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Ny Directive Describing Inmate Correspondence Program 2005

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03/10/2005 12:56







obvirruevr OF CORRECTIONAL stwcas


Inmate Correspondence Program

Dir. 06422 Md. 0427103
excemettecs tnaludies IbYt VW nes usual 10
Dir. 104421. "Privileged Correspondence"
Dir. 04913. "Inmate Pers. Prop. Limb*






This directive contains and deitcribes the policies and procedures governing the correspondence program available to all inmates. The exchange of correspondence between an inmate and
another person or business must be in accord with the regulations contained in this directive. (For
the policies end procedures governing "privileged correspondence," see Directive #4421. "Privileged



A. These regulations are specified for staff, Inmates, end the .general public to provide efficient mei'
service to all concerned.
B. Correspondents are personally responsible for the contents of their mail. Violation of the mutations governing inmate correspondence or the standards of inmate behavior through correspondence will be considered • serious offense end may result In disciplinary proceedings and/or the
monitoring of outgoing correspondence for a specified period of time. Inmates end all correspondents are advised that sending obscene, threatening, or fraudulent materiels through the mails
may be a crime under state and federal laws. The Department will urge prosecution whenever
such mail is brought to its attention.
C. The sending and receiving of mail by Inmates will be restricted only to the extent necessary to
prevent a threat to the safety, security, and good order of the facility or the safety or wall being
of any person, and to prevent unsolicited and unwanted min.
D. The Superintendent shall have the overall responsibility for the administration of the correspondence program at hie or her facility. Specific responsibilities may be delegated by the

A. General Correspondence is mail between an inmate and someone other than a person approved
for privileged correspondence (see Directive 1/4421, "Privileged Correspondence"). For the purpose of this directive, outgoing mall purporting to be privileged correspondence will not be considered to be privileged correspondence until it has been placed in the control of the
administration for processing.
13.. Outgoing Mail
1, An inmate may submit correspondence to be sent to any person or business, subject to the
conditions and limitations herein.
2_ Whenever the recipient of an inmate's correspondence Indicates, in any manner, that he or
she does not wish to receive further correspondence from the inmate, both the correspon•
dance unit and the inmate shell be notified. An appropriate entry shall be made in the inmate's folder to document this notification.
3. Negative Correspondence and Telephone List: The Negative Correspondence end Telephone
List shall contain the name of any person or business that hes indicated, in any manner, *het
further correspondence from the inmate is not desired. It such a person or business indicates, at a later time, that further correspondence from the inmate is not objectionable, the

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No 4422

Inmate Correspondence Program

an 6/12/97
Superintendent or his designee may, but need not, direct that the name of that person or
business be removed from the Negative Correspondence and Telephone List.
NOTE: A parent, custodian, or legal guardian of an inmate's child who requests that The facility prohibit correspondence between the inmate and the inmate's child should be informed
that their request cannot be granted absent a court order. However, if an inmate violates Department correspondence procedures, correspondence may be limited as with any other

No inmate shalt continue to submit mail to be sent to a parson or business that currently appears on his or her Negative Correspondence and Telephone List. Any inmate who continues
to submit mail to be sent to a person or business that currently appears on the Negative Correspondence and Telephone List may be subject to disciplinary action and/or monitoring of
outgoing mail for a specified period of time.


Correspondence by an inmate to the following persons requires the special advance approval

Unrelated minor persons under 18 years of age: Written approval of the minor's parent
or legal guardian must be obtained prior to correspondence with an unrelated minor..
The inmate may address a letter to the parent or legal guardian to obtain such approval.


Persons under probation or parole supervision: Authorization from the Superintendent
and the Probation or Parole Officer must be obtained before the inmate may correspond
with a probationer or parolee. Such correspondence will usually be limited to immediate
family members.


Inmates in New York State, Federal, or other correctional facilities: Authorization from
the Superintendents concerned must be obtained before an inmate may correspond with
another inmate Wee Section III•C for the complete policy and procedure relating to
inmate-to-inmate correspondence.)

