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American Friends Service Committee - From the Inside Out, 2017

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89 Market Street, 6th Floor | Newark, NJ 07102 | 973-643-1924

“​FROM THE INSIDE OUT​”
A report by the
Prison Watch Community Oversight Initiative
Issue 3 - June 2017

This is a community effort created by the voices inside. With Program Director Bonnie Kerness (973-410-3978/
bkerness@afsc.org), Marshall (Justice) Rountree, Jean Ross, Esq, and Lydia Thornton.

Dear Friends:
“We would like to thank the Rev. Charles Boyer for the concept of an issue focusing on health care issues, both mental
and physical, in New Jersey prisons. As Piper Kerman in her book “Orange is the New Black” noted on her first day in
prison, “the most dangerous thing you could do in prison was get sick”. We have made the decision to focus this entire
issue on the health care needs of our sisters and brothers inside the walls, based on that suggestion, and because we get
so many letters weekly from people asking for our assistance in getting their basic (emergent and chronic) physical and
mental health needs met within our prisons and other institutions.
Both national and international norms address health related rights and protections.
1. The​ United Nations Convention against Torture​ (CAT) forbids any punishment intentionally designed to inflict
severe physical or mental pain and suffering.
2. The​ International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights ​(CESCR)
Article 12
(1) The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest
attainable standard of physical and mental health.
According to the ACLU:
"Each day, men, women, and children behind bars suffer needlessly from lack of access to adequate medical and mental
health care. Chronic illnesses go untreated, emergencies are ignored, and patients with serious mental illness fail to
receive necessary care. For some patients, poor medical care turns a minor sentence into a death sentence.
(https://www.aclu.org/issues/prisoners-rights/medical-and-mental-health-care)
The failure to provide prisoners with access to needed health care too often results in tragedy. It also violates the U.S.
Constitution. Nearly forty years ago, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Estelle v. Gamble that ignoring a prisoner’s serious
medical needs can amount to cruel and unusual punishment, noting that “[an inmate must rely on prison authorities to
treat his medical needs; if the authorities fail to do so, those needs will not be met. In the worst cases, such a failure may
actually produce physical torture or a lingering death[.] … In less serious cases, denial of medical care may result in pain
and suffering which no one suggests would serve any penological purpose.The overwhelming majority of people behind
bars will someday be released. Providing prisoners with care today means having healthier neighbors and communities
tomorrow."
The Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution requires that prison officials provide a system of ready access to
adequate medical care. Prisoners ​must​ have the ability to ask for care on a regular basis. Prison officials show deliberate
indifference to serious medical needs if prisoners are unable to make their medical problems known to the medical staff, if
sick calls are not conducted regularly and professionally, or if the staff is not competent to examine the prisoners,
diagnose illnesses, and then treat or refer the patient. Prison officials are obligated under the Eighth Amendment to
provide prisoners with adequate medical care. This principle applies regardless of whether the medical care is provided by
governmental employees or by private medical staff under contract with the government.
In New Jersey: "The (NJDOC) Health Services Unit establishes Department of Corrections policy regarding medical,
dental, nursing, pharmacy and mental health care of inmates held in state custody. The unit monitors professional
activities to insure compliance with applicable rules, regulations and statutes related to inmate health care services, ​with a
goal of ensuring that community standards are maintained.​" ​NJDOC FAQS
Therefore, people confined in state sanctioned and maintained prisons ​must​ have the ability to ask for and receive
appropriate health care on a regular basis. Prison officials regularly show deliberate indifference to serious medical and
mental health needs in the following ways: if prisoners are unable to make their problems known to the medical staff; if
sick calls are not conducted regularly and professionally; if custody staff fail to bring prisoners requesting care to the
attention of the health care staff; or if the physical and/or mental health care staff is not competent to examine the
prisoners, diagnose illnesses, and then provide timely appropriate treatment or appropriately refer the patient. Prison
officials are obligated under the Eighth Amendment to provide prisoners with adequate medical care, it is not a choice on
their part, but a requirement under the law.
The principle that officials must ensure that prisoners receive proper health care applies, regardless of whether the health
care is being provided by governmental employees, or by private health care staff under contract with the government.
The Eighth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution also requires that prison officials provide a system of ready access to
adequate medical care. The Eighth Amendment also requires that prison officials not be deliberately indifferent to the

