was involved
in 7% of the incidents in 2006, compared to 15% of the incidents in 2005.
• A third of the incidents in 2006 involved other forms of
assault, including sexual harassment (15%), indecent
exposure/invasion of privacy (9%), and unwanted touching
for sexual gratification (5%).
• In 12% of the incidents in 2006, correctional authorities
reported the “level of coercion unknown.”

Table 7. Characteristics of substantiated incidents of
staff sexual misconduct and harassment, by type of
facility, 2006
Characteristic
Number of incidents
Nature of the incidentb
Relationship appeared to be
willing
Sexual harassment
Unwanted touching
Indecent exposure
Pressure/abuse of power
Physical force
Other/unknown
Number of staff involvedc
1
2
Number of victimsc
1
2
3
4 or more

544

282

Jail
239

57%
15
5
9
5
2
12

62%
16
9
2
7
2
9

51%
15
2
18
2
0
16

98%
2

98%
2

98%
2

83%
14
2
2

89%
5
2
3

74%
25
0
0

a

Includes substantiated incidents reported by private prisons and
jails, Indian country jails, and facilities operated by the U.S. military and ICE.
b
Detail may sum to more than 100% because multiple responses
were allowed for each item.
c

6 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

All facilitiesa Prison

Detail may not sum to 100% due to rounding.

Other data reported on substantiated incidents of staff
sexual misconduct and harassment during 2006 revealed
that —
• In more than half of the incidents, the victim (29%) or
another inmate (27%) reported the misconduct (table 8).
• Most incidents occurred outside the inmate’s living area:
46% in a program area, 8% in a common area, and 8%
outside of the facility.
• Incidents occurred most often between noon and 6 p.m.
in prisons (53%) and between 6 p.m. and midnight in
local jails (74%).
• More than one staff member was involved in the sexual
misconduct in 2% of the incidents.
• Staff had victimized more than one inmate in 18% of the
incidents.
Table 8. Circumstances of substantiated incidents of staff
sexual misconduct and harassment, by type of facility, 2006
All facilitiesa

Circumstance

Prison

Jail

b

Who reported the incident
Victim
Another inmate
Family of victim
Correctional officer
Administrative staff
Medical/healthcare staff
Instructor/teacher/counselor
Other (anonymous/letter)

29%
27
8
25
8
1
1
3

29%
23
2
27
11
2
1
5

29%
29
16
21
4
0
1
1

Where occurred
In victim's cell/room
In a dormitory
In a common area
In temporary holding area
In a program service area
Outside the facility
In transit
Staff office/infirmary
Other/unknown

10%
14
8
8
46
8
<1
5
7

9%
10
10
0
49
12
<1
9
9

13%
20
4
18
41
3
<1
1
6

Time of day
6 a.m. to noon
Noon to 6 p.m.
6 p.m. to midnight
Midnight to 6 a.m.

35%
32
56
14

38%
53
38
16

36%
11
74
12

Note: Detail may sum to more than 100% because multiple
responses were allowed for each item.
a

Includes substantiated incidents reported by private prisons and
jails, Indian country jails, and facilities operated by the U.S. military and ICE.

b

The category "Chaplain/other religious official" was not marked
in any incident.

Female staff more frequently implicated in sexual
misconduct in prisons; male staff in local jails
In the 2006 survey, characteristics of victims and perpetrators of staff sexual misconduct and harassment differed by
type of facility:
• In State and Federal prisons, 65% of inmate victims of
staff sexual misconduct and harassment were male,
while 58% of staff perpetrators were female (tables 9
and 10).
• In local jails, 80% of victims were female, while 79% of
perpetrators were male.
• 49% of staff perpetrators in prisons were age 40 or older,
while 65% of victims were under age 35.
• 56% of staff perpetrators in jails were age 40 or older,
while 86% of victims were under age 35.
• Among staff perpetrators in prisons and jails, 71% were
white; 20%, black; and 7%, Hispanic. Among inmate victims, 66% were white; 23%, black; and 8%, Hispanic.
• A correctional officer was identified as the perpetrator in
54% of incidents in prisons, and in 98% of incidents in
jails (table 11).
• A contract employee was involved in 17% of the incidents in prisons and in 2% of those in jails.
Table 9. Characteristics of inmates involved in staff sexual
misconduct and harassment, by type of facility, 2006
Characteristic

All facilitiesa

Prison

Jail

44%
56

65%
35

20%
80

0%
18
33
25
13
8
3

0%
16
29
20
21
9
5

0%
21
38
27
6
7
1

66%
23
8
3

54%
32
12
2

80%
14
5
1

b

Gender
Male
Female
Ageb
Under 18
18-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45 or older
Race/Hispanic
origin
Whitec
Blackc
Hispanic
Otherc,d
aIncludes

substantiated incidents reported by private prisons and jails, Indian country jails, and facilities operated by
the U.S. military and ICE.

b

The number of victims of staff misconduct totaled 671:
gender was reported for 636; age for 631; and race/Hispanic origin for 628.

c

Excludes inmates of Hispanic origin.

d

Includes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians,
Native Hawaiians, and Other Pacific Islanders.

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

7

Table 10. Characteristics of staff involved
in staff sexual misconduct and harassment,
by type of facility, 2006
All facilitiesa

Table 11. Type and position of staff involved in staff sexual
misconduct and harassment, by type of facility, 2006

Prison

Jail

60%
40

42%
58

79%
21

Age
24 or younger
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-54
55 or older

8%
10
13
17
24
19
9

9%
14
12
17
16
24
9

4%
6
14
19
34
15
7

Race/Hispanic originb
Whitec
Blackc
Hispanic
Otherc,d

71%
20
7
2

70%
24
5
<1

74%
16
9
1

Genderb
Male
Female
b

aIncludes substantiated incidents reported by private prisons
and jails, Indian country jails, and facilities operated by the
U.S. military and ICE.
bGender

was reported for 558 staff; age for 532; and race/Hispanic origin for 530.

c

Excludes staff of Hispanic origin.

d

Includes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Native
Hawaiians, and Other Pacific Islanders.

Three-quarters of staff perpetrators in 2006 lost their
jobs; 56% were arrested or referred for prosecution
Correctional authorities indicated that staff had been discharged or resigned in 77% of substantiated incidents in
2006, compared to 82% in 2005 (table 12). Staff had also
been arrested or referred for prosecution in 56% of incidents (compared to 45% of incidents in 2005). Approximately 10% of staff perpetrators in 2006 were disciplined,
transferred or demoted, compared to 17% in 2005.
Among the multiple types of sanctions imposed on staff
perpetrators during 2006, discharge or resignation was the
most common, constituting 79% of incidents in prisons and
74% of those in jails. Jail staff were more likely than prison
staff to be arrested or prosecuted (73% versus 43%).
Sanctions imposed on staff in substantiated incidents
of staff sexual misconduct and harassment, 2005 and
2006
2006
2005
Legal sanction
Arrest
Referred for prosecution
Loss of job
Other sanction

56%
24
45
77
10

45%
28
34
82
17

Note: Detail may sum to more than 100% because
multiple response were allowed.

8 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Type of staff involved
Full/part-time employee
Contract employee/vendor
Volunteer/intern
Position of staff involved
Administrator
Correctional officer
Clerical
Maintenance
Medical/health care
Educational
Other program staff
Other

All facilities*

Prison

Jail

89%

80%

99%

10
1

17
1

0%
75
1
10
8
3
2
1

0%
54
2
17
14
6
5
2

2
0
0%
98
0
1
1
0
0
0

Note: Detail may sum to more than 100% because more than one
type of staff have been involved.
*Includes substantiated incidents reported by private prisons and
jails, Indian country jails, and facilities operated by the U.S. military
and ICE.

Half of inmates involved in staff sexual misconduct
were transferred or placed in segregation
Correctional authorities indicated that the victims of staff
sexual misconduct or harassment during 2006 were often
transferred to another facility (31%) or placed in administrative segregation or protective custody (25%). Inmate victims had been transferred to another facility in 48% of the
incidents in local jails and in 19% of the incidents in State
and Federal prisons. Victims were less likely to have been
moved to administrative segregation or protective custody
when the incident occurred in a jail (19%) than in a prison
(28%).
In most incidents of staff sexual misconduct or harassment
(76%), victims received no medical followup, counseling or
mental health treatment. Victims were given a medical
examination in 6% of the incidents in prisons and jails.
They were provided counseling or mental health treatment
in 12% of the incidents.

Table 12. Impact on inmate and staff in substantiated
incidents of staff sexual misconduct and harassment, 2006
All facilitiesa
Medical followup for inmate
Given medical examination
Administered rape kit
Tested for HIV/AIDS
Tested for other STDs
Provided counseling or mental
health treatment
None of the above
Any change in housing/custody for inmate
Placed in administratve segregation or protective custody
Placed in medical unit
Confined to own cell/room
Given a higher custody level
within facility
Transferred to another facility
Otherb
None of the above
Sanctions on staff
Legal sanction
Arrested
Referred for prosecution
Loss of job
Discharged
Staff resigned (prior to investigation)
Staff resigned (after investigation)
Other sanction
Reprimanded/disciplined
Demoted/diminished responsibilities
Transferred to another facility

6%
10
2
2

Prison
8%
1
3
3

Jail
5%
18
2
2

12
76

17
79

8
74

25%
1
3

28%
1
4

19%
0
2

5
31
3
46

5
19
5
50

6
48
1
42

56%
24
45
77
44

43%
14
39
79
33

73%
34
57
74
57

26

37

13

7
10
10

10
12
11

5
9
8

1

<1

2

1

1

<1

Note: Detail may sum to more than 100% because multiple
responses were allowed for each item.
aIncludes

substantiated incidents reported by private prisons and
jails, Indian country jails, and facilities operated by the U.S. military
and ICE.
bIncludes "stayed in same unit," "transferred elsewhere in facility," and
"incident reported after release."

