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California
Prisoners
&
Parolees

CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS AND REHABILITATION
OFFENDER INFORMATION SERVICES BRANCH
ESTIMATES AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS SECTION
DATA ANALYSIS UNIT

CALIFORNIA
PRISONERS AND PAROLEES
2008

Summary Statistics
On
Adult
Felon Prisoners and Parolees,
Civil Narcotic Addicts and Outpatients
and
Other Populations

Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
Offender Information Services Branch
Estimates and Statistical Analysis Section
Data Analysis Unit

Sacramento, California 95811
2009

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STATE OF CALIFORNIA
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Governor

DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS
AND REHABILITATION
MATTHEW CATE
Secretary
SCOTT KERNAN
Undersecretary, Operations
KATHRYN P. JETT
Undersecretary, Programs
MARY FERNANDEZ
Undersecretary, Administration

ADULT OPERATIONS
VACANT
Chief Deputy Secretary, Adult Operations

SUZAN L. HUBBARD
Director, Division of Adult Institutions

THOMAS G. HOFFMAN
Director, Division of Adult Parole Operations

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OFFENDER INFORMATION SERVICES BRANCH

RUDY HAAPANEN
Chief
Offender Information Services Branch

JAY R. ATKINSON
Research Manager II
Estimates and Statistical Analysis Section

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦

Data Analysis Unit
LORI ASUNCION
Staff Services Manager I

STEPHEN KRIMETZ

DAVID WEISHAHN

Associate Information Systems Analyst

Associate Information Systems Analyst

CYNTHIA WAGSTAFF

RAVINDERPAL VAID

Research Analyst II

Research Analyst II

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦

1515 S STREET

SACRAMENTO, CA 95811

TELEPHONE (916) 445-1310

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PREFACE
California Prisoners and Parolees, 2008, is a presentation of statistical data about the adult
felons, civil narcotic addicts and other populations under the jurisdiction of the California
Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR). Statistical data on felons in CDCR have
been published since 1950 when the first issue of California Prisoners, covering the years 1945
through 1949, was released. Statistical data on civil narcotic addicts have been published since
1967 when the first issue of Summary Statistics, Civil Commitment Program for Narcotic Addicts,
covering the years 1961 through 1966, was published. Beginning in 1981, the two were combined
into one publication. In 2008, CDCR’s publication Historical Trends was incorporated into this
publication. Historical Trends described changes to CDCR’s population over a 20 year time
period.

This publication is organized into six sections containing information about different types of
populations under CDCR jurisdiction. The Reference Guide provides a list of prisons by name
and location; maps identifying counties, areas of commitment, and parole regions; and a glossary
of terms and acronyms used throughout the publication.

The Chief Deputy Secretary of Adult Operations administered 33 prisons, four detention centers,
four parole regions, and 42 camps during 2008. The types of commitments received by CDCR are
felons, civil narcotic addicts, County Diagnostic Cases (under Penal Code Section 1203.03), some
Juvenile Justice commitments, safekeepers, federal prisoners, and prisoners from other states.
This publication contains only a portion of the data available in report format. If you have a
request for additional data or have any questions regarding the presentation of these data, we can
be contacted at:

Internet:

http://www.cdcr.ca.gov/Reports_Research/Offender_Information_Services_Branch/Offender_Information_Reports.html

Intranet: http://intranet/PED/Offender-Information/Reports/OffenderInformation.asp
E-mail: http://www.cdcr.ca.gov/Reports_Research/Offender_Information_Services_Branch/Contact_DAU.aspx
Telephone:

(916) 445-1310

FAX: (916) 327-5836

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION 1 - California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
Page
CDCR Population Highlights ......................................................................................................................... 1
Table 1

California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation Population, 2008.............................. 5

Table 2A

Total Institution Population Movements, 2008 .......................................................................... 6

Table 2B

Male Institution Population Movements, 2008........................................................................... 7

Table 2C

Female Institution Population Movements, 2008 ....................................................................... 8

SECTION 2 - Institution Population
Table 3

Institution Population, Rate per 100,000 California Population, 1989-2008 ............................. 9

Chart 1

Institution Population, Felons and Non-Felons, 1989-2008 ......................................................10

Table 4

Institution Population by Location and Design Capacity, 2008 ................................................11

Table 5

Institution Population, Design Bed Capacity and Rate of Occupancy, 1989-2008 ...................12

Chart 2

Institutions and Camps Design Bed Capacity and Population, 1989-2008 ..............................13

Table 6

Institution Population by Arrival Status, Commitment Type and Gender, 2008 ......................14

Table 7

Institution Population by Commitment Type and Gender, 1989-2008 .....................................15

Table 8

Felon Institution Population by Offense and Gender, 2008 ......................................................16

Table 9

Felon Institution Population by Offense Category and Gender, 1989-2008 .............................17

Chart 3

Felon Institution Population, Person and Drug Offenses, 1989-2008 ......................................18

Table 10

Institution Population by Racial/Ethnic Group and Gender, With Chart, 2008 .....................19

Table 11

Felon Institution Population by Racial/Ethnic Group and Gender, 1989-2008.........................20

Chart 4

Total Institution Population Racial/Ethnic Composition, 1989-2008 .......................................21

Table 12

Institution Population by Age Group, Mean Age and Gender, With Chart, 2008.....................22

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION 2 - Institution Population (Continued)

Page

Table 13

Felon Institution Population by Age Group, Mean Age and Gender, 1989-2008 .....................23

Chart 5

Total Institution Population Age Groups, 1989-2008 ...............................................................24

Table 14

Institution Population by County of Commitment, With Chart, 2008 ......................................25

Table 15A Total Felon New Admissions and Parole Violators Returned With a New Term, Number
And Rate per 100,000 County Population, by County and Area of Commitment, 2008 ..........26
Table 15B Male Felon New Admissions and Parole Violators Returned With a New Term, Number
And Rate per 100,000 County Population, by County and Area of Commitment, 2008 ..........28
Table 15C Female Felon New Admissions and Parole Violators Returned With a New Term, Number
And Rate per 100,000 County Population, by County and Area of Commitment, 2008 ..........30
Table 16

Felon Institution Population by Admission/Return Status and Gender, 1989-2008 .................32

Chart 6

Total Felon Institution Population by Admission/Return Status, 1989-2008............................33

Table 17

Civil Narcotic Addict Institution Population by Gender, With Chart, 1989-2008 ....................34

Table 18

Civil Narcotic Addict Institution Population by Racial/Ethnic Group and Gender,
With Chart, 1989-2008 ..............................................................................................................35

Table 19

Civil Narcotic Addict Institution Population by Age Group, Mean Age and Gender,
1989-2008 ..................................................................................................................................36

Table 20

Community Correctional Center Population by Program Type, With Chart, 2008...................37

Table 21

Community Correctional Center Population by Racial/Ethnic Group and Gender,
With Chart, 1989-2008 ..............................................................................................................38

Table 22

Community Correctional Center Population by Age Group, Mean Age and Gender,
1989-2008 ..................................................................................................................................39

Table 23

Number of Escapes from Institutions and Camps, Rate per 100 Average Daily
Population (ADP), With Chart, 1989-2008 ...............................................................................40

Table 24

Number of Escapes from Community Based Programs, Rate per 100
Population at Risk, With Chart, 1989-2008 ...............................................................................41

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION 3 – Felon New Admissions

Page

Table 25

Felon New Admissions, Commitment Rate per 100,000 California Population,
By Gender, With Chart, 1989-2008 ..........................................................................................42

Chart 7

Total Felon New Admissions Rate Per 100,000 California Population, 1989-2008 .................43

Table 26

Felon New Admissions by Offense and Gender, 2008 ..............................................................44

Table 27

Felon New Admissions by Offense Category and Gender, With Chart, 1989-2008 .................46

Table 28

Felon New Admissions by Racial/Ethnic Group and Gender, With Chart, 1989-2008 ............47

Table 29

Felon New Admissions by Age Group and Mean Age, 1088-2008 ..........................................48

SECTION 4 – Felon Parole Violators Returned With a New Term
Table 30

Felon Parole Violators Returned With a New Term, Number and Rate per 100
Average Daily Felon Parolee and Parolee-at-Large (PAL) Population (ADP),
By Gender, 1994-2008 .............................................................................................................49

Chart 8

Felon Parole Violators Returned To Prison With a New Term (PV-WNT), 1989-2008 ..........50

Table 31

Felon Parole Violators Returned With a New Term (PV-WNTs) by Offense and
Gender, 2008 ............................................................................................................................51

Table 32

Felon Parole Violators Returned With a New Term by Offense Category and
Gender, With Chart, 1994-2008 ...............................................................................................53

Table 33

Felon Parole Violators Returned With a New Term by Racial/Ethnic Group
And Gender, With Chart, 1994-2007 .........................................................................................54

Table 34

Felon Parole Violators Returned With a New Term by Age Group, Mean Age
And Gender, 1994-2008.............................................................................................................55

SECTION 5 – Felon Parole Violators Returned to Custody
Table 35

Felon Parole Violators Returned to Custody (PV-RTC), Number and Rate per 100
Average Daily Felon Parolee and Parolee-at-Large (PAL) Population (ADP) by
Gender, 1994-2008 ...................................................................................................................56

Chart 9

Felon Parole Violators Returned To Custody (PV-RTC), 1989-2008.......................................57

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION 5 – Felon Parole Violators Returned to Custody (Continued)

Page

Table 36

Felon Parole Violators Returned to Custody (PV-RTC) by Racial/Ethnic
Group and Gender, With Chart, 1994-2008...............................................................................58

Table 37

Felon Parole Violators Returned to Custody (PV-RTC) by Age Group,
Mean Age and Gender, 1994-2008 ............................................................................................59

SECTION 6 – Parole and Outpatient Population
Table 38

Parole and Outpatient Population Supervised in California, Rate per 100,000
California Population, 1989-2008..............................................................................................60

Chart 10

Felon Parole and Civil Narcotic Addict (CNA) Outpatient Population Supervised in
California, 1989-2008 ................................................................................................................61

Table 39

Total Parole and Outpatient Population, 1989-2008 .................................................................62

Table 40

Felon Parole Population Supervised by the California Department of Corrections and
Rehabilitation by Offense and Gender, 2008 .............................................................................63

Table 41

Parole Population Supervised in California by Offense Category and Gender, With Chart,
1989-2008 ...................................................................................................................................64

Table 42

Parole and Outpatient Population Supervised in California by Racial/Ethnic Group
And Gender, 1989-2008 .............................................................................................................65

Chart 11

Parole and Outpatient Population Supervised in California, Racial/Ethnic Composition,
1989-2008 ..................................................................................................................................66

Table 43

Parole and Outpatient Population Supervised in California by Age Group, Mean Age and
Gender, 1994-2008 .....................................................................................................................67

Chart 12

Parole and Outpatient Population Supervised in California, Age Groups, 1989-2008 .............68

Table 44A Total Felons Paroled and Reparoled from an Institution by Region and
County of Parole, 2008 .............................................................................................................69
Table 44B Total Male Felons Paroled and Reparoled from an Institution by Region and
County of Parole, 2008 .............................................................................................................71

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION 6 - Parole and Outpatient Population (Continued)

Page

Table 44C Total Female Felons Paroled and Reparoled from an Institution by Region and
County of Parole, 2008 .............................................................................................................73
Table 45A Total Felons First Releases to Parole by Offense and Time Served on Prison
Sentence, 2008 ...........................................................................................................................75
Table 45B Male Felons First Releases to Parole by Offense and Time Served on Prison
Sentence, 2008 ...........................................................................................................................77
Table 45C Female Felons First Releases to Parole by Offense and Time Served on Prison
Sentence, 2008 ...........................................................................................................................79
Table 46

Median Time Served on Prison Sentence Felons First Releases to Parole by Gender,
1989-2008 ..................................................................................................................................81

Chart 13

Median Time Served on Prison Sentence Felons First Releases to Parole by Gender,
1989-2008 ..................................................................................................................................82

Table 47

Felon Parole Movements by Gender, 2008 .............................................................................83

Table 48

Felons Paroled From an Institution and Change Since the Previous Year by Gender,
With Chart, 1989-2008 ..............................................................................................................84

Chart 14

Felon Releases to Parole, 1989-2008 .........................................................................................85

Table 49

Felon Parolees-at-Large (PALs) by Gender, With Chart, 1989-2008 .......................................86

Table 50

Civil Narcotic Addict Releasees-at-Large (RALs) by Gender, With Chart, 1989-2008 ...........87

Table 51

One and Two Year Follow-up Recidivism Rates, Felons Under the Supervision Of
The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, First Released to Parole
In 2004 By Principal Commitment Offense .............................................................................88

Table 51A Definitions and Formulas for Recidivism Rates for Felons Paroled to the
Supervision of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation,
First Released to Parole in 2004 .................................................................................................89
Reference Guide
Institution Acronyms, Names and Locations .....................................................................................90
CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

County and Area of Commitment Map .............................................................................................93
County and Region of Parole Map ....................................................................................................94
Glossary of Terms and Acronyms .....................................................................................................95

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

Section 1
California Department of Corrections
and Rehabilitation Total Population

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CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

CDCR POPULATION
HIGHLIGHTS

On December 31, 2008, the total
California Department of Corrections
and Rehabilitation population was
316,229.

On December 31, 2008, there were
123,597 felons and civil narcotic
addicts on parole in California, a
2.6% decrease from 2007.

The institution population on
December 31, 20087 was 171,085
which was a 0.2% decrease from the
previous year.

The design bed capacity of CDCR
institutions and camps on
December 31, 2008, was 84,066.
The population was 189.1% of the
design capacity.

During 2008, 142,954 offenders were
admitted to an institution as a new
admission or a parole violator and
139,535 offenders were paroled,
discharged or otherwise released
from custody.

1

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

TOTAL CDCR POPULATION
TOTAL CDCR POPULATION
The total California Department of Corrections
and Rehabilitation (CDCR) population was
316,229 on December 31, 2008.
•

The institution population included:

Total CDCR Population

158,931 in institutions and camps.

December 31, 2008

5,804 in Community Correctional Centers.
184 in Department of Mental Health
(DHM) State Hospitals.

Other Populations 6.2%

6,166 in out-of-state institutions.
•

0.6% Non-CDCR Jurisdictions

The California supervised parole population
included:
122,193 California felons and civil narcotic
outpatients.

Paroles
39.1%

Institutions
54.8%

1,404 parolees from other states being
supervised in California through the Interstate
Compact Agreement (Cooperative Cases).
•

Other populations totaling 19,755, included:
17,470 felons and civil addicts who absconded
from parole supervision (PALs/RALs).
Source: Table 1

2,067 felons and civil addicts temporarily
released to other jurisdictions.

NOTE: Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.

218 inmates on escape status.
•

There were 1,792 California offenders supervised
by other jurisdictions, including:
1,153 California parolees supervised under the
jurisdiction of other states.
639 inmates and parolees supervised by federal,
juvenile, and other state jurisdictions.

2

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

TOTAL CDCR POPULATION
ARRIVALS
During calendar year 2008, there were 415,217
inmate arrivals at institutions. Of these, 243,739
were transfers between CDCR institutions.
•

Admissions accounted for 47,878 arrivals.
There were:
Type of Arrival
46,380 felon new admissions.
Calendar Year 2008
862 county diagnostic cases.
559 civil narcotic addict admissions.
(ounty Diagnostic

63 admissions from federal jurisdiction, the
Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) and other
states.

Civil Narcotic Addict
Admissions lind Returns
Returns from
Temporary Release

14 admissions of safekeepers.
•

Parole returns accounted for 95,076 arrivals.
There were:

PV·WNTs

Felon
New AdmiSSions

74,531 felon parole violators returned to
custody (PV-RTC) (including those pending
revocation hearings and psychiatric returns)
for violating a condition of parole.

PV·RTCs

+----,-----,----,-----,

a

19,937 felon parole violators returned with a
new term (PV-WNT).

20,000

Arrivals
Source: Table 2A

629 civil narcotic addict outpatient returns.
128 were returned from other jurisdictions
(federal, other state or DJJ).
•

Returns from temporary releases (court, jail,
hospital/medical or others) accounted for
28,350.
46 were returned from escape status.