1

serious mental health needs of prisoners. A mental health care system that meets the serious needs of prisoners with
serious mental illness is composed of many parts. First, there must be a systematic program for screening and evaluating
prisoners in order to identify those who require mental health treatment. Second, treatment ​must​ entail more than
segregation and close supervision of the prisoner patients. Third, treatment requires the participation of trained mental
health professionals, who must be employed in sufficient numbers to identify and treat in an individualized manner those
treatable prisoners suffering from serious mental disorders. Fourth, accurate, complete, and confidential records of the
mental health treatment process must be maintained. Fifth, prescription and administration of behavior-altering
medications in dangerous amounts, by dangerous methods, or without appropriate supervision and periodic evaluation, is
an unacceptable method of treatment. Sixth, a basic program for the identification, treatment and supervision of prisoners
with self-injurious behavior is a necessary component of any mental health treatment program.”
To be specific, the primary kinds of reports about medical and mental health care that advocates receive include: lack of
prison on-site physicians during evenings, weekends and holidays, reluctance of prison staff to bother on-call physicians
during those times, screening of medical complaints by non-clinical (custodial) staff, failure of custodial staff to make
routine rounds to check on prisoners in isolation, difficulty in obtaining evaluations by physicians, lack of complete
physical examinations, refusal to permit access to physician-recommended medical specialists, delay in seeing
physician-recommended specialists, lack of individualized responses to pain (because of blanket prohibitions to counter
addiction), failure to pursue, or delay in providing physician ordered evaluations, medication, surgery or other treatment,
untreated and unreported injuries clearly arising from physical abuse and unjustified use of force by by Correction
Officers, retaliation against abused/assaulted patients who seek redress for harm done to them, forcible administration of
insufficiently monitored psychotropic medication, failure to provide minimal ADL (activities of daily living) assistance to
patients with severe mental illness, medication mistakes, lack of continuity of medication (untimely renewal of medication),
and insensitive-to-hostile attitudes to ill and disabled prisoners by some clinical and other staff.
We also receive numerous complaints about prisoners being exposed to a high risk of harm through classification and
placement practices, which place them at serious risk of harm to life and limb, including: placement of prisoners who have
been isolated for multiple years and decades immediately into multiple-occupancy cells; placement of prisoners with
severe mental illness in isolation or in double cells with cell-mates who cannot or will not understand their needs:
placement of prisoners with histories of prison violence in double cells with elderly or otherwise vulnerable cell-mates;
retaliatory placement of prisoners into cells with others who are known to be hostile to them; transfer of prisoners to
prisons or units where they have previously been abused by correction officers; intentional placement of gang members in
units or pods with rival gang members; and finally placement of former gang members with current gang members, where
there are likely to be punished for “dropping their flag.”.
It is not our place here to make any judgment about medical malpractice. However, the letters we receive describe
attempts to alert doctors, nurses and other prison staff to medical conditions and diagnoses (both verbally, in writing, and
via family members and friends outside), alarming symptoms, doctors’ orders, and dangerous conditions of confinement,
which clearly require but too often do not receive timely responses, if they are responded to at all..
Many letters describe eventual outcomes, like major surgery, that certainly appear to confirm the seriousness of the
concerns expressed by prisoner-patients. These letters also recount attempts to use the prison ombudsman, grievance
and appeal mechanisms to seek relief. However, severe reductions in the ombudsman staff and irrelevant and rubber
stamp replies to formal written requests for review of medical concerns (if there is any response at all), leave prisoners
without meaningful internal recourse.
To the extent possible, we also ask for reviews of communications we receive by supervisory DOC staff, in the hope of
prompting medical reviews, and/or discussions with prisoner-patients by compassionate social workers, psychologists or
even psychiatric staff. However, it is impossible for the small number of external advocates to keep up with the flow of
concerns we receive.
We conclude, from the torrent of letters, calls and emails we get about medical and mental health care, that there must be
a systemic, structural change, to protect people in state custody and the public and private providers who provide health
care throughout the prison/“correctional” system. We specifically conclude that independent external monitoring of health
care ​throughout the system​. (including prisons, jails, halfway houses and detention centers) is an absolute requirement for
the maintenance of viable health programs in those systems. Such a quality assurance measure would benefit prison
providers as as well as patients, by clearly documenting the need for better systems and resources for people in state
custody. It would also actually save the state money overall, as the majority of prisoners who are released end up utilizing
the state insurance system, for issues that are far worse due to neglect, and therefore cost more to treat long term.
A second imperative for medical and mental health providers is training and protection for health workers about their
ethical responsibilities for reporting injuries that are reasonably likely to have resulted from the unjustified use of force by

2

custodial and supervisory prison staff. We firmly believe that the reduction of such unjustified force will inevitably result in
safer prisons for everyone.
Friends, all of the above information is ​principles describe ​the basics ​requirements​ that our Constitution laid out over 200
years ago​.​ and seems as if it would be a basic level of treatment for any human being ​in the care of the State or not.​ ​B​ut
in our current ‘corrections’ system many and, at times, all of the six levels of Principles for Treatment outlined above are
not just occasionally missed, but often there is no system in place at all for them.
All of these requirements should be afforded any human being and many people assume that they are - but they are
particularly essential in the toxic environments of our prisons - environments which trigger and exacerbate both physical
and mental illnesses. Many of the testimonies and incidents that are outlined in this edition are a clear testament to this
fact.

 
Cumberland County Jail  
“....six inmates who have killed themselves in the Cumberland County Jail in downtown since
July 2014. Most of those deaths have been by hanging.”
(​BILL GALLO JR. ​ bgallo@njadvancemedia.com​For NJ.com)

When we talk about the need for community oversight, ​This​ location should ABSOLUTELY be the top priority!
In only 61 days, the death toll went ​UP ​again! Can/Will anyone in the area help???

​ April 2017 (5 deaths)

JUNE 2017 (6 deaths)

3

Another Day 
 
Where?  Where does it hurt? 
 
What a STUPID question 
when the answer is... 
where doesn't it? 
Let me ​find​ ​that​ spot. 
 
Looking, feeling, checking 
Wait…. I know there was 
That one small dot 
of a place.  
somewhere…. 
Somewhere that was pain free…. 
 
Physically, mentally 
emotionally, even down 
to the psyche 
Pain hurts. 
Pain SUCKS. 
 
