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Gao Report to Us Congressional Requesters Re Fed Law Enforc Basic Training 2007

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United States Government Accountability Office

GAO

Report to Congressional Requesters

August 2007

FEDERAL LAW
ENFORCEMENT
Survey of Federal
Civilian Law
Enforcement
Mandatory Basic
Training

GAO-07-815

August 2007

FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT
Accountability Integrity Reliability

Highlights
Highlights of GAO-07-815, a report to
congressional requesters

Survey of Federal Civilian Law
Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Why GAO Did This Study

What GAO Found

Federal law enforcement officers
(LEO) are required to complete
mandatory basic training in order
to exercise their law enforcement
authorities.

Based on the responses of the 105 federal civilian law enforcement
components surveyed, GAO identified 76 unique mandatory basic training
programs. Among these, four programs in particular were cited by the
components more often than others as mandatory for their LEOs (see table).
Of the remaining 72 unique basic training programs, each was common to
just one to three components. Some of these basic training programs are
required for job series classifications representing large portions of the
overall LEO population. For example, newly hired employees at the Federal
Bureau of Prisons encompass 159 different job series classifications. This
large number of job series classifications is required to take the same two
unique basic training programs.

GAO was asked to identify federal
mandatory law enforcement basic
training programs. This report
builds on GAO’s prior work
surveying federal civilian law
enforcement components regarding
their functions and authorities (see
GAO-07-121, December 2006). GAO
defined an LEO as an individual
authorized to perform any of four
functions: conduct criminal
investigations, execute search
warrants, make arrests, or carry
firearms. In this report GAO
describes (1) the mandatory basic
law enforcement training that the
components reported requiring
their LEOs to complete and the
federal law enforcement job series
classifications for which basic
training programs are mandatory;
and (2) a breakdown of the delivery
of the of basic training programs,
by type of organization providing
the training and location.
To conduct this work, GAO
administered a Web-based survey
to 105 federal civilian law
enforcement components. Each
was requested to self-report on,
required basic training programs
for LEOs, the organizations
conducting the training, training
locations, and the job series for
which programs are mandatory.
GAO is not making
recommendations.

Of the 105 components surveyed, 37 components reported exclusively using
the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC)—the largest single
provider of law enforcement training for the federal government. Another
44 components reported using a combination of FLETC and other training
organizations, including their own organization, a federal or state law
enforcement agency, or commercial vendor. Thirteen components reported
that they did not use FLETC but instead conducted their own training
programs and used their own facilities. Eleven components reported hiring
LEOs who had already received basic training.
The Four Basic Training Programs Required Most Often by the Components for Their LEOs
Number of components
a
requiring the program
Basic training program
Criminal Investigator Training Program
Inspector General Investigator Training
Program

52

Uniformed Police Training Program

11

15

Land Management Police Training Program

7

Source: GAO analysis of mandatory basic training survey responses.
a

Some of these components required more than one program. For example, all 15 components
requiring the Inspector General Investigator Training Program also required the Criminal
Investigator Training Program.

A draft of this report was provided for comment to the agencies included in
the survey. Their technical comments were incorporated as appropriate.

www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-07-815.
To view the full product, including the scope
and methodology, click on the link above.
To view the e-supplement online, click on
www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?
GAO-07-1066SP. For more information,
contact Eileen Larence at (202) 512-8777
or larencee@gao.gov.

United States Government Accountability Office

Contents

Letter

1
Four Basic Training Programs Associated with 17 Job Series
Classifications Were Most Often Required by the Components
The Largest Source of Law Enforcement Basic Training Is the
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
Agency Comments

3
5
8

Appendix I

Scope and Methodology

10

Appendix II

The 105 Federal Civilian Components GAO Surveyed

14

Appendix III

The 76 Unique Basic Training Programs Reported
as Mandatory

18

All LEO Job Series Classifications and Their
Mandatory Basic Training Programs

28

The 61 Organizations, Excluding FLETC, Conducting
the Mandatory Basic Training Programs and Their
Training Locations as Reported by the Federal
Civilian Components

39

The 11 Federal Civilian Components That Reported
Hiring LEOs Who Had Already Taken Basic Training
for Previous Law Enforcement Positions

46

FLETC’s 83 Partner Organizations

48

Appendix IV

Appendix V

Appendix VI

Appendix VII

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GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix VIII

GAO Contact and Staff Acknowledgments

51

Tables
Table 1: The Four Basic Training Programs Required Most Often by
the Components for Their LEOs
Table 2: The Four Basic Training Programs Cited Most Often Were
among 17 Different Job Series Classifications
Table 3: FLETC Training Facilities Used for Mandatory Law
Enforcement Basic Training Programs, as Reported by
Federal Civilian Components
Table 4: The 13 Federal Civilian Components That Reported Using
Only Non-FLETC Resources for Their Mandatory Law
Enforcement Basic Training Programs
Table 5: The 76 Unique Basic Training Programs Reported as
Mandatory by the Federal Civilian Components
Table 6: FLETC’s Criminal Investigator Training Program Reported
as Mandatory by 52 Federal Civilian Components
Table 7: LEO Job Series Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic
Training Programs (Excluding 0080, 0083, 1801, and 1811)
as Reported by the 105 Federal Civilian Components.
Table 8: The 0080, 0083, 1801, and 1811 Job Series Classifications
and Their Mandatory Basic Training, as Reported by the
105 Federal Civilian Components

Page ii

3
4

7

8
18
26

28

33

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Abbreviations
BOP
DOD
FCC OIG
FLETC
FSI
LEO
NETI
OI
OPM

Bureau of Prisons
Department of Defense
Federal Communications Commission,
Office of the Inspector General
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
Forensic Audits and Special Investigations
law enforcement officer
National Enforcement Training Institute
Office of Investigations
U.S. Office of Personnel Management

This is a work of the U.S. government and is not subject to copyright protection in the
United States. The published product may be reproduced and distributed in its entirety
without further permission from GAO. However, because this work may contain
copyrighted images or other material, permission from the copyright holder may be
necessary if you wish to reproduce this material separately.

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GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

United States Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20548

August 10, 2007
The Honorable Lamar S. Smith
Ranking Minority Member
Committee on the Judiciary
House of Representatives
The Honorable F. James Sensenbrenner
House of Representatives
Basic training is designed to provide new law enforcement officers (LEO)
with the basic skills needed to properly perform their duties.1 In recent
years, as the number of federal LEOs has risen, so too has the need for the
federal government to provide basic training. According to a Bureau of
Justice Statistics report, between 2002 and 2004, the number of LEOs with
the authority to make arrests and carry firearms increased 13 percent from
about 93,000 to about 105,000. We reported in December 20062 that there
were about 138,000 LEOs in the federal civilian government when two
additional responsibilities are considered—authority to conduct criminal
investigations and execute search warrants.
In this report, which builds on our December 2006 report that addressed
the law enforcement functions and authorities of federal civilian
components, we provide information on mandatory basic law enforcement
training programs.3 As agreed with your office, we excluded the law
enforcement components of the Department of Defense and the

1

For purposes of this report, an LEO is defined as those law enforcement officers
authorized to perform any of the following four law enforcement functions: make arrests,
carry firearms, conduct criminal investigations, and execute search warrants. This
definition is based upon our prior work, interviews with federal agencies employing LEOs,
and other sources.
2
GAO, Federal Law Enforcement: Survey of Federal Civilian Law Enforcement Functions
and Authorities, GAO-07-121, and its electronic supplement, Federal Law Enforcement:
Results of Surveys of Federal Civilian Law Enforcement Components, GAO-07-223SP
(Washington, D.C.: Dec. 19, 2006).
3

For purposes of this report, mandatory basic law enforcement training program is defined
as a continuous instructional activity that any federal civilian component requires its LEOs
to complete in order to earn the component’s approval to exercise law enforcement
authority. A component refers to an agency, office or other sub-unit of a department or
nondepartmental entity.

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GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

intelligence community from the scope of our review. Specifically, this
report describes (1) the mandatory basic law enforcement training
programs that components reported requiring their LEOs to complete and
the federal law enforcement job series classifications for which the basic
training programs are mandatory, and (2) a breakdown of the delivery of
basic training programs, by type of organization conducting the training
and location.
To obtain information on mandatory basic law enforcement training, we
administered a Web-based survey to 105 federal civilian components and
requested each to identify the basic training programs that they require
their LEOs to complete, the organizations that conduct the programs,
training locations, training duration, the job series for which the programs
are mandatory, and the general topics covered in the training programs.4
Additional detail on these topics and a copy of the survey are provided in
an electronic supplement we are issuing with this report—GAO-07-1066SP.
This report contains self-reported information from each law enforcement
component surveyed. While we did not independently verify the accuracy
of all the information provided to us, after receiving the completed
surveys, we conducted quality control checks by analyzing the responses
to identify inconsistencies. We offered each law enforcement component
the opportunity to make any corrections to its original responses by
returning copies of their original survey responses to them for review.
Finally, we submitted copies of the draft report to each component for
comment. Further explanation of our scope and methodology is provided
in appendix I. Appendix II contains a list of all 105 components we
surveyed.
Our work was performed from October 2006 to July 2007.

4

There were 105 federal civilian components participating in our mandatory law
enforcement basic training survey, one more component than in our prior work. The
National Aeronautics and Space Administration informed us after we issued our December
2006 report (GAO-07-121) and during the mandatory basic training survey that it had an
additional component—the Program Protection Force of its Office of Security and Program
Protection—that employed personnel meeting our criteria for LEOs.

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GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Four Basic Training
Programs Associated
with 17 Job Series
Classifications Were
Most Often Required
by the Components

Based on the responses of the 105 federal civilian components we
surveyed, we identified 76 unique mandatory basic training programs.5 See
appendix III, tables 5 and 6, for a list of all 76 programs, the organizations
conducting them, and components citing them as mandatory. Four
programs in particular were cited by the components more often than
others as mandatory for their LEOs, as shown in table 1.
Table 1: The Four Basic Training Programs Required Most Often by the
Components for Their LEOs
Number of components
a
requiring the program

Basic training program
Criminal Investigator Training Program

52

Inspector General Investigator Training Program

15

Uniformed Police Training Program

11

Land Management Police Training Program

7

Source: GAO analysis of mandatory basic training survey responses.
a

Some of these components required more than one program. For example, all 15 components
requiring the Inspector General Investigator Training Program also required the Criminal Investigator
Training Program.

In addition, out of the 211 federal LEO job series classifications that the
components reported to us for our December 2006 report, LEOs in
17 different job series classifications were required to complete one or
more of the four most cited programs, as shown in table 2. See appendix
IV, tables 7 and 8, for a complete list of job series classifications and their
associated basic training programs.

5
We counted a program as unique if (1) multiple components cited the exact program title
or a close variation and specified the same training organization and location, or (2) only
one component cited the program title and specified a different training organization and
location.

The total of 76 excludes 3 mandatory basic training programs that the Department of
Interior informed us about during the final processing of this report. The programs, all
required by the Department’s National Park Service, are the Field Training and Evaluation
Program and the Ranger Basic Training Program, which are conducted by the National
Park Service; and the Seasonal Law Enforcement Training Program, which is conducted by
9 colleges and universities across the United States. Also, the Department stated that
National Park Service’s Law Enforcement, Security and Emergency Services office requires
its 1811 job series LEOs to take FLETC’s Criminal Investigator Training Program. The
tables and appendices in this report do not reflect this additional information and the
electronic supplement accounts for it in the “Additional Comments” column.