3

40,000

60,000

80,000

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

TOTAL CDCR POPULATION

DEPARTURES
During calendar year 2008, there were 415,624
departures from CDCR institutions, including
243,739 intra-institutional transfers.
Type of Departure
•

136,376 offenders paroled. Of these:

Calendar Year 2008

65,089 were felons first released to parole.
Civil Narcotic
Addict
Releases

70,148 felons were reparoled.*
1,139 civil narcotic addicts were released to
outpatient status.

Discharges

•

32,350 temporary releases for court
appearance, jail, medical treatment, or other
types of departures.

Temporary
Releases

•

2,830 discharges.

Felon
Re-paroles

•

41 escapes.

•

194 offenders died.

•

94 releases to other jurisdictions to serve their
prison term (federal, other states, and CYA).

Felon First
Releases to
Parole

°

20,000

40,000

Departures
Source: Table 2A

* Offenders may be counted more than one time when they are re-paroled.

4

60,000

80,000

TABLE 1
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS AND REHABILITATION POPULATION
DECEMBER 31, 2008

MALE

FEMALE

CHANGE SINCE
12/31/07
DESIGN PERCENT STAFFED
NUMBER PERCENT CAPACITY OCCUPIED CAPACITY

TOTAL

INSTITUTIONS
IN-STATE
Institutions/Camps
Institutions
Camps (CCC & SCC) *
Community Corr. Ctrs.
DMH State Hospitals
Out-Of-State

159,694
153,528
148,180
144,103
4,077
5,186
162
6,166

11,391
11,391
10,751
10,458
293
618
22
0

171,085
164,919
158,931
154,561
4,370
5,804
184
6,166

-359
-6,525
-3,910
-3,876
-34
-566
6
4,111

-0.2
-3.8
-2.4
-2.4
-0.7
-8.8
3.3
200.0

PAROLE
Community Supervision
Cooperative Cases (ICOOP)

110,207
109,004
1,203

13,390
13,189
201

123,597
122,193
1,404

-3,309
-3,243
-66

-2.6
-2.5
-4.4

NON-CDCR JURISDICTION
Other State/Federal Inst.
Out of State Parole (ISPU)
O t off S
Out
State
t t PAL
DJJ-W&I 1731.5(c)
Institutions
Parole

1,622
491
962
53

170
27
131
7

1,792
518
1,093
60

-83
2
-87
-13
13

-4.4
0.3
-7.3
-17.8
17 8

116
0

5
0

121
0

15

14.1

17,256
1,865
205
15,186

2,499
202
13
2,284

19,755
2,067
218
17,470

-1,385
-195
0
-1,190

-6.5
-8.6
0.0
-6.3

288,779

27,450

316,229

-3,081

-0.9

OTHER POPULATIONS
Out to Court, etc.
Escaped
Parolees (PAL/RAL)
TOTAL CDCR POPULATION

84,066
79,828
4,238

POPULATION AND PERCENTAGE CHANGE FROM ONE YEAR AGO

12/31/07

12/31/08

CHANGE SINCE
12/31/07
INCREASE PERCENT

INSTITUTIONS
Male
Female

158,437
148,069
10,368

154,561
144,103
10,458

-3,876
-3,966
90

-2.4
-2.6
0.8

PAROLE
Male
Female

126,906
112,789
14,117

123,597
110,207
13,390

-3,309
-2,582
-727

-2.6
-2.2
-5.1

* Figure excludes institution based camps. Total persons in camps, including base camps, are 4,388. Base camp at CMC is
included in institution count.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

5

189.1
193.6
103.1

161,530
157,171
4,359

TABLE 2A
TOTAL INSTITUTION POPULATION MOVEMENTS
CALENDAR YEAR 2008

Movement Types
Total
POPULATION
Beginning
Ending

December 31, 2007
December 31, 2008
NET CHANGE

INTAKE
Transfers In
New Admissions

Felons

Commitment Type
Civil
County
Narcotic Diagnostic
Safe- Federal
Addicts
Cases
keepers Cases

From
Other
States

Div. Juv.
Justice
Wards

171,444
171,085
-359

170,129
170,020
-109

992
802
-190

166
127
-39

7
5
-2

9
9
0

84
85
1

57
37
-20

243,739
47,878

241,216
46,380

1,886
559

501
862

7
14

2
0

37
9

90
54

Parole Returns

PV-RTC and OPR-TFT
PV-WNT and OPR-WNT
Pending Revocation
SUBTOTAL

12,768
19,937
62,371
95,076

12,160
19,916
62,371
94,447

608
21
0
629

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

Other Arrivals

Federal/State/DJJ
Escape
Court
Jail
Hospital/Medical
Temp Community Leave
Other
SUBTOTAL

128
46
8,131
551
19,437
1
230
415,217

127
45
8,027
551
19,257
1
220
410,271

0
1
97
0
142
0
0
3,314

1
0
1
0
25
0
0
1,390

0
0
3
0
0
0
0
24

0
0
0
0
1
0
0
3

0
0
0
0
11
0
0
57

0
0
3
0
1
0
10
158

243,739 241,216
65,711
65,089
70,665
70,148
2,830
1,759
194
192
94
94
41
41
9,782
9,495
624
624
19,963
19,781
1
1
1,980
1,975
415,624 410,415

1,886
622
517
64
0
0
0
273
0
144
0
2
3,508

501
0
0
902
0
0
0
4
0
25
0
0
1,432

7
0
0
13
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
26

2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
3

37
0
0
6
2
0
0
0
0
11
0
0
56

90
0
0
86
0
0
0
4
0
1
0
3
184

1
3
181
1
186

0
0
2
0
2

0
0
2
0
2

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
1

0
0
1
0
1

OUTGO
Transfers Out
Paroled
Discharged
Deceased
Other Outgo

First Parole
Re-parole

Federal/State/CYA
Escape
Court
Jail
Hospital/Medical
Temp Community Leave
Other
SUBTOTAL

Temporary Release
Paroled

First Parole
Re-parole

Discharged
Deceased
SUBTOTAL

1,840
1,801
303
151
4,095

1,839
1,798
116
150
3,903

Note: NET CHANGE may not equal INTAKE less OUTGO SUB TOTAL due to uncategorized moves.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

6

TABLE 2B
MALE INSTITUTION POPULATION MOVEMENTS
CALENDAR YEAR 2008

Movement Types
Total
POPULATION
Beginning
Ending

INTAKE
Transfers In
New Admissions
Parole Returns

Other Arrivals

OUTGO
Transfers Out
Paroled
Discharged
Deceased
Other Outgo

Felons

Commitment Type
Civil
County
Narcotic Diagnostic
Safe- Federal
Addicts
Cases
keepers Cases

From
Other
States

Div. Juv.
Justice
Wards

December 31, 2007
December 31, 2008
NET CHANGE

160,028
159,694
-334

159,022
158,878
-144

724
592
-132

140
100
-40

7
5
-2

8
8
0

72
75
3

55
36
-19

PV-RTC and OPR-TFT
PV-WNT and OPR-WNT
Pending Revocation
SUBTOTAL

225,586
41,543
11,287
18,169
57,519
86,975

223,664
40,306
10,794
18,149
57,519
86,462

1,330
417
493
20
0
513

459
744
0
0
0
0

7
13
0
0
0
0

2
0
0
0
0
0

35
9
0
0
0
0

89
54
0
0
0
0

Federal/State/CYA
Escape
Court
Jail
Hospital/Medical
Temp Community Leave
Other
SUBTOTAL

125
37
6,858
484
16,594
1
223
378,426

124
37
6,787
484
16,483
1
213
374,561

0
0
64
0
79
0
0
2,403

1
0
1
0
20
0
0
1,225

0
0
3
0
0
0
0
23

0
0
0
0
1
0
0
3

0
0
0
0
10
0
0
54

0
0
3
0
1
0
10
157

225,586
57,979
64,620
2,597
189
86
33
8,302
539
17,069
1
1,807
378,808

223,664
57,547
64,194
1,657
187
86
33
8,073
539
16,957
1
1,804
374,742

1,330
432
426
54
0
0
0
215
0
80
0
0
2,537

459
0
0
785
0
0
0
4
0
20
0
0
1,268

7
0
0
12
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
25

2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
3

35
0
0
4
2
0
0
0
0
10
0
0
51

89
0
0
85
0
0
0
4
0
1
0
3
182

1,665
1,601
267
142
3,675

1,664
1,600
104
141
3,509

1
1
157
1
160

0
0
2
0
2

0
0
2
0
2

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
1

0
0
1
0
1

First Parole
Re-parole

Federal/State/DJJ
Escape
Court
Jail
Hospital/Medical
Temp Community Leave
Other
SUBTOTAL

Temporary Release
Paroled

First Parole
Re-parole

Discharged
Deceased
SUB TOTAL

Note: NET CHANGE may not equal INTAKE less OUTGO SUB TOTAL due to uncategorized moves.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

7

TABLE 2C
FEMALE INSTITUTION POPULATION MOVEMENTS
CALENDAR YEAR 2008

Movement Types
Total
POPULATION
Beginning
Ending

INTAKE
Transfers In
New Admissions
Parole Returns

Other Arrivals

OUTGO
Transfers Out
Paroled
Discharged
Deceased
Other Outgo

Felons

Commitment Type
Civil
County
Narcotic Diagnostic
Safe- Federal
Addicts
Cases
keepers Cases

From
Other
States

Div. Juv.
Justice
Wards

December 31, 2007
December 31, 2008
NET CHANGE

11,416
11,391
-25

11,107
11,142
35

268
210
-58

26
27
1

0
0
0

1
1
0

12
10
-2

2
1
-1

PV-RTC and OPR-TFT
PV-WNT and OPR-WNT
Pending Revocation
SUBTOTAL

18,153
6,335
1,481
1,768
4,852
8,101

17,552
6,074
1,366
1,767
4,852
7,985

556
142
115
1
0
116

42
118
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

2
0
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0

Federal/State/CYA
Escape
Court
Jail
Hospital/Medical
Temp Community Leave
Other
SUBTOTAL

3
9
1,273
67
2,843
0
7
36,791

3
8
1,240
67
2,774
0
7
35,710

0
1
33
0
63
0
0
911

0
0
0
0
5
0
0
165

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0
0
3

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

18,153
7,732
6,045
233
5
8
8
1,480
85
2,894
0
173
36,816

17,552
7,542
5,954
102
5
8
8
1,422
85
2,824
0
171
35,673

556
190
91
10
0
0
0
58
0
64
0
2
971

42
0
0
117
0
0
0
0
0
5
0
0
164

0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
5

1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2

175
200
36
9
420

175
198
12
9
394

0
2
24
0
26

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

First Parole
Re-parole

Federal/State/DJJ
Escape
Court
Jail
Hospital/Medical
Temp Community Leave
Other
SUBTOTAL

Temporary Release
Paroled

First Parole
Re-parole

Discharged
Deceased
SUBTOTAL

Note: NET CHANGE may not equal INTAKE less OUTGO SUB TOTAL due to uncategorized moves.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

8

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

Section 2
Institution Population

This page intentionally left blank.

TABLE 3
INSTITUTION POPULATION
RATE PER 100,000 CALIFORNIA POPULATION
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008
RATE PER
100,000
CALIFORNIA
POPULATION

DECEMBER
31

ESTIMATED
CALIFORNIA
POPULATION*

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

29,558,000
30,296,000
30,812,000
31,303,000
31,661,000

87,297
97,309
101,808
109,496
119,951

295.3
321.2
330.4
349.8
378.9

11,126
10,012
4,499
7,688
10,455

14.6
11.5
4.6
7.6
9.5

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

31,910,000
32,223,000
32,670,000
33,226,000
33,773,000

125,605
135,133
145,565
155,276
159,563

393.6
419.4
445.6
467.3
472.5

5,654
9,528
10,432
9,711
4,287

4.7
7.6
7.7
6.7
2.8

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

34,336,000
34,650,000
35,230,000
35,802,238
36,363,502

160,687
160,655
157,142
159,695
161,785

468.0
463.7
446.0
446.0
444.9

1,124
-32
-3,513
2,553
2,090

0.7
0.0
-2.2
1.6
1.3

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

36,810,358
36,854,224
37,380,870
37,810,582
38,246,598

163,939
168,035
172,528
171,444
171,085

445.4
455.9
461.5
453.4
447.3

2,154
4,096
4,493
-1,084
-359

1.3
2.4
2.6
-0.6
-0.2

INSTITUTION
POPULATION

ANNUAL CHANGE
Number
Percent

* The estimated California population was obtained from the Department of Finance.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

9

CHART 1
INSTITUTION POPULATION
FELONS AND NON-FELONS
December 31, 1989 - December 31, 2008
Inmate Population
200,000
180,000
160,687

163,939

171,085

160,000
140,000
125,605
120,000
100,000

87,297

80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
0
1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

10

TABLE 4
INSTITUTION POPULATION
BY LOCATION AND DESIGN CAPACITY
AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2008
DESIGN
CAPACITY

PERCENT
OCCUPIED

STAFFED
CAPACITY

148,180

78,726

188.2

150,537

Avenal State Prison
California Correctional Center
California Correctional Institution
California Institution for Men

6,556
5,594
5,759
5,646

2,920
3,883
2,783
2,976

224.5
144.1
206.9
189.7

6,878
5,724
5,835
5,832

California Medical Facility
California Men's Colony
California Rehabilitation Center (Men)
California State Prison, Calipatria

2,873
6,445
4,369
4,258

2,297
3,838
2,491
2,308

125.1
167.9
175.4
184.5

3,060
6,488
4,408
4,218

California State Prison, Centinela
California State Prison, Corcoran
California State Prison, Los Angeles County
California State Prison, Sacramento

4,976
5,737
4,938
2,951

2,308
3,116
2,300
1,828

215.6
184.1
214.7
161.4

5,136
5,653
5,027
3,059

California State Prison, San Quentin
California State Prison, Solano
California SATF and State Prison , Corcoran
Chuckawalla Valley State Prison

5,256
5,213
7,073
3,197

3,082
2,610
3,424
1,738

170.5
199.7
206.6
183.9

5,259
5,427
7,264
3,328

Correctional Training Facility
Deuel Vocational Institution
Folsom State Prison
High Desert State Prison

6,409
3,847
4,024
4,387

3,312
1,681
2,469
2,324

193.5
228.9
163.0
188.8

6,527
3,811
4,078
4,536

Ironwood State Prison
Kern Valley State Prison
Mule Creek State Prison
North Kern State Prison

4,161
4,797
3,859
5,394

2,200
2,448
1,700
2,694

189.1
196.0
227.0
200.2

4,445
4,820
3,748
5,454

Pelican Bay State Prison
Pleasant Valley State Prison
Rio Cosumnes Correctional Center
Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility

3,429
5,084
305
4,773

2,380
2,308
0
2,200

144.1
220.3
0.0
217.0

3,502
5,162
250
4,814

Salinas Valley State Prison
San Bruno County Jail
Santa Rita County Jail
Sierra Conservation Center
Wasco State Prison

4,014
1
816
6,068
5,971

2,388
0
0
3,736
2,984

168.1
0.0
0.0
162.4
200.1

4,099
30
750
6,067
5,848

10,751

5,340

201.3

10,993

2,596
4,082
15
4,058

1,356
2,004
0
1,980

191.4
203.7
0.0
204.9

2,669
4,166
0
4,158

TOTAL
INSTITUTION POPULATION
Male Institutions/Camps

171,085

Male Community Correctional Centers
Male DMH State Hospitals
Male Out-of-State
Female Institutions/Camps

5,186
162
6,166

California Institution for Women
Central California Women's Facility
Rio Cosumnes Correctional Center
Valley State Prison
Female Community Correctional Centers
Female DMH State Hospitals