How strong, how long 
how much more is there? 
How much more am I 
to bear.... 
 
Waiting,  
for the end……. 
 
the end of pain,  
for more than one spot,  
one place, one part,  
that doesn't hurt. 
Just the END…… 
 
Is ​that​ too much to ask? 
 
Well……...Maybe 
 
@ LT 2010 

 
4

East Jersey State Prison

 

 

Initia
l
S.

Date
March 28,
2017

N.

March 26,
2017

D.

May 7, 2017

Category

Testimony

Nutritional
Diet/Religious
Practice
Medical
Transportation/
Quality
Assurance of
Medical
Services

“I am writing to request that you review a concern raised by me
about the refusal of food services personnel to implement medical
orders, of long standing , that govern a special kosher diet”.
“ NJDOC prisoner transport vehicles present one of the greatest
threats to traffic safety in New Jersey. Carrying up to 15
passengers and weighing 10,000 or more pounds, these vehicles
are operated at excessive and dangerous speeds by Corrections
personnel who are often eating, smoking, or talking/texting on a
cell phone. The doctor in charge here in 2014 told me 7 out of 10
inmates refused medical trips in those vans”.
“There was also an audit of medical services happening by a group
called the Correctional Medical Association and the DOC posted
no notice until the day the auditors arrived, (according to the notice
you were supposed to write the Association with comments at least
6 weeks before the audit). East Jersey (prison) passed the audit,
and continued to be accredited by the organization. No surprise”.
“Here at East Jersey the medical conditions are poor. Doctor
Winestsky says that his only job that was told to him by the
Commissioner of the Department of Corrections is to give advice
and to not treat the inmates here at East Jersey State Prison, and
that has been shown to me by this Doctor. I have been putting in
MR-007 forms (medical request slips) since August 2016 telling
them I have a knot on my right rib cage and that my neck and
knees have sharp pains that wake me up out of my sleep and hurt
so bad they make me cry. On 4-18-17, I went again for the same
issues that I had just went for on March 17, 2017, then March 31,
2017 the Doctor only solution is giving therapy now which don’t
work and his advice he says was ordered by the D.O.C.
Commissioner of New Jersey, the doctor also stated that he is
leaving on May 18, 2017 to go mess others lives up with good
advice. What that means can only be determined by his comments.
It shows you the poor medical conditions here. Therapy is being
conducted in the same area on the beds that have patients that are
committed in the medical unit and some people have shoulder
injuries that need rehab, they use the office doors the nurses sit in
so if there's an emergency they are stuck inside until the person
receiving therapy is done.

Medical
Conditions

5

C.

May 20, 2017

Medical Neglect

R.

May 27, 2017

Medical neglect

J.

May 26, 2017

Medical Neglect

 
 

“The D.O.C. operated on my left knee twice, removing torn
cartilage, neither time was rehab or follow-up provided, and the leg
continued to deteriorate over the years. Complaints were ignored.
In may 2014 a number of loose bodies (pieces of cartilage) were
removed from the knee surgically. The surgeon made it clear that I
required a knee replacement but he did not want to do it because I
was ‘too young’ in his words… later a swelling the size of a golf ball
appeared on the knee and refused to go away. I was examined by
a doctor at South Woods who referred it back to the orthopedic
surgeon since it appeared to be a post-surgical issue of some kind.
Later that week I was transferred to Northern State Prison , and the
same determination was made. Both South Woods and Northern
State referred me back to the surgeon, but When I arrived at East
Jersey they gave me a knee brace and canceled the appointment
with the surgeon. I was called down to medical and informed of this
and charged a $5.00 co-pay for the experience. The knee
continues to worsen”.
“ over the previous couple years it has become increasingly difficult
to fully extend my right arm. The elbow only extends partially, then
locks up. Medical services here at East Jersey have called it
‘arthritis’, but have done nothing more than xray which they
determined to be ‘inconclusive’. Meanwhile, marble size bumps
have appeared along the forearm of the same arm, and medical
has only said ‘it must be scar tissue’. Medical is indifferent to the
fact”.
“I seriously injured my left arm when it was trapped between rack
of water-filled plastic bags which had been made in case of
emergency. (It was during the hurricane warning). The arm was
shredded from the bicep to the fingers with a major loss of blood.
After emergency treatment at the local hospital, I received dozens
of dissolving sutures and was returned to the prison. I started
physical therapy a short time later, and was beginning to regain
usage of the arm when I was transferred to East Jersey. I have
received no treatment since that time and have been told that
‘therapy is unavailable here’ .

 

6

New Jersey State Prison 
“This ain't even Trenton State Prison anymore.  
It’s Trenton Psychiatric Ward” 
Initia
l
K.

Date

Category

Testimony

March 11,
2017

Right To
Treatment and
Protection From
Harm/
Dangerously
Unhealthy
Environment

“I was attacked by a cellmate. He threw hot water on me, which
caused serious burns. After the hot water was thrown on me I
was taken to a hospital outside the prison. I was placed in
detention when I returned to NJSP. Because of my injuries, the
detention cell was one of the observation “dry cells” in the prison
infirmary. In this cell there was no bed, only a 2 or 3 inch mattress
on the floor. There was no other furniture, as for fixtures, there
was a sink connected to a toilet, but the toilet was flushed from
outside the cell. The cell itself was filthy with dry feces smeared
on the wall. I had serious bandaged wounds, which had to be
cleaned twice a day … The choice was made to place me in the
cell [despite] the medical issues present”.