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GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Table 2: The Four Basic Training Programs Cited Most Often Were among 17 Different Job Series Classifications
Mandatory basic training program

Job series classificationsa

Criminal Investigator Training Program

0082—Deputy United States Marshal
0340—Program Manager/Special Deputy
1801—Secretarial Protection Specialistb
1802—Compliance Inspection and Supportb
1810—General Investigator
1811—Criminal Investigator; Special Agentb
Military Special Agents/Investigators
Special Agent, Investigative Department Manager, Project Manager

Inspector General Investigator Training Program

1811—Criminal Investigator; Special Agentb

Land Management Police Training Program

0025—Park Ranger/Refuge Law Enforcement Officer
0485—Refuge Manager/Refuge Law Enforcement Officer
1801—Law Enforcement Officer; Law Enforcement Rangerb
1802—Law Enforcement Officerb
1812—Enforcement Officer
2181—Pilot/Refuge Law Enforcement Officer
Patrol Officer, Investigator, Commander, Assistant Director and Director
SP083 (Police Officer, Investigator, Detective)

Uniformed Police Training Program

0080—Security Administrative
0083—Police Officer
1801—Supervisory Protection Officerb
1802—Compliance Inspection and Supportb
KK100 (Police Officer)
Source: GAO analysis of the mandatory basic training survey responses.
a

Generally the 4-digit job series classifications are designated by the U.S. Office of Personnel
Management (OPM). Non-OPM classifications are generally designated either by a job title or other
combination of numbers and job title.

b

Job series 1801, 1802, and 1811 were listed for more than one program.

Of the remaining 72 unique basic training programs, each was common to
just one to three components. Some of these basic training programs are
required for job series classifications representing large portions of the
overall LEO population. For example, DOJ Federal Bureau of Prisons
(BOP) requires newly hired LEOs among 159 different job series
classifications to take the same two unique basic training programs. The
BOP LEOs accounted for 25 percent of the LEO population as of June
2006. Similarly, DHS U.S. Customs and Border Protection’s Office of Field
Operations requires newly hired LEOs within the 1895 CBP officer job

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GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

series classification to take three basic training programs unique to U.S.
Customs and Border Protection. CBP officers accounted for 13 percent of
the LEOs.

The Largest Source of
Law Enforcement
Basic Training Is the
Federal Law
Enforcement Training
Center

According to our survey results, federal civilian law enforcement
components obtain their mandatory basic training through one source or a
combination of training sources. The components reported 62 different
organizations as sources of their basic training.6 Appendix V provides a list
of all training organizations reported in the survey. The largest single
source for basic law enforcement training is the Federal Law Enforcement
Training Center (FLETC).7
Of the 105 federal civilian components we surveyed, 81 reported using
basic training resources from FLETC or a combination of FLETC and
other organizations, such as their own organization; other federal law
enforcement agencies; state and local law enforcement agencies; and
commercial vendors.8 Eleven of the 105 federal civilian components
reported that they hired LEOs who had already received basic training for
previous law enforcement positions.9 Two of the 11 components reported
they hired LEOs for one job series and required a basic training program
for another job series. See appendix VI. One component—the Department
of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service—did not
provide details on its mandatory basic training but stated that formal
training provided to its investigators varied based on each individual’s

6

Two components reported state-level academies and training facilities but did not list any
specific training organization: the Department of Transportation, Office of the Secretary of
Transportation, Executive Protection reported “Federal/State/Military Police Academy
Training” and the National Railroad Passenger Corporation (AMTRAK), AMTRAK Police
reported “Several state police or authorized state training facilities.”

7
Among the other 61 training organizations reported, there was not 1 dominant provider,
except for the Inspector General Criminal Investigator Academy, which 15 components
reported using.
8

In commenting on a draft of this report, one of these components, the Federal Reserve
Board’s Security Unit, stated that it also uses FLETC resources during the firearms training
of its mandatory basic law enforcement training program.
9
In commenting on a draft of this report, the Federal Reserve Board stated that its
Chairman’s Protection Unit tends to hire special agents who have prior FLETC training.
Because the Chairman’s Protection Unit answered in its survey that it had a mandatory
basic training program, we did not include it in the list of 11 components, which appears in
appendix VI.

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GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

skills, abilities, and experience, and that courses were provided at FLETC
and other facilities.10
FLETC, which was established in 1970 within the Department of the
Treasury and transferred to the Department of Homeland Security in 2003,
provides basic, specialized, advanced and refresher training for federal,
state and local law enforcement agencies. FLETC currently has 83 federal
partner organizations, 71 of which we surveyed for this report.11 A list of
these partner organizations appears in appendix VII. According to FLETC,
the partner organization designation means the head of the agency has
signed a memorandum of understanding setting forth an agreement
between FLETC and the agency. According to FLETC, the partner
organization status offers the benefit of priority in training and a lower
cost for the training than for non-partner organizations. Other nonfederal
law enforcement agencies, such as state, local, and international law
enforcement agencies, may train at FLETC on a space-available basis.
FLETC provides training at four locations in the United States as follows:12
•

The Glynco, Georgia, location was established in 1975 and is FLETC’s
headquarters and largest training complex at 1,563 acres. Glynco’s
facilities include classrooms, dormitories, a dining hall, firearms
ranges, driver training ranges, a physical techniques facility, an
explosives range, and a mock port of entry.

•

The Artesia, New Mexico, location was established in 1989 and is
responsible for basic training for the U.S. Customs and Border

10
In commenting on a draft of this report, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
stated that its investigators participate with sworn law enforcement officers (i.e., Office of
Inspector General criminal investigators or state law enforcement officers) in conducting
criminal investigations and obtaining and executing search warrants. It added that while
these investigators do not have the authority to conduct criminal investigations activity on
their own, it ensures that they are properly trained and prepared to independently conduct
non-criminal investigations.
11

Twelve of FLETC’s partner organizations did not participate in our survey. Nine
organizations are in the Department of Defense and intelligence community, which we
excluded from our scope. The other three organizations—the Department of Interior’s
Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, Department of Transportation’s
Federal Aviation Administration, and Department of the Treasury’s Financial Crimes
Enforcement Network—indicated to us that they did not have LEOs meeting our criteria.
12

FLETC also has international law enforcement academies in Gabarone, Botswana; San
Salvador, El Salvador; and Lima, Peru.

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GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Protection Border Patrol, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Transportation
Security Administration, Federal Flight Deck Officers, and Federal Air
Marshals.
•

The Cheltenham, Maryland, location was established in 2001 to provide
firearms requalification and pursuit driver training programs for LEOs
based in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area. Cheltenham also
provides facilities for the U.S. Capitol Police Academy.

•

The Charleston, South Carolina, location was established in FLETC in
2003 and hosts the U.S. Coast Guard Maritime Law Enforcement
Academy and the Federal Probation and Pretrial Services Academy.

Of the 81 federal civilian components that reported using FLETC
resources (such as instructors, programs, and/or facilities), 37 reported
using FLETC resources exclusively to meet their basic training
requirements. The other 44 components reported using a combination of
FLETC and other training organizations. Table 3 shows the total number
of components that reported using the various FLETC locations.
Table 3: FLETC Training Facilities Used for Mandatory Law Enforcement Basic
Training Programs, as Reported by Federal Civilian Components
FLETC training location

Number of components using training facilitiesa

Glynco, Georgia

75

Artesia, New Mexico

9

Cheltenham, Maryland

8

Charleston, South Carolina

3

Source: GAO analysis of mandatory basic training survey responses.
a

The sum of the column “Number of components using training facilities” is greater than the 81
components that reported using FLETC resources as some components reported receiving basic
training at more than one FLETC location.

Among the 105 federal civilian components we surveyed, 13 reported that
they did not use FLETC resources for their mandatory basic training
programs, but instead conducted their own training programs and used
their own facilities; among this group, one component, the Department of
Transportation Maritime Administration’s Academy Security Force, used a

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GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

commercial vendor. These 13 components and the sources of their training
are listed in table 4.13
Table 4: The 13 Federal Civilian Components That Reported Using Only Non-FLETC Resources for Their Mandatory Law
Enforcement Basic Training Programs
Federal civilian component

Non-FLETC organization conducting training

DHS, Transportation Security Administration, Office of Law
Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal Service

DHS, Transportation Security Administration, Federal Air Marshal
Service

DOJ, Drug Enforcement Administration

DOJ, Drug Enforcement Administration Academy

DOJ, Federal Bureau of Investigation

DOJ, FBI Academy

Department of Labor, Office of Labor Management Standards

Department of Labor, Office of Labor Management Standards

Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration,
Academy Security Force

Law Enforcement Training and Consultants (commercial vendor)

Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Security and Law
Enforcement

Department of Veterans Affairs, Law Enforcement Training Center

Federal Reserve Board, Chairman’s Protection Unit

Federal Reserve Board, Board of Governors of the Federal
Reserve

Federal Reserve Board, Reserve Banks Security

Federal Reserve Board, Federal Reserve Banks across the nation

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Office of
Security and Program Protection, Program Protection Force

NASA Federal Law Enforcement Academy

National Gallery of Art

National Gallery of Art

Smithsonian Institution, Office of Protection Services

Smithsonian Institution, In House Staff

U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal Inspection Service, Inspector

U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal Inspection Service

U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal Inspection Service,
Postal Police

U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal Inspection Service

Source: GAO analysis of mandatory basic training survey responses.

Agency Comments

We provided the 105 components that we surveyed with a draft of report
for comment. A number of components provided technical corrections,
additions, and deletions to their original responses. These technical
comments were incorporated in the report where appropriate.

13

As previously discussed, 11 components reported hiring LEOs who have already received
basic training.

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As we agreed with your office, unless you publicly announce its contents
earlier, we plan no further distribution of this report until 30 days after its
issue date. We will make copies available to any interested parties on
request. If you have further questions, please contact me at (202) 512-8777
or by e-mail at larencee@gao.gov. Contact points for our offices of
Congressional Relations and Public Affairs may be found on the last page
of this report. See appendix VIII for a list of key contributors to this report.

Eileen R. Larence,
Director, Homeland Security and Justice Issues

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Appendix I: Scope and Methodology

Appendix I: Scope and Methodology

To identify the mandatory training programs that federal civilian
components require for their law enforcement officers (LEO), we
administered a Web-based survey that collected training information from
105 federal civilian components.1 A copy of this survey can be viewed via
the electronic supplement link provided on page 2 of this report. The
training survey requested from each federal component a list of
(1) mandatory basic training programs for the LEOs who were authorized
to perform at least one of the four following law enforcement functions—
conduct criminal investigations, execute search warrants, make arrests, or
carry firearms; (2) topics covered by each program; (3) job series of the
LEOs required to complete each training program; (4) name of the
organization that conducted each training program; and (5) location of
each training program. This survey was administered between October
2006 and May 2007. We obtained a 100 percent response rate for the
training survey.
This report contains self-reported information from each federal civilian
LEO component surveyed. While we administered the training survey to
obtain the training information for this report, we also referred to
December 2006 report (GAO-07-121 and its electronic supplement
GAO-07-223SP) for information on law enforcement functions and job
series classifications for each LEO component. Prior to completing the
training survey, we reported on the first two Web-based surveys (law
enforcement authority survey and job series survey) in December 2006.
The first of the two surveys requested that each component state its law
enforcement mission and list the primary authorities for its LEOs to
perform any of the four specified law enforcement functions. The types of
authorities sought through the survey were those based on statutory
sources (e.g., United States Code), regulatory sources (e.g., Code of
Federal Regulations), and other sources, such as executive orders, agency
directives, or memorandums of understanding between agencies. This
survey was administered between June 2006 and October 2006. We
obtained a 100 percent response rate for the law enforcement authority
survey.
The second of the two surveys requested that each component list the
OPM job series or other job identifier of the LEOs who were authorized to

1
There were 105 federal civilian components participating in our mandatory law
enforcement basic training survey, one more component than in our prior work. See page
2, footnote 4, for an explanation.