8. Except for oversize envelopes and percels, outgoing correspondence may be sealed by the
7. Oversize correspondence, defined as mail which cannot be enclosed in a standard business
envelope, shall be inspected in the presence of the inmate by a designated security staff
person for the presence of contraband, The superintendent may designate block, law library, package room, correspondence unit, "legal mail," -notary public,* or other staff to
conduct these inspections..inspections shall be completed as soon as possible, but not later
than 24 hours atter request. Legitimate correspondence may be sealed by the Inmate after
inspection, and the inspecting staff person shall then sign the beck of the envelope or parcel
certifying inspection, end promptly deliver or forward the mail to the correspondence unit or
business office as appropriate.

S. Outgoing correspondence shall not be opened. inspected, or read without express written

authorization from the facility Superintendent.

The Superintendent shall not authorize the opening or inspection of such outgoing mail
unless there is a reason to believe that the provisions Of this or any directive or inmate
rule or regulation have been violated, that any applicable state or federal taw has been
violated, or that such mail threatens .the safety, security, or good order of a facility or
the safety or well being of any person. Such written authorization by the Superinten-

dent shall set forth specific facts forming the basis for the action.


If after inspecting the contents of outgoing mail It is determined that the provisions of a
directive, rule or regulation, or state or federal law have been violated, or that such correspondence threatens the safety, security or good order of the facility or the safety or
well being of any person, then the correspondence may be confiscated. The inmate

03/10/2005 12:56




vs. 4472 Inmate Correspondence Program
must be informed in writing unless doing so would interfere with en ongoing
Where the inmate has been so notified, he or she may appeal the action to the

All outgoing inmate mail will be stamped with the name, and address of the correctional facility from which it is being sent and 0 postage meter Star symbol.

10. Outgoing mail should include the UM address of the person to whom it is addressed. It
should include the name. address, city, state, end zip code. Inmates shell not submit correspondence to be sent to a post office box without a specifically identified addressee; the addressee (either a person or a business) shall be clearly identified. An insufficiently addressed
envelope shell be opened to ensure that the letter is returned to the originator.
11. An inmate may use envelopes end writing paper provided by the facility, or personal writing
paper. Any printing on personalized writing paper is limited to the inmate's commitment
name !unless the inmate's name has been legally changed), Department Identification Number. and facility address. Personalized writing paper (not envelopes) may be ordered by the
inmate from's commercial source.
12. It is the responsibility of each inmate to print or type his or her retum address on the front
upper-left-hand corner and on the back flap of each outgoing envelope exactly as illustrated
below. The inmate shell use his or her commitment name unless it has been legally
changed. Failure to include ell return address information in the order indicated met' result in
the opening end return of the mall to the inmate. If the correspondence unit is unable to
identify the inmate sender, the mail will be destroyed by the facility.
Great Meadow Correctional Facility
Box 51
Comstock, Nati, Volt 12821-0051
John Doremi, 78-X-999

(Envelope - front - upper left)

Great Meadow Correctional Facility
John Doremi, 78-X-999

(Envelope - back flip - centered)

13. A facility may restrict what appears on the outside of an outgoing envelope.
14. Inmates who ere unable to read or write may request the assistance of a staff member, volunteer, or another inmate for correspondence purposes.
15. Inmates shall not conduct • mail order or other business while under the custody of the Department. Superintendents may direct Administrative Services, Program Services, or Security
Services Deputies to monitor correspondence patterns end financial accounts to detect any
irregularities which would indicate this type of activity, Violation of. this policy by an inmate
may result in disciplinary action end/or the monitoring of outgoing correspondence for a specified period of time.
16. inmates shell not be permitted to use their correspondence privileges to solicit or otherwise
Commercially advertise for money, services, or goods.
17. Correspondence privileges shall not be used by an inmate to engage in any form of gambling
or to participate in any lottery, sweepstakes, or chain letter operation.
inmate may send, at their own expense, a certified or registered letter, and the inmate
will be provided with a "return receipt" II requested and after the delivery has been made.

18. An

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4422 Inmate Correspondence Program



19. An inmate shall not include any written materiel outgoing mall not specifically intended for
the addressee identified on the exterior of the envelope. Likewise. an inmate shall not Indude in outgoing mail any written materiel for an inmate not specifically identified as this
sender on the exterior of the envelope. This practice, sometimes known as "kiting,' may be
the basis for disciplinary action.