Methodology
Measures of sexual violence
In 2004 BJS developed uniform definitions of sexual violence. All incidents of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence
involve sexual contacts with any person without his or her
consent, or with a person who is unable to consent or
refuse. The most serious incidents, nonconsensual sexual
acts, include:
• Contact between the penis and the vagina or the penis
and the anus including penetration, however slight; or
• Contact between the mouth and the penis, vagina, or
anus; or
• Penetration of the anal or genital opening of another
person by a hand, finger, or other object.
The less serious incidents, abusive sexual contacts,
include:
• Intentional touching, either directly or through the clothing, of the genitalia, anus, groin, breast, inner thigh, or
buttocks of any person.
• Incidents in which the intention is to sexually exploit
(rather than to only harm or debilitate).
Incidents of staff-with-inmate sexual violence are separated
into two categories.
Staff sexual misconduct includes any behavior or act of a
sexual nature, either consensual or nonconsensual,
directed toward an inmate by an employee, volunteer,
official visitor, or agency representative. Such acts include:
• Intentional touching of the genitalia, anus, groin, breast,
inner thigh, or buttocks with the intent to abuse, arouse,
or gratify sexual desire; or
• Completed, attempted, threatened, or requested sexual
acts; or
• Occurrences of indecent exposure, invasion of privacy,
or staff voyeurism for sexual gratification.
Staff sexual harassment involves repeated verbal statements or comments of a sexual nature to an inmate by an
employee, volunteer, official visitor, or agency representative. Such statements include demeaning references to
gender or derogatory comments about body or clothing; or
profane or obscene language or gestures.
Since BJS first developed these definitions, correctional
authorities have significantly enhanced their abilities to
report uniform data on sexual violence. Authorities in 42
State and Federal prison systems were able to report incidents of abusive sexual contacts separately, as defined in
the 2006 survey. Only two States limited reports to substantiated incidents.

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

9

Most prison systems (44) were able to report data on staff
sexual misconduct using survey definitions. Five systems
were unable to separate sexual harassment from misconduct. One system did not record staff sexual harassment in
a central database.
Jail authorities were less likely than prison authorities to
meet survey definitions. More than a third of the jail jurisdictions were unable to separate abusive sexual contacts from
the more serious nonconsensual sexual acts; a quarter
were unable to report staff sexual harassment separately
from staff sexual misconduct.
Sampling procedures
The 2006 Survey of Sexual Violence was based on seven
separate samples, corresponding to the different facilities
covered under the Act. The following samples were drawn:
1. The survey included all 50 State adult prison systems
and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. Prison administrators
were directed to report only on incidents of sexual violence
that occurred within publicly operated adult facilities.
2. A sample of 41 privately operated prison facilities was
drawn to produce a 10% sample of the 408 private prisons
identified in the 2005 Census of State and Federal Adult
Correctional Facilities. Facilities were ranked by average
daily population (ADP) in the 12-month period ending June
30, 2005. Four facilities with an ADP of more than 2,005
inmates were selected with certainty due to their size. The
remaining facilities were sorted by region and ADP within
region and then sampled systematically with a probability
proportional to their size.
3. A sample of 350 publicly operated jail facilities was
selected based on data reported in the 2005 Census of Jail
Inmates.
Jail jurisdictions were sorted into five strata based on ADP
during the 12-month period ending June 30, 2005, and
sampled systematically to produce a representative
national sample. In 2006 the second-largest jail jurisdiction
in each State was selected from stratum 1 to avoid selecting with certainty the same jurisdiction as in 2005. (In previous surveys the 46 largest jails in each State were
selected.)
An additional 61 jail jurisdictions (forming stratum 2) were
selected with certainty due to size (an ADP of 1,500
inmates or more).
The remaining 2,813 jail jurisdictions in the 2005 census
were then grouped into 3 strata: stratum 3 contained 1,599
jails with an ADP of 85 inmates or fewer; stratum 4 included
785 jails with an ADP of 86 to 283 inmates; and stratum 5
included 429 jails with an ADP of 284 to 1,499 inmates. Jail
jurisdictions in these 3 strata were selected systematically
with probabilities proportionate to their size, resulting in 46
selections from stratum 3, 52 from stratum 4, and 145 from
stratum 5.
10 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Of the 350 selected jail jurisdictions, 5 did not respond to
the survey:
Rockdale County, GA
Beaver County, PA
Lycoming County, PA
Greenville County, SC
Ellis County, TX
One of the facilities closed in 2006:
Crossville City, AL
4. A sample of 5 privately operated jails was also selected
based on data reported in the 2005 Census of Jail Inmates.
The 42 private facilities were sorted by region, State, and
ADP. Facilities were systematically sampled with probabilities proportionate to size.
5. Three additional samples of other correctional facilities
were drawn to represent:
a) jails in Indian Country (10 facilities holding adult and
juvenile inmates were selected from a total of 68 based on
the ADP during 2004);
b) military-operated facilities (all 59 facilities operated by
the Armed Services in the continental U.S.);
c) 14 facilities operated by Immigration and Customs
Enforcement.
Of the facilities selected, one had closed (Navajo Department of Corrections – Chinle, AZ).
Data for each correctional system and sampled facility are
displayed in Appendix tables 1a – 4b. In each table a measure of population size has been provided as a basis for
comparison.
National estimates and accuracy
Survey responses were weighted to produce national estimates by type of correctional facility. Data from the Federal
Bureau of Prisons, all State systems, military facilities, and
ICE facilities received a weight of 1.00, since these systems and facilities were all selected (sampled with certainty).
Among publicly operated jails, private prisons, private jails
and jails in Indian country, facilities were assigned a weight
equal to the inverse of their probability of selection. Estimates for public jail jurisdictions were adjusted for nonresponse by multiplying each estimate by the ratio of the
total ADP in all jurisdictions to the ADP among participating
jurisdictions.
Survey estimates for public jail jurisdictions, private prisons
and jails, and jails in Indian country are subject to sampling
error. The error, as measured by an estimated sampling
error, varies by the size of the estimate and the size of the
base population. Estimates of the standard errors for
selected survey items are presented in tables 13 and 14.

These standard errors may be used to construct confidence intervals around survey estimates (e.g., numbers,
rates, and percentages), as well as differences in these
estimates. For example, the 95% confidence interval
around the number of allegations of sexual violence is
approximately 6,528 plus or minus 1.96 times 143 (or 6,248
to 6,808).
Table 13. Estimated standard errors for number of
allegations and substantiated incidents, by type, 2006
Allegations
National Standard
estimate error
Total
Inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts
Inmate-on-inmate abusive
sexual contacts
Staff sexual misconduct
Staff sexual harassment

Substantiated incidents
National Standard
estimate error

6,528

143

967

72

2,205

68

263

23

834
2,371
1,118

16
106
41

157
469
78

6
68
8

Detail on substantiated incidents
The 2006 Survey of Sexual Violence recorded 704 substantiated incidents of sexual violence; that is, incidents
that were investigated and determined to have occurred.
Taking into account sampling of local jail jurisdictions, private prisons and jails, and jails in Indian country, the estimated total for the Nation was 967.
Correctional authorities provided detail on 99% of all substantiated incidents. Through use of a separate incident
form, the survey collected details on circumstances surrounding each incident, characteristics of victims and perpetrators, type of pressure or physical force, sanctions
imposed, and victim assistance. These data are displayed
in Appendix tables 5 – 8.
In response to concerns raised about the 2005 survey, BJS
changed the survey item related to staff sexual misconduct
and harassment. Item 27 of the 2006 survey read as follows:
What was the nature of the incident?

Table 14. Estimated standard errors for selected characteristics of substantiated incidents, by type, 2006
Characteristic

National
estimate

Standard
error

Inmate-on-inmate sexual violence
Occurred between 6 p.m. and midnight
Occurred in victim's cell
Force/threat of force used
Victim injured
Victim given medical examination
Victim placed in administrative segregation
Perpetrator placed in solitary
Legal action imposed on perpetrator

45%
64
58
20
60
40
78
41

3%
2
3
2
2
2
1
3

Staff-on-inmate sexual violence
Relationship appeared to be willing
Occurred between 6 p.m. and midnight
Occurred in victim's cell
Victim placed in administrative segregation
Victim transferred to another facility
Legal sanction imposed on staff
Staff discharged or resigned

57%
56
10
25
31
56
77

6%
7
3
5
8
6
6

(Mark all that apply.)
1. Pressure or abuse of power resulting in a nonconsensual sexual act
2. Indecent exposure, invasion of privacy, or voyeurism
for sexual gratification
3. Unwanted touching for sexual gratification
4. Sexual harassment or repeated verbal statements of a
sexual nature by staff
5. Sexual relationship between inmate and staff that
appeared to be willing
6. Other – Specify
7. Level of coercion unknown

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

11

U.S. Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
Bureau of Justice Statistics

*NCJ~218914*

PRESORTED STANDARD
POSTAGE & FEES PAID
DOJ/BJS
Permit No. G-91

Washington, DC 20531

Official Business
Penalty for Private Use $300

The Bureau of Justice Statistics is the statistical agency
of the U.S. Department of Justice. Jeffrey L. Sedgwick is
the director.
Allen J. Beck, Paige M. Harrison and Devon B. Adams,
wrote this report. Carolyn Williams produced and edited
the report, and Jayne Robinson prepared the report for
publication, under the supervision of Doris J. James.

This report in portable document format
(includes 8 appendix tables) and in ASCII and its
related statistical data are available at the BJS
World Wide Web Internet site: <http://www.
ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/svrca06.htm>

Office of Justice Programs
Innovation • Partnerships • Safer Neighborhoods
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov
12 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Pamela H. Butler, Greta B. Clark, and Shannon Clerkin
carried out data collection and processing, under the
supervision of Charlene M. Sebold, Governments
Division, Census Bureau, U.S. Department of
Commerce. Pearl E. Chase, Patricia D. Torryson,
Kathryn DiMeglio, and Lisa A. McNelis assisted in the
data collection. Suzanne M. Dorinski drew the facility
samples and provided sampling weights.
August 2007, NCJ 218914.