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Appendix I: Scope and Methodology

perform at least one of the four specified law enforcement functions
mentioned above and the number of LEOs employed for each job series
and titles as of June 30, 2006. This survey was administered between
August 2006 and October 2006. We obtained a 100 percent response rate
for the job series survey.
Since the training survey and the two previous surveys were not sample
surveys, there are no sampling errors. However, the practical difficulties of
conducting any survey may have introduced errors, commonly referred to
as nonsampling errors. For example, the accuracy of the survey results
could have been influenced by (1) difficulties in how a particular question
was interpreted by respondents, (2) the sources of information that were
available to respondents, or (3) how we processed and analyzed the
responses we received. We took the following steps in the development of
the surveys, the data collection, and the data analysis to minimize these
potential nonsampling errors and to help ensure the accuracy of the
answers that we obtained.
To define an LEO for the purposes of our three Web-based law
enforcement surveys, we identified which types of law enforcement
functions would be used by consulting our previous work on federal law
enforcement authorities and personnel,2 law enforcement related
documentation from the U.S. Office of Personnel Management,3 and
interviews with officials with expertise in law enforcement functions of
various civilian agencies employing LEOs.
Additionally, we determined which federal components might employ
LEOs performing any of the four specified law enforcement functions by
compiling an initial list based on the federal agencies: listed in Federal
Law Enforcement Officers, 2002, published by the Department of
Justice’s Bureau of Justice Statistics; identified as FLETC’s partner
organizations and other agencies included in FLETC’s 2004-2005 List of
Agencies Trained at FLETC; and listed in the Federal Citizen Information

2

GAO, Federal Law Enforcement: Investigative Authority and Personnel at 13 Agencies,
GAO/GGD-96-154 (Washington, D.C.: Sept. 30, 1996); Federal Law Enforcement:
Investigative Authority and Personnel at 32 Organizations, GAO/GGD-97-93
(Washington, D.C.: July 22, 1997); and Inspectors General: Comparison of Ways Law
Enforcement Authority Is Granted, GAO-02-437 (Washington, D.C.: May 22, 2002).
3

U.S. Office of Personnel Management, Federal Law Enforcement Pay and Benefits
(Report to Congress), July 2004.

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Appendix I: Scope and Methodology

Center’s Cabinet Agencies and Independent Agencies and Commissions
Directory.
Furthermore, in our prior work as in this report, the term “federal law
enforcement officer” can be defined in numerous ways depending on the
information sought. To best meet the information needs of the requester
and the time frame for reporting, it was necessary to limit our scope to law
enforcement officers employed directly by the federal government, as well
as exclude certain agencies or components. We refined the list of federal
components to survey by submitting our initial list to the components’
parent departments and nondepartmental entities for corrections and
additions. This compilation was not intended to reflect all personnel in the
federal law enforcement community. For example, we did not include
contract services, civilian law enforcement officers and investigators
within the Department of Defense (DOD) or the DOD Offices of Inspector
General, intelligence agencies, and U.S. Attorneys within the Department
of Justice.4
To identify the specific information to collect in the training survey—such
as components’ mandatory basic training programs for law enforcement
officers; the topics covered in each training program; the agencies,
academies, vendors, or other organizations that conducted the training;
and location of each training program—we conducted initial interviews
with officials with law enforcement training expertise from the
Department of Homeland Security and Department of Justice. We
developed and pretested the survey with three components with diverse
missions, and of varying sizes (e.g., National Park Service of the
Department of Interior, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement of the
Department of Homeland Security, and the U.S. Government
Accountability Office) to identify unclear and ambiguous questions. Upon
completion of the pretest, we made the necessary changes to the final
survey prior to nationwide implementation.
To help ensure that the training survey was sent to knowledgeable
component officials (e.g., officials with law enforcement training
knowledge), we requested that the designated GAO liaisons of each
component identify these knowledgeable officials and provide their

4
According to a DOJ official, many DOJ attorneys are authorized to conduct criminal
investigations and routinely manage such investigations as Assistant United States
Attorneys, Legal Division Trial Attorneys, or in related positions.

Page 12

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix I: Scope and Methodology

contact information. As necessary, we also followed up with these officials
to clarify survey responses.
All of the data in this report are what were reported by the 105 federal
civilian components through our three Web-based surveys. We did not
independently verify the accuracy of all the information provided to us.
We did, however, after receiving the completed surveys, examine the
survey results and perform computer analyses to identify inconsistencies
and other possible indications of error. An independent analyst reviewed
all the computer programs used in the processing of the data. Also, in
March 2007, we returned copies of the training survey responses to the
105 federal civilian components to make any corrections to their original
responses. Further, we conducted quality control checks via telephone
and e-mail with the survey respondents to follow up on possible internal
data inconsistencies or other issues needing clarification, such as
unanswered questions or data entry errors. A number of the components
provided technical corrections, additions, and/or deletions to their original
responses and some were incorporated where appropriate in a draft of the
report sent to the components for comment. After taking these steps, we
continued to find that some survey respondents reported different
program titles, program durations, training organizations, and/or topics
covered for the same FLETC training programs. We reconciled the
program titles but not all of the other differences. The information shown
in the report and the electronic supplement represents what the agencies
provided. An example of these differences is the Criminal Investigator
Training Program. Respondents from 52 federal civilian law enforcement
components referred to this program by 16 different program titles and
inserted program information that included 9 different program durations
and 45 different combinations of the training topics covered. According to
FLETC officials, FLETC conducts the Criminal Investigator Training
Program in the same manner for all who take it and the program currently
lasts 11 weeks.

Page 13

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix II: The 105 Federal Civilian
Components GAO Surveyed

Appendix II: The 105 Federal Civilian
Components GAO Surveyed

Department or nondepartmental entity

Federal civilian component

Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts

Office of Probation and Pretrial Services

Agency for International Development

Office of the Inspector General

Corporation for National and Community Service

Office of the Inspector General

Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Office of the Inspector General
U.S. Forest Service, Law Enforcement and Investigations

Department of Commerce

Bureau of Industry and Security, Office of Export Enforcement
National Institute of Standards and Technology
National Marine Fisheries Service, Office of Law Enforcement
Office of Security
Office of the Inspector General

Department of Education

Office of the Inspector General

Department of Energy

National Nuclear Safety Administration, Office of Secure Transportation Office of Mission Operations
Office of Health, Safety and Security, Office of Security Operations
Office of the Inspector General

Department of Health and Human Services

Food and Drug Administration, Office of Regulatory Affairs/Office of
Criminal Investigations
National Institutes of Health
Office of the Inspector General

Department of Homeland Security

Federal Emergency Management Agency, Security Branch
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
Office of the Inspector General
Transportation Security Administration, Office of Law Enforcement/Federal
Air Marshal Service
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative Service
U.S. Coast Guard, Maritime Law Enforcement Boarding Officers
U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Border Patrol
U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Office of Customs and Border
Protection Air and Marine
U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Office of Field Operations/
CBP Officers
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of Detention
and Removal
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of Federal
Protective Service
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of Intelligence

Page 14

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix II: The 105 Federal Civilian
Components GAO Surveyed

Department or nondepartmental entity

Federal civilian component
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of Investigations
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of Professional
Responsibility
U.S. Secret Service

Department of Housing and Urban Development

Office of the Inspector General

Department of the Interior

Bureau of Indian Affairs, Office of Law Enforcement Services
Bureau of Land Management, Office of Law Enforcement and Security
Bureau of Reclamation, Hoover Dam Police
National Park Service, Law Enforcement, Security and Emergency Servicesa
National Park Service, U.S. Park Police
Office of Law Enforcement, Security and Emergency Management
Office of the Inspector General
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Law Enforcement

Department of Justice

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives
Drug Enforcement Administration
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Federal Bureau of Prisons
Office of the Inspector General
U.S. Marshals Service

Department of Labor

Employee Benefits Security Administration
Office of Labor Management Standards
Office of the Inspector General

Department of State

Bureau of Diplomatic Security, Diplomatic Security Service
Office of the Inspector General

Department of Transportation

Maritime Administration, Academy Security Force
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Odometer Fraud
Office of the Inspector General, Investigations
Office of the Secretary of Transportation, Executive Protection

Department of the Treasury

Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Police Officers
Internal Revenue Service, Criminal Investigation
Office of the Inspector General, Office of Investigations
Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration
U.S. Mint, Police

Department of Veterans Affairs

Office of Security and Law Enforcement
Office of the Inspector General

Page 15

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix II: The 105 Federal Civilian
Components GAO Surveyed

Department or nondepartmental entity

Federal civilian component

Environmental Protection Agency

Criminal Investigation Division
Office of the Inspector General

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Office of the Inspector General

Federal Communications Commission

Office of the Inspector General

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Office of the Inspector General

Federal Reserve Board

Chairman’s Protection Unit
Office of the Inspector General
Reserve Banks Security
Security Unit

General Services Administration

Office of the Inspector General

Government Accountability Office

Controller/Administrative Services, Office of Security and Safety
Financial Management and Assurance, Forensic Audits and Special
Investigations

Library of Congress

Office of Security and Emergency Preparedness, Police
Office of the Inspector General

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Office of Security and Program Protection, Program Protection Force
Office of the Inspector General

National Archives and Records Administration

Office of the Inspector General

National Gallery of Art
National Railroad Passenger Corporation
(AMTRAK)

AMTRAK Police

National Railroad Passenger Corporation
(AMTRAK)

Office of Inspector General

National Science Foundation

Office of the Inspector General
Polar Operations, Antarctica

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Office of Investigations
Office of the Inspector General

Office of Personnel Management

Office of the Inspector General

Peace Corps

Office of the Inspector General

Railroad Retirement Board

Office of the Inspector General

Small Business Administration

Office of the Inspector General

Smithsonian Institution

Office of Protection Services

Social Security Administration

Office of the Inspector General

Tennessee Valley Authority

Office of the Inspector General
TVA Police

U.S. Capitol Police
U.S. Government Printing Office

Office of the Inspector General
Police

Page 16

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix II: The 105 Federal Civilian
Components GAO Surveyed

Department or nondepartmental entity

Federal civilian component

U.S. Postal Service

Office of Inspector General
U.S. Postal Inspection Service, Inspector
U.S. Postal Inspection Service, Postal Police

U.S. Supreme Court

Marshal of the Supreme Court
Source: GAO.
a

In commenting on a draft of this report, the Department of the Interior informed us that the name of this component should read
"Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Law Enforcement, Security and Emergency Services." In GAO-07-121 and its
electronic supplement GAO-07-223SP, this component was known as “National Park Service, Ranger Activities.”