20. Outgoing correspondence that does not comply with this directive will be opened and returned to the inmate. The Correspondence Unit shall indicate the reason for return.
C. Inmate-to-Inmate Correspondence
1. Approval for inmate to Inmate Correspondence. The Superintendent or chief administrator
at each facility may designate a staff member to process inmate-to-inmate correspondence
requests. These requests will be Investigated by both facilities to determine that the exchange of such correspondence will not create problems relating to the safety, security, or
good order of the facilities, or the safety or well-being of any individual before any inmateto-inmate correspondence is authorized. Authorization for such correspondence must come
from the involved Superintendents or their designees.

Exception. Only the approval of the Superintendent of the facility where our inmate is
housed is required when they request to correspond with inmates who are under the
custody of the New York City Department of Corrections. This exception is based on
the New York City Department of Corrections' policy that permits inmates to write to
whomever they choose. including other Inmates.


Restrictions. Inmates ens only permitted to correspond with immediate family members
and codefendants In active cases, For the purposes of this Directive, immediate family
members are defined as spouses, chikiren, parents, siblings, and grandparents. Other
.inmate-to-inmete correspondence may only be approved in exceptional circumstances.
Changes to the inmate-to-inmate sorrespondenoo iistarare.Perinkted onl y on a quarterly
basis at the time of the inmate's scheduled interview. Photographs ihould not be included in inmate-to-inmate correspondence.


Transfer of Inmates. When en inmate is transferred, his/her approval to correspond
with other inmates will remain In effect. The Guidance staff at the receiving facility will
• notify their Correspondence Unit of the names of those inmates with approvals for
inmate-to-inmate correspondence.

2. Denials of authorization for inmate-to-inmate correspondence shell include a statement of
reasons for the denial, and shell be placed in both inmates' files. Such denials may be appealed to the Commissioner or his designee, in writing, within thirty days.
Authorization to correspond may be withdrawn by the Superintendent in particular cases
when it is demonstrated and documented that one or both inmates have violated facility or
departmental rules or regulations, that the safety, security or good order of a facility is leapardized, or that the safety or well being of any individual is jeopardized. Such documentation
shall be placed in both inmates' files.
3. Inmate to inmate correspondence must not be melded. If
returned to the inmate sender.


is Sealed, It may be opened and

Inmate to inmate correspondence may be read by the Superintendent or designee of either
the sending or receiving facility or both. No inmate-to-inmate correspondence shall be
deemed in any way to be privileged correspondence.

5. There shall be no exchange of funds or packages between inmates, except as authorized in
Directive #4761, Inmate Charitable Contributions and Gifts.'

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Inmate Correspondence Program



0. Postage
1. Purchase/Possession of Stamps


Inmates may not receive stamps through the mail or through inmate peckages. 6
• Note: A postage-prepaid envelope received within privileged correspondence from a
court or en attorney which has been pre-addressed by the court or attorney may be received (subject to inspection by the security staff) and used by the inmate for the Intended return correspondence.


The maximum value of stamps in any inmate's personal possession should not exceed
$20.00 (see Departmental rule #113.16).


Postage shall be made available by the sale of stamps in the commissary. Inmates may
purchase up to 50 domestic first class stamps for one ounce letters per commissary

d. An inmate may purchase postage by attaching an 1AS 2706 disbursement form to a letter goy in the following circumstances:
(1)the inmate is newly arrived at a facility, has no stamps, and has not yet had an opportunity for a commissary buy; or
(2) the Inmate has had commissary buy privileges suspended and is noteligible for or
does not get a special commissary stamp buy; or
(3) a particular latter or parcel, because of size, weight, special handling, or any other
special postal feature requires an unusual amount of postage; or
14) there are extenuating circumstances which, in the discretion of the Superintendent,
warrant processing a disbursement form; and
• . :.(6) suffielent funds are available in the inmate's account.
a, An inmate who has lost commissary privileges, including one who hes been admitted to
a Special Housing Unit, shall be able to make a monthly "stamp bur of up to 50 domestic first class stamps for one ounce letters. This special buy shall be offered within
72 hours of the imposition of the penalty end every 30 days thereafter.
2. Free Postpe

Inmates may receive some


Inmates received at reception/classification facilities lexcept cadre) shall be allotted free
postage in an amount equivalent to five (5) domestic first class letters of one ounce per
week for personal correspondence for a period not to exceed four weeks. inmates may
not accumulate, from week to week, credit for unused postage.

free postage for privileged correspondence lase Directive
#4424, "Privileged Correspondence").