Appendix table 1a. Allegations of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence reported by State or Federal prison authorities,
by type, 2006
Reported inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts
Reported inmate-on-inmate abusive sexual contacts
Prisoners
in custody,
Substan- UnsubInvestigaSubstan- UnsubInvestiga6/30/2006a Allegations tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing Allegations tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing

Jurisdiction
Total

1,367,204

1,390

147

707

304

232

707

125

426

139

17

Federal
161,871
State
1,205,333
Alabamab
23,995
Alaskab
3,540
Arizona
30,391
Arkansas
12,643
California
169,561
Colorado
17,204
Connecticut
19,606
Delaware
7,090
Florida
82,223
Georgiab
46,359
Hawaii
3,898
Idaho
4,735
Illinois
45,440
Indiana
22,539
Iowa
8,659
Kansas
8,952
Kentucky
12,967
Louisiana
17,387
Maine
2,028
Maryland
22,860
Massachusetts
10,683
Michigan
50,701
Minnesota
8,017
Mississippib
11,528
Missouri
30,149
Montanac
1,968
Nebraska
4,546
Nevadab
12,412
New Hampshire
2,522
New Jersey
23,987
New Mexico
3,876
New York
63,479
North Carolinab
37,277
North Dakota
1,370
Ohio
44,759
Oklahoma
17,149
Oregon
13,091
Pennsylvania
41,957
Rhode Island
3,645
South Carolinad
22,898
South Dakota
3,573
Tennessee
14,235
Texas
140,166
Utah
4,978
Vermont
1,678
Virginiab
29,539
Washington
15,289
West Virginiad
4,276
Wisconsinb
22,279
Wyoming
1,229

7
1,383
2
0
35
10
76
28
19
6
145
53
1
17
38
29
20
47
10
24
0
15
22
33
22
1
49
12
7
21
8
2
0
34
22
2
67
17
23
24
9
2
1
17
297
15
12
16
26
1
40
6

0
147
0
0
0
4
5
5
0
2
1
2
0
9
4
0
2
4
1
3
0
2
7
10
0
0
2
3
2
0
7
0
0
1
4
1
16
2
0
5
3
2
0
0
4
4
6
1
4
1
17
1

0
707
2
0
20
0
41
17
14
2
140
14
0
5
30
23
10
21
7
5
0
6
7
23
4
0
28
7
4
7
0
2
0
22
16
1
5
7
4
5
4
0
0
14
136
11
3
2
19
0
17
2

7
297
0
0
12
6
17
5
0
2
1
1
0
3
0
6
8
21
2
16
0
1
8
0
17
1
18
2
1
8
1
0
0
0
2
0
45
8
2
14
2
0
0
2
45
0
1
8
3
0
6
2

0
232
0
0
3
0
13
1
5
0
3
36
1
0
4
0
0
1
0
0
0
6
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
6
0
0
0
11
0
0
1
0
17
0
0
0
1
1
112
0
2
5
0
0
0
1

11
696
/
/
4
5
8
15
3
0
22
/
0
17
0
15
34
13
6
2
0
1
32
18
5
/
15
4
7
/
1
1
0
16
/
5
34
0
2
1
3
0
3
7
349
15
18
/
7
0
/
8

1
124
/
/
0
0
3
2
0
0
0
/
0
10
0
3
13
0
1
2
0
0
8
18
1
/
2
2
2
/
1
0
0
4
/
3
9
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
19
1
9
/
3
0
/
4

0
426
/
/
2
0
5
11
0
0
22
/
0
6
0
8
14
3
5
0
0
0
16
0
2
/
7
1
4
/
0
1
0
5
/
2
5
0
2
0
1
0
0
4
279
12
5
/
3
0
/
1

9
130
/
/
2
5
0
2
3
0
0
/
0
1
0
4
7
10
0
0
0
1
8
0
2
/
6
1
1
/
0
0
0
0
/
0
20
0
0
0
1
0
2
2
43
2
3
/
1
0
/
3

1
16
/
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
7
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
0
1
/
0
0
/
0

/Not reported
a

Excludes inmates in private facilities. Counts were based on National Prisoners Statistics (NPS-1A), 2006.

b

Allegations of abusive sexual contacts could not be counted separately from allegations of nonconsensual sexual acts.

c

Includes consensual sexual acts between inmates.

dAllegations

limited to substantiated occurrences only.

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

13

Appendix table 1b. Allegations of staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported by State or Federal prison authorities,
by type, 2006

Jurisdiction
Total
Federal
State
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevadaa
New Hampshire
New Jerseya
New Mexicoa
New York
North Carolinaa
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Islanda
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texasb
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Reported allegations of staff sexual misconduct with inmates
Substanti- UnsubstanInvestigation
Allegations ated
tiated
Unfounded ongoing
1,677

235

745

309

388

984

47

537

258

142

133
1,544
4
0
26
7
52
44
12
2
152
133
0
14
23
32
48
41
7
71
2
17
61
27
15
5
73
2
13
11
3
2
0
209
9
3
89
25
14
24
2
0
3
14
79
6
20
39
34
7
53
15

4
231
1
0
8
4
11
8
1
0
0
6
0
7
11
7
11
4
5
9
0
0
7
2
2
2
7
1
2
1
1
0
0
19
8
0
4
7
3
7
0
0
2
8
10
0
10
13
5
6
6
5

50
695
3
0
10
0
15
6
9
2
131
26
0
5
9
16
15
30
1
42
1
6
6
8
6
1
24
0
2
6
1
0
0
119
1
1
78
15
4
5
0
0
0
4
28
5
5
2
24
0
20
3

0
309
0
0
6
3
14
23
0
0
10
0
0
2
0
9
21
7
1
18
1
5
17
16
5
2
40
1
9
1
1
0
0
0
0
2
6
2
2
12
2
0
0
0
10
1
5
17
5
1
27
5

79
309
0
0
2
0
12
7
2
0
11
101
0
0
3
0
1
0
0
2
0
6
31
1
2
0
2
0
0
3
0
2
0
71
0
0
1
1
5
0
0
0
1
2
31
0
0
7
0
0
0
2

91
893
3
0
8
19
30
8
0
2
144
73
1
3
0
8
39
4
0
66
2
1
11
337
0
0
21
2
2
/
1
/
/
34
/
2
21
2
8
6
/
0
2
7
/
2
8
3
2
0
9
2

0
47
0
0
0
0
2
1
0
0
0
6
0
1
0
2
7
1
0
0
1
0
1
4
0
0
2
2
1
/
0
/
/
2
/
0
0
0
1
0
/
0
0
2
/
1
4
1
1
0
2
2

46
491
3
0
4
4
11
1
0
2
133
21
0
2
0
4
13
3
0
31
0
1
5
179
0
0
15
0
1
/
1
/
/
25
/
0
19
2
1
0
/
0
0
4
/
1
0
0
0
0
5
0

0
258
0
0
3
15
6
5
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
2
19
0
0
29
1
0
4
143
0
0
4
0
0
/
0
/
/
0
/
2
0
0
6
6
/
0
2
1
/
0
2
1
1
0
2
0

45
97
0
0
1
0
11
1
0
0
7
46
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
1
11
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
/
/
7
/
0
2
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
/
0
2
1
0
0
0
0

/Not reported
aReports
b

Reported allegations of staff sexual harassment of inmates
Substanti- UnsubstanInvestigation
Allegations ated
tiated
Unfounded ongoing

of staff sexual misconduct may include reports of staff sexual harassment.

Reports of staff sexual harassment are not recorded in a central database.

14 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Appendix table 2a. Allegations of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006
Average daily Reported inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts Reported inmate-on-inmate abusive sexual contacts
population, Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigaAllega- Substan- UnsubInvestigaJurisdiction and facility 2006
tions
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing tions
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing
Total
Alabama
Butler County
Calhoun Countya
Cullman Countya
Etowah County
Jefferson Countya
Shelby County
Talledega Countya
Tarrant City
Alaska
Seward County
Kodiak City
Arizona
Coconino County
Maricopa Countya
Navajo County
Pima County
Arkansas
Arkansas Countya
Johnson Countya
Sebastian County
Siloam Springs Citya,b
Washington
Countya,b,c
California
Alameda County
Contra Costa County
El Dorado County
Fresno Countya
Kern County
Los Angeles Countya
Orange County
Riverside County
Sacramento Countya
San Bernardino
County West Valleya,b,c,d
San Diego County
San Francisco Citya
San Joaquin Countya
San Luis Obispo
Countya
San Mateo County
Santa Barbara County
Santa Clara County
Santa Clara County
Mountain View
Santa Cruz Countya
Ventura County
Yuba County
Colorado
Arapahoe County
Boulder County
Denver County
El Paso County
Logan County
Pueblo Countya
Rio Grande Countya
District of Columbia
District of Columbia

380,894

403

52

192

123

36

73

19

38

14

2

36
370
194
800
964
503
226
9

0
0
0
0
5
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
/
/
0
/
0
/
0

0
/
/
0
/
0
/
0

0
/
/
0
/
0
/
0

0
/
/
0
/
0
/
0

0
/
/
0
/
0
/
0

8
10

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

509
9,247
354
1,858

0
16
0
1

0
4
0
0

0
6
0
0

0
4
0
1

0
2
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

109
29
322
5

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

/
/
0
/

/
/
0
/

/
/
0
/

/
/
0
/

/
/
0
/

501

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

4,020
1,663
363
3,024
2,324
19,011
6,157
3,287
2,121

8
1
0
0
0
44
3
1
2

4
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
2

3
0
0
0
0
43
3
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
/
1
/
0
1
/

1
0
0
/
0
/
0
1
/

0
0
0
/
1
/
0
0
/

0
0
0
/
0
/
0
0
/

0
0
0
/
0
/
0
0
/

5,567
5,168
1,915
1,431

0
6
7
1

0
0
0
0

0
2
5
1

0
1
2
0

0
3
0
0

/
6
/
/

/
1
/
/

/
3
/
/

/
1
/
/

/
1
/
/

531
1,124
980
4,471

0
0
0
2

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
2

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

/
0
0
2

/
0
0
0

/
0
0
2

/
0
0
0

/
0
0
0

184
537
1,651
419

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

1,335
470
2,475
1,433
120
526
32

2
1
9
2
0
4
0

1
1
0
0
0
0
0

1
0
4
1
0
1
0

0
0
5
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
3
0

0
0
1
0
0
/
/

0
0
0
0
0
/
/

0
0
1
0
0
/
/

0
0
0
0
0
/
/

0
0
0
0
0
/
/

3,473

2

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

15

Appendix table 2a. Allegations of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006 (cont).
Reported inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts
Reported inmate-on-inmate abusive sexual contacts
Average
daily popu- Allega- Substan- UnsubstanInvestigaAllega- Substan- UnsubstanInvestigaJurisdiction and facility lation, 2006 tions
tiated
tiated
Unfounded tion ongoing tions
tiated
tiated
Unfounded tion ongoing
Florida
Alachua Countya
Broward Countya
Escambia County
Highlands County
Hillsborough Countya
Indian River Countya
Jackson County
Jacksonville City
Lee Countyc
Manatee County
Marion Countya
Martin County
Miami-Dade Countya
Orange Countya
Palm Beach Countya
Pinellas Countya
Polk County
St Lucie County
Seminole County
Taylor County
Volusia County
Georgia
Atlanta City
Bibb County
Carroll County Corr.
Inst.
Carroll County
Chatham Countya
Clayton Countye
Clinch County
Cobb County
DeKalb Countya
Dougherty County
Fulton County
Glynn Countya
Gwinnett Countya
Houston County
Jackson Countya
Lamar Countya
Lee County
Murray Countya
Muscogee Countya
Newton Countyc
Rockdale County
Spalding County
Idaho
Benewah County
Canyon County
Kootenai Countya
Illinois
Champaign Countya
Cook Countya
Du Page County
Lake Countya
McLean County
St Clair Countya,b
Schuyler Countya,b,c
Whiteside County