Page 17

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix III: The 76 Unique Basic Training
Programs Reported as Mandatory

Appendix III: The 76 Unique Basic Training
Programs Reported as Mandatory
This appendix presents two related tables. Table 5 presents information on
all but one of the unique basic training programs reported as mandatory.
The one program that was omitted in this table—FLETC’s Criminal
Investigator Training Program—was cited most by 52 components.
Information for this program is presented separately in table 6.
Table 5: The 76 Unique Basic Training Programs Reported as Mandatory by the Federal Civilian Components
Basic training program

Organization conducting program

35 Hours Peace Officer Training

Law Enforcement Training and Consultants Department of Transportation, Maritime
(commercial vendor)
Administration, Academy Security Force

Federal civilian component

47 Hour Firearms Instruction

Law Enforcement Training and Consultants Department of Transportation, Maritime
(commercial vendor)
Administration, Academy Security Force

Advanced Interviews and Interrogations

Reid and Associates, Inc
(commercial vendor)

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative
Service

Agency Specific Basic Add on

FLETC

Department of the Interior, National Park
Service, U.S. Park Police

Basic Agent Training

DOJ, Drug Enforcement Administration
Training Academy

DOJ, Drug Enforcement Administration

Basic Boarding Officer Course

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard, Maritime Law
Enforcement Boarding Officers

Basic Deputy U.S. Marshal

DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service Training
Academy

DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service

Basic Entry Level Training

Smithsonian Institution, In House Staff

Smithsonian Institution, Office of
Protection Services

Basic Fiduciary and
Investigative Techniques

Department of Labor, Employee Benefits
Security Administration, Office of
Regulations and Interpretations

Department of Labor, Employee Benefits
Security Administration

Department of Labor, Employee Benefits
Security Administration, Office of
Exemption Determinations
Department of Labor, Employee
Benefits Security Administration, Office
of Health Plan Standards and
Compliance Assistance
Basic Inspector Training Program

U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal
Inspection Service

U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal Inspection
Service, Inspector

Basic Police Officer Training Course

Department of Veterans Affairs,
Law Enforcement Training Center

Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of
Security and Law Enforcement

Page 18

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix III: The 76 Unique Basic Training
Programs Reported as Mandatory

Basic training program

Organization conducting program

Federal civilian component

Basic Special Agent Course

FLETC

Department of State, Bureau of Diplomatic
Security, Diplomatic Security Service

Department of State, National Foreign
Affairs Training Center
Department of State, Diplomatic Security
Training Center
Boarding Officer Personal Qualification
Standards

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard, Maritime Law
Enforcement Boarding Officers

Boarding Officer Practical Course

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard, Maritime Law
Enforcement Boarding Officers

CBP Air and Marine Basic Training
Program

FLETC

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Office of Customs and Border Protection
Air and Marine

CGIS Indoctrination Training Course

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative
Service

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/Automatic
External Defibrillator/Bloodborne
Pathogens/First Aid/Oxygen Management

Chesapeak Training (commercial vendor)

Library of Congress, Office of Security and
Emergency Preparedness - Police

Continuing Legal Education Training
Program (an either or with Criminal
Investigator Training Program)

FLETC

National Science Foundation, Polar
Operations, Antarctica

Criminal Enforcement Training

FLETC

Department of Labor, Employee Benefits
Security Administration

DOJ, Organized Crime Section,
Criminal Division
Department of Labor, Office of
Inspector General
DOJ, United States Attorneys Office,
Assistant United States Attorney
Criminal Investigator Training Program

See appendix III, table 6.

Customs and Border Protection Integrated,
Basic Training

FLETC

Death and Homicide Investigations

Institute of Police Technology &
Management (commercial vendor)

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative
Service

Detention Enforcement Officer

DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service Training
Academy

DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service

Diversion Investigator Training

DOJ, Drug Enforcement Administration
Training Academy

DOJ, Drug Enforcement Administration

Drug Identification and Investigations

DOJ, Drug Enforcement Administration

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border
Protection, Office of Field Operations/
DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, CBP Officers
Office of Field Operations

Page 19

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix III: The 76 Unique Basic Training
Programs Reported as Mandatory

Basic training program

Organization conducting program

Federal civilian component

EPA Environmental Investigation Basic
Training Program

FLETC

Environmental Protection Agency, Criminal
Investigation Division

Environmental Protection Agency, Criminal
Investigation Division
Entry-Level Training Program

FLETC

U.S. Capitol Police

U.S. Capitol Police
FPS Physical Security Academy

DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Federal Protective Service
National Training Academy

Federal Air Marshal Service
Training Program

DHS, Transportation Security
DHS, Transportation Security
Administration, Federal Air Marshal Service Administration, Office of Law
Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal Service

Federal Reserve Law Enforcement

Federal Reserve Board

Federal Reserve Board, Security Unita

Federal Reserve Board, Board of
Governors of the Federal Reserve

Federal Reserve Board, Chairman’s
Protection Unit

Federal Reserve Board, Federal Reserve
Banks across the nation.

Federal Reserve Board, Reserve Banks
Security

Field Evidence and Crime Scene
Investigations

Institute of Police Technology &
Management (commercial vendor)

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative
Service

Field Training Program

Department of the Interior, National Park
Service, U.S. Park Police

Department of the Interior, National Park
Service, U.S. Park Police

Field Training Program (FTO)

U.S. Capitol Police

U.S. Capitol Police

Firearms Training

FLETC

DHS, Office of the Inspector General

HAZMAT First Responder
Awareness/Operations/On-Scene
Incident Command Training

All American Environmental
(commercial vendor)

Library of Congress, Office of Security and
Emergency Preparedness – Police

HHS OIG Special Agent Basic
Training Program

Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Health and Human Services,
Office of Inspector General
Office of the Inspector General

HHS OIG Writing Course

Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Health and Human Services,
Office of Inspector General
Office of the Inspector General

ICE Basic Intelligence Training Program

DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Intelligence

DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Professional
Responsibility

ICE DR Basic Training Program/ICE_D

FLETC

DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Detention and
Removal

DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Detention and Removal
Operations

Page 20

DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Federal Protective
Service

DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Professional
Responsibility

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix III: The 76 Unique Basic Training
Programs Reported as Mandatory

Basic training program

Organization conducting program

Federal civilian component

ICE Special Agent Training Program

FLETC

DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Investigations

DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement Office of Investigations
Academy
DHS, U.S. Customs and Border
Protection

DHS, U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement, Office of
Professional Responsibility

Indian Police-Basic Police Officer
Training Program

FLETC

Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian
Affairs, Office of Law Enforcement Services

Initial Probation and Pretrial Services
Training Program

FLETC

Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts,
Office of Probation and Pretrial Services

Inspector General Investigator
Training Program

Inspector General Criminal
Investigator Academy

Agency for International Development,
Office of the Inspector General
Department of Health and Human Services,
Office of the Inspector General
Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of
the Inspector General
National Archives and Records
Administration, Office of the
Inspector General
Railroad Retirement Board, Office of the
Inspector General
Social Security Administration, Office of the
Inspector General
U.S. Government Printing Office, Office of
the Inspector General
Department of Agriculture, Office of the
Inspector General
Department of Commerce, Office of the
Inspector General
Department of Education, Office of the
Inspector General
Department of Housing and Urban
Development, Office of the
Inspector General
Department of the Treasury, Office of the
Inspector General, Office of Investigations
National Science Foundation, Office of the
Inspector General
Small Business Administration, Office of
the Inspector General
U.S. Postal Service, Office of
Inspector General

Page 21

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix III: The 76 Unique Basic Training
Programs Reported as Mandatory

Basic training program

Organization conducting program

Federal civilian component

Inspector General Transitional
Training Program

FLETC

National Archives and Records
Administration, Office of the
Inspector General

Inspector General Criminal
Investigator Academy
Inspector General Criminal
Investigator Academy

Social Security Administration, Office of the
Inspector General

Institution Familiarization

DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons

DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons

Introduction to Corrections Techniques

DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons

DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons

Introduction to Criminal Investigations

FLETC

DHS, Federal Emergency Management
Agency, Security Branch

Land Management Police
Training Program

FLETC

Department of Agriculture, U.S.
Forest Service, Law Enforcement
and Investigations
Department of Commerce, National
Marine Fisheries Service, Office of
Law Enforcement
Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land
Management, Office of Law Enforcement
and Security
Department of the Interior, National Park
Service, Law Enforcement, Security and
Emergency Services
Department of the Interior, National Park
Service, U.S. Park Police
Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System
Tennessee Valley Authority, TVA Police

Mixed Basic Police Training Program

FLETC

Department of Commerce,
Office of Security
Department of the Treasury,
U.S. Mint, Police
Library of Congress, Office of Security and
Emergency Preparedness – Police

NASA Federal Law Enforcement
Training Academy

NASA Federal Law Enforcement Academy

National Aeronautics and Space
Administration, Office of Security and
Program Protection, Program
Protection Force

NNSA OST Agent Candidate Training
(FLETC-Charleston conducts legal issues
criminal law classes (10 days))

No organization was listed.

Department of Energy, National
Nuclear Safety Administration, Office
of Secure Transportation - Office of
Mission Operations

NWRS Field Training &
Evaluation Program

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System

New Agent Training Program

DOJ, FBI Academy

DOJ, Federal Bureau of Investigation

Page 22

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix III: The 76 Unique Basic Training
Programs Reported as Mandatory

Basic training program

Organization conducting program

New Employee Orientation

Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Health and Human Services,
Office of Inspector General
Office of the Inspector General

Federal civilian component

New Investigator Training

Department of Labor, Office of Labor
Management Standards

Department of Labor, Office of Labor
Management Standards

OSHA Hazwoper Safety Course

FLETC

Environmental Protection Agency, Criminal
Investigation Division

Environmental Protection Agency,
Criminal Investigation Division
Department of Labor, Occupational
Safety & Health Administration
Post Academy Training

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Office of Training and Development
Office of Field Operations/CBP Officers
DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Office of Field Operations

Postal Police Officer Basic Training

U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal Inspection U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal Inspection
Service
Service, Postal Police

Pre Academy Orientation Program

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Office of Field Operations/CBP Officers
Office of Training and Development
DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Office of Field Operations

Protective Service Operations

International Training Incorporated
(commercial vendor)

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Refuge Officer Basic School

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System

Semiannual Firearms Re-qualification

FLETC

Library of Congress, Office of Security and
Emergency Preparedness – Police

U.S. Capitol Police
Department of the Treasury, Bureau of
Engraving and Printing
Sex Crimes/Deviant Sexual Behavior

Institute of Police Technology &
Management (commercial vendor)

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Special Agent Basic School

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and
Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service, Office of Law Enforcement Wildlife Service, Office of Law Enforcement

Special Agent Basic Training

DOJ, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco,
Firearms, and Explosives

DOJ, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco,
Firearms, and Explosives

Special Agent Basic Training Program

Department of the Treasury,
TIGTA/NA/Office of Investigations

Department of the Treasury, Treasury
Inspector General for Tax Administration

Special Agent Basic Training

FLETC

Department of the Treasury, Internal
Revenue Service, Criminal Investigation

Internal Revenue Service National Criminal
Investigation Training Academy

Page 23

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix III: The 76 Unique Basic Training
Programs Reported as Mandatory

Basic training program

Organization conducting program

Federal civilian component

Special Agent Training Program

Department of Health and Human
Services, Food and Drug Administration,
Office of Regulatory Affairs/Office of
Criminal Investigations

Department of Health and Human
Services, Food and Drug Administration,
Office of Regulatory Affairs/Office of
Criminal Investigations

Special Police Officer Training

National Gallery of Art

National Gallery of Art

U.S. Army Criminal Investigative Division
Apprentice Special Agent Course
(either/or with the Criminal Investigator
Training Program)

Department of Defense, U.S. Army

National Archives and Records
Administration, Office of the
Inspector General

U.S. Border Patrol Academy Basic Training FLETC

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Border Patrol

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Office of Training and Development
USSS Mixed Basic Training

DHS, U. S. Secret Service/
James J. Rowley Training Center

DHS, U.S. Secret Service

USSS Special Agent Basic
Training Course

DHS, U. S. Secret Service/
James J. Rowley Training Center

DHS, U.S. Secret Service

USSS Uniformed Division Basic
Training Course

DHS, U. S. Secret Service/
James J. Rowley Training Center

DHS, U.S. Secret Service

Uniformed Police Training Program

FLETC

Department of Commerce,
Office of Security
DHS, Federal Emergency Management
Agency, Security Branch
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Federal
Protective Service
DHS, U.S. Secret Service
Department of Commerce, National
Institute of Standards and Technology
Department of Health and Human Services,
National Institutes of Health
Department of the Interior, Bureau of
Reclamation, Hoover Dam Police
U.S. Government Printing Office, Police
U.S. Supreme Court, Marshal of the
Supreme Court

FLETC

Department of the Treasury, Bureau of
Engraving and Printing, Police Officers

Metropolitan Police Academy Washington, D.C. (state/local government)
FLETC

National Railroad Passenger Corporation
(AMTRAK), AMTRAK Police

Several state police or authorized state
training facilities

Page 24

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix III: The 76 Unique Basic Training
Programs Reported as Mandatory

Basic training program

Organization conducting program

Wildlife Inspector Basic School

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and
Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service, Office of Law Enforcement Wildlife Service, Office of Law Enforcement

Federal civilian component

Source: GAO analysis of mandatory basic training survey results.
a

In commenting on a draft of this report, the Federal Reserve Board’s Security Unit stated that it also
uses FLETC resources during the firearms training of its mandatory basic law enforcement training
program.