C.

March 28,
2017

Unsafe
transportation
/Retaliation

J.

March 28,
2017

Right to
Psychiatric
Treatment

S.

March 28,
2017

F.

April 11, 2017

Forced
Psychiatric
Medication
Right to Medical
Treatment

“ They have begun oppressive treatment, now denying me mail
and legal access. I previously won a lawsuit against the State and
D.O.C. for the prison van overturning during a court trip
temporarily paralyzed me. So it appears this new action is
retaliation for that”.
“ The NJDOC refused to treat it or they simply choose not to
accept my mental illness as it exist. I do not know how to get
these government officials to do anything right as they are very
mean to prisoners in all aspects of our basic needs”.
“They are forcing inmates to take medication back here”.

L.

April 18, 2017

Right to Medical
Treatment

“I have been waiting to be treated with this new and effective drug
(harvoni) for hepatitis C, 95-99% effective. I have been waiting for
two years. It seems that they are waiting for my liver to be
destroyed before they treat me, which doesn’t make any sense. I
also feel that I am being denied treatment for cost”.
“I am a known Hepatitis infected inmate here in New Jersey State
Prison documented by Medical.. I have requested treatment
some time ago and so far to no avail. I believe that this institution
is presenting a deliberate indifference to the known risk which
follows from untreated chronic hepatitis”.
7

W.

March 10,
2017

Right to Medical
and Pain
Treatment/
Unsafe
Transportation
/Disability
Accommodation
/Medical Fees

J.

March 25,
2017

Abuse/
Disability/

S.

March 25,
2017

Medical
Transportation/
Disability
Accommodation

I

May 2, 2017

W.

May 2, 2017

Psychiatric
Treatment/
Isolation
/Disability
Accommodation
Right to Medical
and Pain
Treatment

M.

May 2, 2017

Danger in
Medical
Transportation
Vans/
Retaliation

“I AM IN A LOT OF PAIN! It is well documented about my M.S.
and arthritis. I injured my back in the Transport Van on February
23, 2016, coming from a court trip whereas I ‘fell’ inside the van.
Then on Jan 23, 2017, I re-injured it while I was going on another
trip, but it was cancelled and I only made it to Bordentown. I have
been having problems ever since I informed medical. When I
returned I was given Motrin like it’s an Elixir. On 2/6/17, I put in a
‘inquire form’ with custody about the van not being ‘handicap
accessible’ and they referred it to medical, I was called down on
Saturday when no doctors were working. I was charged $5.00. I
put in a couple more inquiries and grievances in and was told that
I was properly charged. It was not a medical request, I should
have not been charged, that does not address the issue with the
van.”
“I am in urgent need of your help. The Sgt [and] c.o.’s all beat me
up. I am also on medication, and I am in a wheelchair”.
“I have a court trip coming up very soon. Medical can put in an
order. Custody can provide a ‘handicap accessible Van’, When I
went to the hospital, they used the medical van. My ailments and
diseases have exacerbated. I’m trying to handle this without
getting my family, the lawyers, or courts involved.”
“My neighbor is on heavy psych meds and he is epileptic. If he
catches a seizure he might die back here. He needs to be on the
South (compound) where they can monitor him and react fast. . I
don’t want that guilt o my hands if he expires”.
“I'm writing to you in hopes of being assisted with my health
concerns here at New Jersey State Prison. I was diagnosed with
Ulcerative Colitis. I was hospitalized and given two units of blood
and prescribed an IV medication called REMICADE which I go
out to St. Francis to receive. I get this medication every 6 to 8
weeks”. On the 24th of March 2017, health care provider[s] cut
my pain medication from 2 tylenol # 3 in the am and 2 in the pm,
to 1 tylenol # 3 in the am , and one in the pm. The pain in my
stomach and rectum is so much so that its difficult sleepin”.
“For more than I year I have been trying to see the ear, nose, and
throat doctor (E.N.T.) concerning my nostrils where I have trouble
breathing. I made several complaints concerning no ventilation in
back of D.O.C. transportation vans. It causes the air to be stale,
hot and hard to breath. I am one of many prisoners that have
complained about these conditions. I was given a 90 days pass
for ‘use of specialty van for transport not standard DOC van’ “.
“ I was diagnosed with congestive heart failure, high blood
pressure, and enlarged heart in the past and the lack of air can
cause more complications with my heart. However, due to me
filing a civil action against the medical department here at New
Jersey State Prison, the medical department is refusing to renew
my transportation pass and I am in dire need to the see the
(ENT)”.

8

U.

March
17,2017

Psychiatric
treatment

L.

May 19, 2017

Mental Health
Needs
Dangerous
Conditions

June 2017

June 2917

Failure to Treat
Injuries

“ The treatment of prisoners on the Mental Health Stabilization
unit continues to be mistreated and abused on and off that unit
often times with the support of the mental health staff”. When a
prisoner has some kind of crisis moment and is being deliberately
ignored they begin to bang or kick on their cell door. Usually the
issue is they want to speak with their psychiatrist, they need their
medication, or they are upset over the C.O. not giving them their
food tray. From the C.O.’s perspective the possible crisis moment
is disturbing their sleep- so the issue is deemed ‘unruly’. The
C.O.’s then go to assault the prisoner in those units. They go to
the ‘unruly’ prisoners cell and yell ‘’Stop the banging’ even though
there is none going on, this is code language to signal to the C.O.
in the control booth to open the prisoner's cell door, once the door
opens the C.O.’s run in the cell and assault the prisoner for 5-10
minutes before the control booth is again signaled to call a code
66 ‘attempted suicide’. by calling a false code they hide the actual
assault against the prisoner”.
“ Assaults and Ill treatment of some special needs prisoners
persist primarily because there is no oversight”.