1,065
5,662
1,908
386
4,637
559
233
3,629
1,899
1,466
1,881
595
6,686
4,104
1,902
3,630
2,523
1,349
1,017
84
1,536

8
12
1
0
4
6
0
0
3
1
3
0
1
0
3
0
6
1
3
0
1

0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1

2
9
0
0
4
0
0
0
1
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
4
1
3
0
0

6
3
0
0
0
6
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0

/
/
0
0
/
/
0
8
0
1
/
1
/
/
/
/
2
1
0
0
2

/
/
0
0
/
/
0
0
0
0
/
1
/
/
/
/
0
1
0
0
2

/
/
0
0
/
/
0
5
0
1
/
0
/
/
/
/
2
0
0
0
0

/
/
0
0
/
/
0
3
0
0
/
0
/
/
/
/
0
0
0
0
0

/
/
0
0
/
/
0
0
0
0
/
0
/
/
/
/
0
0
0
0
0

1,079
637

0
1

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

525
513
1,622
1,585
20
2,042
2,849
876
143
428
2,280
420
172
135
69
106
588
553
*
461

1
1
1
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
1

1
1
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
1

0
0
1
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
0

0
0
/
/
0
2
/
0
0
/
/
0
/
/
0
/
/
0
*
0

0
0
/
/
0
0
/
0
0
/
/
0
/
/
0
/
/
0
*
0

0
0
/
/
0
1
/
0
0
/
/
0
/
/
0
/
/
0
*
0

0
0
/
/
0
1
/
0
0
/
/
0
/
/
0
/
/
0
*
0

0
0
/
/
0
0
/
0
0
/
/
0
/
/
0
/
/
0
*
0

19
683
370

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
/

0
0
/

0
0
/

0
0
/

0
0
/

213
9,359
824
603
230
427
27
98

0
12
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
4
0
0
0
0
0
0

/
/
1
/
0
/
/
0

/
/
1
/
0
/
/
0

/
/
0
/
0
/
/
0

/
/
0
/
0
/
/
0

/
/
0
/
0
/
/
0

16 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Appendix table 2a. Allegations of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006 (cont.)
Reported inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts
Reported inmate-on-inmate abusive sexual contacts
Average
daily popu- Allega- Substanti- UnsubInvestigaAllega- Substan- UnsubInvestigaJurisdiction and facility lation, 2006 tions
ated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing tions
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing
Indiana
Allen County
Howard County
Kosciusko Countya
Lake County
La Porte County
Marion County
Montgomery County
Porter County
Pulaski Countya,c
Union County
Iowa
Adams County
Dubuque Countya
Jasper County
Linn Countya
Kansas
Crawford County
Graham Countye,f
Johnson County
Meade County
Shawnee County
Kentucky
Calloway Countyb
Estill County
Franklin County
Kenton County
Laurel County
Lexington-Fayette
County
Louisville Metropolitan
Dept. of Corr.a
Pulaski Countya,d
Rockcastle County
Warren County
Louisiana
Bayou Dorcheat Corr.
Ctr.a,c
East Baton Rouge
Prison
Grant Parish
Jefferson Parisha
Madison Corr. Ctr.a,b
Ouachita Parish
New Orleans Parisha
St. Charles Parisha
St. Tammany Parisha,b
Tangipahoa Parish
Union Parisha
Vermilion Parish
Terrebonne Parisha
Maine
Cumberland County
York Countya
Maryland
Allegany County
Baltimore City
Baltimore Countya
Frederick Countya
Prince Georges
County
Washington County
Worcester Countya

736
378
186
902
275
334
144
468
2
22

2
0
0
3
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
0
0
3
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
/
/
0
0
0
0
0
/
0

0
/
/
0
0
0
0
0
/
0

0
/
/
0
0
0
0
0
/
0

0
/
/
0
0
0
0
0
/
0

0
/
/
0
0
0
0
0
/
0

6
116
60
389

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
/
0
/

0
/
0
/

0
/
0
/

0
/
0
/

0
/
0
/

97
7
880
29
435

0
/
0
0
1

0
/
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
1

0
/
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
1

0
/
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
1

0
/
0
0
0

172
26
308
428
327

0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
1

0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

1,220

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2,000
256
82
565

3
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

3
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

/
/
0
0

/
/
0
0

/
/
0
0

/
/
0
0

/
/
0
0

481

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

1,778
103
738
600
25
1,896
552

0
0
0
1
1
7
0

0
0
0
0
0
3
0

0
0
0
1
1
4
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
0
/
/
0
/
/

0
0
/
/
0
/
/

1
0
/
/
0
/
/

0
0
/
/
0
/
/

0
0
/
/
0
/
/

687
520
313
146
636

0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0

/
0
/
0
/

/
0
/
0
/

/
0
/
0
/

/
0
/
0
/

/
0
/
0
/

474
187

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
/

0
/

0
/

0
/

0
/

167
3,708
1,290
496

0
2
1
2

0
0
0
0

0
0
1
2

0
0
0
0

0
2
0
0

0
0
/
/

0
0
/
/

0
0
/
/

0
0
/
/

0
0
/
/

1,439
391
223

2
2
0

0
1
0

1
0
0

1
1
0

0
0
0

0
0
/

0
0
/

0
0
/

0
0
/

0
0
/

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

17

Appendix table 2a. Allegations of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006 (cont.)

Jurisdiction and facility
Massachusetts
Berkshire County
Essex Countya
Hampden Countya
Plymouth County
Suffolk County
Worcester County
Michigan
Allegan County
Genesee Countya
Gogebic County
Jackson County
Macomb County
Monroe County
Oakland County
Ottawa County
Wayne Countya
Minnesota
Hennepin County
Mille Lacs County
Pipestone County
Sherburne Countyb,c
Washington County
Mississippi
Adams County
Desoto County
Harrison Countya
Hinds Countya
Humphreys County
Issaquena Countya,c
Kemper-Neshoda County
Reg. Corr. Fac.e
Leake County
Winston/Chocktaw Reg.
Corr. Fac.
Missouri
Cass Countya
Howard Countya
Lincoln County
St Charles County
St. Louis City
St. Louis County
Taney Countya
Vernon County
Montana
Anaconda-Deer Lodge
Countya
Cascade County
Yellowstone Countya,b
Nebraska
Clay County
Douglas County
Lancaster County
Nevada
Clark County
Las Vegas Citya,d
Washoe County
New Hampshire
Rockingham County

Reported inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts Reported inmate-on-inmate abusive sexual contacts
Average
daily popu- Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigaAllega- Substan- UnsubInvestigalation, 2006 tions tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing tions tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing
257
1,167
2,017
1,598
1,760
1,397

0
1
5
0
2
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
5
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
2
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
/
/
0
2
0

0
/
/
0
0
0

0
/
/
0
2
0

0
/
/
0
0
0

0
/
/
0
0
0

163
638
26
409
1,348
367
1,973
369
3,005

0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
3
0
0
1
/

0
/
0
0
0
0
0
1
/

0
/
0
0
2
0
0
0
/

0
/
0
0
1
0
0
0
/

0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
/

586
71
11
510
203

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

80
368
815
925
27
4

0
0
4
0
0
0

0
0
2
0
0
0

0
0
2
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
/
/
0
/

0
0
/
/
0
/

0
0
/
/
0
/

0
0
/
/
0
/

0
0
/
/
0
/

283
345

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

76

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

108
11
152
282
1,727
993
69
24

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

/
/
0
0
0
0
/
0

/
/
0
0
0
0
/
0

/
/
0
0
0
0
/
0

/
/
0
0
0
0
/
0

/
/
0
0
0
0
/
0

26
427
409

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

/
0
/

/
0
/

/
0
/

/
0
/

/
0
/

7
976
429

0
4
0

0
0
0

0
2
0

0
1
0

0
1
0

0
3
1

0
0
1

0
3
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

3,540
1,119
1,137

0
1
6

0
0
2

0
0
0

0
1
4

0
0
0

2
/
4

0
/
0

1
/
2

1
/
2

0
/
0

338

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

18 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Appendix table 2a. Allegations of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006 (cont.)
Reported inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts
Reported inmate-on-inmate abusive sexual contacts
Average
daily popu- Allega- Substanti- UnsubInvestigaAllega- Substanti- UnsubInvestigaJurisdiction and facility lation, 2006 tions
ated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing tions
ated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing
New Jersey
Atlantic County
Camden County
Cape May County
Cumberland Countyd
Essex County
Gloucester County
Hudson Countya
Passaic Countya
Union County
New Mexico
Bernalillo Countya
Dona Ana Countya
Luna Countya
Otero County
Quay Countya
New York
Albany County
Allegany Countya,b
Broome County
Dutchess County
Erie Countya
Montgomery County
Nassau Countyc
New York Citya
Suffolk Countya
North Carolina
Buncombe County
Cabarrus County
Carteret Countyd
Cumberland County
Gaston County
Mecklenburg County
Rockingham County
Swain County
Wake County
North Dakota
Burleigh County
Rolette County
Ohio
Cuyahoga County
Franklin Countya
Greene County
Hamilton County
Logan Countya
Lorain County
Montgomery Countya
Noble County
Northwest Ohio Reg.
Corr. Ctr.a
Richland County
Warren Countya
Oklahoma
Garfield Countya
Grady Countyf
Harmon Countye,f
Oklahoma County
Pawnee Countya
Oregon
Marion County
Multnomah County
Northern Oregon
Reg. Fac.
Washington County

1,358
1,646
279
575
2,081
358
2,008
1,946
1,122

0
3
2
2
0
0
11
1
1

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1

0
2
2
1
0
0
5
0
0

0
1
0
1
0
0
3
1
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
/
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
/
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
/
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
/
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
/
0

2,377
890
394
242
80

4
0
0
1
0

1
0
0
1
0

2
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0

/
/
/
0
/

/
/
/
0
/

/
/
/
0
/

/
/
/
0
/

/
/
/
0
/

832
53
527
309
925
119
1,633
13,788
1,632

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
13
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
5
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0

0
/
0
0
/
0
0
/
/

0
/
0
0
/
0
0
/
/

0
/
0
0
/
0
0
/
/

0
/
0
0
/
0
0
/
/

0
/
0
0
/
0
0
/
/

458
230
122
532
526
2,484
165
44
1,240

0
0
0
1
0
2
1
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

115
13

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

2,066
2,377
380
2,157
108
476
904
15

3
1
0
1
0
3
1
0

1
0
0
1
0
0
1
0

0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0

2
0
0
0
0
2
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
/
0
3
/
0
/
0

1
/
0
3
/
0
/
0

0
/
0
0
/
0
/
0

0
/
0
0
/
0
/
0

0
/
0
0
/
0
/
0

581
131
193

4
0
1

0
0
0

4
0
0

0
0
1

0
0
0

/
0
/

/
0
/

/
0
/

/
0
/

/
0
/

182
324
7
2,859
9

0
0
/
0
0

0
0
/
0
0

0
0
/
0
0

0
0
/
0
0

0
0
/
0
0

/
0
/
4
/

/
0
/
0
/

/
0
/
4
/

/
0
/
0
/

/
0
/
0
/

540
1,673

0
5

0
1

0
4

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

169
554

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

19

Appendix table 2a. Allegations of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006 (cont.)