3. Advances for Leg al Mail Postage. Funds may be advanced to an inmate for the purpose of
sending legal mail in accordance with the procedures detailed in Directive #4421, "Privileged
Correspondence," and Directive #2788, "Collection and Repayment of Inmate Advances and
4. Advances for Personal Postage. Funds may be advanced to an inmate for postage for one
first class one-ounce letter per month in the following circumstances:
a. the inmate has been confined to SHU for discipline or administrative segregation for 30
days or more, and has a zero or negative account balance; or
b. the inmate has been in keepiock status for 30 days or more, has lost telephone privileges, and has a zero or negative account balance; or

03/10/2005 12:56





4422 inmate

Correspondence Program

c. the inmate has lost telephone privileges, has a zero or negative account balance, and
has not refused to accept available program assignments.
5. Inmate Organizations. Inmate organizations must pay the postage costs for all of their outgoing mail.
E. Business Mall. All correspondence addressed to a business entity, other then a member of the
Media, shall be considered business mail and shall be processed as follows;

All requests by an inmate to obligate the inmate's funds ie.g., requests to an outside vendor
for goods or services, requests to join a book or record club, etc.) must be approved by the
Superintendent or his designee,


All business mail obligating the inmates' funds must have attached to it en approved IAS
2706 Disbursement Form, When processing this business mail, the facility must ensure that
the inmate has sufficient funds, and if sufficient funds are available, a check or money order
will be drown egainst the inmate's account and inserted In the envelope as advance


Inmates are prohibited from using business correspondence to order any items on credit or
installment piens, and are also prohibited from obligating their funds for anything more than
the immediate purchase which is being reviewed. For example, inmates may not join • club
or purchase plan in which items are automatically sent to the facility along with invoices for
payment each week, month etc. Inmates may, however make one single, initial payment for
items which will be delivered over an extended period of time, provided that there is no additional billing for the items being delivered in the future.


All business mail, except business mail addressed to the media will be submitted by the inmate unsealed. Such business mall is subject to inspection.


All business mail addressed to the media may be submitted by the inmate sealed. Such busi. ness ■ not .be subject to opening; inspection, or confiscation, except in accordance
with the provisions of Section 111-8-6 above.


Notwithstanding the above moil addressed to a box number in care of a media entity shell
not be considered to be mail addressed to the medic

F, Collection of Mail. Outgoing inmate mall shall be collected from mall boxes, placed in convenient
locations in the facility; by a correctional employee at least once a day, except Saturdays, Sundays, and state and postal holidays; mail service on Saturdays and state holidays is optional. At
no time shall an inmate collect the mail. Collected mail shall be processed and forwarded to a
post office at least once a day, except as noted above.
G. Incoming Mall

All incoming general correspondence will be opened and inspected for cash, checks, money
orders, newspaper clippings, or contraband. Prior to opening the mail, it should be checked
to make sure that the inmate is currently at the fealty. The inmate's presence is not required during the inspection of incoming general correspondence. Mee Directive 04421,
"Privileged Correspondence," for the procedure to be followed for the opening of privileged
correspondence. See Directive 04572. "Media Review," for publications deemed to be


When, in the course of Inspection, cash, checks, or money orders from a clearly identifiable
source are found, they shall be removed and credited to the inmate's account as appropriate. All anonymously received monies will be considered contraband and handled accordingly. (See also Directive 04910.)