I was electrocuted here at Trenton State Prison...My cell
toilet leaked all the time on the floor ...I got out of my bed
barefooted stepping in the water and leaning the left side of
my arm on the toilet, which is made of steel and turning the
light switch on at the same time and some how got
electrocuted blown back to the floor. I suffered a 2d degree
burn down my left arm.
I was assaulted by multiple staff members... SCO (X) struck
me with a closed fist...I quickly surrender. I got on my
knees, put my hands behind my head. Once cuffed, I was
kicked and punched in the face repeatedly and pepper
spray. Once transported to medical I asked for a cup of
water...she responded by throwing a cup of water in my face
followed by a series of punches to the face...SCO (y) picked
my head up...and punched me in the face after which I was
escorted to 1-c (to be detoxed from the pepper
spray)...When I reached the shower room I was forcefully
slammed on the floor and not allowed a detox shower.
(When transported to Ad. Seg) I requested medical attention
which I was denied. (etc!)

9

 
Northern State Prison 
Initial
J..

Date
March 24,
2017

Category
Right to
Psychiatric Care
and Treatment

G.

March 24,
2017

Right to
Psychiatric Care
and Treatment

C.

March 28,
2017

Psychiatric
Treatment

J.

May 15,
2017

Medical Neglect

Testimony
“The most heinous acts within these facilities are done to the
mentally/emotionally challenged. The abuse that happens to them
is mostly done by providers who are overwhelmed, unconcerned,
and have predetermined responses of treatment based on
affordability and easiness. I grew up in a house where
schizophrenia lived and know the effects not only on the person
but all those surrounding them”.
“ I've tried to tell these guys back here to write whoever they
could but a lot of them are special needs, that needs care not
punishment. Please just tell me what i need to do to better these
circumstances , you really need to see this for yourself”.
The most heinous acts within these facilities are done to the
mentally/emotionally challenged. The abuse that happens to them
is mostly done by the providers who are overwhelmed,
unconcerned and have predetermined responses of treatment
based on affordability and easiness. I grew up in a house where
schizophrenia lived and know the efforts not only on the person
but to all those surrounding them. It’s extremely devastating in
these institutions as they collectively gather the challenged and
wait to see what happens”.
“If you have an ailment and put in to see the doctor you will be on
a pass. The doctor or nurse will treat you but not to the best of
their ability. All their doing is covering themselves so you can’t
sue them. If these staff members treated patients like this in the
street they wouldn’t have a job and they would get sued. So they
work for the DOC knowing that they’re protected. The medical
department thinks that Motrin is the cure for all pain. If this was
the case all other companies that sell pain medication would be
out of business and nobody would be in pain. I have taken so
many NSAIDS because of my back pain that I ended up with
severe stomach pain. An Endoscopy showed that I had red
blotches in my stomach but no ulcers and my stomach lining is
thin and that’s causing the pain. The doctor told me that this is
from all the Motrin and NSAIDS that I’ve taken over the years. So,
the medical department is slowly killing us with Motrin. My left calf
is about two inches fatter than my right calf. This is from varicose
veins. I read that you can get blood clots from varicose veins but
10

the doctors tell me otherwise. I’ve seen or heard of a lot of people
that died because of the neglect from the medical department and
unfortunate nothing is being done about it”.
P

June 5,
2017

Failure to Treat

June 2017

Failure To Treat Delay in Treating

June 2017

(The doctor told me that s/he) talked to (a doctor) at SWSP
(and was) told ...I was drug seeking and there was nothing
wrong with me so she said she doesn't care about my pain
because she doesn't believe i'm in pain
(In 2016) I injured my left ankle walking in slippers we are
forced to wear (in CRAF)...I was... given test forms from the
Doctor's that specified ​no stair climbing​ and a bottom bunk
pass (and permission to use a walking cane)...(In Northern
State Prison) the intake Nurse was informed of my
condition...as well as the officer...(but I was taken to a cell
on the third floor and placed on a top bunk)...After 6 and a
half hours I was told I was being relocated to the first floor.
In the process of me carrying all my belongings down the
stairs, I lost my balance due to my injury and slipped down
the last flight of stairs and felt something snap in my left
ankle which caused extreme pain to shoot up the whole left
side of my body. (In the medical department) I was given
pain medication and sent back to my unit....Approx. 2 weeks
later (an MRI showed) I obtained multiple tears in my
achilles tendon and needed surgery. It wasn't until 3 1/2
weeks later that I was sent to see the orthopedic. I was told
as a result of the facilities lack of attention to the obvious,
that my injury had gotten worse and the surgery would have
been much simpler if it wasn't attended to sooner (sic)...I
have been in so much pain every day that get's worse.
I sustained several serious injuries during transport to
Therapy due to the metal ankle cuff cutting off circulation,
and the officers erratic driving behavior. I was violently
slammed forward into the partition whereas I was knocked
unconscious. I was raced to St. Francis Hospital ...(where) I
was given seven stitches. My other injuries are in my back,
neck and shoulder and at times the physical therapist will
see me... I am in constant pain, always having headaches.