Jurisdiction and facility
Pennsylvania
Allegheny Countya
Beaver County
Berks County
Bucks County
Clinton Countya
Erie County
Lycoming County
Philadelphia Prison System
Schuykill Countya
Warren County
Westmoreland County
York Countya,c
South Carolina
Anderson County
Charleston Countya
Cherokee County
Greenville County
Marlboro County
Spartanburg Countya
Sumter-Lee Reg. Det.
Ctr.
South Dakota
Charles Mix County
Pennington County
Tennessee
Blount Countya
Cheatham Countyd
Clay Countya
Davidson County
Madison County
Marion County
McMinn Countyb,c,d
Shelby County Corr. Ctr.
Shelby County Justice
Ctr.a
Sullivan County
Washington County
Texas
Bell County
Bexar Countya
Culberson County
Dallas Countya
Denton Countya
Ector County
Ellis County
El Paso Countya
Harris County
Hays Countya,b
Hidalgo Countyb
Live Oak County
McLennan County
Milam Countya
Montgomery County
Orange Countya
Rusk Countya
Tarrant County
Tom Green Countya
Travis County
Walker County
Webb Countya
Wharton Countya
Wichita Countya

Reported inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts Reported inmate-on-inmate abusive sexual contacts
Average
daily popu- Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigaAllega- Substan- UnsubInvestigalation, 2006 tions
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing tions
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing
2,584
*
1,324
987
332
740
*

2
*
2
2
0
0
*

0
*
1
0
0
0
*

2
*
0
1
0
0
*

0
*
1
1
0
0
*

0
*
0
0
0
0
*

/
*
1
1
/
0
*

/
*
1
1
/
0
*

/
*
0
0
/
0
*

/
*
0
0
/
0
*

/
*
0
0
/
0
*

8,603
270
120
598
2,031

11
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

7
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

4
0
0
0
0

1
/
0
0
/

0
/
0
0
/

0
/
0
0
/

0
/
0
0
/

1
/
0
0
/

433
1,722
160
*
71
808

0
4
0
*
0
0

0
0
0
*
0
0

0
0
0
*
0
0

0
3
0
*
0
0

0
1
0
*
0
0

0
/
0
*
0
/

0
/
0
*
0
/

0
/
0
*
0
/

0
/
0
*
0
/

0
/
0
*
0
/

430

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

6
421

0
1

0
0

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
2

0
1

0
0

0
1

0
0

347
95
12
2,297
331
80
188
2,288

0
0
0
9
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

/
0
/
0
0
0
0
0

/
0
/
0
0
0
0
0

/
0
/
0
0
0
0
0

/
0
/
0
0
0
0
0

/
0
/
0
0
0
0
0

2,741
588
500

2
1
0

0
0
0

0
1
0

2
0
0

0
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

689
4,027
13
6,324
1,020
529
*
2,090
9,249
315
1,128
23
860
95
1,067
214
86
3,356
514
2,584
150
681
130
495

1
0
0
2
0
0
*
0
17
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
*
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
*
0
5
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
2
0
0
*
0
8
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
*
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

0
/
0
/
/
0
*
/
6
/
0
0
1
/
0
/
/
0
/
2
0
/
/
/

0
/
0
/
/
0
*
/
1
/
0
0
0
/
0
/
/
0
/
0
0
/
/
/

0
/
0
/
/
0
*
/
5
/
0
0
0
/
0
/
/
0
/
2
0
/
/
/

0
/
0
/
/
0
*
/
0
/
0
0
1
/
0
/
/
0
/
0
0
/
/
/

0
/
0
/
/
0
*
/
0
/
0
0
0
/
0
/
/
0
/
0
0
/
/
/

20 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Appendix table 2a. Allegations of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006 (cont.)

Jurisdiction and facility
Utah
Daggett County
Davis County
Salt Lake Countya
Weber Countya
Virginia
Abingdon Reg. Jail Fac.
Augusta County
Blue Ridge Reg. Jail
Auth.
Gloucester County
Middle River Reg. Jail
New River Valley Reg.
Jaila
Norfolk City
Northern Neck Reg. Jail
Peumansend Creek Reg.
Jaila
Portsmouth City
Prince William-Manassas
Reg. Adult Corr. Ctr.a
Richmond City
Riverside Reg. Jail
Virginia Beach Municipala
Washington
Clark County
Cowlitz County
Issaquah County
King Countya
Pierce Countya
Spokane County
Whatcom County
West Virginia
Eastern Reg. Jail
Marshall County Northern Reg. Jail & Corr.
Complex
North Central Reg. Jaila
Raleigh County Southern
Reg. Jaila
Wisconsin
Dane Countyg
Jefferson Countyc
Milwaukee County
Milwaukee County House
of Corr.a
Outagamie Countye
Racine County
Vernon County
Walworth Countya
Wyoming
Laramie County
Uinta County

Reported inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts Reported inmate-on-inmate abusive sexual contacts
Average
daily popu- Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigaAllega- Substan- UnsubInvestigalation, 2006 tions
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing tions
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing
92
500
1,963
1,024

0
0
2
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0

0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
/
/

0
0
/
/

0
0
/
/

0
0
/
/

0
0
/
/

383
230

1
0

0
0

0
0

1
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

1,170
75
517

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

630
1,733
423

4
4
0

0
0
0

3
0
0

1
4
0

0
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

295
557

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

/
0

/
0

/
0

/
0

/
0

721
1,564
1,096
1,501

0
2
0
2

0
0
0
0

0
1
0
2

0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0

/
0
0
/

/
0
0
/

/
0
0
/

/
0
0
/

/
0
0
/

790
277
54
2,666
1,359
569
358

1
1
0
3
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
2
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
/
/
0
1

0
0
0
/
/
0
0

0
0
0
/
/
0
0

0
0
0
/
/
0
1

0
0
0
/
/
0
0

386

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

323
524

1
11

1
0

0
0

0
11

0
0

0
/

0
/

0
/

0
/

0
/

521

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

931
183
886

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

/
0
0

2,331
460
683
49
343

2
0
0
0
0

2
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

/
/
0
0
/

/
/
0
0
/

/
/
0
0
/

/
/
0
0
/

/
/
0
0
/

268
60

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

/Not reported.
*No response.
a

Allegations of abusive sexual contacts could not be counted separately from allegations of nonconsensual sexual acts.

b

Allegations limited to substantiated occurrences only.

c

Allegations limited to completed acts only.

dBased
e
f

on jail population on December 31, 2006.

Reports of abusive sexual contacts are not recorded in a central database.

Jurisdiction does not record allegations of nonconsensual sexual acts.

g

Jurisdiction cannot access allegations of nonconsensual sexual acts or abusive sexual contacts electronically.

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

21

Appendix table 2b. Allegations of staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006

Jurisdiction and facility
Total
Alabama
Butler Countya
Calhoun Countya
Cullman County
Etowah County
Jefferson Countya
Shelby County
Talledega Countya
Tarrant City
Alaska
Seward County
Kodiak City
Arizona
Coconino County
Maricopa Countya
Navajo Countya
Pima County
Arkansas
Arkansas Countya
Johnson Countya
Sebastian County
Siloam Springs Cityb
Washington Countya,b
California
Alameda County
Contra Costa County
El Dorado County
Fresno Countya
Kern County
Los Angeles County
Orange County
Riverside County
Sacramento County
San Bernardino County West
Valleya
San Diego County
San Francisco City
San Joaquin Countya
San Luis Obispo Countya
San Mateo County
Santa Barbara County
Santa Clara Countya
Santa Clara County Mountain
View
Santa Cruz Countya
Ventura County
Yuba County
Colorado
Arapahoe County
Boulder County
Denver Countyb
El Paso County
Logan County
Pueblo County
Rio Grande Countya,b
District of Columbia
District of Columbia

Reported allegations of staff sexual misconduct with
inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubstanInvestigations
tiated
tiated
Unfounded tion ongoing

Reported allegations of staff sexual harassment of
inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigations
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing

217

58

58

66

35

35

9

11

10

5

0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

/
/
0
1
/
0
/
0

/
/
0
0
/
0
/
0

/
/
0
0
/
0
/
0

/
/
0
1
/
0
/
0

/
/
0
0
/
0
/
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
3
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0

0
2
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
/
/
0

0
/
/
0

0
/
/
0

0
/
/
0

0
/
/
0

2
0
0
0
0

2
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

/
/
0
0
/

/
/
0
0
/

/
/
0
0
/

/
/
0
0
/

/
/
0
0
/

2
1
0
1
2
1
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
/
1
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
/
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
/
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

/
0
0
/
/
0
1
/

/
0
0
/
/
0
1
/

/
0
0
/
/
0
0
/

/
0
0
/
/
0
0
/

/
0
0
/
/
0
0
/

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

5
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
3
0
0
0
/

0
0
0
0
0
0
/

0
0
0
0
0
0
/

0
0
2
0
0
0
/

0
0
1
0
0
0
/

10

0

2

0

8

0

0

0

0

0

22 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Appendix table 2b. Allegations of staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006

Jurisdiction and facility
Florida
Alachua County
Broward County
Escambia County
Highlands County
Hillsborough County
Indian River Countya
Jackson County
Jacksonville City
Lee County
Manatee County
Marion County
Martin County
Miami-Dade Countya
Orange County
Palm Beach Countya
Pinellas County
Polk County
St Lucie County
Seminole County
Taylor County
Volusia County
Georgia
Atlanta City
Bibb County
Carroll County Corr. Inst.a
Carroll County
Chatham County
Clayton Countya
Clinch County
Cobb County
DeKalb Countya
Dougherty County
Fulton County
Glynn County
Gwinnett County
Houston County
Jackson County
Lamar Countya
Lee County
Murray County
Muscogee Countya,b
Newton County
Rockdale County
Spalding County
Idaho
Benewah County
Canyon County
Kootenai County
Illinois
Champaign County
Cook Countya
Du Page County
Lake County
McLean County
St Clair Countya,b
Schuyler County
Whiteside Countya

Reported allegations of staff sexual misconduct with
inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigations tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing