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

618
22

11

TABLE 5
INSTITUTION POPULATION
DESIGN BED CAPACITY AND RATE OF OCCUPANCY
June 30, 1989 - June 30, 2008
COMMUNITY

AS OF
JUNE 30
1989

TOTAL
82,872

INSTITUTIONS AND CAMPS

TOTAL

CORRECTIONAL CENTERS/

POPULATION

STATE HOSPITALS

MALE
77,327

FEMALE

TOTAL

5,545

3,023

MALE
2,733

RATE OF OCCUPANCY**
POPULATION

FEMALE
290

DESIGN BED CAPACITY*

TOTAL

MALE

FEMALE

79,849

74,594

5,255

TOTAL
47,120

MALE
44,358

INSTITUTIONS/CAMPS ONLY

FEMALE

TOTAL

MALE

FEMALE

2,762

169.5%

168.2%

190.3%

1990

93,810

87,435

6,375

3,405

2,998

407

90,405

84,437

5,968

51,013

47,735

3,278

177.2%

176.9%

182.1%

1991

101,995

95,340

6,655

6,065

5,329

736

95,930

90,011

5,919

54,042

49,796

4,246

177.5%

180.8%

139.4%

1992

104,352

98,008

6,344

5,966

5,539

427

98,386

92,469

5,917

57,986

53,740

4,246

169.7%

172.1%

139.4%

1993

115,534

108,302

7,232

5,880

5,428

452

109,654

102,874

6,780

61,983

57,737

4,246

176.9%

178.2%

159.7%

1994

124,813

116,879

7,934

5,845

5,398

447

118,968

111,481

7,487

66,183

61,937

4,246

179.8%

180.0%

176.3%

1995

131,342

122,514

8,828

5,757

5,326

431

125,585

117,188

8,397

70,717

65,515

5,202

177.6%

178.9%

161.4%

1996

141,017

131,273

9,744

5,723

5,276

447

135,294

125,997

9,297

73,121

66,891

6,230

185.0%

188.4%

149.2%

1997

152,506

141,669

10,837

5,850

5,404

446

146,656

136,265

10,391

75,952

69,722

6,230

193.1%

195.4%

166.8%

1998

158,207

147,001

11,206

7,476

7,013

463

150,731

139,988

10,743

79,877

73,647

6,230

188.7%

190.1%

172.4%

1999

162,064

150,581

11,483

7,624

7,210

414

154,440

143,371

11,069

79,873

73,643

6,230

193.4%

194.7%

177.7%

2000

162,000

150,793

11,207

7,986

7,522

464

154,014

143,271

10,743

80,272

74,042

6,230

191.9%

193.5%

172.4%

2001

161,497

150,785

10,712

7,848

7,392

456

153,649

143,393

10,256

80,467

74,237

6,230

190.9%

193.2%

164.6%

2002

157,979

148,153

9,826

6,400

6,080

320

151,579

142,073

9,506

79,957

73,727

6,230

189.6%

192.7%

152.6%

2003

160,931

150,851

10,080

7,148

6,681

467

153,783

144,170

9,613

80,187

74,357

5,830

191.8%

193.9%

164.9%

2004

163,500

152,859

10,641

5,605

5,146

459

157,895

147,713

10,182

80,890

75,060

5,830

195.2%

196.8%

174.6%

2005

164,179

153,323

10,856

5,342

4,855

487

158,837

148,468

10,369

81,008

75,178

5,830

196.1%

197.5%

177.9%

2006

172,561

160,812

11,749

6,014

5,403

611

166,547

155,409

11,138

87,370

81,420

5,950

190.6%

190.9%

187.2%

2007

173,312

161,424

11,888

6,640

5,903

737

166,277

155,126

11,151

84,653

78,843

5,810

196.4%

196.8%

191.9%

2008

170,973

159,581

11,392

6,499

5,742

757

160,169

149,534

10,635

84,066

78,726

5,340

190.5%

189.9%

199.2%

* Design Bed Capacity is the number of inmates a facility was originally designed to house. Increases or decreases indicate beds lost or gained due to conversions, additions, or deactivations.
** Rate of Occupancy is the population divided by number of design beds multiplied by 100.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

12

CHART 2
INSTITUTION AND CAMP DESIGN BED CAPACITY AND POPULATION
JUNE 30, 1989- JUNE 30, 2008
200,000
Total Population

180,000

Design Bed Capacity

Institutions/Camps Population

160,000

140,000

120,000

100,000

80,000

60,000

40,000

20,000

0
1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

13

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

TABLE 6
INSTITUTION POPULATION
BY ARRIVAL STATUS, COMMITMENT TYPE AND GENDER
AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2008

COMMITMENT TYPE AND GENDER

FELONS

MALE
CIVIL
COUNTY
NARCOTIC DIAGNOSTIC
ADDICTS
CASES
OTHERS*

TOTAL

FELONS

FEMALE
CIVIL
COUNTY
NARCOTIC DIAGNOSTIC
ADDICTS
CASES
OTHERS*

ARRIVAL STATUS

TOTAL

TOTAL

TOTAL

171,085

159,694

158,878

592

100

124

11,391

11,142

210

27

12

New Admissions

109,349

101,475

100,909

342

100

124

7,874

7,688

147

27

12

PV-WNTs

42,594

40,439

40,439

0

0

0

2,155

2,155

0

0

0

PV-RTCs**

18,460

17,170

17,170

0

0

0

1,290

1,290

0

0

0

Outpatient Returns
CSTCU
Escape Returns

313
203
166

250
203
157

0
203
157

250
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

63
0
9

0
0
9

63
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

ESCTFT
ESCWNT

116
50

109
48

109
48

0
0

0
0

0
0

7
2

7
2

0
0

0
0

0
0

* Includes California Division of Juvenile Justice Wards, County Diagnostic Cases, Safekeepers, and prisoners from other states or the federal prison system.
** Includes parolees returned pending revocation proceedings and psychiatric returns.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

14

TABLE 7
INSTITUTION POPULATION
BY COMMITMENT TYPE AND GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008
TOTAL
CIVIL
NARCOTIC
FELONS
ADDICTS OTHERS*

DECEMBER
31

TOTAL

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

87,297
97,309
101,808
109,496
119,951

84,338
94,122
98,515
105,467
115,573

2,564
2,723
2,779
3,586
3,869

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

125,605
135,133
145,565
155,276
159,563

121,084
131,232
142,381
152,225
156,860

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

160,687
160,655
157,142
159,695
161,785

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

163,939
168,035
172,528
171,444
171,085

MALE
CIVIL
NARCOTIC
ADDICTS OTHERS*

TOTAL

FEMALE
CIVIL
NARCOTIC
FELONS
ADDICTS OTHERS*

TOTAL

FELONS

395
464
514
443
509

81,297
90,807
95,506
102,749
112,371

78,911
88,264
92,837
99,494
108,828

2,045
2,127
2,192
2,862
3,097

341
416
477
393
446

6,000
6,502
6,302
6,747
7,580

5,427
5,858
5,678
5,973
6,745

519
596
587
724
772

54
48
37
50
63

4,112
3,577
2,815
2,699
2,376

409
324
369
352
327

117,390
126,079
135,481
144,392
148,078

113,705
122,969
132,986
141,944
145,997

3,314
2,822
2,158
2,139
1,798

371
288
337
309
283

8,215
9,054
10,084
10,884
11,485

7,379
8,263
9,395
10,281
10,863

798
755
657
560
578

38
36
32
43
44

158,208
158,117
155,037
157,754
160,011

2,168
2,205
1,777
1,596
1,423

311
333
328
345
351

149,513
149,677
147,391
149,899
151,331

147,555
147,690
145,662
148,328
149,914

1,696
1,700
1,449
1,289
1,119

262
287
280
282
298

11,174
10,978
9,751
9,796
10,454

10,653
10,427
9,375
9,426
10,097

472
505
328
307
304

49
46
48
63
53

162,352
166,389
170,995
170,129
170,020

1,252
1,312
1,218
992
802

335
334
315
323
263

152,966
156,573
160,770
160,028
159,694

151,681
155,313
159,626
159,022
158,878

994
969
873
724
592

291
291
271
282
224

10,973
11,462
11,758
11,416
11,391

10,671
11,076
11,369
11,107
11,142

258
343
345
268
210

44
43
44
41
39

Instution population includes offenders sentenced to state prison who are incarcerated in a prison, camp, community correctional center, or a
Department of Mental Health hospital.
* Others include California Division of Juvenile Justice Wards, County Diagnostic Cases, Safekeepers, and prisoners from other states or the federal prison system.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

15

TABLE 8
INSTITUTION POPULATION
BY OFFENSE AND GENDER
AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2008

TOTAL

TOTAL
MALE
FEMALE
Number
Percent
Number
Percent
Number
Percent
171,161
100.0
159,753
100.0
11,408
100.0

CRIMES AGAINST PERSONS
Homicide
Murder 1st
Murder 2nd
Manslaughter
Vehicular Manslaughter
Robbery
Assault and Battery
Assault Deadly Weapon
Other Assault/Battery
Sex Offenses
Rape
Lewd Act With Child
Oral Copulation
Sodomy
Penetration With Object
Other Sex Offenses
Kidnapping

91,371
27,967
12,237
11,750
3,285
695
20,600
24,852
12,282
12,570
15,344
2,396
8,515
751
238
533
2,911
2,608

53.4
16.3
7.1
6.9
1.9
0.4
12.0
14.5
7.2
7.3
9.0
1.4
5.0
0.4
0.1
0.3
1.7
1.5

87,616
26,535
11,740
11,168
3,024
603
19,667
23,676
11,742
11,934
15,247
2,388
8,467
745
237
528
2,882
2,491

54.8
16.6
7.3
7.0
1.9
0.4
12.3
14.8
7.4
7.5
9.5
1.5
5.3
0.5
0.1
0.3
1.8
1.6

3,755
1,432
497
582
261
92
933
1,176
540
636
97
8
48
6
1
5
29
117

32.9
12.6
4.4
5.1
2.3
0.8
8.2
10.3
4.7
5.6
0.9
0.1
0.4
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.3
1.0

PROPERTY CRIMES
Burglary
Burglary 1st
Burglary 2nd
Theft
Grand Theft
Petty Theft With Prior
Receiving Stolen Property
Vehicle Theft
Forgery/Fraud
Other Property

34,012
13,683
7,155
6,528
10,902
3,036
4,278
3,588
5,499
2,715
1,213

19.9
8.0
4.2
3.8
6.4
1.8
2.5
2.1
3.2
1.6
0.7

30,076
12,546
6,789
5,757
9,411
2,605
3,600
3,206
5,091
1,959
1,069

18.8
7.9
4.2
3.6
5.9
1.6
2.3
2.0
3.2
1.2
0.7

3,936
1,137
366
771
1,491
431
678
382
408
756
144

34.5
10.0
3.2
6.8
13.1
3.8
5.9
3.3
3.6
6.6
1.3

DRUG CRIMES
CS Possession
CS Possession For Sale
CS Sales
CS Manufacturing
CS Other
Hashish Possession
Marijuana Possess For Sale
Marijuana Sale
Marijuana Other

31,565
11,981
11,490
5,226
643
687
39
932
457
110

18.4
7.0
6.7
3.1
0.4
0.4
0.0
0.5
0.3
0.1

28,461
10,562
10,519
4,693
608
606
37
888
440
108

17.8
6.6
6.6
2.9
0.4
0.4
0.0
0.6
0.3
0.1

3,104
1,419
971
533
35
81
2
44
17
2

27.2
12.4
8.5
4.7
0.3
0.7
0.0
0.4
0.1
0.0

OTHER CRIMES
Escape
Driving Under the Influence
Arson
Possession of Weapon
Other Offenses

14,213
97
2,701
454
6,552
4,409

8.3
0.1
1.6
0.3
3.8
2.6

13,600
91
2,536
410
6,437
4,126

8.5
0.1
1.6
0.3
4.0
2.6

613
6
165
44
115
283

5.4
0.1
1.4
0.4
1.0
2.5

NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

16

TABLE 9
FELON INSTITUTION POPULATION
BY OFFENSE CATEGORY AND GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008

MALE
DECEMBER
TOTAL
31
POPULATION

FEMALE

TOTAL

PERSON
Percent

PROPERTY
Percent

DRUG
Percent

OTHER
Percent

TOTAL

PERSON
Percent

PROPERTY
Percent

DRUG
Percent

OTHER
Percent

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

84,338
94,122
98,515
105,467
115,573

78,911
88,264
92,837
99,494
108,828

44.0
43.2
44.4
45.1
44.9

27.0
26.3
25.6
25.9
25.4

24.4
24.5
23.1
22.8
23.1

4.6
6.1
7.0
6.2
6.6

5,427
5,858
5,678
5,973
6,745

25.8
24.4
25.2
26.3
25.3

34.3
33.9
33.5
34.0
34.2

36.8
38.4
37.2
35.4
36.2

3.0
3.4
4.0
4.3
4.3

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

121,084
131,232
142,381
152,225
156,860

113,705
122,969
132,986
141,944
145,997

45.3
44.0
44.2
44.1
45.0

24.4
24.5
23.5
22.8
21.8

23.8
24.7
25.4
26.2
26.6

6.6
6.8
6.8
6.9
6.7

7,379
8,263
9,395
10,281
10,863

25.5
23.7
23.9
23.8
23.8

33.3
33.8
31.7
30.4
29.5

36.3
38.0
40.2
41.7
42.7

4.9
4.4
4.2
4.1
4.0

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

158,208
158,117
155,037
157,754
160,011

147,555
147,690
145,662
148,328
149,914

45.9
46.7
49.0
50.0
50.8

20.6
20.4
20.2
20.7
20.8

26.7
26.1
23.9
22.1
20.9

6.8
6.8
7.0
7.2
7.5

10,653
10,427
9,375
9,426
10,097

24.1
25.2
28.3
29.9
29.9

28.6
28.2
32.0
33.4
34.8

43.0
42.2
35.1
31.8
30.6

4.3
4.3
4.6
5.0
4.7

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

162,352
166,389
170,794
170,129
171,161

151,681
155,313
159,436
159,022
159,753

51.6
51.8
52.2
53.5
54.8

20.5
20.4
19.9
19.2
18.8

20.2
20.2
19.9
19.2
17.8

7.6
7.6
8.0
8.1
8.5

10,671
11,076
11,358
11,107
11,408

29.6
29.7
29.9
32.1
32.9

36.2
35.5
35.5
34.1
34.5

29.4
29.9
29.7
28.6
27.2

4.8
5.0
4.9
5.1
5.4

NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

17

CHART 3
FELON INSTITUTION POPULATION
PERSON AND DRUG OFFENSES
December 31, 1989 - December 31, 2008
MALE-PERSON OFFENSES
MALE-DRUG OFFENSES
FEMALE-PERSON OFFENSES
FEMALE-DRUG OFFENSES

Percent of Male and Female
Felons With Person or Drug
Offenses

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

18

TABLE 10
INSTITUTION POPULATION
BY RACIAL/ETHNIC GROUP AND GENDER
AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2008
Racial/Ethnic

TOTAL

Group

Number

Total

MALE

Percent

Number

FEMALE

Percent

Number

Percent

171,161

100.0

159,753

100.0

11,408

100.0

White

44,536

26.0

40,383

25.3

4,153

36.4

Hispanic

66,672

39.0

63,319

39.6

3,353

29.4

Black

49,823

29.1

46,493

29.1

3,330

29.2

Other

10,130

5.9

9,558

6.0

572

5.0

NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

White
26.0%

Hispanic
39.0%

Other
5.9%

Black
29.1%

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

19

TABLE 11
FELON INSTITUTION POPULATION
BY RACIAL/ETHNIC GROUP AND GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008
MALE