 

11

 
Edna Mahan Correctional Facility 
 

Initial
J

Date
January
2017

Category
Over
medication/
Right to
Psychiatric
Care and
Treatment

D.S.

January
2017

J.

June 2017

Medical
Transparency
/Lack of
Informed
Consent
Delay in
Treatment

June 2017

Failure to
Coordinate
Treatment

Testimony
“Medical personnel drug the prisoners as much as possible here - the
reason? If the prisoners sleep the majority of the time, the officers jobs
are much easier. Also it doesn’t matter what they do or say to a
prisoner, because they are not in their right state of mind (because of
the meds) and can’t report the officers, or they are not believed if they
do report Many of the medicated prisoners will end up in the Mental
Health ward - because of other prisoners complaints about them going
to the bathroom on themselves, or not showering.”
“Medical does not explain your x-rays, or any of the treatment they
suggest - if you have an untreatable disease, they will not tell you.
When you do request (and PAY for your medical records, and then
question why you were not told something - they blow you off, and
pretend they knew nothing”

I went for an MRI on my lower abdomen (which had been giving
me severe pain and which I had been complaining about) for
over a year. (A month later) I was told there were 2 "small
tumors" found below my liver, but the tumors were "benign." (A
month later) I have been informed that I have been scheduled
for a Biopsy, because it is unknown if the tumors are
"Cancerous"...This is a serious health issue ...I have also been
complaining about a lump in my throat right by my thyroid gland
for over one...month, all that was done was some blood work
and I was given some antibiotics, but the lump remains.
I am diagnosed with (multiple mental illnesses).For the better
part of my life I have been in and out of mental health hospitals,
MICA programs, in psychiatric wards and have had many
suicide attempts. About a year ago I was diagnosed with ITP
(low platelets)...Due to this mental health has taken me off all my
psych medication...I struggle everyday without being medicated
for my mental health issues...(I also get medication) for pain
being that I suffer from arthritis and back surgery. The medical
Dr. here took me off (medication) due to alleged allegations of
trying to cheek my medication, with no institutional charges... I
constantly go back and forth with the mental health and medical
Dr...Mental health won't prescribe it and medical won't give it
back to me. They periodically give me Tylenol which is counter
productive due to the fact that that they just put me on ... for my
...treatment. I suffer every day in my mind trying to conquer my
12

thoughts from depression. When all I need them to do would be
to prescribe me a medication that would greatly improve my
mental health. The psychiatrist... says I won't die from
depression, but he fails to realize I can choose to take my life
trying to fight my demons. I do not feel mental health or medical
is properly addressing my needs...I cry daily. I have no
motivation or hope for my future. Dr. told me I would be better
off at home because my psych and Hematologist would be in
better contact with each other. When I asked (the doctor) to
document this for the parole hearing he said he couldn't
because it was against D.O.C. Since seeing parole I received a
16 month hit...I fought really hard for my HEP C treatment, they
wasn't going to give it to me at first. I was put on a waiting list for
a year, only to be taken off the list...for another year before I
finally received treatment 9 months later.... The psych Dr. even
told me that s/he was surprised they DOC was even given... this
treatment because it is so expensive...they (also) give me
Tylenol, which is bad for the liver. Then nurses give me
Motrin...and I bleed from the inside. I believe had I not made a
big stink I wouldn't have gotten the ...medication.

 

 
Southwoods Prison 
 
Initi
al
Q.

Date

Category

Testimony

March 17,
2017

Dangerous
Infectious
Environment

“I was locked in a cell with a bunky who had Hep C and was
special needs”.

J

June 5,
2017

Medical Pain

“ I am an elderly inmate with a medical condition involving a
lower back bulging spinal disc and arthritis for which there is no
cure. This condition causes me chronic and excruciating pain. In
the past, I complained to a wing officer about my condition and
he transferred me to a cell with a bottom bunk. The officer noted
in my file that I should not be moved from a bottom bunk by
medical clinic for 90 days and that restriction has refused to be
renewed. I had for several months been experiencing severe
and chronic back pain. The pain can be described as having a
13

knife repeatedly thrust into my back resulting in unbearable
shooting pains, which restricted my mobility and daily activity.
When my medical condition arose to a level whereas I needed
to pull myself up from a laying position in a bottom bunk with the
use of the ladder affixed to the two bunk cell set-up. I decided to
do something about my medical condition . I completed a form
of medical request in order to be scheduled for an appointment
with sick call. I explained my medical condition to the clinic
assigned registered nurse and requested a bottom bunk pass in
order to ensure that complications would not become worse in
being maybe latter assigned a top bunk. the R.N. explained that
she couldn't do that and referred me to the nurse practitioner. I
am going through the most unimaginable pain. I have missed
movements because I cannot get down from the top bunk in
time to catch the cell door. There are days when the pain is so
bad, that rather than climb up on the latter to go to sleep, Ill sit
on my storage bins, lean back against the wall and rest my head
on my pillow. Here, I have had to endure many sleepless
nights”.
June 2017