Reported allegations of staff sexual harassment of
inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigations tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing

0
5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
12
0
0
0
1
2
0
0
2

0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
1

0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
5
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
*
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
*
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
0

0
1
/
0
1
/
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
/
0
*
0

0
0
/
0
0
/
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
/
0
*
0

0
1
/
0
0
/
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
/
0
*
0

0
0
/
0
0
/
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
/
0
*
0

0
0
/
0
1
/
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
/
0
*
0

0
2
0

0
2
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
0
/
0
/

0
/
0
0
0
/
0
/

0
/
0
0
0
/
0
/

0
/
0
0
0
/
0
/

0
/
0
0
0
/
0
/

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

23

Appendix table 2b. Allegations of staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006

Jurisdiction and facility
Indiana
Allen County
Howard County
Kosciusko Countya
Lake Countya
La Porte County
Marion Countya
Montgomery County
Porter County
Pulaski County
Union County
Iowa
Adams County
Dubuque Countya
Jasper County
Linn Countyc
Kansas
Crawford County
Graham Countyc,d
Johnson County
Meade County
Shawnee County
Kentucky
Calloway Countyb
Estill County
Franklin County
Kenton County
Laurel Countya
Lexington-Fayette County
Louisville Metropolitan Dept. of
Corr.
Pulaski Countyc,d
Rockcastle County
Warren County
Louisiana
Bayou Dorcheat Corr. Ctr.
East Baton Rouge Prison
Grant Parish
Jefferson Parish
Madison Corr. Ctr.b
Ouachita Parish
New Orleans Parisha
St. Charles Parish
St. Tammany Parishb
Tangipahoa Parish
Union Parish
Vermilion Parish
Terrebonne Parish
Maine
Cumberland County
York County
Maryland
Allegany County
Baltimore City
Baltimore County
Frederick Countya
Prince Georges County
Washington County
Worcester Countya

Reported allegations of staff sexual misconduct with
inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubstanInvestigations
tiated
tiated
Unfounded tion ongoing

Reported allegations of staff sexual harassment of
inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubstanInvestigations
tiated
tiated
Unfounded tion ongoing

2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
/
/
0
/
0
0
0
1

0
0
/
/
0
/
0
0
0
0

0
0
/
/
0
/
0
0
0
1

0
0
/
/
0
/
0
0
0
0

0
0
/
/
0
/
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
/
0
/

0
/
0
/

0
/
0
/

0
/
0
/

0
/
0
/

0
/
0
0
6

0
/
0
0
3

0
/
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
3

0
/
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
1

0
/
0
0
1

0
/
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
1

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
/
0

0
0
0
0
/
0

0
0
0
0
/
0

0
0
0
0
/
0

0
0
0
0
/
0

1
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

1
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

1
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

1
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
/
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
0

0
0

1
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
3
0
2
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
1
0
0
0

0
1
0
1
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
/
0
0
/

0
0
0
/
0
0
/

0
0
0
/
0
0
/

0
0
0
/
0
0
/

0
0
0
/
0
0
/

24 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Appendix table 2b. Allegations of staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006

Jurisdiction and facility
Massachusetts
Berkshire County
Essex Countya
Hampden County
Plymouth County
Suffolk County
Worcester County
Michigan
Allegan County
Genesee County
Gogebic County
Jackson County
Macomb County
Monroe County
Oakland Countya
Ottawa County
Wayne County
Minnesota
Hennepin County
Mille Lacs County
Pipestone County
Sherburne Countyb
Washington County
Mississippi
Adams County
Desoto County
Harrison Countya
Hinds Countya
Humphreys County
Issaquena County
Kemper-Neshoda County Reg.
Corr. Fac.
Leake County
Winston/Chocktaw Reg. Corr.
Fac.
Missouri
Cass County
Howard County
Lincoln County
St Charles County
St. Louis City
St. Louis County
Taney County
Vernon County
Montana
Anaconda-Deer Lodge Countya
Cascade County
Yellowstone Countya
Nebraska
Clay County
Douglas County
Lancaster County
Nevada
Clark County
Las Vegas Citya,d
Washoe County
New Hampshire
Rockingham County

Reported allegations of staff sexual misconduct with
inmates
Allega- Substanti- UnsubInvestigations
ated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing

Reported allegations of staff sexual harassment
of inmates
Allega- Substanti- UnsubInvestigations ated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing

1
0
6
0
1
0

1
0
5
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
/
1
0
1
0

0
/
0
0
0
0

0
/
1
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
1
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
/
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
/
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
/
/
0
0

0
0
/
/
0
0

0
0
/
/
0
0

0
0
/
/
0
0

0
0
/
/
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
2
0

0
1
0

0
1
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

/
0
/

/
0
/

/
0
/

/
0
/

/
0
/

0
1
0

0
0
0

0
1
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
1
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
1
0

0
0
0

0
/
1

0
/
0

0
/
0

0
/
1

0
/
0

0
/
0

0
/
0

0
/
0

0
/
0

0
/
0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

25

Appendix table 2b. Allegations of staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006

Jurisdiction and facility
New Jersey
Atlantic Countya
Camden County
Cape May Countya
Cumberland County
Essex County
Gloucester County
Hudson Countya
Passaic County
Union County
New Mexico
Bernalillo Countya
Dona Ana County
Luna Countya
Otero County
Quay Countya
New York
Albany County
Allegany Countyb
Broome County
Dutchess County
Erie County
Montgomery County
Nassau County
New York Citya
Suffolk County
North Carolina
Buncombe County
Cabarrus County
Carteret Countya
Cumberland Countya
Gaston Countya
Mecklenburg County
Rockingham County
Swain County
Wake County
North Dakota
Burleigh County
Rolette County
Ohio
Cuyahoga County
Franklin County
Greene County
Hamilton County
Logan County
Lorain County
Montgomery Countya
Noble County
Northwest Ohio Reg. Corr. Ctr.a
Richland County
Warren County
Oklahoma
Garfield County
Grady County
Harmon Countyc,d
Oklahoma County
Pawnee County
Oregon
Marion County
Multnomah County
Northern Oregon Reg. Fac.b
Washington County

Reported allegations of staff sexual misconduct with
inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigations
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing

Reported allegations of staff sexual harassment of
inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigations
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

/
0
/
0
0
0
/
0
0

/
0
/
0
0
0
/
0
0

/
0
/
0
0
0
/
0
0

/
0
/
0
0
0
/
0
0

/
0
/
0
0
0
/
0
0

5
1
0
0
0

3
0
0
0
0

1
1
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

/
0
/
0
/

/
0
/
0
/

/
0
/
0
/

/
0
/
0
/

/
0
/
0
/

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
20
1

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
7
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
1

0
0
0
0
0
0
3
/
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
3
/
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0

0
0
0
0
0
2
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

0
0
/
/
/
0
0
0
0

0
0
/
/
/
0
0
0
0

0
0
/
/
/
0
0
0
0

0
0
/
/
/
0
0
0
0

0
0
/
/
/
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

4
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1

1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
/
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
/
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
/
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
/
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
/
0
0

1
0
/
0
0

0
0
/
0
0

0
0
/
0
0

0
0
/
0
0

1
0
/
0
0

0
0
/
0
0

0
0
/
0
0

0
0
/
0
0

0
0
/
0
0

0
0
/
0
0

0
3
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
3
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0

26 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Appendix table 2b. Allegations of staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006

Jurisdiction and facility
Pennsylvania
Allegheny County
Beaver County
Berks County
Bucks County
Clinton County
Erie County
Lycoming County
Philadelphia Prison Systema
Schuykill County
Warren County
Westmoreland County
York Countya,b
South Carolina
Anderson Countya
Charleston County
Cherokee County
Greenville County
Marlboro County
Spartanburg County
Sumter-Lee Reg. Det. Ctr.
South Dakota
Charles Mix County
Pennington County
Tennessee
Blount Countya
Cheatham Countya
Clay County
Davidson County
Madison County
Marion Countya
McMinn Countyb
Shelby County Corr. Ctr.
Shelby County Justice Ctr.
Sullivan County
Washington County
Texas
Bell County
Bexar Countya
Culberson County
Dallas County
Denton County
Ector County
Ellis County
El Paso Countya
Harris County
Hays Countya
Hidalgo County
Live Oak County
McLennan County
Milam Countya
Montgomery County
Orange Countya
Rusk Countya
Tarrant Countyc
Tom Green Countya
Travis County
Walker Countya
Webb Countya
Wharton Countya
Wichita Countya

Reported allegations of staff sexual misconduct with
inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigations
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing

Reported allegations of staff sexual harassment of
inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigations tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing

2
*
0
0
0
0
*
16
0
0
0
0

0
*
0
0
0
0
*
8
0
0
0
0

2
*
0
0
0
0
*
0
0
0
0
0

0
*
0
0
0
0
*
0
0
0
0
0

0
*
0
0
0
0
*
8
0
0
0
0

0
*
0
0
0
0
*
/
0
0
0
/

0
*
0
0
0
0
*
/
0
0
0
/

0
*
0
0
0
0
*
/
0
0
0
/

0
*
0
0
0
0
*
/
0
0
0
/

0
*
0
0
0
0
*
/
0
0
0
/

0
7
0
*
0
0
0

0
0
0
*
0
0
0

0
2
0
*
0
0
0

0
4
0
*
0
0
0

0
1
0
*
0
0
0

/
0
0
*
0
1
0

/
0
0
*
0
0
0

/
0
0
*
0
0
0

/
0
0
*
0
1
0

/
0
0
*
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0
0
7
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

/
/
0
3
0
/
0
0
0
0
0

/
/
0
2
0
/
0
0
0
0
0

/
/
0
1
0
/
0
0
0
0
0

/
/
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0

/
/
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
*
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
2
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
*
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
*
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
*
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
*
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
/
0
0
0
0
*
/
1
/
0
0
0
/
0
/
/
/
/
2
/
/
/
/

0
/
0
0
0
0
*
/
1
/
0
0
0
/
0
/
/
/
/
2
/
/
/
/

0
/
0
0
0
0
*
/
0
/
0
0
0
/
0
/
/
/
/
0
/
/
/
/

0
/
0
0
0
0
*
/
0
/
0
0
0
/
0
/
/
/
/
0
/
/
/
/

0
/
0
0
0
0
*
/
0
/
0
0
0
/
0
/
/
/
/
0
/
/
/
/

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

27

Appendix table 2b. Allegations of staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported by local jail authorities, by type, 2006