Page 25

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix III: The 76 Unique Basic Training
Programs Reported as Mandatory

Table 6 shows the one remaining unique program—FLETC’s Criminal
Investigator Training Program—that was omitted in table 5.
Table 6: FLETC’s Criminal Investigator Training Program Reported as Mandatory by 52 Federal Civilian Components
Department or nondepartmental entity

Federal civilian component

Agency for International Development

Office of the Inspector General

Corporation for National and Community Service

Office of the Inspector General

Department of Agriculture

Office of the Inspector General
U.S. Forest Service, Law Enforcement and Investigations

Department of Commerce

Bureau of Industry and Security, Office of Export Enforcement
National Marine Fisheries Service, Office of Law Enforcement
Office of the Inspector General

Department of Education

Office of the Inspector General

Department of Energy

Office of Health, Safety and Security, Office of Security Operations
Office of the Inspector General

Department of Health and Human Services

Office of the Inspector General

Department of Homeland Security

FLETC
Office of the Inspector General
U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative Service
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of Federal Protective Service
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of Investigations
U.S. Secret Service

Department of Housing and Urban Development

Office of the Inspector General

Department of the Interior

Bureau of Indian Affairs, Office of Law Enforcement Services
Bureau of Land Management, Office of Law Enforcement and Security
Office of the Inspector General
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Law Enforcement

Department of Justice

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives
Office of the Inspector General
U.S. Marshals Service

Department of Labor

Office of the Inspector General

Department of State

Office of the Inspector General

Department of Transportation

Office of the Inspector General, Investigations

Page 26

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix III: The 76 Unique Basic Training
Programs Reported as Mandatory

Department or nondepartmental entity

Federal civilian component

Department of the Treasury

Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Police Officers
Internal Revenue Service, Criminal Investigation
Office of the Inspector General, Office of Investigations
Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration

Department of Veterans Affairs

Office of the Inspector General

Environmental Protection Agency

Criminal Investigation Division
Office of the Inspector General

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Office of the Inspector General

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Office of the Inspector General

Federal Reserve Board

Office of the Inspector General

General Services Administration

Office of the Inspector General

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Office of the Inspector General

National Archives and Records Administration

Office of the Inspector General

National Science Foundation

Office of the Inspector General
Polar Operations, Antarctica

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Office of the Inspector General

Office of Personnel Management

Office of the Inspector General

Peace Corps

Office of the Inspector General

Railroad Retirement Board

Office of the Inspector General

Small Business Administration

Office of the Inspector General

Social Security Administration

Office of the Inspector General

Tennessee Valley Authority

Office of the Inspector General

U.S. Government Printing Office

Office of the Inspector General

U.S. Postal Service

Office of Inspector General
Source: GAO analysis of mandatory basic training survey results.

Page 27

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix IV: All LEO Job Series
Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic
Training Programs

Appendix IV: All LEO Job Series
Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic
Training Programs
This appendix presents two related tables. Table 7 presents information on
all but four of the job series classifications. The four classifications that
were omitted in this table—0080, 0083, 1801, and 1811—are used by the
most components. Information for these four is presented separately in
table 8.
Table 7: LEO Job Series Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic Training Programs (Excluding 0080, 0083, 1801, and 1811)
as Reported by the 105 Federal Civilian Components.
Job series classification

Mandatory basic training program

Federal civilian components citing
program as mandatory

159 different job series used by the DOJ,
a
Federal Bureau of Prisons

Institution Familiarization

DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons

Introduction to Corrections Techniques

DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons

0025

Land Management Police Training Program Department of the Interior, National Park
Service, Law Enforcement, Security and
Emergency Services
Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System
NWRS Field Training & Evaluation
Program

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System

Refuge Officer Basic School

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System

0080b

See appendix IV, table 8.

0082

Basic Deputy U.S. Marshal

DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service

Criminal Investigator Training Program

DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service

0083

See appendix IV, table 8.

0084

NNSA OST Agent Candidate Training
(FLETC-Charleston conducts legal issues
criminal law classes (10 days))

Department of Energy, National
Nuclear Safety Administration, Office of
Secure Transportation - Office of
Mission Operations

0085b

Special Police Officer Training

National Gallery of Art

0301

35 Hours Peace Officer Training

Department of Transportation, Maritime
Administration, Academy Security Force

47 Hour Firearms Instruction

Department of Transportation, Maritime
Administration, Academy Security Force

Continuing Legal Education Training
Program (an either/or with Criminal
Investigator Training Program)

National Science Foundation,
Polar Operations, Antarctica

Criminal Investigator Training Program
(an either/or with Continuing Legal
Education Training Program)

National Science Foundation,
Polar Operations, Antarctica

0310

Page 28

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix IV: All LEO Job Series
Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic
Training Programs

Federal civilian components citing
program as mandatory

Job series classification

Mandatory basic training program

0340

Continuing Legal Education Training
Program (an either/or with Criminal
Investigator Training Program)

National Science Foundation, Polar
Operations, Antarctica

Criminal Investigator Training Program
(an either/or with Continuing Legal
Education Training Program)

National Science Foundation, Polar
Operations, Antarctica

0485

Land Management Police Training Program Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System
NWRS Field Training & Evaluation
Program

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System

Refuge Officer Basic School

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System

Basic Fiduciary and Investigative
Techniques

Department of Labor, Employee Benefits
Security Administration

Criminal Enforcement Training

Department of Labor, Employee Benefits
Security Administration

080—Physical Security Specialist

Federal/State/Military Police
Academy Training

Department of Transportation, Office
of the Secretary of Transportation,
Executive Protection

132

ICE Basic Intelligence Training Program

DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Professional
Responsibility

1301

Continuing Legal Education Training
Program (an either/or with Criminal
Investigator Training Program)

National Science Foundation,
Polar Operations, Antarctica

Criminal Investigator Training Program
(an either/or with Continuing Legal
Education Training Program)

National Science Foundation,
Polar Operations, Antarctica

0511

1801

See appendix IV, table 8.

Page 29

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix IV: All LEO Job Series
Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic
Training Programs

Federal civilian components citing
program as mandatory

Job series classification

Mandatory basic training program

1802

Criminal Investigator Training Program

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation,
Office of the Inspector General

Detention Enforcement Officer

DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service

HHS OIG Writing Course

Department of Health and Human Services,
Office of the Inspector General

Land Management Police Training Program Department of Agriculture, U.S.
Forest Service, Law Enforcement
and Investigations

1810

New Employee Orientation

Department of Health and Human Services,
Office of the Inspector General

Special Police Officer Training

National Gallery of Art

USSS Mixed Basic Training

DHS, U.S. Secret Service

Uniformed Police Training Program

DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Federal
Protective Service

Criminal Investigator Training Program

Department of the Treasury, Bureau of
Engraving and Printing, Police Officers

HHS OIG Writing Course

Department of Health and Human Services,
Office of the Inspector General

New Employee Orientation

Department of Health and Human Services,
Office of the Inspector General

1811

See appendix IV, table 8.

1812

Land Management Police Training Program Department of Commerce, National
Marine Fisheries Service, Office of
Law Enforcement

1881

CBP Air and Marine Basic
Training Program

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Office of Customs and Border Protection
Air and Marine

1895

Customs and Border Protection Integrated,
Basic Training

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Office of Field Operations/CBP Officers

Post Academy Training

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Office of Field Operations/CBP Officers

Pre Academy Orientation Program

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Office of Field Operations/CBP Officers

1896

U.S. Border Patrol Academy Basic Training DHS, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Border Patrol

Page 30

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix IV: All LEO Job Series
Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic
Training Programs

Federal civilian components citing
program as mandatory

Job series classification

Mandatory basic training program

2181

Land Management Police Training Program Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System
NWRS Field Training & Evaluation
Program

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System

Refuge Officer Basic School

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System

2335-24XX (Postal Police Officer)

Postal Police Officer Basic Training

U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal Inspection
Service, Postal Police

2501

Basic Special Agent Course

Department of State, Bureau of Diplomatic
Security, Diplomatic Security Service

301

HHS OIG Writing Course

Department of Health and Human Services,
Office of the Inspector General

New Employee Orientation

Department of Health and Human Services,
Office of the Inspector General

Federal Reserve Law Enforcement

Federal Reserve Board, Reserve
Banks Security

Federal Reserve Law Enforcement Officer

Federal Reserve Board, Security Unit
GS-085 - Security Officer

Basic Entry Level Training

Smithsonian Institution, Office of
Protection Services

KK100 (Police Officer)

Uniformed Police Training Program

National Railroad Passenger Corporation
(AMTRAK), AMTRAK Police

Maritime Law Enforcement
Boarding Officers

Basic Boarding Officer Course

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard, Maritime Law
Enforcement Boarding Officers

Boarding Officer Personal
Qualification Standards

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard, Maritime Law
Enforcement Boarding Officers

Boarding Officer Practical Course

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard, Maritime Law
Enforcement Boarding Officers

Advanced Interviews and Interrogations

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

CGIS Indoctrination Training Course

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Criminal Investigator Training Program

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Death and Homicide Investigations

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Drug Identification and Investigations

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Field Evidence and Crime
Scene Investigations

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Military Special Agents/Investigators

Page 31

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix IV: All LEO Job Series
Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic
Training Programs

Job series classification

Mandatory basic training program

Federal civilian components citing
program as mandatory

Protective Service Operations

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Sex Crimes/Deviant Sexual Behavior

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Patrol Officer, Investigator, Commander,
Assistant Director and Director.

Land Management Police Training Program Tennessee Valley Authority, TVA Police

Police Officer

Entry-Level Training Program

U.S. Capitol Police

Field Training Program (FTO)

U.S. Capitol Police

SP083 (Police Officer,
Investigator, Detective)

Agency Specific Basic Add on

Department of the Interior, National Park
Service, U.S. Park Police

Field Training Program

Department of the Interior, National Park
Service, U.S. Park Police

Land Management Police Training Program Department of the Interior, National Park
Service, U.S. Park Police
Special Agent

Federal Reserve Law Enforcement

Federal Reserve Board, Chairman’s
Protection Unit

Special Agent, Investigative Department
Manager, Project Manager

Criminal Investigator Training Program

Tennessee Valley Authority, Office of the
Inspector General

U.S. Pretrial Services Officer

Initial Probation and Pretrial Services
Training Program

Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts,
Office of Probation and Pretrial Services

U.S. Probation Officer

Initial Probation and Pretrial Services
Training Program

Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts,
Office of Probation and Pretrial Services

Source: GAO analysis of mandatory basic training survey results.
a

See GAO-07-121, appendix IX, for a list of all 159 OPM job series used by DOJ, Federal Bureau of
Prisons.
b

DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons uses the 0080 and 0085 job series and requires two basic training
programs: Institution Familiarization and Introduction to Corrections Techniques.