Misdiagnosis/Del
ay in Treatment

June 2017

Denial of
Specialist/Failure
to Treat

June 2017

Failure to
Accommodate
Disability

(The Ocean County Jail refused to arrange for needed
surgery on my shoulder.) When I was transferred to
Southwoods State Prison, the medical staff gave me
medication which was to help with the shoulder, neck and
back pain. This medication which was prescribed was
actually an antidepressant, which cause me to have an
ill-regular heart beat and fast pounding, stiffness of the
limbs and a host of ailments. I now take medication for the
ill-regular heart beat and fast pounding. I've had two
shoulder surgeries since I've been at Southwoods State
Prison.
I gave (the nurse) my medical records. She had said she
lost them,,,(He received some papers back, months after,
but they didn't look right.) I have been in pain since I had
got locked up and off meds. I have had brain surgery .
After being in coma for six weeks, I came out. I could not
walk. I was in diapers... I cannot get this place to send me
to a neurologist...I am in pain. I try to work out so it don't
hurt so bad
I'm an amputee it is very hard for me to go up and down
steps...I have a prosthetic leg...after me telling them I can't
be on the 2d floor...(they) put me on the 2d floor...there's 2
showers...one handicapped...(they open my cell door only
when the regular shower is available)...I recently fell in the
shower. There is no chair...and I can't stand on one leg...I
fell and due to the fall I hurt my leg and it is swollen and it
goes numb from time to time and I can't put my prosthetic
leg on for long at all it's painful. I put in Medical
request...(and) request for a wheelchair but I have not
seen or heard for a doctor yet...they denied my
wheelchair...I haven't seen a doctor yet to see if my leg is
ok.
14

Kintock  
(Halfway House)
Initial
E.

Date
March 28, 2017

Category
Right to Medical
Treatment/Insuffici
ent Medical Staff

Testimony
“There is no medical staff in this facility to deal with a medical
emergency. In fact, a resident was taken to the hospital where
he later died. This, I believe, was the result of the lack of
qualified medical personnel”.

15

The Solitary Mind​:
Time loses its normal sense of functioning and drifts into another realm where seconds, minutes and hours negate the
rules we were used to. If you starve yourself, your body goes into survival mode automatically. When you begin to
deprive the senses it's common functions your mind goes into survival mode as well. Depending on how vast your
isolation is and to what degree your lack of communication is on top of your own resilience, will determine how you
experience the effects of solitary confinement. My first time I was 15 years old and I spent 25 months in solitary
confinement, and as I have been in and out of locked down units, I've come to realize that it was my resilience and
immaturity that helped me stay grounded. But not without a cost. I would break up my days into three sections, all
absentmindedly done. Positive distractions, social distractions and delusional distractions. They would never be
routinely done, but depending on what was occurring around me at the time. My immaturity helped me with my
delusional distractions because I had a creative imagination. My mind in trying to save itself of the lack of stimulation
and the ebbing of the realities of my memories, I relived past memories and replayed them differently in my head.
Over and over again, and after those 25 months I have lost the emotional attachments to these memories almost as if
one remembers a scene in a movie, that is how I will look into my memories but even know I knew it was me I couldn't
attach any sentiments to those memories, thus confused of its authenticity. I have lost the reality behind things I've
went through prior to my incarceration. My days would feel to the equivalence of three and sometimes more. So time
and dates became important to me ever since. The traumatic experience of being incarcerated is re-lived when one
enters solitary confinement. And unfortunately the more sane one is or becomes the harder the effects when entering
again into locked down. It actually becomes easier to come back and ultimately when never really leaves if not given
the appropriate counseling and time out of those conditions. The mind has yet been given a chance to fully heal itself.
Most of the troubles that haunt a man in solitary confinement are problems from the outside world, whether it's
court, kids, parents, past traumas, woman, money, lack of support, etc... These effects on I. solitude more because it's
outside of his sphere of control. Which causes present fears to be magnified into a higher magnitude that isolation
helps to bare heavily into the individual. Trivial matters become of matter of life and death, making one always linger
on the brink of his insanity. Unfortunately, this state is of the better of the two evils if one had to choose. The latter
would be a complete breakdown of the mind causing depression, suicidal thoughts, delusional behavior, just to name
a few. Everyone experience isolation differently, but to me and to most of those I know, what scares me the most is
that I lose myself to my environment and never come back, to feel that I'm sentenced to general population and ad
seg being my normalcy. I've been incarcerated 141 months and I've been in solitary for 42 of those months. It isn't a
deterrent to bad behavior at all or is it conducive to rehabilitation. It threatens society because since I've been in
prison, I've never seen more people leave then when I was in ad seg. It's a mental torture, to put it lightly and it's as
prevalent as it has ever been in New Jersey State Prison!

This piece on life in solitary was written by James Zarate; he was waved up from Juvenile at 1​5 and
Rev. Kathryn Prinz, ​ Deacon, ELCA (Evangelical Lutheran Church in America)​ was ​his chaplain.  He's now 26 
and serving a life sentence in Trenton.  Both wanted this shared with our communities.

16

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) states:
Principle 24: A proper medical examination shall be offered to a detained or imprisoned
person as promptly as possible after his admission to the place of detention or imprisonment,
and thereafter medical care and treatment shall be provided whenever necessary.​ This care
and treatment shall be provided free of charge.