Jurisdiction and facility
Utah
Daggett County
Davis County
Salt Lake County
Weber County
Virginia
Abingdon Reg. Jail Fac.
Augusta County
Blue Ridge Reg. Jail Auth.
Gloucester County
Middle River Reg. Jail
New River Valley Reg. Jail
Norfolk City
Northern Neck Reg. Jail
Peumansend Creek Reg. Jaila,b
Portsmouth Cityb
Prince William-Manassas Reg.
Adult Corr. Ctr.b
Richmond City
Riverside Reg. Jail
Virginia Beach Municipala
Washington
Clark County
Cowlitz County
Issaquah County
King County
Pierce Countyc
Spokane County
Whatcom County
West Virgina
Eastern Reg. Jail
Marshall County Northern Reg.
Jail & Corr. Complex
North Central Reg. Jail
Raleigh County Southern Reg.
Jail
Wisconsin
Dane County
Jefferson County
Milwaukee County
Milwaukee County House of
Corr.a
Outagamie County
Racine County
Vernon County
Walworth Countya
Wyoming
Laramie County
Uinta County

Reported allegations of staff sexual misconduct with
inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigations
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing

Reported allegations of staff sexual harassment of
inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubstanInvestigations
tiated
tiated
Unfounded tion ongoing

0
0
4
0

0
0
2
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
2
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
/
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0

0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
/
0

0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
/
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0

1
0
6
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
2
0

1
0
4
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
/

0
0
0
/

0
0
0
/

0
0
0
/

0
0
0
/

1
1
0
11
0
1
1

0
0
0
2
0
1
0

0
0
0
4
0
0
0

1
1
0
3
0
0
1

0
0
0
2
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
/
0
0

0
0
0
0
/
0
0

0
0
0
0
/
0
0

0
0
0
0
/
0
0

0
0
0
1
/
0
0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

5

2

3

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

/
0
0
0
/

/
0
0
0
/

/
0
0
0
/

/
0
0
0
/

/
0
0
0
/

0
2

0
1

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

/Not reported.
*No response.
a

Allegations of staff sexual harrassment could not be counted separately from allegations of staff sexual misconduct.

b

Reports of staff sexual misconduct are based on substantiated allegations only.

cReports

d

of staff sexual harrassment are not recorded in a central database.
Reports of staff sexual misconduct are not recorded in a central database.

28 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Appendix table 3a. Allegations of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence reported in private prisons and jails, 2006
Reported inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts Reported inmate-on-inmate abusive sexual contacts
Average
daily popula- Allega- Substan- UnsubstanInvestigaAllega- Substan- UnsubstanInvestigaJurisdiction and facility tion, 2006
tions tiated
tiated
Unfounded tion ongoing tions tiated
tiated
Unfounded tion ongoing
Total
Arizona
Eloy Det. Ctr. (CCA)a
Phoenix CCC (BSS)a
California
California City Corr.
Ctr. (CCA)
Central Valley Community Corr. (GEO)
San Diego County Probation Dept. (CAI)
Taft Corr. Inst. (GEO)
Colorado
Cheyenne Martain ReEntry Ctr. (CEC)
Crowley County Corr.
Fac. (CCA)
Longmont Community
Treatment Ctr. (CMI)
Florida
Bay Corr. Inst. (CCA)
Bay County Jail &
Annex (CCA)
South Bay Corr. Fac.
(GEO)
Suncoast Work
Release Ctr. (Goodwill)
Georgia
Coffee Corr. Fac.
(CCA)
D. Ray James Prison
(Cornell)
McRae Corr. Fac.
(CCA)
Kentucky
Owensboro (Dismas)
Louisiana
Allen Corr. Ctr.
(GEO)a,b
Minnesota
Prairie Corr. Fac.
(CCA)
Mississippi
East Mississippi Corr.
Fac. (GEO)c
Tallahatchie County
Corr. Fac. (CCA)
Wilkinson County Corr.
Fac. (CCA)
Montana
Crossroads Corr. Ctr.
(CCA)a
Nevada
Cornell Corr. (Cornell)a
New Jersey
Kintock I, II, III (Kintock)a
New Mexico
New Mexico Women's
Corr. Fac. (CCA)b

48,594

51

1

19

28

3

6

0

5

0

1

1,241
94

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

/
/

/
/

/
/

/
/

/
/

2,603

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

600

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

148
2,330

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

467

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1,277

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

62

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

747

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

850

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

0

1,856

2

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

105

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1,680

13

0

0

13

0

2

0

2

0

0

1,640

1

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

1

1,665

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

132

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1,540

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

1,480

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

857

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

1,002

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

946

4

0

2

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

504

1

0

0

1

0

/

/

/

/

/

75

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

595

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

616

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

29

Appendix table 3a. Allegations of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence reported in private prisons and jails, 2006 (cont.)
Reported inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual acts Reported inmate-on-inmate abusive sexual contacts
Average
daily popula- Allega- Substanti- UnsubInvestigaAllega- Substan- UnsubInvestigaJurisdiction and facility tion, 2006
tions
ated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing tions
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing
Ohio
Fresh Start, Inc.
Lake Erie Corr. Inst.
(MTC)
Oklahoma
Center Point, Inc.a
Cimarron Corr. Fac.
(CCA)
Diamondback Corr.
Fac. (CCA)
Lawton Corr. Fac.
(GEO)a
Pennsylvania
George W. Hill Corr.
Fac. (GEO)
Kintock Pre-Release
(Kintock)
Tennessee
Hardeman County
Corr. Ctr. (CCA)b
Metro Davidson
County Det. Fac.
(CCA)
South Central Corr.
Ctr. (CCA)
Texas
Bartlett (CCA)
B.M. Moore (CCA)
Bridgeport PreParole Fac. (CCA)
Dawson State Jail
(CCA)a
Dickens County Corr.
Ctr. (GEO)a
Mineral Wells PreParole Fac. (CCA)a
Reeves County Det.
Ctr. (GEO)
Willacy County State
Jail (CCA)a
Virginia
Lawrenceville Corr.
Ctr. (GEO)

85

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1,464

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

150

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

963

3

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1,980

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2,016

10

0

5

3

2

/

/

/

/

/

1,801

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

283

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1,966

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

992

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1,634

3

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

996
498

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

519

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2,182

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

474

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

2,075

1

0

0

1

0

/

/

/

/

/

780

6

0

6

0

0

2

0

2

0

0

1,057

3

0

0

3

0

/

/

/

/

/

1,567

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Note: Initials identify the following: BSS - Behavioral Systems Southwest. CAI - Correctional Alternatives Incorporated. CCA - Corrections Corporation
of America. CEC - Community Education Center. CMI - Correctional Management, Inc. Cornell - Cornell Companies, Incorporated. GEO - Global Expertise in Outsourcing. MTC - Management and Training Corporation.
/Not reported.
a

Allegations of abusive sexual contacts could not be counted separately from allegations of nonconsensual sexual acts.

b

Allegations limited to substantiated occurrences only.

cDoes

not record allegations of abusive sexual contact in a central database.

30 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Appendix table 3b. Allegations of staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported in private prisons and jails, by type, 2006

Jurisdiction and facility
Total

Reported allegations of staff sexual misconduct with
inmates
Reported allegations of staff sexual harassment of inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubstanInvestigaAllega- Substan- UnsubstanInvestigations
tiated
tiated
Unfounded tion ongoing tions
tiated
tiated
Unfounded tion ongoing
39

Arizona
Eloy Det. Ctr. (CCA)a
0
Phoenix CCC (BSS)a,b
0
California
California City Corr. Ctr.
(CCA)
1
Central Valley Community
Corr. (GEO)
0
San Diego County Probation Dept. (CAI)
0
Taft Corr. Inst. (GEO)
1
Colorado
Cheyenne Martain Re-Entry
Ctr. (CEC)
0
Crowley County Corr. Fac.
(CCA)
0
Longmont Community Treatment Ctr. (CMI)
0
Florida
Bay Corr. Inst. (CCA)
1
Bay County Jail & Annex
(CCA)
0
South Bay Corr. Fac. (GEO)
0
Suncoast Work Release Ctr.
(Goodwill)
0
Georgia
Coffee Corr. Fac. (CCA)
11
D. Ray James Prison (Cornell)
4
McRae Corr. Fac. (CCA)
2
Kentucky
Owensboro (Dismas)
0
Louisiana
Allen Corr. Ctr. (GEO)b
0
Minnesota
Prairie Corr. Fac. (CCA)
2
Mississippi
East Mississippi Corr. Fac.
(GEO)
0
Tallahatchie County Corr.
Fac. (CCA)
1
Wilkinson County Corr. Fac.
(CCA)
0
Montana
Crossroads Corr. Ctr.
(CCA)a
0
Nevada
Cornell Corr. (Cornell)a
0
New Jersey
Kintock I, II, III (Kintock)
0
New Mexico
New Mexico Women's Corr.
Fac. (CCA)
0
Ohio
Fresh Start, Inc.
0
Lake Erie Corr. Inst. (MTC)
0

6

21

7

5

11

0

3

0

8

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

/
/

/
/

/
/

/
/

/
/

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

11

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0
1

0
1

0
0

4
0

8
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

8
0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

31

Appendix table 3b. Allegations of staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported in private prisons and jails, by type, 2006 (cont.)

Jurisdiction and facility
Oklahoma
Center Point, Inc.
Cimarron Corr. Fac. (CCA)
Diamondback Corr. Fac.
(CCA)
Lawton Corr. Fac. (GEO)a
Pennsylvania
George W. Hill Corr. Fac.
(GEO)
Kintock Pre-Release (Kintock)
Tennessee
Hardeman County Corr. Ctr.
(CCA)
Metro Davidson County Det.
Fac. (CCA)
South Central Corr. Ctr.
(CCA)
Texas
Bartlett (CCA)
B.M. Moore (CCA)
Bridgeport Pre-Parole Fac.
(CCA)a
Dawson State Jail (CCA)a
Dickens County Corr. Ctr.
(GEO)a
Mineral Wells Pre-Parole
Fac. (CCA)a
Reeves County Det. Ctr.
(GEO)
Willacy County State Jail
(CCA)a
Virginia
Lawrenceville Corr. Ctr.
(GEO)

Reported allegations of staff sexual misconduct with
inmates
Reported allegations of staff sexual harassment of inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubstanInvestigaAllega- Substan- UnsubstanInvestigations
tiated
tiated
Unfounded tion ongoing tions
tiated
tiated
Unfounded tion ongoing
1
1

0
0

0
1

1
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

4
3

1
2

3
0

0
1

0
0

0
/

0
/

0
/

0
/

0
/

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0
1

0
0

0
1

0
0

0
0

3
0

0
0

3
0

0
0

0
0

1
0

0
0

0
0

1
0

0
0

/
/

/
/

/
/

/
/

/
/

1

1

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

3

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Note: Initials identify the following: BSS - Behavioral Systems Southwest. CAI - Correctional Alternatives Incorporated. CCA - Corrections Corporation
of America. CEC - Community Education Center. CMI - Correctional Management, Inc. Cornell - Cornell Companies, Incorporated. GEO - Global
Expertise in Outsourcing. MTC - Management and Training Corporation.
/Not reported.
a

Reports of staff sexual misconduct may include reports of staff sexual harassment.

bReports

of staff sexual misconduct are based on substantiated allegations only.