Page 32

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix IV: All LEO Job Series
Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic
Training Programs

Table 8 presents information on the four classifications that were used by
the most components—0080, 0083, 1801, and 1811—and omitted in table 7.
Table 8: The 0080, 0083, 1801, and 1811 Job Series Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic Training, as Reported by the
105 Federal Civilian Components
Job series classification and mandatory basic
training program

Federal civilian component requiring training

0080 security administrative
35 Hours Peace Officer Training

Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration,
Academy Security Force

47 Hour Firearms Instruction

Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration,
Academy Security Force

Basic Police Officer Training Course

Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Security and Law Enforcement

Institution Familiarization

Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Prisons

Introduction to Corrections Techniques

Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Prisons

Introduction to Criminal Investigations

Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management
Agency, Security Branch

NASA Federal Law Enforcement Training Academy

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Office of Security and
Program Protection, Program Protection Force

USSS Mixed Basic Training

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Secret Service

Uniformed Police Training Program

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Federal Protective Service

0083 police
35 Hours Peace Officer Training

Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration,
Academy Security Force

47 Hour Firearms Instruction

Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration,
Academy Security Force

Basic Police Officer Training Course

Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Security and Law Enforcement

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/Automatic External
Defibrillator/Bloodborne Pathogens/First Aid/
Oxygen Management

Library of Congress, Office of Security and Emergency
Preparedness – Police

HAZMAT First Responder Awareness/Operations/
On-Scene Incident Command Training

Library of Congress, Office of Security and Emergency
Preparedness – Police

Indian Police-Basic Police Officer Training Program

Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Office of Law
Enforcement Services

Mixed Basic Police Training Program

Department of Commerce, Office of Security
Department of the Treasury, U.S. Mint, Police
Library of Congress, Office of Security and Emergency
Preparedness – Police

Page 33

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix IV: All LEO Job Series
Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic
Training Programs

Job series classification and mandatory basic
training program

Federal civilian component requiring training

Semiannual Firearms Re-qualification

Library of Congress, Office of Security and Emergency
Preparedness – Police

USSS Uniformed Division Basic Training Course

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Secret Service

Uniformed Police Training Program

Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Department of Commerce, Office of Security
Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health
Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management
Agency, Security Branch
Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Federal Protective Service
Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Secret Service
Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Hoover Dam Police
Department of the Treasury, Bureau of Engraving and Printing,
Police Officers
U.S. Government Printing Office, Police
U.S. Supreme Court, Marshal of the Supreme Court

1801 general inspection, inspection and compliance
Basic Fiduciary and Investigative Techniques

Department of Labor, Employee Benefits Security Administration

CBP Air and Marine Basic Training Program

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Office of Customs and Border Protection Air and Marine

Criminal Enforcement Training

Department of Labor, Employee Benefits Security Administration

Criminal Investigator Training Program

Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms,
and Explosives

Diversion Investigator Training

Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration

Federal Air Marshal Service Training Program

Department of Homeland Security, Transportation Security Administration,
Office of Law Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal Service

HHS OIG Special Agent Basic Training Program

Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General

HHS OIG Writing Course

Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General

ICE DR Basic Training Program/ICE_D

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Detention and Removal
Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Professional Responsibility

Land Management Police Training Program

Department of Agriculture, U.S. Forest Service, Law Enforcement
and Investigations
Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Office of Law
Enforcement and Security

New Employee Orientation

Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General

New Investigator Training

Department of Labor, Office of Labor Management Standards

Page 34

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix IV: All LEO Job Series
Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic
Training Programs

Job series classification and mandatory basic
training program

Federal civilian component requiring training

Uniformed Police Training Program

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Federal Protective Service

Wildlife Inspector Basic School

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
Office of Law Enforcement

1811 Criminal Investigator
Advanced Interviews and Interrogations

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative Service

Basic Agent Training

Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration

Basic Deputy U.S. Marshal

Department of Justice, U.S. Marshals Service

Basic Inspector Training Program

U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal Inspection Service, Inspector

Basic Police Officer Training Course

Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Security and Law Enforcement

Basic Special Agent Course

Department of State, Bureau of Diplomatic Security, Diplomatic
Security Service

CGIS Indoctrination Training Course

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative Service

Criminal Investigator Training Program

Agency for International Development, Office of the Inspector General
Corporation for National and Community Service, Office of the
Inspector General
Department of Agriculture, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Agriculture, U.S. Forest Service, Law Enforcement
and Investigations
Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security, Office of
Export Enforcement
Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Service, Office of
Law Enforcement
Department of Commerce, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Education, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Security, Office of
Security Operations
Department of Energy, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Homeland Security, Federal Law Enforcement
Training Center
Department of Homeland Security, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative Service
Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Federal Protective Service
Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Investigations
Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Secret Service
Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of the
Inspector General

Page 35

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix IV: All LEO Job Series
Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic
Training Programs

Job series classification and mandatory basic
training program

Federal civilian component requiring training
Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms,
and Explosives
Department of Justice, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Justice, U.S. Marshals Service
Department of Labor, Office of the Inspector General
Department of State, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Transportation, Office of the Inspector
General, Investigations
Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of the Inspector General
Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Office of Law
Enforcement Services
Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Office of Law
Enforcement and Security
Department of the Interior, Office of the Inspector General
Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of
Law Enforcement
Department of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service, Criminal
Investigation
Department of the Treasury, Office of the Inspector General, Office
of Investigations
Department of the Treasury, Treasury Inspector General for
Tax Administration
Environmental Protection Agency, Criminal Investigation Division
Environmental Protection Agency, Office of the Inspector General
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Office of the
Inspector General
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Office of the Inspector General
Federal Reserve Board, Office of the Inspector General
General Services Administration, Office of the Inspector General
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Office of the
Inspector General
National Archives and Records Administration, Office of the
Inspector General
National Science Foundation, Office of the Inspector General
Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of the Inspector General
Office of Personnel Management, Office of the Inspector General
Peace Corps, Office of the Inspector General
Railroad Retirement Board, Office of the Inspector General
Small Business Administration, Office of the Inspector General
Social Security Administration, Office of the Inspector General

Page 36

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix IV: All LEO Job Series
Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic
Training Programs

Job series classification and mandatory basic
training program

Federal civilian component requiring training
Tennessee Valley Authority, Office of the Inspector General
U.S. Government Printing Office, Office of the Inspector General
U.S. Postal Service, Office of Inspector General

Death and Homicide Investigations

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative Service

Drug Identification and Investigations

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative Service

EPA Environmental Investigation Basic Training Program Environmental Protection Agency, Criminal Investigation Division
Federal Air Marshal Service Training Program

Department of Homeland Security, Transportation Security Administration,
Office of Law Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal Service

Federal/State/Military Police Academy Training

Department of Transportation, Office of the Secretary of Transportation,
Executive Protection

Field Evidence and Crime Scene Investigations

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative Service

Firearms Training

Department of Homeland Security, Office of the Inspector General

Graduation from an Federal Law Enforcement academy

Library of Congress, Office of the Inspector General

HHS OIG Special Agent Basic Training Program

Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General

HHS OIG Writing Course

Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General

ICE Special Agent Training Program

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Investigations
Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Professional Responsibility

Inspector General Investigator Training Program

Agency for International Development, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Agriculture, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Commerce, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Education, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General
Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of the
Inspector General
Department of the Treasury, Office of the Inspector General, Office
of Investigations
Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of the Inspector General
National Archives and Records Administration, Office of the
Inspector General
National Science Foundation, Office of the Inspector General
Railroad Retirement Board, Office of the Inspector General
Small Business Administration, Office of the Inspector General
Social Security Administration, Office of the Inspector General
U.S. Government Printing Office, Office of the Inspector General
U.S. Postal Service, Office of Inspector General

Page 37

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix IV: All LEO Job Series
Classifications and Their Mandatory Basic
Training Programs

Job series classification and mandatory basic
training program
Inspector General Transitional Training Program

Federal civilian component requiring training
National Archives and Records Administration, Office of the
Inspector General
Social Security Administration, Office of the Inspector General

New Agent Training Program

Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation

New Employee Orientation

Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General

OSHA Hazwoper Safety Course

Environmental Protection Agency, Criminal Investigation Division

Protective Service Operations

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative Service

Sex Crimes/Deviant Sexual Behavior

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative Service

Special Agent Basic School

Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of
Law Enforcement

Special Agent Basic Training

Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms,
and Explosives

Special Agent Basic Training Program

Department of the Treasury, Treasury Inspector General for
Tax Administration

Special Agent Basic Training

Department of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service,
Criminal Investigation

Special Agent Training Program

Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration,
Office of Regulatory Affairs/Office of Criminal Investigations

Special Police Officer Training

National Gallery of Art

U.S. Army Criminal Investigative Division Apprentice
Special Agent Course (either/or with the Criminal
Investigator Training Program)

National Archives and Records Administration, Office of the
Inspector General

USSS Special Agent Basic Training Course

Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Secret Service
Source: GAO analysis of mandatory basic training survey results.

Page 38

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix V: The 61 Organizations, Excluding
FLETC, Conducting the Mandatory Basic
Training Programs and Their Training Locations
as Reported by the Federal Civilian Components
Appendix V: The 61 Organizations, Excluding
FLETC, Conducting the Mandatory Basic
Training Programs and Their Training
Locations as Reported by the Federal Civilian
Components

Organization conducting
basic training program

Federal civilian component
receiving training

Basic training program

Location of training

All American Environmental
(commercial vendor)

HAZMAT First Responder
Awareness/Operations/On-Scene
Incident Command Training

Columbia, Md.

Library of Congress, Office of
Security and Emergency
Preparedness - Police

Chesapeak Training
(commercial vendor)

Cardiopulmonary
Resuscitation/Automatic External
Defibrillator/Bloodborne Pathogens/
First Aid/Oxygen Management

Field offices

Library of Congress, Office of
Security and Emergency
Preparedness - Police

DHS, Transportation Security
Administration, Federal Air
Marshal Service

Federal Air Marshal Service
Training Program

Atlantic City, N.J.

DHS, Transportation Security
Administration, Office of Law
Enforcement/Federal Air
Marshal Service

DHS, U. S. Secret
Service/James J. Rowley
Training Center

USSS Mixed Basic Training

Washington, D.C., area DHS, U.S. Secret Service

USSS Special Agent Basic
Training Course

Washington, D.C., area DHS, U.S. Secret Service

USSS Uniformed Division Basic
Training Course

Washington, D.C., area DHS, U.S. Secret Service

Basic Boarding Officer Course

Charleston, S.C.

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Maritime Law Enforcement
Boarding Officers

Boarding Officer Personal Qualification
Standards

Field offices

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Maritime Law Enforcement
Boarding Officers

Boarding Officer Practical Course

Field offices

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Maritime Law Enforcement
Boarding Officers

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard

Charleston, S.C.
DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

CGIS Indoctrination Training Course

Glynco, Ga.

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

DHS, U.S. Customs and
Border Protection

ICE Special Agent Training Program

Glynco, Ga.