FEMALE

DECEMBER
31

TOTAL

TOTAL
Number

WHITE
Percent

HISPANIC
Percent

BLACK
Percent

OTHER
Percent

TOTAL
Number

WHITE
Percent

HISPANIC
Percent

BLACK
Percent

OTHER
Percent

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

84,338
94,122
98,515
105,467
115,573

78,911
88,264
92,837
99,494
108,828

29.7
29.1
28.5
28.1
27.9

28.4
30.7
32.1
33.2
34.7

37.3
35.6
34.6
33.4
32.4

4.6
4.7
4.9
5.3
5.0

5,427
5,858
5,678
5,973
6,745

33.0
33.9
35.5
34.9
35.7

22.1
22.4
22.4
20.2
24.6

37.8
37.3
36.5
36.2
35.4

7.1
6.3
5.6
8.7
4.3

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

121,084
131,232
142,381
152,225
156,860

113,705
122,969
132,986
141,944
145,997

28.2
28.6
28.8
29.2
28.7

34.9
35.3
35.1
35.0
35.0

32.0
31.2
31.2
30.9
31.2

5.0
4.9
5.0
4.9
5.1

7,379
8,263
9,395
10,281
10,863

35.4
35.9
35.1
36.9
37.1

23.6
23.1
23.8
23.8
23.8

35.4
34.6
34.6
33.8
33.7

5.6
6.4
6.5
5.5
5.4

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

158,208
158,117
155,037
157,754
160,011

147,555
147,690
145,662
148,328
149,914

28.4
28.5
28.3
28.2
27.9

35.0
35.7
36.2
36.7
37.5

31.2
31.0
30.5
29.9
29.4

5.3
4.8
5.0
5.1
5.2

10,653
10,427
9,375
9,426
10,097

37.7
37.1
37.7
38.1
38.4

23.6
24.6
24.8
26.0
26.8

34.0
33.7
32.9
31.2
30.1

4.7
4.6
4.6
4.8
4.8

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

162,352
166,389
170,794
170,129
171,161

151,681
155,313
159,436
159,022
159,753

27.6
27.2
26.6
25.8
25.3

37.9
38.7
39.1
39.8
39.6

29.1
28.8
28.8
28.9
29.1

5.3
5.3
5.5
5.5
6.0

10,671
11,076
11,358
11,107
11,408

38.3
37.9
37.5
36.1
36.4

27.0
27.9
28.4
29.5
29.4

29.8
29.2
28.9
29.0
29.2

4.9
5.0
5.2
5.3
5.0

NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

20

CHART 4
TOTAL INSTITUTION POPULATION
RACIAL/ETHNIC COMPOSITION
FELONS AND NON-FELONS
December 31, 1989 - December 31, 2008
40.0%

39.0%
37.3%

1989

35.0%

30.0%

29.9%

29.1%

28.0%

1993

26.0%

25.0%
25 0%

1998

20.0%

2003

15.0%

2008

10.0%
5.9%
4.8%

5.0%

0.0%
WHITE

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

HISPANIC

BLACK

21

OTHER

TABLE 12
INSTITUTION POPULATION
BY AGE GROUP, MEAN AGE AND GENDER
AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2008

Age
Group
Total

TOTAL
Number
Percent

MALE
Number
Percent

171,161

100.0

18 - 19

2,072

1.2

1,990

1.2

82

0.7

20 - 24

20,997

12.3

19,844

12.4

1,153

10.1

25 - 29

29,663

17.3

27,709

17.3

1,954

17.1

30 - 34

25,984

15.2

24,241

15.2

1,743

15.3

35 - 39

24,112

14.1

22,362

14.0

1,750

15.3

40 - 44

23,125

13.5

21,300

13.3

1,825

16.0

45 - 49

20,740

12.1

19,205

12.0

1,535

13.5

50 - 54

12,891

7.5

12,102

7.6

789

6.9

55 - 59

6,372

3.7

6,014

3.8

358

3.1

60 and Over

5,205

3.0

4,986

3.1

219

1.9

Mean Age

37

159,753

FEMALE
Number
Percent

100.0

37

37

NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

18 - 29 Years
30.8%

30 - 39 Years
29.3%

50 + Years
14.3%

40 - 49 Years
25.6%

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

22

11,408

100.0

TABLE 13
FELON INSTITUTION POPULATION
BY AGE GROUP, MEAN AGE AND GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008

Percent

Under 20
Percent

20 - 24
Percent

25 - 29
Percent

78,911
88,264
92,837
99,494
108,828

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.2
1.4
1.5
1.7
1.6

19.1
18.8
18.7
19.0
18.7

27.3
26.2
25.2
24.0
23.0

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

113,705
122,969
132,986
141,944
145,997

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.4
1.5
1.8
1.8
1.8

17.9
16.4
15.7
15.0
14.7

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

147,555
147,690
145,662
148,328
149,914

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.6
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.3

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

151,681
155,313
159,436
159,022
159,753

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

DECEMBER
31

TOTAL

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

MALE
30 - 34
Percent

35 - 39
Percent

40 - 44
Percent

45 - 49
Percent

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

22.7
22.6
22.8
22.4
22.5

14.2
14.6
15.0
15.6
16.1

7.8
8.4
8.7
8.7
9.1

3.8
3.9
4.0
4.4
4.7

3.9
4.1
4.1
4.2
4.3

32
32
32
32
32

22.3
21.7
20.4
19.9
18.7

22.3
21.8
21.0
20.1
19.3

16.9
17.7
18.5
18.7
19.0

9.7
10.6
11.4
12.4
13.2

5.0
5.6
6.0
6.4
7.2

4.5
4.7
5.1
5.7
6.3

33
33
33
34
34

14.3
14.1
14.2
14.2
14.1

17.8
17.0
17.0
17.0
17.1

18.6
18.2
17.6
17.2
16.6

18.9
18.5
17.8
17.0
16.4

13.9
14.6
15.0
15.2
15.1

7.8
8.4
8.9
9.4
9.9

7.0
7.7
8.3
8.8
9.5

35
35
35
35
36

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

13.8
13.5
12.9
12.5
12.4

17.4
17.6
17.9
17.8
17.3

16.1
15.7
15.4
15.2
15.2

15.9
15.4
14.9
14.5
14.0

15.1
14.7
14.3
14.0
13.3

10.3
10.9
11.4
11.8
12.0

10.2
11.0
12.1
13.2
14.5

36
36
36
37
37

20 - 24
Percent

25 - 29
Percent

35 - 39
Percent

40 - 44
Percent

45 - 49
Percent

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

FEMALE
30 - 34
Percent

DECEMBER
31

TOTAL

PERCENT

Under 20
Percent

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

5,427
5,858
5,678
5,973
6,745

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.4
0.3
0.5
0.4

13.3
12.2
10.9
11.4
9.9

27.7
26.1
25.4
22.6
21.3

26.6
26.8
26.8
27.1
27.5

17.1
18.0
19.0
19.4
20.9

8.7
9.1
9.3
10.5
11.5

3.4
4.1
4.6
5.0
5.0

3.0
3.4
3.7
3.5
3.4

32
33
33
33
34

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

7,379
8,263
9,395
10,281
10,863

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.4
0.4
0.6
0.6
0.6

9.2
8.5
7.7
7.3
7.7

20.0
19.6
18.3
16.4
14.9

26.6
26.3
25.5
23.3
23.3

22.6
23.1
23.8
25.1
24.9

12.0
12.5
13.6
15.7
16.0

5.4
5.9
6.3
6.9
7.6

3.9
3.7
4.1
4.6
5.1

34
34
35
35
36

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

10,653
10,427
9,375
9,426
10,097

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.6
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.7

7.4
8.1
8.3
9.7
9.9

14.0
12.7
13.4
13.7
14.6

21.0
20.4
19.8
18.6
17.3

25.2
24.3
22.3
20.8
21.1

17.7
18.3
18.8
18.9
18.5

8.4
9.1
9.6
10.1
10.0

5.8
6.3
7.1
7.6
8.1

36
36
36
36
36

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

10,671
11,076
11,358
11,107
11,408

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.6
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.7

10.2
10.4
10.1
10.1
10.1

15.2
16.1
16.2
17.2
17.1

16.3
15.5
15.2
15.0
15.3

19.7
18.1
17.6
16.2
15.3

18.3
18.1
18.0
16.7
16.0

11.0
11.9
12.4
13.4
13.5

8.7
9.1
9.8
10.8
12.0

37
37
37
37
37

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

23

CHART 5
TOTAL INSTITUTION POPULATION
AGE GROUPS
FELONS AND NON-FELONS
December 31, 1989 - December 31, 2008
50.0%

47.2%

1989

45.0%
40.0%

37.3%

1993

35.0%
30.8%
30 8%

30.0%

1998

29.3%
25.6%

2003

25.0%
20.0%

2008
14.3%

15.0%

11.6%

10.0%
3.9%

5.0%
0.0%
18 - 29 YEARS

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

30-39 YEARS

40-49 YEARS

24

50+ YEARS

TABLE 14
INSTITUTION POPULATION
BY COUNTY OF COMMITMENT
AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2008
COUNTY OF
COMMITMENT

Number

COUNTY OF
COMMITMENT

Percent

TOTAL COUNTIES

171,161

100.0

Alameda
Alpine
Amador
Butte
Calaveras
Colusa
Contra Costa
Del Norte
El Dorado
Fresno
Glenn
Humboldt
Imperial
Inyo
Kern
Kings
Lake
Lassen
Los Angeles
Madera
Marin
Mariposa
Mendocino
Merced
Modoc
Mono
Monterey
Napa
Nevada

4,530
3
217
1,377
119
83
1,883
150
494
5,410
147
600
400
88
5,105
1,455
503
174
56,754
800
446
73
380
1,204
31
27
1,810
408
141

2.6
0.0
0.1
0.8
0.1
0.0
1.1
0.1
0.3
3.2
0.1
0.4
0.2
0.1
3.0
0.9
0.3
0.1
33.2
0.5
0.3
0.0
0.2
0.7
0.0
0.0
1.1
0.2
0.1

Number

Orange
Placer
Plumas
Riverside
Sacramento
San Benito
San Bernardino
San Diego
San Francisco
San Joaquin
San Luis Obispo
San Mateo
Santa Barbara
Santa Clara
Santa Cruz
Shasta
Sierra
Siskiyou
Solano
Sonoma
Stanislaus
Sutter
Tehama
Trinity
Tulare
Tuolumne
Ventura
Yolo
Yuba
Other*

9,448
1,053
64
11,113
7,560
122
12,616
12,770
1,603
3,571
776
1,768
1,632
5,919
541
1,508
14
243
1,703
1,238
,
2,469
545
503
69
2,870
277
2,273
1,118
603
360

Percent

5.5
0.6
0.0
6.5
4.4
0.1
7.4
7.5
0.9
2.1
0.5
1.0
1.0
3.5
0.3
0.9
0.0
0.1
1.0
0.7
1.4
0.3
0.3
0.0
1.7
0.2
1.3
0.7
0.4
0.2

* Includes California Division of Juvenile Justice Wards, County Diagnostic Cases, Safekeepers and Other State/Federal Custody.
NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

Remander of
the state
22.8%
Southern
California
65.8%

San Francisco
Bay Area
11.4%

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

25

TABLE 15A
TOTAL FELON NEW ADMISSIONS AND PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 COUNTY POPULATION
BY COUNTY AND AREA OF COMMITMENT
CALENDAR YEAR 2008

TOTAL
Number
TOTAL ADMITTED
AREA OF
COMMITMENT*
Southern
California
San Francisco
Bay Area
Remainder of
The State

66,336

Percent
100.0

RATE PER
FELON
100,000
NEW
COUNTY
ADMISSIONS
POPULATION Number
Percent
173.4

46,386

100.0

PAROLE VIOLATORS
RETURNED WITH
A NEW TERM
Number
Percent
19,950

100.0

45,318

68.3

193.4

30,688

66.2

14,630

73.3

7,034

10.6

97.1

5,232

11.3

1,802

9.0

13,984

21.1

184.9

10,466

22.6

3,518

17.6

Alameda
Alpine
Amador
Butte
Calaveras

1,485
1
74
520
62

2.2
0.0
0.1
0.8
0.1

97.0
74.4
187.8
232.6
132.9

1,115
1
62
381
56

2.4
0.0
0.1
0.8
0.1

370
0
12
139
6

1.8
0.0
0.1
0.7
0.0

Colusa
Contra Costa
Del Norte
El Dorado
Fresno

30
494
50
199
2,268

0.0
0.7
0.1
0.3
3.3

131.4
46.9
165.0
108.5
239.7

26
387
38
154
1,673

0.1
0.8
0.1
0.3
3.6

4
107
12
45
595

0.0
0.5
0.1
0.2
2.9

Glenn
Humboldt
Imperial
Inyo
Kern

45
245
167
40
2,219

0.1
0.4
0.2
0.1
3.3

150.3
183.8
92.9
210.4
265.7

34
159
100
35
1,521

0.1
0.3
0.2
0.1
3.2

11
86
67
5
698

0.1
0.4
0.3
0.0
3.4

543
154
72
21,555
364

0.8
0.2
0.1
31.8
0.5

344.6
233.5
193.4
207.6
235.7

422
134
62
14,705
269

0.9
0.3
0.1
31.3
0.6

121
20
10
6,850
95

0.6
0.1
0.0
32.9
0.5

131
29
160

0.2
0.0
0.2

51.7
154.5
174.3

106
24
139

0.2
0.1
0.3

25
5
21

0.1
0.0
0.1

COUNTY OF
COMMITMENT

Kings
Lake
Lassen
Los Angeles
Madera
Marin
Mariposa
Mendocino

*The counties covered under each area of commitment are identified in the Reference Guide.
NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.
(Continued)

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

26

TABLE 15A (Continued)
TOTAL FELON NEW ADMISSIONS AND PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 COUNTY POPULATION
BY COUNTY AND AREA OF COMMITMENT
CALENDAR YEAR 2007

TOTAL
Number

Percent

RATE PER
FELON
100,000
NEW
COUNTY
ADMISSIONS
POPULATION Number
Percent

PAROLE VIOLATORS
RETURNED WITH
A NEW TERM
Number
Percent

Merced
Modoc
Mono
Monterey
Napa

418
5
10
580
157

0.6
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.2

159.8
47.3
69.7
135.6
113.0

284
5
9
408
125

0.6
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.3

134
0
1
172
32

0.6
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.2

Nevada
Orange
Placer
Plumas
Riverside

36
4,646
369
35
4,466

0.1
6.9
0.5
0.1
6.6

35.6
147.4
110.5
161.5
210.7

31
3,199
280
30
2,867

0.1
6.8
0.6
0.1
6.1

5
1,447
89
5
1,599

0.0
7.0
0.4
0.0
7.7

Sacramento
San Benito
San Bernardino
San Diego
San Francisco

2,335
49
6,244
4,261
630

3.4
0.1
9.2
6.3
0.9

164.1
80.6
297.9
135.8
77.8

1,716
36
4,162
2,902
457

3.7
0.1
8.9
6.2
1.0

619
13
2,082
1,359
173

3.0
0.1
10.0
6.5
0.8

San Joaquin
San Luis Obispo
San Mateo
Santa Barbara
Santa Clara

1,153
291
687
631
2,376

1.7
0.4
1.0
0.9
3.5

163.1
109.3
93.9
147.8
131.3

911
202
504
444
1,744

1.9
0.4
1.1
0.9
3.7

242
89
183
187
632

1.2
0.4
0.9
0.9
3.0

159
537
5
65
643

0.2
0.8
0.0
0.1
0.9

59.9
287.9
136.7
139.4
149.0

132
412
5
51
449

0.3
0.9
0.0
0.1
1.0

27
125
0
14
194

0.1
0.6
0.0
0.1
0.9

Sonoma
Stanislaus
Sutter
Tehama
Trinity

431
1,046
335
166
20

0.6
1.5
0.5
0.2
0.0

88.4
194.0
342.5
260.6
134.7

345
714
264
139
17

0.7
1.5
0.6
0.3
0.0

86
332
71
27
3

0.4
1.6
0.3
0.1
0.0

Tulare
Tuolumne
Ventura
Yolo
Yuba

935
89
838
562
219

1.4
0.1
1.2
0.8
0.3

209.4
153.0
100.0
282.0
286.1

675
62
586
451
165

1.4
0.1
1.2
1.0
0.4

260
27
252
111
54

1.2
0.1
1.2
0.5
0.3

Santa Cruz
Shasta
Sierra
Siskiyou
Solano

NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

27

TABLE 15B
MALE FELON NEW ADMISSIONS AND PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 COUNTY POPULATION
BY COUNTY AND AREA OF COMMITMENT
CALENDAR YEAR 2008

TOTAL
Number
TOTAL ADMITTED
AREA OF
COMMITMENT*
Southern
California
San Francisco
Bay Area
Remainder of
The State