32 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Appendix table 4a. Allegations of inmate-on-inmate sexual violence reported in other correctional facilties, by type, 2006
Reported inmate-on-inmate nonconsensual sexual
acts

Reported inmate-on-inmate abusive sexual contacts
Average
daily popula- Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigaAllega- Substanti- UnsubInvestigaJurisdiction and facility tion, 2006
tions
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing tions
ated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing
U.S. Military
Total
Air Force
Army
Marines
Navy
U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement
Total
Aguadilla, PR
Aurora, CO
Batavia, NY
El Centro, CA
Elizabeth, NJ
El Paso, TXa,b,c
Florence, AZa
Houston, TXa
Laredo, TX
Los Fresnos, TX
Miami, FL
San Diego, CA
San Pedro, CA
Tacoma, WAa
Jails in Indian Country
Total
Gila River Dept. of
Corr. & Rehab., AZa
Hopi Rehab. Ctr., AZ
Klyuska O'Tipi Reintegration Ctr., SDa
Ponca Tribal Police
Dept., OK
Red Lake Law
Enforcement Services, MN
Rocky Boy Police
Dept., MT
Rosebud Sioux Tribe
Law Enforcement,
SD
Taos Tribal Det. Ctr.,
NM
Yakama Police Dept.,
WA

1,937
91
1,019
194
633

1
0
0
1
0

1
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
1

1
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

8,033
32
381
454
456
297
785
617
830
335
810
677
1,196
388
775

3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
/
/
0
0
0
0
0
/

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
/
/
0
0
0
0
0
/

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
/
/
0
0
0
0
0
/

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
/
/
0
0
0
0
0
/

0
0
0
0
0
0
/
/
/
0
0
0
0
0
/

279

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

51
51

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

/
0

/
0

/
0

/
0

/
0

5

0

0

0

0

0

/

/

/

/

/

63

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

43

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

7

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

43

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

6

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

10

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

/Not reported.
a

Allegations of abusive sexual contacts could not be counted separately from allegations of nonconsensual sexual acts.

b

Allegations limited to substantiated incidents only.

cAllegations

limited to completed acts only.

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

33

Appendix table 4b. Allegations of staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported in other correctional facilities, by type, 2006

Jurisdiction and facility

Reported allegations of staff sexual misconduct with
inmates
Reported allegations of staff sexual harassment of inmates
Allega- Substan- UnsubInvestigaAllega- Substan- UnsubInvestigation
tions
tiated
stantiated Unfounded tion ongoing tions
tiated
stantiated Unfounded ongoing

U.S. Military
Total
Air Force
Army
Marines
Navy
U.S. Immigration
and Customs Enforcement
Total
Aguadilla, PR
Aurora, CO
Batavia, NY
El Centro, CA
Elizabeth, NJ
El Paso, TX
Florence, AZ
Houston, TX*
Laredo, TX
Los Fresnos, TX
Miami, FL
San Diego, CA
San Pedro, CA
Tacoma, WA
Jails in Indian Country
Total
Gila River Dept. of Corr. &
Rehab. AZ
Hopi Rehab. Ctr., AZ
Klyuska O'Tipi Reintegration Ctr., SD
Ponca Tribal Police Dept.,
OK
Red Lake Law Enforcement Services, MN
Rocky Boy Police Dept., MT
Rosebud Sioux Tribe Law
Enforcement, SD
Taos Tribal Det. Ctr., NM
Yakama Police Dept., WA

1
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
1
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
/
0
0
0
0
0
0

3

0

0

3

0

1

1

0

0

0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0
2

0
0

0
0

0
2

0
0

0
1

0
1

0
0

0
0

0
0

1
0

0
0

0
0

1
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

/Not reported.
*Reports of staff sexual misconduct may include reports of staff sexual harassment.

34 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Appendix table 5. Characteristics of victims in
substantiated incidents of inmate-on-inmate sexual
violence, by type, 2006
Characteristic
Number of incidents
Number of victims
1
2
3
4 or more
Genderb
Male
Female
Ageb
Under 18
18-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45 or older
Race/Hispanic originb
Whitec
Blackc
Hispanic
Otherc,d

All facilitiesa

Prison

Jail

410

272

132

92%
7
1
<1

92%
8
<1
<1

93%
6
1
0

82%
18

80%
20

84%
16

4%
40
18
12
10
6
9

1%
37
21
15
7
8
11

13%
44
14
6
15
3
5

72%
16
9
3

76%
13
8
3

65%
21
12
1

aIncludes substantiated incidents reported by private prisons
and jails, Indian country jails, and facilities operated by the
U.S. military and ICE.
bBased

on characteristics of victims for whom gender (443),
age (442), or race/Hispanic origin (445) were reported.

c

Excludes perpetrators of Hispanic origin.

d

Includes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Native
Hawaiians, and Other Pacific Islanders.

Appendix table 6. Characteristics of perpetrators in
substantiated incidents of inmate-on-inmate sexual
violence, by type, 2006
Characteristic
Number of incidents
Number of perpetrators
1
2
3
4 or more
Genderb
Male
Female
Ageb
Under 18
18-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45 or older
Race/Hispanic originb
Whitec
Blackc
Hispanic
Otherc,d

All facilitiesa

Prison

Jail

410

272

132

90%
6
2
1

90%
7
2
1

90%
5
5
0

85%
15

82%
18

92%
8

1%
19
21
19
13
12
16

1%
20
16
19
15
9
19

0%
14
31
19
9
18
9

39%
49
10
2

48%
43
7
2

22%
60
15
4

Note: Detail may not sum to 100% due to rounding.
aIncludes

substantiated incidents reported by private prisons and
jails, Indian country jails, and facilities operated by the U.S. military
and ICE.

bBased

on characteristics of perpetrators for whom gender (448), age
(443), or race/Hispanic origin (444) were reported.

c

Excludes perpetrators of Hispanic origin.

dIncludes

American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Native Hawaiians, and Other Pacific Islanders.

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

35

Appendix table 7. Circumstances surrounding substantiated incidents of inmate-on-inmate
sexual violence, by type, 2006
All facilities*
Number of incidents
Type of pressure or force
None
Force/threat of force
Threatened with physical harm
Physically held down or restrained
Physically harmed or injured
Threatened with a weapon
Persuasion or talked into it
Bribery/blackmail
Gave victim drugs/alcohol
Offered protection from other
inmates
Where occurred
In victim's cell/room
In perpetrator's cell/room
In a dormitory
In a common area
In temporary holding area
In a program service area
Outside the facility
While in transit
Time of dayb
6 a.m. to noon
Noon to 6 p.m.
6 p.m. to midnight
Midnight to 6 a.m.
Who reported the incident
Victim
Another inmate
Family of victim
Correctional officer
Administrative staff
Medical/healthcare staff
Counselor/teacher
Chaplain/other religious official

409

Prison
272

Jail

Nonconsensual
sexual acts

Abusive sexual
contacts

250

159

131

21%
58
32
34
15
2
30
3
1

21%
53
24
27
15
2
32
3
<1

18%
70
47
51
16
4
29
4
2

14%
67
43
38
18
4
32
3
1

31%
44
14
28
10
0
28
4
0

3

3

3

4

1

64%
5
9
17
<1
6
2
<1

57%
6
10
22
0
8
1
<1

79%
5
7
7
1
2
2
0

76%
5
6
11
0
5
<1
0

46%
6
14
26
1
6
3
1

20%
26
45
26

22%
28
46
20

15%
21
41
37

17%
18
47
32

24%
37
41
17

70%
13
1
17
2
1
<1
1

66%
10
2
23
1
2
<1
1

75%
21
0
5
2
0
0
0

72%
16
<1
12
0
1
<1
1

65%
9
2
24
4
1
0
0

Note: Detail may sum to more than 100% because multiple responses were allowed for each item.
*Includes substantiated incidents reported by private prisons and jails, Indian country jails, and facilities
operated by the U.S. military and ICE.

36 Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

Appendix table 8. Impact on victim and perpetrator in substantiated incidents of inmate-oninmate sexual violence, by type, 2006
Incident impact
Victim injured
No
Yesb
Anal/vaginal tearing
Teeth chipped/knocked out
Bruises, black eye, sprains, cuts,
scratches, swelling
Medical followup for victim
Given medical examination
Administered rape kit
Tested for HIV/AIDS
Tested for other STD
Provided counseling or mental health
treatment
None of the above
Change in housing/custody for victim
Placed in administrative segregation
or protective custody
Placed in medical unit
Confined to own cell/room
Given higher custody level
Transferred to another facility/elsewhere in facility
Other (reported after release/transfer)
None of the above
Sanction imposed on perpetrator
Solitary/disciplinary
Confined to own cell/room
Placed in higher custody
Transferred to another facility
Loss of good time
Given extra work
Loss of privileges
Legal action
Arrested
Referred for prosecution
Given new sentence
Disciplinary report issued

All facilitiesa Prison

Jail

Nonconsensual Abusive sexual
sexual acts
contacts

80%
20
5
1

81%
19
6
0

76%
24
5
2

74%
26
8
1

87%
13
1
0

13

12

15

14

12

60%
22
11
12

54%
20
11
11

74%
28
13
14

70%
34
19
19

45%
3
0
0

50
22

56
25

40
16

53
17

45
30

40%
13
9
2

46%
7
10
2

30%
24
5
2

45%
19
7
2

31%
3
11
1

16
6
24

21
2
26

7
15
20

16
7
16

17
4
39

78%
16
22
22
24
2
20
41
16
33
5
5

77%
17
21
25
26
2
25
30
3
26
4
7

81%
13
26
16
20
0
12
67
42
49
9
0

81%
18
24
24
20
2
23
56
21
46
6
4

75%
12
20
17
31
1
16
18
6
13
4
6

Note: Detail may sum to more than 100% because multiple responses were allowed for each item.
a

Includes substantiated incidents reported by private prisons and jails, Indian country jails, and facilities
operated by the U.S. military and ICE.
b

The categories "knife or stab wounds," “broken bones,” "internal injuries," and "knocked unconscious" were
not marked in any incident.

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities, 2006

37

 

 

Federal Prison Handbook
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