DHS, U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement,
Office of Investigations
DHS, U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement, Office of
Professional Responsibility

DHS, U.S. Customs and
Border Protection, Office of
Field Operations

Post Academy Training

Field offices

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border
Protection, Office of Field
Operations/CBP Officers

Pre Academy Orientation Program

Field office/port levels

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border
Protection, Office of Field
Operations/CBP Officers

Page 39

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix V: The 61 Organizations, Excluding
FLETC, Conducting the Mandatory Basic
Training Programs and Their Training
Locations as Reported by the Federal Civilian
Components

Organization conducting
basic training program

Federal civilian component
receiving training

Basic training program

Location of training

Post Academy Training

Artesia, N.Mex.

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border
Protection, Office of Field
Operations/CBP Officers

Pre Academy Orientation Program

Artesia, N.Mex.

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border
Protection, Office of Field
Operations/CBP Officers

U.S. Border Patrol Academy
Basic Training

Artesia, N.Mex.

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border
Protection, Border Patrol

DHS, U.S. Immigration and
ICE Special Agent Training Program
Customs Enforcement, Office of
Investigations Academy

Glynco, Ga.

DHS, U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement,
Office of Investigations

DHS, U.S. Immigration
and Customs Enforcement,
Detention and
Removal Operations

ICE DR Basic Training Program/ICE_D

Glynco, Ga.

DHS, U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement, Office of
Detention and Removal

DHS, U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement, Federal
Protective Service National
Training Academy

FPS Physical Security Academy

Glynco, Ga.

DHS, U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement, Office of
Federal Protective Service

DHS, U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement, Office
of Intelligence

ICE Basic Intelligence Training Program

Glynco, Ga.

DHS, U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement, Office of
Professional Responsibility

DHS, U.S. Immigration and
ICE Special Agent Training Program
Customs Enforcement, Office of
Investigations Academy

Glynco, Ga.

DHS, U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement, Office of
Professional Responsibility

DOJ, Bureau of Alcohol,
Tobacco, Firearms,
and Explosives

Special Agent Basic Training

Glynco, Ga.

DOJ, Bureau of Alcohol,
Tobacco, Firearms,
and Explosives

DOJ, Drug Enforcement
Administration

Drug Identification and Investigations

Field offices

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

DOJ, Drug Enforcement
Administration Training
Academy

Basic Agent Training

Quantico, Va.

DOJ, Drug Enforcement
Administrationa

Diversion Investigator Training

Quantico, Va.

DOJ, Drug Enforcement
a
Administration

DOJ, FBI Academy

New Agent Training Program

Quantico, Va.

DOJ, Federal Bureau of
a
Investigation

DOJ, Federal Bureau of
Investigation

Graduation from an Federal Law
Enforcement academy

Quantico, Va.

Library of Congress, Office of
the Inspector General

DHS, U.S. Customs and Border
Protection, Office of Training
and Development

DHS, U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement, Office of
Professional Responsibility

DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons Institution Familiarization
DOJ, Organized Crime Section,
Criminal Division

Field offices

DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons

Introduction to Corrections Techniques

Glynco, Ga.

DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons

Criminal Enforcement Training

Off site location

Department of Labor, Employee
Benefits Security Administration

Page 40

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix V: The 61 Organizations, Excluding
FLETC, Conducting the Mandatory Basic
Training Programs and Their Training
Locations as Reported by the Federal Civilian
Components

Organization conducting
basic training program
DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service
Training Academy

Basic training program

Location of training

Federal civilian component
receiving training

Basic Deputy U.S. Marshal

Glynco, Ga.

DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service

Detention Enforcement Officer

Glynco, Ga.

DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service

DOJ, United States Attorneys
Office, Assistant United
States Attorney

Criminal Enforcement Training

Off site location

Department of Labor, Employee
Benefits Security Administration

Department of Defense,
U.S. Army

U.S. Army Criminal Investigative Division Fort Leonard Wood,
Apprentice Special Agent Course
Mo.
(either/or with the Criminal Investigator
Training Program)

National Archives and Records
Administration, Office of the
Inspector General

Department of Defense,
U.S. Army Criminal
Investigation Academy

Graduation from an Federal Law
Enforcement academy

Fort Belvoir, Va.

Library of Congress, Office of
the Inspector General

Department of Defense, U.S.
Army Military Police Academy

Graduation from an Federal Law
Enforcement academy

Fort Leonard Wood,
Mo.

Library of Congress, Office of
the Inspector General

Department of Defense, U.S.
Navy Criminal Investigative
Service Academy

Graduation from an Federal Law
Enforcement academy

U.S. Navy Yard,
Washington, D.C.

Library of Congress, Office of
the Inspector General

Department of Health and
Human Services, Food and
Drug Administration, Office of
Regulatory Affairs/Office of
Criminal Investigations

Special Agent Training Program

Glynco, Ga.

Department of Health and
Human Services, Food and
Drug Administration, Office of
Regulatory Affairs/Office of
Criminal Investigations

Department of Health and
Human Services, Office of
Inspector General

HHS OIG Special Agent Basic Training
Program

Glynco, Ga.

Department of Health and
Human Services, Office of the
Inspector General

HHS OIG Writing Course

Washington, D.C.

Department of Health and
Human Services, Office of the
Inspector General

New Employee Orientation

Washington, D.C.

Department of Health and
Human Services, Office of the
Inspector General

Field Training Program

Field offices

Department of the Interior,
National Park Service,
U.S. Park Police

Department of the Interior,
National Park Service,
U.S. Park Police

Page 41

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix V: The 61 Organizations, Excluding
FLETC, Conducting the Mandatory Basic
Training Programs and Their Training
Locations as Reported by the Federal Civilian
Components

Organization conducting
basic training program

Basic training program

Location of training

Department of the Interior,
NWRS Field Training &
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
Evaluation Program
National Wildlife Refuge System

Federal civilian component
receiving training

Field offices

Department of the Interior,
U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System

Refuge Officer Basic School

Shepardstown, W. Va.

Department of the Interior,
U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, National Wildlife
Refuge System

Special Agent Basic School

FLETC

Department of the Interior,
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
Office of Law Enforcement

Wildlife Inspector Basic School

FLETC

Department of the Interior,
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
Office of Law Enforcement

Basic Fiduciary and
Investigative Techniques

Off site location

Department of Labor, Employee
Benefits Security Administration

Department of Labor, Employee Basic Fiduciary and
Benefits Security Administration, Investigative Techniques
Office of Health Plan Standards
and Compliance Assistance

Off site location

Department of Labor, Employee
Benefits Security Administration

Department of Labor,
Employee Benefits Security
Administration, Office of
Regulations and Interpretations

Basic Fiduciary and
Investigative Techniques

Off site location

Department of Labor, Employee
Benefits Security Administration

Department of Labor,
Occupational Safety &
Health Administration

OSHA Hazwoper Safety Course

Lakewood, Colo.
(Environmental
Protection Agency
National Enforcement
Training Institute
(NETI)-West Facility)

Environmental Protection
Agency, Criminal
Investigation Division

Department of Labor, Office of
Inspector General

Criminal Enforcement Training

Off site location

Department of Labor, Employee
Benefits Security Administration

Department of Labor, Office of
Labor Management Standards

New Investigator Training

Various locations
throughout the U.S.

Department of Labor, Office of
a
Labor Management Standards

Department of State, Diplomatic Basic Special Agent Course
Security Training Center

Field offices

Department of State, Bureau of
Diplomatic Security, Diplomatic
Security Service

Department of State, National
Foreign Affairs Training Center

Basic Special Agent Course

Field offices

Department of State, Bureau of
Diplomatic Security, Diplomatic
Security Service

Department of the Treasury,
Bureau of Engraving
and Printing

Semiannual Firearms Re-qualification

Washington, D.C.

Library of Congress, Office of
Security and Emergency
Preparedness - Police

Department of the Interior,
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
Office of Law Enforcement

Department of Labor,
Employee Benefits Security
Administration, Office of
Exemption Determinations

Page 42

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix V: The 61 Organizations, Excluding
FLETC, Conducting the Mandatory Basic
Training Programs and Their Training
Locations as Reported by the Federal Civilian
Components

Organization conducting
basic training program

Federal civilian component
receiving training

Basic training program

Location of training

Department of the Treasury,
TIGTA/NA/Office of
Investigations

Special Agent Basic Training Program

Glynco, Ga.

Department of the Treasury,
Treasury Inspector General for
Tax Administration

Department of Veterans
Affairs, Law Enforcement
Training Center

Basic Police Officer Training Course

North Little Rock, Ark.

Department of Veterans
Affairs, Office of Security and
a
Law Enforcement

Environmental Protection
Agency, Criminal
Investigation Division

Criminal Investigator Training Program

Glynco, Ga.

Environmental Protection
Agency, Criminal
Investigation Division

EPA Environmental Investigation Basic
Training Program

Glynco, Ga.

Environmental Protection
Agency, Criminal
Investigation Division

OSHA Hazwoper Safety Course

Lakewood, Colo.
(Environmental
Protection Agency
National Enforcement
Training Institute
(NETI)-West Facility)

Environmental Protection
Agency, Criminal
Investigation Division

Federal Reserve Board

Federal Reserve Law Enforcement

Washington, D.C.

Federal Reserve Board,
b
Security Unit

Federal Reserve Board,
Board of Governors of the
Federal Reserve

Federal Reserve Law Enforcement

Washington, D.C.

Federal Reserve Board,
Chairman’s Protection Unita

Federal Reserve Board,
Federal Reserve Banks across
the nation

Federal Reserve Law Enforcement

Reserve Banks

Federal Reserve Board,
Reserve Banks Securitya

Federal/State/Military
Police Academy

Federal/State/Military Police
Academy Training

No location was given.

Department of Transportation,
Office of the Secretary
of Transportation,
Executive Protection

Inspector General Criminal
Investigator Academy

Criminal Investigator Training Program

Glynco, Ga.

DHS, Office of the
Inspector General

Inspector General Investigator
Training Program

Glynco, Ga.

Agency for International
Development, Office of the
Inspector General
Department of Agriculture,
Office of the Inspector General
Department of Commerce,
Office of the Inspector General
Department of Education,
Office of the Inspector General
Department of Health and
Human Services, Office of the
Inspector General

Page 43

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix V: The 61 Organizations, Excluding
FLETC, Conducting the Mandatory Basic
Training Programs and Their Training
Locations as Reported by the Federal Civilian
Components

Organization conducting
basic training program

Basic training program

Location of training

Federal civilian component
receiving training
Department of Housing and
Urban Development, Office of
the Inspector General
Department of the Treasury,
Office of the Inspector General,
Office of Investigations
Department of Veterans Affairs,
Office of the Inspector General
National Archives and Records
Administration, Office of the
Inspector General
National Science Foundation,
Office of the Inspector General
Railroad Retirement Board,
Office of the Inspector General
Small Business Administration,
Office of the Inspector General
Social Security Administration,
Office of the Inspector General
U.S. Government Printing
Office, Office of the
Inspector General
U.S. Postal Service, Office of
Inspector General

Inspector General Transitional
Training Program

Glynco, Ga.
Arlington, Va.

National Archives and Records
Administration, Office of the
Inspector General
Social Security Administration,
Office of the Inspector General

Institute of Police Technology
& Management
(commercial vendor)

Death and Homicide Investigations

Jacksonsville, Fla.

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Field Evidence and Crime
Scene Investigations

Jacksonsville, Fla.

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Sex Crimes/Deviant Sexual Behavior

Jacksonsville, Fla.

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Internal Revenue Service
National Criminal Investigation
Training Academy

Special Agent Basic Training

Glynco, Ga.