3, When, in the course of inspection, newspaper clippings are found, the entire contents of
such correspondence may be delayed through the correspondence unit for up to 6 days

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ao 4422 Inmate Correspondence Program






while the clippings are subject to Media Review guidelines Mee Directive #4572, Media Review, Section
"Source of Publication").
Note: A limit of 5 newspaper clippings (5 cut-out pieces of newsprint) or 5 pages of photocopies of newspaper clippings may be received within a piece of regular correspondence. In
order to facilitate media review, the clippings must not be taped, glued, or pasted together
or to other papers.
4. When, in the course of inspection, contraband is found, it shall be removed and given special handling according to type:

Third party mail - defined as correspondence from a party who Is not identified as the
sender in the return address. The facility shall return the entire correspondence to the
sender with a letter explaining that third-party mail is considered contraband, is against
Department rules, and therefore will not be delivered to the Inmate.


Unauthorized Items - shell be either returned to the sender at the expense of the Inmate,
or otherwise disposed of. Such will be the choice of the inmate and accomplished at
the inmate's expense. An Inmate should be allowed 30 days to obtain funds to pay the
coat of disposing of the contraband. If after 30 days, the inmate is unable to pay for.
disposal of the contraband. It will be donated or destroyed.


Illegal items (drugs, weapons, etc.) - shall be forwarded to the security office, with appropriate chain-of-custody documentation. When appropriate, the New York State Police or appropriate police agency shell be notified.


Anonymously received money - cash, checks or money orders will be confiscated, labeled, end forwarded to the fiscal office for safekeeping. An investigation will be conducted In an attempt to verify the source. If after proper investigation no source Is
identified, the monies will be turned over to the State Treasurer as miscellaneous receipts on a AC-909 Form.

5. incoming general correspondence, other than inmate-to-inmate letters and Inmate business
mail, will not be read unless there is evidence that the correspondence may contain one or
more of the following:

plans for sending contraband in or out of the facility;


plans for criminal activity including escape; and


information which, if communicated, would create a clear end present danger to the
safety of persons and/or the security and good order of the facility.

6. Written euthorization from the facility Superintendent to read incoming mail must be placed
in the inmate's file specifying the reasons such action is considered necessary and whether
all mail or certain correspondence shall be read. Such authorization shall be for a 50 day period subject to renewal by the Superintendent. The Superintendent shell request documentation from the parson recommending inspection to determine that there are sufficient grounds
for reading the mail. That the reasons for reading the mall are related to the legitimate interests of safety. security. end order, end that the reading is no more extensive than necessary
to further these interests.
7. When incoming general correspondence is withheld by the designated staff member for any
of the above Hated reasons, notification shall be sent to the sender and the Intended correspondent of the action taken end reasons therefore, unless doing so would interfere with an
ongoing investigation. The sender and inmate may appeal this action by writing the
8. Correspondence privileges with a particular person may be withheld, by the disposition of a
Superintendent's Hearing, where the inmate has been involved in improper conduct in connection with correspondence with such person.

03/10/2005 12:56





4422 inmate Correspondence Program

_Wit 6/19/0



At the Superintendent's discretion, a record of incoming and outgoing mail may be kept by
the correspondence unit.

10. Mail received at a facility from which an inmate has been transferred or released shall be
handled in accordance with the procedures indicated in Directive #4015, "Forwarding Inmate
11. Inmates are authorized to retain all of their personal correspondence, subject only to the limitations expressed in Directive #4913, "Inmate Personal Property Limits," and any other applicable rule or regulation.
12. Incoming mail that is deemed to constitute a form of gambling, lottery, sweepstakes, or
chain letter operation is prohibited from corning into the facility. Such mail shell be stamped
"RETURN TO SENDER" upon entering the facility.
13. When an inmate's Incoming correspondence is stamped 'RETURN TO SENDER" or something similar the Correspondence Unit should take precautions to ensure that the letter Is not
an attempt to circumvent the Department's inmate-to-inmate correspondence procedures.
When such mail is opened to check for contraband it shall be inspected to determine if it
was written by the inmate to whom it is being "returned." If it was not written by that inmate, it shell be withheld.
H. Distribution of Mail. Incoming general correspondence will be delivered to inmates on normal
business days by a correctional employee. Inmates are not permitted to deliver mail to other
If the incoming general correspondence is registered or certified, the inmate to whom it is addressed atoll sign • receipt for such corrwepondence. If the inmate refuses to sign a receipt, the
correspondence shell be returned to the Postal Service marked "Refused."




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