58,482

Percent
100.0

RATE PER
FELON
100,000
NEW
COUNTY
ADMISSIONS
POPULATION Number
Percent
152.9

PAROLE VIOLATORS
RETURNED WITH
A NEW TERM
Number
Percent

40,303

100.0

18,179

100.0

39,793

68.0

169.8

26,495

65.7

13,298

73.2

6,332

10.8

87.4

4,674

11.6

1,658

9.1

12,357

21.1

163.4

9,134

22.7

3,223

17.7

Alameda
Alpine
Amador
Butte
Calaveras

1,378
1
67
463
59

2.3
0.0
0.1
0.8
0.1

90.0
74.4
170.0
207.1
126.5

1,030
1
55
334
53

2.5
0.0
0.1
0.8
0.1

348
0
12
129
6

1.8
0.0
0.1
0.7
0.0

Colusa
Contra Costa
Del Norte
El Dorado
Fresno

28
457
41
172
1,986

0.0
0.8
0.1
0.3
3.3

122.6
43.4
135.3
93.8
209.9

24
356
30
130
1,448

0.1
0.9
0.1
0.3
3.5

4
101
11
42
538

0.0
0.5
0.1
0.2
2.8

Glenn
Humboldt
Imperial
Inyo
Kern

44
218
151
35
1,881

0.1
0.4
0.3
0.1
3.1

146.9
163.6
84.0
184.1
225.3

33
139
85
30
1,258

0.1
0.3
0.2
0.1
3.1

11
79
66
5
623

0.1
0.4
0.3
0.0
3.3

461
139
53
19,018
298

0.8
0.2
0.1
31.7
0.5

292.6
210.8
142.4
183.1
193.0

349
120
45
12,747
233

0.8
0.3
0.1
31.0
0.6

112
19
8
6,271
65

0.6
0.1
0.0
33.2
0.3

122
26
143

0.2
0.0
0.2

48.2
138.5
155.8

100
22
123

0.2
0.1
0.3

22
4
20

0.1
0.0
0.1

COUNTY OF
COMMITMENT

Kings
Lake
Lassen
Los Angeles
Madera
Marin
Mariposa
Mendocino

*The counties covered under each area of commitment are identified in the Reference Guide.
NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.
(Continued)

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

28

TABLE 15B (Continued)
MALE FELON NEW ADMISSIONS AND PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 COUNTY POPULATION
BY COUNTY AND AREA OF COMMITMENT
CALENDAR YEAR 2007

TOTAL
Number

Percent

RATE PER
FELON
100,000
NEW
COUNTY
ADMISSIONS
POPULATION Number
Percent

PAROLE VIOLATORS
RETURNED WITH
A NEW TERM
Number
Percent

Merced
Modoc
Mono
Monterey
Napa

386
4
10
509
142

0.6
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.2

147.6
37.9
69.7
119.0
102.2

259
4
9
350
113

0.6
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.3

127
0
1
159
29

0.7
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.2

Nevada
Orange
Placer
Plumas
Riverside

31
4,020
324
27
3,928

0.1
6.7
0.5
0.0
6.5

30.7
127.5
97.0
124.6
185.3

26
2,726
243
22
2,487

0.1
6.6
0.6
0.1
6.0

5
1,294
81
5
1,441

0.0
6.9
0.4
0.0
7.6

Sacramento
San Benito
San Bernardino
San Diego
San Francisco

2,117
42
5,435
3,777
578

3.5
0.1
9.1
6.3
1.0

148.8
69.1
259.3
120.3
71.4

1,538
30
3,556
2,535
409

3.7
0.1
8.6
6.2
1.0

579
12
1,879
1,242
169

3.1
0.1
9.9
6.6
0.9

San Joaquin
San Luis Obispo
San Mateo
Santa Barbara
Santa Clara

1,032
274
606
562
2,093

1.7
0.5
1.0
0.9
3.5

146.0
102.9
82.8
131.6
115.6

821
185
447
392
1,520

2.0
0.5
1.1
1.0
3.7

211
89
159
170
573

1.1
0.5
0.8
0.9
3.0

Santa Cruz
Shasta
Sierra
Siskiyou
Solano

143
457
5
62
555

0.2
0.8
0.0
0.1
0.9

53.8
245.0
136.7
133.0
128.6

116
340
5
48
382

0.3
0.8
0.0
0.1
0.9

27
117
0
14
173

0.1
0.6
0.0
0.1
0.9

Sonoma
Stanislaus
Sutter
Tehama
Trinity

401
935
297
144
20

0.7
1.6
0.5
0.2
0.0

82.2
173.4
303.7
226.1
134.7

317
629
234
120
17

0.8
1.5
0.6
0.3
0.0

84
306
63
24
3

0.4
1.6
0.3
0.1
0.0

Tulare
Tuolumne
Ventura
Yolo
Yuba

831
77
747
491
179

1.4
0.1
1.2
0.8
0.3

186.1
132.4
89.2
246.4
233.8

590
50
524
385
129

1.4
0.1
1.3
0.9
0.3

241
27
223
106
50

1.3
0.1
1.2
0.6
0.3

NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

29

TABLE 15C
FEMALE FELON NEW ADMISSIONS AND PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 COUNTY POPULATION
BY COUNTY AND AREA OF COMMITMENT
CALENDAR YEAR 2008
.
RATE PER
FELON
PAROLE VIOLATORS
100,000
NEW
RETURNED WITH
TOTAL
COUNTY
ADMISSIONS
A NEW TERM
Number
Percent POPULATION Number
Percent
Number
Percent
TOTAL ADMITTED

7,854

100.0

20.5

6,083

100.0

1,771

100.0

5,525

70.3

23.6

4,193

68.9

1,332

75.2

702

8.9

9.7

558

9.2

144

8.1

1,627

20.7

21.5

1,332

21.9

295

16.7

Alameda
Alpine
Amador
Butte
Calaveras

107
0
7
57
3

1.4
0.0
0.1
0.7
0.0

7.0
0.0
17.8
25.5
6.4

85
0
7
47
3

1.4
0.0
0.1
0.8
0.1

22
0
0
10
0

1.1
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0

Colusa
Contra Costa
Del Norte
El Dorado
Fresno

2
37
9
27
282

0.0
0.5
0.1
0.3
3.6

8.8
3.5
29.7
14.7
29.8

2
31
8
24
225

0.0
0.5
0.1
0.4
3.8

0
6
1
3
57

0.0
0.3
0.1
0.2
3.0

Glenn
Humboldt
Imperial
Inyo
Kern

1
27
16
5
338

0.0
0.3
0.2
0.1
4.3

3.3
20.3
8.9
26.3
40.5

1
20
15
5
263

0.0
0.3
0.3
0.1
4.5

0
7
1
0
75

0.0
0.4
0.1
0.0
3.9

82
15
19
2,537
66

1.1
0.2
0.2
32.5
0.8

52.0
22.7
51.0
24.4
42.7

73
14
17
1,958
36

1.2
0.2
0.3
33.3
0.6

9
1
2
579
30

0.5
0.1
0.1
30.1
1.6

9
3
17

0.1
0.0
0.2

3.6
16.0
18.5

6
2
16

0.1
0.0
0.3

3
1
1

0.2
0.1
0.1

AREA OF
COMMITMENT*
Southern
California
San Francisco
Bay Area
Remainder of
The State
COUNTY OF
COMMITMENT

Kings
Lake
Lassen
Los Angeles
Madera
Marin
Mariposa
Mendocino

*The counties covered under each area of commitment are identified in the Reference Guide.
NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.
(Continued)

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

30

TABLE 15C (Continued)
FEMALE FELON NEW ADMISSIONS AND PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 COUNTY POPULATION
BY COUNTY AND AREA OF COMMITMENT
CALENDAR YEAR 2007

TOTAL
Number

Percent

RATE PER
FELON
100,000
NEW
COUNTY
ADMISSIONS
POPULATION Number
Percent

PAROLE VIOLATORS
RETURNED WITH
A NEW TERM
Number
Percent

Merced
Modoc
Mono
Monterey
Napa

32
1
0
71
15

0.4
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.2

12.2
9.5
0.0
16.6
10.8

25
1
0
58
12

0.4
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.2

7
0
0
13
3

0.4
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.2

Nevada
Orange
Placer
Plumas
Riverside

5
626
45
8
538

0.1
8.0
0.6
0.1
6.9

4.9
19.9
13.5
36.9
25.4

5
473
37
8
380

0.1
8.0
0.6
0.1
6.5

0
153
8
0
158

0.0
8.0
0.4
0.0
8.2

Sacramento
San Benito
San Bernardino
San Diego
San Francisco

218
7
809
484
52

2.8
0.1
10.4
6.2
0.7

15.3
11.5
38.6
15.4
6.4

178
6
606
367
48

3.0
0.1
10.3
6.2
0.8

40
1
203
117
4

2.1
0.1
10.6
6.1
0.2

San Joaquin
San Luis Obispo
San Mateo
Santa Barbara
Santa Clara

121
17
81
69
283

1.6
0.2
1.0
0.9
3.6

17.1
6.4
11.1
16.2
15.6

90
17
57
52
224

1.5
0.3
1.0
0.9
3.8

31
0
24
17
59

1.6
0.0
1.2
0.9
3.1

Santa Cruz
Shasta
Sierra
Siskiyou
Solano

16
80
0
3
88

0.2
1.0
0.0
0.0
1.1

6.0
42.9
0.0
6.4
20.4

16
72
0
3
67

0.3
1.2
0.0
0.1
1.1

0
8
0
0
21

0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
1.1

Sonoma
Stanislaus
Sutter
Tehama
Trinity

30
111
38
22
0

0.4
1.4
0.5
0.3
0.0

6.2
20.6
38.9
34.5
0.0

28
85
30
19
0

0.5
1.4
0.5
0.3
0.0

2
26
8
3
0

0.1
1.4
0.4
0.2
0.0

Tulare
Tuolumne
Ventura
Yolo
Yuba

104
12
91
71
40

1.3
0.2
1.2
0.9
0.5

23.3
20.6
10.9
35.6
52.2

85
12
62
66
36

1.4
0.2
1.1
1.1
0.6

19
0
29
5
4

1.0
0.0
1.5
0.3
0.2

NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

31

TABLE 16
FELON INSTITUTION POPULATION BY ADMISSION/RETURN STATUS AND GENDER
December 31, 1989 - December 31, 2008

MALE
AS OF
DECEMBER 31
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

Population
78,911
88,264
92,837
99,494
108,828

NEW
ADMISSIONS
Percent
63.4%
63.0%
62.5%
62.3%
61.9%

FEMALE
PV-RTC

PV-WNT

Percent
15.5%
14.0%
12.2%
10.7%
10.8%

Percent
21.1%
23.0%
25.3%
27.0%
27.2%

Population
5,427
5,858
5,678
5,973
6,745

NEW
ADMISSIONS
Percent
69.7%
68.7%
68.7%
68.9%
66.9%

PV-RTC

PV-WNT

Percent
15.6%
14.6%
12.2%
10.7%
12.0%

Percent
14.7%
16.6%
19.1%
20.4%
21.1%

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

113,705
122,969
132,986
141,944
145,997

60.6%
60.2%
59.5%
57.8%
58.4%

13.8%
14.6%
15.5%
17.4%
16.8%

25.6%
25.2%
25.1%
24.7%
24.8%

7,379
8,263
9,395
10,281
10,863

64.1%
64.1%
63.3%
61.6%
61.3%

15.3%
16.7%
17.6%
20.0%
19.9%

20.7%
19.2%
19.0%
18.3%
18.8%

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

147,555
147,690
145,662
148,095
150,613

58.3%
58.1%
58.8%
59.4%
61.4%

16.5%
16.7%
16.5%
16.5%
14.3%

25.2%
25.2%
24.7%
24.1%
24.3%

10,653
10,427
9,375
9,644
9,890

60.4%
59.7%
62.9%
62.1%
64.7%

19.6%
20.5%
18.8%
20.0%
17.2%

20.0%
19.8%
18.2%
17.9%
18.1%

2004
151,681
63.4%
11.6%
25.0%
10,671
68.2%
2005
155,313
63.6%
11.0%
25.4%
11,076
68.3%
2006
159,626
62.9%
11.7%
25.4%
11,369
66.4%
2007
159,022
63.1%
11.2%
25.7%
11,107
66.5%
2008
159,753
63.6%
11.0%
25.4%
11,408
69.2%
Note: PV-RTCs are parolees returned to prison for violating their parole conditions and parolees returned pending
a parole revocation hearing. PV-WNTs are parolees returned with a new felony court commitment to prison.
Offenders may be counted more than one time. Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

13.2%
13.2%
13.6%
13.0%
11.9%

18.6%
18.5%
20.0%
20.6%
19.0%

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

32

CHART 6
TOTAL FELON INSTITUTION POPULATION BY ADMISSION/RETURN STATUS
December 31, 1989 - December 31, 2008
100%
90%

16%
24%

24%

27%

25%

PV-WNT

80%
70%
PV-RTC

60%
50%
NEW
ADMISSIONS

40%
30%

63.8%

62.2%

64.0%

61.6%

58.6%

20%
10%
0%
1989

1991

1993

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1995

1997

1999

2001

33

2003

2005

2007

TABLE 17
CIVIL NARCOTIC ADDICT INSTITUTION POPULATION BY GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008

DECEMBER
31

TOTAL

MALE
Number
Percent

FEMALE
Number
Percent

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

2,564
2,723
2,779
3,586
3,869

2,045
2,127
2,192
2,862
3,096

79.8
78.1
78.9
79.8
80.0

519
596
587
724
773

20.2
21.9
21.1
20.2
20.0

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

4,112
3,577
2,815
2,699
2,376

3,314
2,822
2,158
2,139
1,798

80.6
78.9
76.7
79.3
75.7

798
755
657
560
578

19.4
21.1
23.3
20.7
24.3

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

2,168
2,205
1,777
1,596
1,423

1,696
1,700
1,449
1,289
1,119

78.2
77.1
81.5
80.8
78.6

472
505
328
307
304

21.8
22.9
18.5
19.2
21.4

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

1,252
1,312
1 312
1,218
992
802

994
969
873
724
592

79.4
73.9
73 9
71.7
73.0
73.8

258
343
345
268
210

20.6
26.1
26 1
28.3
27.0
26.2

4,500
4,112
4,000
3,500
3,000
2,500

2,564
2,376

2,000

1,596
1,500
1,000
802

500
0
1989

1991

1993

1995

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1997

34

1999

2001

2003

2005

2007

TABLE 18
CIVIL NARCOTIC ADDICT INSTITUTION POPULATION
BY RACIAL/ETHNIC GROUP AND GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008
DECEMBER
TOTAL
31
POPULATION

MALE
TOTAL

WHITE
Percent

MALE
HISPANIC
Percent

BLACK
Percent

OTHER
Percent

FEMALE
TOTAL

WHITE
Percent

FEMALE
HISPANIC
Percent

BLACK
Percent

OTHER
Percent

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

2,564
2,723
2,779
3,586
3,869

2,045
2,127
2,192
2,862
3,096

39.6
39.1
38.3
40.3
39.9

29.8
25.6
24.0
22.6
23.0

27.2
32.3
34.9
33.6
33.7

3.4
3.1
2.8
3.5
3.4

519
596
587
724
773

42.8
41.1
43.8
43.8
42.0

29.9
28.9
24.7
22.9
24.1

20.0
22.8
24.0
26.7
30.0

7.3
7.2
7.5
6.6
3.9

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

4,112
3,577
2,815
2,699
2,376

3,314
2,822
2,158
2,139
1,798

42.8
45.5
47.8
49.6
52.6

22.6
21.5
21.3
20.3
19.2

31.9
30.2
28.9
28.0
25.1

2.7
2.8
2.0
2.1
3.1

798
755
657
560
578

46.5
48.3
46.7
45.5
49.8

23.4
22.0
20.4
21.4
21.5

25.2
24.8
29.2
28.2
24.2

4.9
4.9
3.7
4.8
4.5

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

2,168
2,205
1,777
1 596
1,596
1,423

1,696
1,700
1,449
1 289
1,289
1,119

53.5
52.7
54.1
54 2
54.2
52.7

17.9
19.2
16.8
16 1
16.1
20.6

26.2
26.4
27.2
26 8
26.8
23.6

2.4
1.7
1.9
30
3.0
3.0

472
505
328
307
304

53.2
56.2
53.7
56 7
56.7
62.2

19.9
16.0
21.3
16 6
16.6
16.8

23.9
25.1
22.3
25 1
25.1
19.1

3.0
2.6
2.7
16
1.6
2.0

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

1,252
1,312
1,210
992
802

994
969
862
724
592

53.8
56.4
56.1
53.6
57.6

20.0
19.9
21.3
20.9
20.8

23.4
20.0
19.0
21.3
17.4

2.7
3.6
3.5
4.3
4.2

258
343
348
268
210

59.7
63.3
60.9
63.1
60.0

17.1
20.4
20.1
19.8
20.5

19.4
14.3
16.1
15.3
15.7

3.9
2.0
2.9
1.9
3.8

Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.
Percent of
Total Civil
Narcotic
Addicts