“The steep cost of medical co-pays in prison puts health at risk”
by ​Wendy Sawyer​, April 19, 2017

If your doctor charged a $500 co-pay for every visit, how bad would your health have to get before you
made an appointment? You would be right to think such a high cost exploitative, and your neighbors
would be right to fear that it would discourage you from getting the care you need for preventable
problems. That’s not just a hypothetical story; it’s the hidden reality of prison life, adjusted for the
wage differential between incarcerated people and people on the outside.
A $2-5 medical co-pay in prison or jail may not seem expensive on its face. But when we consider the
relative cost of these co-pays to incarcerated people who t​ ypically earn​ 14 to 62 cents per hour, it’s
clear how they can be cost-prohibitive. The excessive burden of medical fees and co-pays is most
obvious in states where many or all incarcerated people are paid nothing for their work: Alabama,
Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas.
Co-pays in the hundreds of dollars would be unthinkable for non-incarcerated minimum wage earners.
So why do states think it’s acceptable to charge people making pennies per hour such a large portion
of their earnings?
Co-pays that take a large portion of prison wages make seeking medical attention a costly choice
Administrators​ want to deter “frivolous” medical visits. The ​National Commission on Correctional
Health Care​ (NCCHC), however, argues that abuses of sick call can be managed with “a good triage
system,” without imposing fees that also deter ​necessary​ medical services. The NCCHC warns that
co-pays may actually jeopardize the health of incarcerated populations, staff, and the public. When
sick people avoid the doctor, disease is ​more likely to spread​ to others in the facility – and into the
community, when people are ​released​ before being treated.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/prison-jail-medical-copays_us_58f64bdbe4b0b9e9848ee23e

In New Jersey, the average cost to an inmate of ‘dropping a slip” for sick call (asking to see a
healthcare professional) is $5. While it is true that you will not be DENIED being seen for sick call, if
there is nothing in your account at the time, those costs build up as ​debits​. The only time you are not
charged is if your condition is listed as ‘chronic’ and Medical wants to see you.
If you earn money at your prison ‘job’ (an average of $20 a month) and you requested to go to
medical twice, and twice were prescribed something, your account will be debited $5 ​per​ sick call,
and $1 ​per​ script, so you will actually have $8 left for the month to spend, assuming you have no fines
or support being held out, of course. The directive by the International community that medical care
should be free to prisoners is clearly not being followed in most states in the US, as referenced above
and certainly not in New Jersey. Free should mean that there is no cost, by its’ definition- not that
there will be a cost added on if/when you get money.

17

:​In Issue #2 there were comments made regarding Halfway Houses and the corporations that
run them, be they for-profit or other. The following comment was submitted by Jim Hemm:
“I have a long history of opposing these kind of large facilities. In fact the PBA used a quote
from me in the Star Ledger on a billboard on Rt. 129 in Trenton from that article. We have
reduced our prison population from 31,000+ in 1999 to under 23,000 today and this didn't
happen by accident. It's a result of DOC's reentry efforts, drug courts and Parole's financial
commitments to community program and their efforts to keep technical parole violators in the
community not our prisons….
Just a comment from someone who spent 43 years trying to improve our corrections system
through community based reentry programs. To indict all halfway because of the behavior of
one provider is not very productive. It alienates all of us who spent years on creating what
some would call a national model for reentry.”
Jim Hemm
Consultant, New Jersey Association on Corrections

18

COMPASSIONATE RELEASE (A VERY REAL ALTERNATIVE)
In closing, forty-four prisoners have died in custody, in NJDOC facilities, in the past 24
months. Two of these were women, the remaining 42 were men. The age range was
from 25 to 91 years of age.
Per the Aids Law Project of Southern New Jersey,
“The law allows judges to grant early medical release to inmates who are seriously ill
or terminally ill. You, your lawyer or someone else on your behalf can file a petition for
your medical release from prison for placement in a hospital, long-term nursing care
facility, or hospice care location.​ ​You may be released to a hospital or long-term
nursing care facility if you prove that: (i) your medical needs would be more
appropriately addressed there rather than the prison; (ii) the facility has agreed to
accept you; and (iii) you are seriously ill and not expected to live more than a year.
You may be released to a hospice location if, in addition to the 3 items listed above,
you also prove that you are terminally ill, not ambulatory (able to walk around) and
likely to die in the near future. If you are released to a hospice location, you are
subject to electronic monitoring by the Department of Corrections.”
Unfortunately, in the State of New Jersey, the option is very rarely granted, so many
prisoners are discouraged from even trying to apply. The courts have held that
Medical Release is not available to people who are serving the mandatory part of a
mandatory parole ineligibility term. ​NJ Court Rule 3:21-10(b)(2)​. Similarly, Medical
Parole is not available to people convicted of the most serious crimes of violence
(N.J.S.A. 30:4-123.51c), even if they have a terminal medical condition. Thus, the
elderly long-term prisoners for whom such remedies would be otherwise available,
cannot benefit from them, and cannot leave the prison.​ ​From the multitude of
testimonies received by AFSC, it would seem that these remedies should be
expanded, as being the correct thing to do for the benefit of elderly ill prisoners, their
families and the State. Their release would affect significant savings for the State, and
would allow each facility’s medical department to better treat those who are ill, but not
necessarily dying. An argument ​cannot​ be made to keep someone over 80, who is
dying, in prison, as a public safety issue. Confinement, at that point becomes simply a
punitive measure, serving no rational public policy and does nothing to “restore” the
victim, nor “correct” the prisoner.

19

 

 

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