Department of the Treasury,
Internal Revenue Service,
Criminal Investigation

International Training
Incorporated
(commercial vendor)

Protective Service Operations

West Point, Va.

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Page 44

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix V: The 61 Organizations, Excluding
FLETC, Conducting the Mandatory Basic
Training Programs and Their Training
Locations as Reported by the Federal Civilian
Components

Organization conducting
basic training program

Federal civilian component
receiving training

Basic training program

Location of training

35 Hours Peace Officer Training

Brooklyn, N.Y.

Department of Transportation,
Maritime Administration,
a
Academy Security Force

47 Hour Firearms Instruction

Brooklyn, N.Y.

Department of Transportation,
Maritime Administration,
Academy Security Forcea

Metropolitan Police Academy Washington, D.C.
(state/local government)

Uniformed Police Training Program

Washington, D.C.

Department of the Treasury,
Bureau of Engraving and
Printing, Police Officers

NASA Federal Law
Enforcement Academy

NASA Federal Law Enforcement
Training Academy

Kennedy Space
Center-Fla.

National Aeronautics and
Space Administration, Office
of Security and Program
Protection, Program
a
Protection Force

National Gallery of Art

Special Police Officer Training

Washington, D.C.

National Gallery of Arta

Reid and Associates, Inc
(commercial vendor)

Advanced Interviews and Interrogations

Various contracted
locations

DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,
Investigative Service

Several state police
or authorized state
training facilities

Uniformed Police Training Program

Various locations

National Railroad Passenger
Corporation (AMTRAK),
AMTRAK Police

Smithsonian Institution,
In House Staff

Basic Entry Level Training

Washington, D.C.

Smithsonian Institution, Office
of Protection Servicesa

U.S. Capitol Police

Entry-Level Training Program

Cheltenham, Md.

U.S. Capitol Police

Field Training Program (FTO)

No location was given.

U.S. Capitol Police

Semiannual Firearms Re-qualification

Washington, D.C.

Library of Congress, Office of
Security and Emergency
Preparedness - Police

Basic Inspector Training Program

Potomac, Md.

U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal
a
Inspection Service, Inspector

Postal Police Officer Basic Training

Potomac, Md.

U.S. Postal Service, U.S.
Postal Inspection Service,
Postal Policea

Law Enforcement Training
and Consultants
(commercial vendor)

New York, N.Y.

U.S. Postal Service,
U.S. Postal Inspection Service

Source: GAO analysis of mandatory basic training survey results.
a

This component reported using only non-FLETC training resources.

b

In commenting on a draft of this report, the Federal Reserve Board’s Security Unit stated that it also
uses FLETC resources during the firearms training of its mandatory basic law enforcement training
program.

Page 45

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix VI: The 11 Federal Civilian
Components That Reported Hiring LEOs Who
Had Already Taken Basic Training for
Previous Law Enforcement Positions
Appendix VI: The 11 Federal Civilian
Components That Reported Hiring LEOs Who
Had Already Taken Basic Training for
Previous Law Enforcement Positions

Federal civilian component

Comments by component

Department of Commerce,
a
Office of Security

OSY does not provide a mandatory basic law enforcement training program for its
security specialists (0080) deputized as Special Deputy U.S. Marshals. OSY does
require deputized personnel to have already completed a basic training program
accepted by U.S. Marshal Service prior to employment.

Department of Homeland Security,
U.S. Citizenship and
Immigration Services

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services hires personnel that have received training
and experience with another Federal agency.

Department of Homeland Security,
U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Office of Intelligence

Must be qualified to be selected from selection list.

Department of the Interior, Office of
Law Enforcement, Security and
Emergency Management

The Office of Law Enforcement, Security and Emergency Management hires LEOs who
have already received basic training at another federal agency or office within the
Department of Interior.

Department of Transportation, National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration,
Odometer Fraud

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration hires criminal investigators/special agents
and requires FLETC’s Criminal Investigator Training Program or a functional equivalent
state or local training program and criminal investigation experience as a prerequisite.

Federal Communications Commission,
Office of the Inspector General

Any series 0905, 1810 or 1811 the Federal Communications Commission, Office of the
Inspector General (FCC OIG) hires for law enforcement purposes (execute search
warrants, arrest warrants, etc.) would have had the requisite mandatory law enforcement
training before he or she would be employed for the OIG at the FCC. The FCC OIG does
employ series 0905 attorneys who do not engage in these law enforcement activities.

Government Accountability Office,
Controller/Administrative Services,
Office of Security and Safety

GAO Office of Security Safety hires already trained LEOs.

Government Accountability Office,
Financial Management and Assurance,
Forensic Audits and Special Investigations

Agents hired by GAO are experienced Agents who have already attended and graduated
from a basic agent academy. The GAO Forensic Audits and Special Investigations (FSI)
team hires 1811 criminal investigators who have already fulfilled the mandatory basic law
enforcement training required to become criminal investigator. In addition to the basic
requirements, GAO-FSI requests and requires its criminal investigators to take the
appropriate training to become Certified Fraud Examiners.

National Railroad Passenger Corporation
(AMTRAK), Office of Inspector General

NRPC OIG Office of Investigations (OI) Criminal Investigator/Special Agents are largely
comprised of a diverse group of former and retired state and federal law enforcement
officers who have received sworn law enforcement academy training at their respective
prior entities, e.g., FLETC, Glynco, Ga.; FBI, Quantico, Va.; Metropolitan Police
Academy, Washington, D.C. Most OI Special Agents, where appropriately credentialed,
currently serve with U.S. Marshal Special Deputation. NRPC OIG OI Criminal
Investigator/Special Agents attend ongoing in-service mandatory training, including, but
not limited to, firearms qualification, defensive tactics, anti- and counter terrorism,
interview skills, search and seizure, and arrest, and law enforcement legal liability issues.
NRPC OIG OI staff include certified law enforcement and/or trained instructors. NRPC
OIG OI Special Agents also receive legal instruction, direction, and training from the OIG
Office of Legal Counsel, comprised of former DOJ, federal, and state prosec

Page 46

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix VI: The 11 Federal Civilian
Components That Reported Hiring LEOs Who
Had Already Taken Basic Training for
Previous Law Enforcement Positions

Federal civilian component

Comments by component

Nuclear Regulatory Commission,
Office of Investigations

OI hires only experienced agents at the 12/13 grade who have completed a basic 1811
training program.

Smithsonian Institution,
a
Office of Protection Services

The ZP-083 - Zoo Police are all former police officers from other agencies who
have attended a police academy so we do not need to provide them any basic entry
level training.
Source: GAO analysis of mandatory basic training survey results.
a

This component has specific mandatory basic training programs for one of more other LEO job
series it uses.
Note: In commenting on a draft of this report, the Federal Reserve Board stated that its Chairman’s
Protection Unit tends to hire special agents who have prior FLETC training. Because the Chairman’s
Protection Unit answered in its survey that it had a mandatory basic training program, we did not
include it in this list.

Page 47

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix VII: FLETC’s 83 Partner
Organizations

Appendix VII: FLETC’s 83 Partner
Organizations

GAO survey
a
participant

FLETC partner organization
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce

Department of Defense

Office of Inspector General

X

U.S. Forest Service

X

Bureau of Industry and Security, Office of Export Enforcement

X

National Institute of Standards and Technology

X

National Marine Fisheries Service

X

Office of the Inspector General

X

Office of Security

X

Conservation Law Enforcement Consortium
Defense Criminal Investigative Service, Office of
Inspector General
Defense Logistics Agency
National Security Agency
Naval Criminal Investigative Service
Pentagon Force Protection Agency
U.S. Air Force, Office of Special Investigations

Department of Education

Office of Inspector General

X

Department of Energy

Office of Inspector General

X

Office of Security Operations

X

Department of Health and Human Services

Food and Drug Administration

X

National Institutes of Health

X

Department of Homeland Security

Department of Housing and
Urban Development

Office of Inspector General

X

Citizenship and Immigration Services

X

Federal Air Marshal Service

X

Federal Emergency Management Agency, Office of Security

X

Federal Protective Service

X

Office of Inspector General

X

Transportation Security Administration

X

U.S. Border Patrol

X

U.S. Coast Guard

X

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

X

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

X

U.S. Secret Service

X

Office of Inspector General

X

Page 48

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix VII: FLETC’s 83 Partner
Organizations

GAO survey
a
participant

FLETC partner organization
Department of the Interior

Bureau of Indian Affairs

X

Bureau of Land Management

X

Bureau of Reclamation

X

National Park Service

X

Office of Inspector General

X

Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement

Department of Justice

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

X

U.S. Park Police

X

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

X

Federal Bureau of Investigation Police

X

Federal Bureau of Prisons

X

Office of Inspector General

X

U.S. Marshals Service

X

Department of Labor

Office of Inspector General

X

Department of State

Diplomatic Security Service

X

Office of Inspector General

X

Department of Transportation
Department of the Treasury

Federal Aviation Administration
Office of Inspector General

X

Bureau of Engraving and Printing

X

Financial Crimes Enforcement Network
Internal Revenue Service, Criminal Investigation Division

X

Office of Inspector General

X

Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration

X

U.S. Mint Police

X

Department of Veterans Affairs

Office of Inspector General

X

Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts

Office of Probation and Pretrial Services

X

Amtrak

Police, National Railroad Passenger Corporation

X

Central Intelligence Agency

Office of Inspector General
Office of Security

Corporation for National and
Community Service

Office of Inspector General

X

Environmental Protection Agency

Criminal Investigation Division

X

Office of Inspector General

X

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Office of Inspector General

X

General Services Administration

Office of Inspector General

X

Government Printing Office

Office of Inspector General

X

Security Services

X

Page 49

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix VII: FLETC’s 83 Partner
Organizations

GAO survey
a
participant

FLETC partner organization
Library of Congress

Office of Security and Emergency Preparedness

X

National Aeronautics and
Space Administration

Office of Inspector General

X

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Office of Inspector General

X

Office of Personnel Management

Office of Inspector General

X

Railroad Retirement Board

Office of Inspector General

X

Small Business Administration

Office of Inspector General

X

Smithsonian Institution

National Zoological Park Police

X

Office of Protection Services

X

Social Security Administration

Office of Inspector General

X

Supreme Court

Supreme Court Police

X

Tennessee Valley Authority

Tennessee Valley Authority Police

X

Office of Inspector General

X

U.S. Agency for International Development

Office of Inspector General

U.S. Capitol Police

X
X

U.S. Postal Service

Office of Inspector General

X

Source: FLETC.
a

We excluded the components of the Department of Defense and intelligence community from our
survey scope. The other Partner organizations not participating in our survey informed us that they
did not have LEOs meeting our criteria, that an LEO must have the authority to perform at least one
of the specified four law enforcement functions.

Page 50

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

Appendix VIII: GAO Contact and Staff
Acknowledgments

Appendix VIII: GAO Contact and Staff
Acknowledgments
GAO Contact

Eileen Regen Larence (202) 512-8777 or larencee@gao.gov

Acknowledgments

The following teams and individuals made key contributors to this report:
Amy Bernstein, Orlando Copeland, Bill Crocker, Sam Hinojosa, and
Su Jin Yon, Homeland Security and Justice; David Alexander,
Alice Feldesman, Evan Gilman, Art James, Matt Michaels, Lynn Milan, and
John Mingus, Applied Research & Methods; and Jan B. Montgomery and
Geoffrey Hamilton, General Counsel.

(440561)

Page 51

GAO-07-815 Federal Law Enforcement Mandatory Basic Training

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