70.0%
60.0%
50.0%
40.0%

White

30.0%
Hispanic

20.0%
Black

10.0%
0.0%
1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

35

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Other

TABLE 19
CIVIL NARCOTIC ADDICT INSTITUTION POPULATION
BY AGE GROUP, MEAN AGE AND GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008

DECEMBER
31

MALE
TOTAL

Under 20
Percent

20 - 24
Percent

25 - 29
Percent

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

2,045
2,127
2,192
2,862
3,096

1.3
1.2
0.7
0.9
0.9

20.3
19.0
18.7
15.5
16.3

28.1
27.0
25.0
25.4
23.3

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

3,314
2,822
2,158
2,139
1,798

0.9
0.6
1.0
0.6
0.7

13.7
13.3
11.4
11.1
11.5

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

1,696
1,700
1,449
1,289
1,119

0.9
1.3
0.6
0.7
1.1

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

994
969
862
724
592

DECEMBER
31

MALE
30 - 34
Percent

35 - 39
Percent

40 - 44
Percent

45 - 49
Percent

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

24.0
24.0
26.7
26.2
27.4

15.3
16.8
16.4
18.7
17.0

7.1
8.1
8.7
8.6
9.4

2.5
2.5
2.3
3.2
3.6

1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
2.1

31
31
31
32
32

22.8
22.1
21.4
19.4
16.6

26.1
24.1
22.7
21.7
22.7

19.2
20.1
20.4
22.6
22.2

10.4
11.8
13.3
14.4
14.6

4.9
5.4
6.2
6.3
7.0

2.1
2.5
3.5
3.9
4.7

33
33
34
34
35

10.6
10.3
12.2
13.0
15.4

16.3
13.3
12.4
15.1
11.6

22.1
20.1
18.9
18.4
18.5

20.8
22.7
21.7
19.8
17.8

15.7
17.5
19.0
18.2
17.6

8.2
9.7
9.2
8.5
11.6

5.4
5.1
6.0
6.4
6.4

35
35
36
35
36

1.4
1.7
0.9
0.3
1.4

14.4
15.8
11.9
11.5
12.8

14.9
17.6
19.4
18.9
17.6

16.2
14.9
14.5
13.1
14.2

17.9
16.7
16.6
15.3
15.7

16.1
14.7
15.9
16.6
14.4

12.2
11.0
11.1
13.7
13.5

6.9
7.6
9.6
10.6
10.5

36
36
36
37
36

FEMALE
TOTAL

Under 20
Percent

20 - 24
Percent

25 - 29
Percent

30 - 34
Percent

40 - 44
Percent

45 - 49
Percent

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

519
596
587
724
773

0.2
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.3

17.7
14.1
12.6
11.7
10.2

30.4
28.0
27.3
27.2
22.6

30.1
33.2
29.0
31.1
32.3

13.7
15.6
19.9
17.1
20.7

6.6
6.4
7.5
9.0
8.7

1.0
2.0
2.2
2.3
3.4

0.4
0.7
1.4
1.1
1.8

30
31
32
32
33

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

798
755
657
560
578

0.6
0.3
0.2
0.7
0.3

7.4
6.5
5.6
5.9
6.6

20.9
22.4
17.8
15.2
12.6

28.8
29.3
29.8
25.0
23.2

24.8
24.8
26.0
29.3
29.2

10.9
10.3
13.9
15.7
19.0

4.4
4.9
5.2
5.9
6.7

2.1
1.6
1.5
2.3
2.2

34
34
34
35
36

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

472
505
328
307
304
258
343
348
268
210

0.4
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.0

6.4
9.5
8.5
10.1
12.2
9.3
13.1
14.4
15.7
12.4

16.1
14.9
11.0
19.2
12.5
11.6
15.2
17.0
17.9
25.2

22.2
18.8
22.6
11.7
19.1
17.8
13.4
19.0
10.4
12.4

25.6
26.1
24.1
24.1
20.1
20.9
21.6
13.8
21.3
12.4

19.1
17.6
22.3
20.8
20.1
21.3
15.7
17.8
15.7
14.8

8.1
8.9
7.9
9.8
10.9
10.5
13.7
11.8
13.1
15.2

2.1
3.6
3.4
3.9
5.3
8.5
6.7
5.7
5.6
7.6

35
35
36
36
36
37
37
35
35
36

NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

36

FEMALE
35 - 39
Percent

TABLE 20
COMMUNITY CORRECTIONAL CENTER POPULATION
BY PROGRAM TYPE
AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2008
Commitment Type
Total

Felon

Civil
Addict

Community Correctional Centers

5,804

5,800

4

Community Correctional Facility - Private

2,886

2,885

1

Community Correctional Facility - Public

2,367

2,367

0

0

0

0

369

366

3

Prison Mother

70

70

0

Family Foundation

63

63

0

Work Furlough In Custody

49

49

0

Private Work Furlough*
Drug Treatment Furlough

* Private Work Furlough was discontinued during 2008

3,500

2,886
3,000

2,367

2,500

2,000

1,500

1,000

369

500

70

0

63

49

0
CCF-Private

CCF-Public

Private Work
Furlough

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

Drug
Treatment
Furlough

37

Prison Mother

Family
Work Furlough
Foundation
In Custody

TABLE 21
COMMUNITY CORRECTIONAL CENTER POPULATION
BY RACIAL/ETHNIC GROUP AND GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008
DECEMBER
31

MALE
TOTAL

TOTAL

WHITE
Percent

MALE
HISPANIC
Percent

BLACK
Percent

OTHER
Percent

FEMALE
TOTAL

WHITE
Percent

FEMALE
HISPANIC
Percent

BLACK
Percent

OTHER
Percent

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

3,122
3,210
5,911
5,396
5,448

2,672
2,813
5,188
5,022
5,056

29.3
30.1
27.1
30.4
31.3

43.5
40.8
35.1
34.9
32.4

24.1
25.4
34.3
30.6
32.5

3.1
3.6
3.5
4.0
3.9

450
397
723
374
392

33.6
31.0
37.9
37.4
39.8

36.0
37.5
36.0
37.2
20.7

22.7
26.7
22.0
17.4
35.2

7.8
4.8
4.1
8.0
4.3

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

5,365
5,493
5,579
5,847
7,280

4,939
5,066
5,147
5,445
6,888

32.8
35.9
35.2
37.4
34.5

33.1
32.7
32.8
30.1
33.9

30.2
27.5
28.6
29.0
27.8

3.9
3.9
3.4
3.5
3.8

426
427
432
402
392

43.7
41.5
38.2
39.6
42.3

20.2
18.3
21.5
20.1
19.1

31.9
34.9
33.3
35.1
32.4

4.2
5.4
6.9
5.2
6.1

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

7,687
7,575
7,326
7 317
7,317
6,003

7,293
7,184
6,924
6 926
6,926
5,567

34.9
33.9
31.5
29 6
29.6
29.2

34.0
38.1
40.6
44 5
44.5
46.3

27.2
24.7
23.9
21 8
21.8
20.7

3.8
3.4
3.9
41
4.1
3.8

394
391
402
391
436

42.6
46.0
46.0
39 6
39.6
39.6

17.5
19.4
19.4
25 3
25.3
25.3

36.3
29.9
29.9
30 2
30.2
30.2

3.6
4.6
4.6
49
4.9
4.9

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

5,473
5,344
5,015
6,370
5,804

5,026
4,863
4,688
5,654
5,186

32.3
27.6
25.1
23.8
25.5

47.7
52.0
53.2
54.5
52.4

16.4
15.5
16.2
17.0
17.4

3.7
4.9
5.4
4.8
4.7

447
481
327
716
618

39.6
44.5
44.6
43.9
48.5

25.3
28.1
29.1
31.0
30.4

30.2
22.2
21.1
20.9
18.0

4.9
5.2
5.2
4.2
3.1

Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.
60.0%

Percent of
Total CCF
Population

50.0%
40.0%

White

30.0%
Hispanic

20.0%
Black

10.0%
Other

0.0%
1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

38

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

TABLE 22
COMMUNITY CORRECTIONAL CENTER POPULATION
BY AGE GROUP, MEAN AGE AND GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008
DECEMBER
31

MALE
TOTAL

Under 20
Percent

20 - 24
Percent

25 - 29
Percent

MALE
30 - 34
Percent

35 - 39
Percent

40 - 44
Percent

45 - 49
Percent

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

2,672
2,813
5,188
5,022
5,056

0.5
0.8
1.1
1.3
1.9

17.7
16.1
18.7
19.8
20.8

26.5
28.3
26.0
24.1
23.2

23.9
24.9
23.9
23.4
23.6

16.9
15.4
16.0
15.8
16.3

8.6
8.2
8.6
9.4
8.5

3.3
3.3
3.4
3.4
3.6

2.7
3.1
2.5
2.7
2.1

30
30
30
31
30

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

4,939
5,066
5,147
5,445
6,888

2.0
1.7
2.4
1.9
1.9

19.4
18.6
16.2
15.1
17.0

24.9
23.4
21.3
20.5
20.3

22.5
23.1
22.0
20.9
20.2

16.8
17.3
19.4
20.5
19.0

8.7
9.0
10.5
12.6
12.7

3.6
4.3
5.4
5.4
5.5

2.1
2.6
2.9
3.2
3.4

30
31
32
33
32

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

7,293
7,184
6,924
6,926
5,567

1.7
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.2

16.8
18.3
19.3
20.1
19.7

19.2
18.2
20.0
20.6
20.8

19.5
20.0
18.2
18.1
18.4

19.9
18.2
17.8
15.8
17.0

12.6
13.6
13.0
13.4
12.7

6.6
6.6
6.4
6.7
6.2

3.7
3.5
3.6
3.5
3.9

33
33
33
33
33

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

5,026
4,863
4,688
5,654
5,186

1.2
1.6
1.1
1.2
1.2

19.3
18.4
19.8
19.7
20.2

23.2
23.3
25.6
25.6
26.7

17.7
18.1
17.3
18.0
17.8

16.4
15.8
15.0
14.5
13.8

12.4
12.3
11.3
11.0
10.2

6.1
6.8
6.3
6.5
6.3

3.6
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.7

33
33
32
32
32

DECEMBER
31

FEMALE
TOTAL

Under 20
Percent

20 - 24
Percent

25 - 29
Percent

FEMALE
30 - 34
35 - 39
Percent
Percent

40 - 44
Percent

45 - 49
Percent

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

450
397
723
374
392

0.0
0.0
0.3
0.5
0.3

8.2
8.3
10.5
11.8
9.2

27.6
28.0
28.4
22.5
24.0

29.8
29.7
25.2
21.4
32.4

22.2
22.9
18.3
22.5
16.3

8.4
8.3
11.1
12.6
10.7

2.4
2.3
4.1
5.6
4.8

1.3
0.5
2.2
3.2
2.3

32
32
32
33
32

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

426
427
432
402
392

0.0
0.2
0.7
0.2
0.3

8.0
8.2
6.0
7.0
9.2

21.1
19.2
22.0
18.4
14.8

27.9
28.1
23.4
21.9
23.5

25.6
24.1
24.3
27.6
27.3

9.9
13.1
14.6
15.4
12.8

4.9
4.9
5.1
6.2
8.7

2.6
2.1
3.9
3.2
3.6

33
33
34
35
35

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

394
391
402
391
436

1.0
0.5
1.0
0.0
0.7

7.6
9.7
11.2
11.8
16.7

16.5
16.9
14.9
17.6
18.8

22.6
19.4
21.1
23.5
22.7

25.4
26.9
20.1
19.9
17.7

14.0
16.4
17.4
14.3
13.3

7.1
6.6
9.0
5.6
5.0

5.8
3.6
5.2
7.2
5.0

35
35
35
35
33

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

447
481
327
716
618

0.4
0.8
0.6
0.3
0.0

13.0
16.8
16.2
11.0
11.8

20.8
22.0
25.4
20.4
22.8

21.0
15.4
19.9
20.9
20.2

18.6
16.6
17.7
15.9
16.5

14.8
17.3
8.0
14.1
13.1

7.2
7.3
8.3
11.3
8.7

4.3
3.7
4.0
6.0
6.8

34
33
33
35
35

NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

39

TABLE 23
NUMBER OF ESCAPES FROM INSTITUTIONS AND CAMPS
RATE PER 100 AVERAGE DAILY POPULATION (ADP)
CALENDAR YEAR 1989 THROUGH CALENDAR YEAR 2008
MALE
CALENDAR
YEAR

GRAND TOTAL
NUMBER
RATE

TOTAL
NUMBER
RATE

INSTITUTIONS
NUMBER
RATE

FEMALE
INSTITUTIONS AND
CAMPS
Number
Rate

CAMPS
NUMBER
RATE

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

76
81
74
83
72

0.10
0.09
0.08
0.08
0.07

71
76
72
80
72

0.10
0.09
0.07
0.09
0.07

25
19
27
29
23

0.04
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.02

46
57
45
51
49

1.42
1.76
1.16
1.43
1.38

5
5
2
3
0

0.10
0.08
0.03
0.05
0.00

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

56
75
57
51
26

0.05
0.06
0.04
0.04
0.02

56
74
57
51
21

0.05
0.06
0.04
0.04
0.02

10
23
25
29
11

0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.01

46
51
32
22
10

1.26
1.34
0.85
0.59
0.26

0
1
0
0
5

0.00
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.05

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

22
24
14
15
16

0.01
0.02
0.01
0 01
0.01
0.01

22
24
13
15
16

0.02
0.02
0.01
0 01
0.01
0.01

7
13
8
9
10

0.01
0.01
0.01
0 01
0.01
0.01

15
11
5
6
6

0.39
0.29
0.13
0 13
0.16
0.16

0
0
1
0
0

0.00
0.00
0.01
0 01
0.00
0.00

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

20
21
21
10
23

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01

20
19
21
10
23

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01

11
6
10
6
18

0.01
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.01

9
13
11
4
5

0.23
0.32
0.27
0.10
0.12

0
2
0
0
0

0.00
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.00

NOTE: Does not include Inmates who escaped from Community Correctional Centers.
90
80
70

72

76

75

60

57

50
40
30

22

20

23

10

10

15

0
1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

40

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

TABLE 24
NUMBER OF ESCAPES FROM COMMUNITY BASED PROGRAMS
RATE PER 100 POPULATION AT RISK
CALENDAR YEAR 1989 THROUGH CALENDAR YEAR 2008
YEAR
OF
ESCAPE

NUMBER
OF
ESCAPES

POPULATION
AT
RISK

RATE OF ESCAPES
PER 100 POPULATION
AT RISK

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

1,434
1,324
1,122
1,409
1,327

15,314
17,001
22,919
22,336
21,262

9.4
7.8
4.9
6.3
6.2

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

985
740
652
484
406

20,473
22,051
21,896
23,245
28,384

4.8
3.4
3.0
2.1
1.4

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

364
275
202
216
218

29,149
30,358
29,733
27,711
25,796

1.2
0.9
0.7
0.8
0.8

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

103
20
16
23
18

20,194
18,501
17,390
21,487
22,578

0.5
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

Community Based Programs include Community Correctional Facilities (CCF), Re-entry Facilities (RENT) and Prisoner Mother Programs.
The population at risk is the total number of inmates in the program on January 1st plus those received during the year as new admissions,
parole returns or transfers from institutions.

1,600

1,400

1,434 1,324

1,4091,327

1,200

1,000
740

800

652

600

406
400
364
200
216

16

18

0
1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

41

This page intentionally left blank.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

Section 3
Felon New Admissions

This page intentionally left blank.

TABLE 25
FELON NEW ADMISSIONS
COMMITMENT RATE PER 100,000 CALIFORNIA POPULATION
BY GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 1989 THROUGH CALENDAR YEAR 2008
TOTAL

CALENDAR
YEAR

ESTIMATED
CALIFORNIA
POPULATION*

RATE PER
100,000
CALIFORNIA
POPULATION

FELON
NEW
ADMISSIONS

MALE

FEMALE

FELON
NEW
ADMISSIONS

FELON
NEW
ADMISSIONS

1989

29,142,000

34,226

117.4

30,872

3,354

1990

29,976,000

39,272

131.0

35,669

3,603

1991

30,655,000

38,252

124.8

34,785

3,467

1992

31,306,000

40,158

128.3

36,519

3,639

1993

31,746,000

43,149

135.9

39,210

3,939

1994

32,140,000

41,580

129.4

37,545

4,035

1995

32,063,000

45,459

141.8

40,896

4,563

1996

32,383,000

46,487

143.6

41,515

4,972

1997

32,957,000

46,823

142.1

41,611

5,212

1998

33,494,000

46,589

139.1

41,236

5,353

1999

34,036,000

42,936

126.1

38,158

4,778

2000

34,480,000

40,276

116.8

35,733

4,543

2001
2002

35,230,000
35,802,238
35 802 238

37,932
38,662
38 662

107.7
108.0
108 0

33,762
34,521
34 521

4,170
4,141
4 141

2003

36,363,502

43,422

119.4

38,449

4,973

2004

36,810,358

46,798

127.1

41,031

5,767

2005

36,854,224

48,609

131.9

42,617

5,992

2006

37,380,870

48,639

130.1

42,509

6,130

2007

37,810,582

46,987

124.3

41,110

5,877

2008

38,246,598

46,386

121.3

40,303

6,083

* The estimated California population is provided by the Department of Finance.

FELON NEW ADMISSIONS
45,000
37,545

40,000

38,158

41,031
40,303

35,000
30,000

30,872

25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000

4,035

3,354

5,767

4,778

6,083

5,000
0
1989

1991

1993

1995

1997
Male

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

42

1999
Female

2001

2003

2005

2007

CHART 7
TOTAL FELON NEW ADMISSIONS FROM COURT
RATE PER 100,000 CALIFORNIA POPULATION
CALENDAR YEARS 1989 - 2008
Rate per 100,000
California Population

160

140

120

129.4

126.1

117.4

127.1

121.3

100

80

60

40

20

0
1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

43

TABLE 26
FELON NEW ADMISSIONS
BY OFFENSE AND GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 2008

GENDER
TOTAL
FEMALE

MALE

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

6,083

100.0

40,303

100.0

46,386

100.0

MURDER 1ST

24

0.4

489

1.2

513

1.1

MURDER 2ND

31

0.5

550

1.4

581

1.3

MANSLAUGHTER

34

0.6

355

0.9

389

0.8

VEHICULAR MANSLAUGHTER

39

0.6

190

0.5

229

0.5

ROBBERY

270

4.4

2,953

7.3

3,223

6.9

ASSAULT DEADLY WEAPON

206

3.4

2,814

7.0

3,020

6.5

OTHER ASSAULT / BATTERY

271

4.5

3,190

7.9

3,461

7.5

3

0.0

222

0.6

225

0.5

10

0.2

1,367

3.4

1,377

3.0

ORAL COPULATION

2

0.0

70

0.2

72

0.2

SODOMY

1

0.0

25

0.1

26

0.1

PENETRATION WITH OBJECT

2

0.0

82

0.2

84

0.2

OTHER SEX OFFENSES

18

0.3

831

2.1

849

1.8

KIDNAPPING

17

0.3

176

0.4

193

0.4

SUBTOTAL

928

15.3

13,314

33.0

14,242

30.7

BURGLARY 1ST

134

2.2

1,528

3.8

1,662

3.6

BURGLARY 2ND

563

9.3

2,369

5.9

2,932

6.3

GRAND THEFT

361

5.9

1,396

3.5

1,757

3.8

PETTY THEFT WITH PRIOR

457

7.5

1,130

2.8

1,587

3.4

RECEIVING STOLEN
PROPERTY

301

4.9

1,264

3.1

1,565

3.4

VEHICLE THEFT

267

4.4

1,687

4.2

1,954

4.2

FORGERY / FRAUD

578

9.5

873

2.2

1,451

3.1

99

1.6

546

1.4

645

1.4

2,760

45.4

10,793

26.8

13,553

29.2

TOTAL
OFFENSE CATEGORY OFFENSE GROUP
CRIMES AGAINST
PERSONS

RAPE
LEWD ACT WITH CHILD

PROPERTY CRIMES

OTHER PROPERTY OFFENSES
SUBTOTAL
(Continued)
Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

44

TABLE 26 (Continued)
FELON NEW ADMISSIONS
BY OFFENSE AND GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 2008

GENDER
TOTAL
FEMALE

MALE

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

OFFENSE CATEGORY OFFENSE GROUP
DRUG CRIMES

CS+ POSSESSION

1,101

18.1

4,179

10.4

5,280

11.4

CS+ POSSESSION FOR SALE,
ETC.

570

9.4

3,813

9.5

4,383

9.4

CS+ SALES, ETC.

192

3.2

1,127

2.8

1,319

2.8

CS+ MANUFACTURING

17

0.3

137

0.3

154

0.3

CS+ OTHER

58

1.0

189

0.5

247

0.5

1

0.0

23

0.1

24

0.1

MARIJ. POSSESS FOR SALE

43

0.7

584

1.4

627

1.4

MARIJUANA SALES

15

0.2

213

0.5

228

0.5

OTHER MARIJUANA
OFFENSES

1

0.0

75

0.2

76

0.2

1,998

32.8

10,340

25.7

12,338

26.6

2

0.0

20

0.0

22

0.0

143

2.4

1,772

4.4

1,915

4.1

ARSON

20

0.3

119

0.3

139

0.3

POSSESSION OF WEAPON

62

1.0

2,351

5.8

2,413

5.2

OTHER OFFENSES

170

2.8

1,594

4.0

1,764

3.8

SUBTOTAL

397

6.5

5,856

14.5

6,253

13.5

HASHISH POSSESSION

SUBTOTAL
OTHER CRIMES

ESCAPE
DRIVING UNDER THE
INFLUENCE

Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

45

TABLE 27
FELON NEW ADMISSIONS
BY OFFENSE CATEGORY AND GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 1989 - 2008
MALE
CALENDAR
YEAR

TOTAL

PERSON
Percent

TOTAL

FEMALE

PROPERTY
Percent

DRUG
Percent

OTHER
Percent

PERSON
Percent

TOTAL

PROPERTY
Percent

DRUG
Percent

OTHER
Percent

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

34,226
39,272
38,252
40,158
43,149

30,872
35,669
34,785
36,519
39,210

26.5
27.4
29.1
30.4
29.4

29.0
27.3
26.8
27.6
27.2

36.8
33.8
31.3
30.8
31.8

7.6
11.4
12.8
11.2
11.5

3,354
3,603
3,467
3,639
3,939

14.6
13.4
13.9
16.0
14.2

33.9
34.9
35.0
35.6
36.0

47.7
47.0
45.8
42.2
43.5

3.8
4.7
5.3
6.2
6.3

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

41,580
45,459
46,487
46,823
46,589

37,545
40,896
41,515
41,611
41,236

28.7
27.2
29.0
29.7
30.3

27.0
27.3
25.4
24.0
23.6

32.9
34.6
35.6
36.1
36.3

11.4
10.9
10.1
10.2
9.9

4,035
4,563
4,972
5,212
5,353

14.7
12.5
14.1
12.9
13.4

36.0
37.3
35.0
33.6
33.6

42.0
43.9
46.1
48.4
48.5

7.3
6.3
4.8
5.1
4.5

1999
2000
2001

42,936
40,276
37 917
37,917

38,158
35,733
33 748
33,748

30.2
31.7
34 1
34.1

22.7
22.6
24 4
24.4

36.5
34.8
29 9
29.9

10.5
10.9
11 6
11.6

4,778
4,543
4 169
4,169

12.5
13.7
14 8
14.8

32.2
33.2
40 1
40.1

50.1
47.9
38 9
38.9

5.1
5.2
62
6.2

2002
2003

38,662
43,422

34,521
38,449

34.2
32.9

27.3
28.2

26.7
26.7

11.8
12.3

4,141
4,973

15.2
15.3

43.4
45.5

34.9
33.3

6.5
5.9

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

46,798
48,609
48,639
46,987
46,386

41,031
42,617
42,509
41,110
40,303

31.1
29.9
30.2
31.0
33.0

29.1
28.7
28.2
27.0
26.8

27.5
28.8
28.2
27.7
25.7

12.4
12.7
13.4
14.3
14.5

5,767
5,992
6,130
5,877
6,083

13.2
13.2
12.8
14.6
15.3

46.6
45.7
45.8
44.2
45.4

33.7
35.2
35.5
33.9
32.8

6.5
5.9
5.8
7.3
6.5

NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

Percent of Total
New Admissions

40.0%
35.0%
30.0%

Person Crimes

25.0%
20.0%

Property
Crimes

15.0%
10.0%

Drug Crimes

5.0%
0.0%

Other Crimes

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

LIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

46

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

TABLE 28
FELON NEW ADMISSIONS
BY RACIAL/ETHNIC GROUP AND GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 1989 - 2008
CALENDAR
YEAR

TOTAL

TOTAL

WHITE
Percent

MALE
HISPANIC
Percent

BLACK
Percent

OTHER
Percent

TOTAL

WHITE
Percent

FEMALE
HISPANIC
Percent

BLACK
Percent

OTHER
Percent

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

34,226
39,272
38,252
40,158
43,149

30,872
35,669
34,785
36,519
39,210

28.8
28.8
28.3
28.2
28.0

32.2
37.6
39.2
39.7
42.1

33.8
29.2
27.3
26.4
25.2

5.2
4.5
5.1
5.8
4.7

3,354
3,603
3,467
3,639
3,939

33.6
36.4
39.3
37.4
40.3

20.8
22.3
23.4
18.5
25.3

39.2
35.6
33.0
34.2
31.4

6.4
5.6
4.2
9.8
2.9

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

41,580
45,459
46,487
46,823
46,589

37,545
40,896
41,515
41,611
41,236

29.3
29.7
29.4
30.0
29.3

41.3
42.3
42.2
41.6
42.0

24.6
23.5
23.6
23.5
23.4

4.8
4.4
4.8
4.9
5.3

4,035
4,563
4,972
5,212
5,353

38.3
39.7
38.3
42.1
40.5

23.0
21.8
24.0
23.8
24.9

31.5
30.5
30.4
28.9
29.6

7.2
8.0
7.3
5.2
5.0

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

42,936
40,276
37,932
38,668
43,422

38,158
35,733
33,762
34,525
38,449

28.7
29.3
29.0
28.9
28.7

41.6
42.5
43.5
43.7
44.1

24.4
23.1
22.1
21.9
21.7

5.3
5.1
5.4
5.4
5.5

4,778
4,543
4,170
4,143
4,973

41.7
40.3
40.5
42.2
43.0

24.2
25.6
26.2
27.9
28.5

30.8
29.7
28.7
25.9
24.5

3.3
4.4
4.6
4.1
4.0

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

46,798
48,603
48,639
46,987
46,386

41,031
42,612
42,509
41,110
40,303

28.5
27.8
26.9
26.0
25.0

44.6
45.4
45.4
46.7
46.4

21.5
21.5
22.3
21.9
23.2

5.4
5.2
5.4
5.3
5.4

5,767
5,991
6,130
5,877
6,083

42.6
40.6
40.0
38.0
38.2

29.5
30.4
31.1
32.7
32.6

23.9
24.2
24.1
24.1
24.8

4.0
4.8
4.8
5.2
4.4

NOTE: Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

50.0%

Percent of
Total New
Admissions

40.0%
30.0%

White

20.0%

Hispanic

10.0%

Black

Other

0.0%
1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

LIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

47

DECEMBER
31

TOTAL

Under 20
Percent

TABLE 29
FELON NEW ADMISSIONS
BY AGE GROUP AND MEAN AGE
CALENDAR YEAR 1989 THROUGH CALENDAR YEAR 2008
MALE
20 - 24
25 - 29
30 - 34
35 - 39
40 - 44
45 - 49
Percent
Percent
Percent
Percent
Percent
Percent

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

30,872
35,669
34,783
36,519
39,210

4.6
5.5
5.9
6.2
6.2

27.1
26.3
26.1
26.9
26.1

25.8
23.9
23.1
22.2
21.7

19.0
19.3
19.1
18.7
18.9

11.4
11.8
12.4
12.4
13.3

6.0
6.7
6.8
6.8
7.1

3.1
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6

3.1
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.2

28
28
28
28
29

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

37,545
40,896
41,515
41,611
41,236

5.7
6.0
6.5
6.9
7.2

24.5
22.8
21.3
21.2
21.2

21.6
20.7
19.6
19.5
17.7

19.4
19.1
19.1
17.8
17.6

13.8
15.0
15.6
15.4
15.8

7.7
8.5
9.3
9.9
10.3

3.9
4.4
4.7
5.1
5.5

3.4
3.5
3.8
4.2
4.6

29
30
30
30
31

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

38,158
35,733
33,762
34,525
38,449

7.0
6.3
6.2
6.2
5.9

21.1
22.1
23.7
24.5
24.4

16.8
16.4
17.1
17.0
17.1

16.6
16.4
15.9
15.5
15.0

15.9
15.6
14.4
14.2
13.7

11.2
11.2
11.0
11.0
11.2

6.1
6.5
6.3
6.4
6.8

5.3
5.4
5.4
5.3
5.8

31
31
32
32
32

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

41,031
42,612
42,509
41,109
40,303

5.6
3.6
5.9
5.9
6.2

24.1
23.3
22.6
21.7
21.8

17.9
18.4
18.0
18.5
17.8

14.8
14.6
13.6
13.6
13.9

13.7
13.1
12.9
12.3
12.1

11.2
11.4
11.4
11.2
10.5

7.1
8.2
8.3
8.8
8.6

5.6
7.6
7.6
8.1
9.1

32
33
33
33
33

DECEMBER
31

TOTAL

Under 20
Percent

20 - 24
Percent

25 - 29
Percent

30 - 34
Percent

FEMALE
35 - 39
Percent

40 - 44
Percent

45 - 49
Percent

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

3,354
3,603
3,466
3,639
3,939

1.2
1.2
1.3
1.1
1.0

20.0
16.8
15.6
16.0
13.8

29.0
27.1
25.7
24.2
22.9

23.5
25.8
24.9
25.6
26.8

14.8
16.1
17.5
17.3
19.4

6.6
7.0
9.0
9.1
9.6

2.6
3.4
3.3
4.3
4.3

2.3
2.7
2.8
2.4
2.2

29
30
31
31
32

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

4,035
4,563
4,972
5,212
5,353

1.5
1.1
1.6
1.6
1.8

12.8
11.1
10.4
10.1
11.0

21.9
21.0
19.7
17.3
16.1

26.4
27.3
24.6
24.1
23.1

19.5
21.1
23.0
23.5
23.9

10.9
10.5
12.3
13.9
14.2

4.3
5.2
5.2
6.2
6.1

2.9
2.8
3.2
3.3
3.7

32
33
33
34
34

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

4,778
4,543
4,170
4,143
4,973

1.9
2.0
1.9
1.9
1.7

10.2
12.0
12.9
16.2
15.2

15.7
14.6
14.6
16.3
16.3

20.6
19.7
20.2
18.9
18.0

24.0
22.6
21.7
19.4
20.2

15.8
16.7
15.8
14.9
15.9

7.3
7.5
8.2
7.5
7.7

4.4
4.9
4.7
4.9
5.0

35
35
35
34
34

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

5,767
5,991
6,130
5,877
6,083

1.9
1.1
2.0
1.8
2.1

14.9
15.0
15.4
15.3
14.0

17.0
17.2
17.3
18.8
18.9

17.3
16.1
15.4
14.3
14.8

18.4
16.9
16.6
15.8
14.8

16.0
16.5
16.3
15.6
14.9

8.8
10.7
10.4
11.8
11.9

5.6
6.5
6.5
6.6
8.6

34
35
35
35
35

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

48

This page intentionally left blank.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

Section 4
Felon Parole Violators Returned with a New Term

This page intentionally left blank.

TABLE 30
FELON PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100 AVERAGE DAILY FELON
PAROLEE AND PAROLEE-AT-LARGE (PAL) POPULATION (ADP)* BY GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 1994 - 2008
TOTAL
CALENDAR
YEAR

NUMBER

RATE

MALE
FELON
PAROLEE/PAL
ADP

NUMBER

RATE

FEMALE
FELON
PAROLEE/PAL
ADP*

NUMBER

RATE

FELON
PAROLEE/PAL
ADP*

1994

17,009

18.2

93,536

15,767

18.6

84,854

1,242

14.3

8,682

1995

17,454

17.1

102,182

16,217

17.5

92,896

1,237

13.3

9,286

1996

17,525

16.0

109,659

16,145

16.2

99,403

1,380

13.5

10,256

1997

17,662

15.3

115,299

16,250

15.6

104,198

1,412

12.7

11,101

1998

17,383

14.1

122,981

15,829

14.3

110,528

1,554

12.5

12,452

1999

17,094

13.2

129,709

15,501

13.3

116,264

1,593

11.8

13,444

2000

16,011

11.9

134,821

14,568

12.1

120,493

1,443

10.1

14,328

2001

14,532

10.6

136,932

13,379

11.0

121,979

1,153

7.7

14,953

2002

14,365

10.6

136,133

13,242

10.9

121,200

1,123

7.5

14,934

2003

15,694

11.9

131,693

14,399

12.3

117,412

1,295

9.1

14,281

2004

17,842

13.9

128,501

16,310

14.2

114,630

1,532

11.0

13,871

2005

19,767

15.1

131,087

18,130

15.5

116,837

1,637

11.5

14,250

2006

20,769

15.6

133,118

18,912

16.0

118,219

1,857

12.5

14,899

2007
2008

20,808
19,950

14.7
14.3

141,231
139,747

18,885
18,179

15.1
14.6

125,301
124,333

1,923
1,771

12.1
11.5

15,930
15,414

* The Average Daily Felon Parolee and Parolee-at-Large (PAL) Population includes the average daily population of felon parolees supervised in California plus the average daily
felon PAL population.
Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

49

CHART 8
FELON PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED TO PRISON
WITH A NEW TERM (PV-WNT)
CALENDAR YEARS 1989 - 2008

25,000

19,950

20,000
17,009

17,383
15,694

15,000

11,040

10,000

5,000

0
1989

1990

1991

1992

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

50

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

TABLE 31
FELON PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM (PV-WNTs)
BY OFFENSE AND GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 2008

GENDER
TOTAL
FEMALE
Number
TOTAL

1,771

MALE

Percent
100.0

Number
18,179

Percent

Number

Percent

100.0

19,950

100.0

OFFENSE CATEGORY OFFENSE GROUP
CRIMES AGAINST
PERSONS

MURDER 1ST

0

0.0

60

0.3

60

0.3

MURDER 2ND

1

0.1

61

0.3

62

0.3

MANSLAUGHTER

0

0.0

33

0.2

33

0.2

VEHICULAR MANSLAUGHTER

1

0.1

8

0.0

9

0.0

ROBBERY

37

2.1

687

3.8

724

3.6

ASSAULT DEADLY WEAPON

40

2.3

658

3.6

698

3.5

OTHER ASSAULT / BATTERY

38

2.1

1,253

6.9

1,291

6.5

RAPE

0

0.0

37

0.2

37

0.2

LEWD ACT WITH CHILD

1

0.1

50

0.3

51

0.3

ORAL COPULATION

0

0.0

13

0.1

13

0.1

SODOMY

0

0.0

4

0.0

4

0.0

PENETRATION WITH OBJECT

0

0.0

6

0.0

6

0.0

OTHER SEX OFFENSES

3

0.2

344

1.9

347

1.7

KIDNAPPING

1

0.1

29

0.2

30

0.2

122

6.9

3,243

17.8

3,365

16.9

BURGLARY 1ST

26

1.5

436

2.4

462

2.3

BURGLARY 2ND

223

12.6

1,595

8.8

1,818

9.1

74

4.2

550

3.0

624

3.1

PETTY THEFT WITH PRIOR

212

12.0

1,101

6.1

1,313

6.6

RECEIVING STOLEN
PROPERTY

106

6.0

987

5.4

1,093

5.5

VEHICLE THEFT

108

6.1

1,247

6.9

1,355

6.8

FORGERY / FRAUD

138

7.8

463

2.5

601

3.0

46

2.6

303

1.7

349

1.7

933

52.7

6,682

36.8

7,615

38.2

SUBTOTAL
PROPERTY CRIMES

GRAND THEFT

OTHER PROPERTY OFFENSES
SUBTOTAL
(Continued)
Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

51

TABLE 31 (Continued)
FELON PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM (PV-WNTs)
BY OFFENSE AND GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 2008

GENDER
TOTAL
FEMALE
Number
OFFENSE CATEGORY
DRUG CRIMES

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

OFFENSE GROUP
CS+ POSSESSION

404

22.8

3,178

17.5

3,582

18.0

CS+ POSSESSION FOR SALE,
ETC.

128

7.2

1,516

8.3

1,644

8.2

62

3.5

700

3.9

762

3.8

0

0.0

17

0.1

17

0.1

19

1.1

115

0.6

134

0.7

1

0.1

12

0.1

13

0.1

11

0.6

264

1.5

275

1.4

MARIJUANA SALES

3

0.2

86

0.5

89

0.4

OTHER MARIJUANA
OFFENSES

0

0.0

15

0.1

15

0.1

628

35.5

5,903

32.5

6,531

32.7

1

0.1

7

0.0

8

0.0

13

0.7

357

2.0

370

1.9

4

0.2

18

0.1

22

0.1

POSSESSION OF WEAPON

28

1.6

1,410

7.8

1,438

7.2

OTHER OFFENSES

42

2.4

559

3.1

601

3.0

SUBTOTAL

88

5.0

2,351

12.9

2,439

12.2

CS+ SALES, ETC.
CS+ MANUFACTURING
CS+ OTHER
HASHISH POSSESSION
MARIJ. POSSESS FOR SALE

SUBTOTAL
OTHER CRIMES

MALE

ESCAPE
DRIVING UNDER THE
INFLUENCE
ARSON

Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

52

TABLE 32
FELON PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM
BY OFFENSE CATEGORY AND GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 1994 - 2008

CALENDAR
YEAR

TOTAL

PERSON
Percent

TOTAL

MALE
PROPERTY
Percent

DRUG
Percent

OTHER
Percent

TOTAL

PERSON
Percent

FEMALE
PROPERTY
Percent

DRUG
Percent

OTHER
Percent

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

17,009
17,454
17,525
17,662
17,383

15,767
16,217
16,145
16,250
15,829

15.4%
14.5%
16.0%
15.5%
15.7%

42.2%
40.5%
38.1%
35.2%
32.6%

32.5%
35.4%
36.1%
40.3%
42.9%

10.0%
9.6%
9.8%
8.9%
8.9%

1,242
1,237
1,380
1,412
1,554

6.0%
5.2%
4.1%
4.2%
4.0%

50.5%
48.3%
44.6%
43.8%
38.0%

39.8%
43.2%
47.5%
48.9%
54.1%

3.7%
3.4%
3.8%
3.1%
3.9%

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

17,094
16,011
14,532
14,365
15,694

15,501
14,568
13,379
13,242
14,399

15.9%
15.5%
17.3%
18.2%
16.5%

31.0%
31.0%
34.1%
37.4%
37.7%

44.7%
44.7%
38.8%
33.4%
35.0%

8.3%
8.8%
9.8%
10.9%
10.8%

1,593
1,443
1,153
1,123
1,295

5.1%
4.2%
5.2%
4.7%
5.6%

36.5%
36.7%
46.3%
55.8%
54.3%

54.9%
55.2%
44.7%
35.7%
35.9%

3.5%
3.9%
3.8%
3.7%
4.2%

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

17,842
19,767
20,769
20,808
19,950

16,310
18,130
18,912
18,885
18,179

16.8%
16.6%
16.1%
16.5%
17.8%

37.8%
36.9%
35.8%
35.2%
36.8%

34.1%
35.8%
36.2%
35.9%
32.5%

11.3%
10.8%
11.9%
12.4%
12.9%

1,532
1,637
1,857
1,923
1,771

6.6%
5.9%
5.8%
5.5%
6.9%

53.7%
51.1%
51.7%
49.3%
52.7%

35.5%
39.3%
38.2%
40.8%
35.5%

4.2%
3.7%
4.3%
4.4%
5.0%

Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

50.0%

Percent of
Total PV-RTC

45.0%
40.0%

Person
Crimes

35.0%
30.0%

Property
Crimes

25.0%
20.0%

Drug
Crimes

15.0%

Other
Crimes

10.0%
5.0%
0.0%
1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1999

2000

2001

2002
53

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

TABLE 33
FELON PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM
BY RACIAL/ETHNIC GROUP AND GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 1994 - 2008
CALENDAR
YEAR

TOTAL

TOTAL

White
Percent

MALE
Hispanic
Percent

Black
Percent

Other
Percent TOTAL

White
Percent

FEMALE
Hispanic
Black
Percent
Percent

Other
Percent

1994
1995
1996
1997

17,009
17,454
17,525
17,662

15,767
16,217
16,145
16,250

27.2
29.0
29.3
30.8

32.9
32.4
32.2
31.7

37.0
35.4
35.4
34.5

3.0
3.2
3.2
3.1

1,242
1,237
1,380
1,412

31.4
30.5
31.3
32.1

24.2
25.6
23.4
22.7

40.8
40.3
41.4
41.5

3.6
3.6
3.9
3.8

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

17,383
17,094
16,011
14,532
14,365

15,829
15,501
14,568
13,379
13,242

30.9
31.0
32.6
31.0
31.3

31.7
30.7
31.5
33.1
34.6

34.3
35.1
33.0
32.9
31.3

3.0
3.2
2.9
3.0
2.8

1,554
1,593
1,443
1,153
1,123

34.7
34.1
34.9
34.2
31.3

20.8
21.9
22.3
23.3
26.9

40.3
40.5
39.8
40.5
39.0

4.2
3.5
3.0
2.0
2.8

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

15,694
17,842
19,767
20,769
20,808
19,950

14,399
16,310
18,130
18,912
18,885
18,179

31.0
31.4
31.0
30.0
29.3
29.3

34.9
35.5
37.1
37.3
38.9
38.3

30.8
29.4
28.1
28.7
28.0
28.3

3.4
3.7
3.7
4.0
3.8
4.1

1,295
1,532
1,637
1,857
1,923
1,771

35.2
36.1
36.6
36.5
35.0
34.7

25.7
26.0
29.9
29.6
29.8
30.1

36.4
34.3
30.4
30.4
31.8
31.1

2.7
3.6
3.2
3.5
3.4
4.2

Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

Percent of
Total PV-WNT

40.0%
35.0%
30.0%

White

25.0%
Hispanic

20.0%
15.0%

Black

10.0%

Other

5.0%
0.0%
1994

1995

1996

1997

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1998

1999

2000

2001

54

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

TABLE 34
FELON PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM
BY AGE GROUP, MEAN AGE AND GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 1994 - 2008

CALENDAR
YEAR

TOTAL

Under 20
Percent

20 - 24
Percent

25 -29
Percent

30 - 34
Percent

MALE
35 - 39
Percent

40 - 44
Percent

45 - 49
Percent

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

15,767
16,217
16,145
16,250
15,829

0.3
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.3

15.7
14.2
13.5
12.7
12.1

26.0
25.3
23.1
22.9
21.3

24.6
24.9
23.6
23.8
22.9

17.4
18.5
19.9
19.6
20.3

9.7
10.2
11.5
11.9
13.0

4.0
4.4
4.9
5.6
6.4

2.3
2.4
3.0
3.2
3.7

31
32
32
32
33

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

15,501
14,568
13,379
13,242
14,399

0.3
0.3
0.4
0.2
0.2

12.7
13.0
14.1
15.0
15.2

19.6
18.9
18.8
19.7
19.6

21.9
21.6
20.2
20.5
18.6

20.4
20.1
19.3
18.9
18.0

14.0
14.3
15.0
13.9
14.5

7.0
7.4
7.5
7.2
8.3

4.1
4.4
4.7
4.5
5.6

33
34
34
34
34

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

16,310
18,130
18,912
18,885
18,179

0.4
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.3

16.4
14.5
16.2
15.7
14.7

20.7
22.3
22.2
22.9
23.8

17.3
16.9
15.9
15.2
15.5

17.1
16.5
15.6
15.2
14.2

14.0
14.3
13.8
13.4
13.1

8.5
9.1
9.0
9.8
10.1

5.6
6.2
6.9
7.4
8.3

34
34
34
34
35

Under 20
Percent

20 - 24
Percent

25 -29
Percent

FEMALE
30 - 34
35 - 39
Percent
Percent

40 - 44
Percent

45 - 49
Percent

CALENDAR
YEAR

TOTAL

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

1,242
1,237
1,380
1,412
1,554

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

6.2
5.9
5.0
5.2
4.3

22.9
19.7
19.3
15.9
13.9

27.8
29.2
28.7
27.0
27.7

23.6
25.3
24.7
27.3
27.7

11.9
13.8
14.6
15.7
15.8

5.7
4.4
5.5
6.0
7.1

1.9
1.6
2.1
2.8
3.5

33
34
34
35
35

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

1,593
1,443
1,153
1,123
1,295

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2

5.2
5.5
7.0
7.3
6.7

12.2
11.2
12.7
12.3
14.1

25.5
23.7
23.1
21.8
19.2

28.8
28.8
25.7
24.5
25.3

16.8
18.8
18.6
20.3
20.8

8.4
8.3
8.2
8.8
9.7

3.1
3.7
4.8
5.0
4.1

36
36
36
36
36

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

1,532
1,637
1,857
1,923
1,771

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.1

9.2
7.1
8.9
9.4
10.1

18.1
17.5
20.6
19.7
20.0

19.6
17.4
17.1
18.3
17.3

20.5
22.5
19.1
18.0
19.0

19.6
18.2
18.1
17.3
16.1

8.7
11.1
11.0
10.8
11.6

4.4
6.1
5.2
6.4
5.9

35
36
36
36
36

Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

55

This page intentionally left blank.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

Section 5
Felon Parole Violators Returned to Custody

This page intentionally left blank.

TABLE 35
FELON PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED TO CUSTODY (PV-RTC)
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100 AVERAGE DAILY FELON
PAROLEE AND PAROLEE-AT-LARGE (PAL) POPULATION (ADP)* BY GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 1994 THROUGH CALENDAR YEAR 2008
TOTAL
CALENDAR
YEAR

Number

Rate

MALE
Felon
Parolee/PAL
ADP*

Number

Rate

FEMALE
Felon
Parolee/PAL
ADP*

Number

Rate

Felon
Parolee/PAL
ADP*

1994

45,471

48.6

93,536

41,690

49.1

84,854

3,781

43.5

8,682

1995

52,430

51.3

102,182

47,999

51.7

92,896

4,431

47.7

9,286

1996

57,984

52.9

109,659

52,759

53.1

99,403

5,225

50.9

10,256

1997

67,380

58.4

115,299

61,428

59.0

104,198

5,952

53.6

11,101

1998

70,245

57.1

122,981

63,908

57.8

110,528

6,337

50.9

12,452

1999

70,969

54.7

129,709

64,544

55.5

116,264

6,425

47.8

13,444

2000

73,352

54.4

134,821

66,753

55.4

120,493

6,599

46.1

14,328

2001

74,444

54.4

136,932

68,167

55.9

121,979

6,277

42.0

14,953

2002

71,246

52.3

136,134

65,345

53.9

121,200

5,901

39.5

14,934

2003

62,377

47.4

131,693

57,385

48.9

117,412

4,992

35.0

14,281

2004

58,902

45.8

128,501

54,331

47.4

114,630

4,571

33.0

13,871

2005

61,241

46.7

131,087

56,096

48.0

116,837

5,145

36.1

14,250

2006

69,133

51.9

133,118

63,432

53.7

118,219

5,701

38.3

14,899

2007
2008

71,837
74,615

50.9
53.4

141,231
139,747

65,828
68,389

52.5
55.0

125,301
124,333

6,009
6,226

37.7
40.4

15,930
15,414

These rates should not be considered to be CDCR's recidivism rates. For recidivism rates see Table 49 and Table49A.
NOTE: PV-RTC refers to parolees returned to prison for violating a parole condition, parolees returned pending a parole revocation hearing, and parolees returned to
alternative placement in a substance abuse program without having their parole revoked. PV-RTC does not include revoked parolees housed in non-state facilities or
those returned with another prison commitment (PV-WNT). Previously published numbers may vary due to modifications to the database.
* The Average Daily Felon Parolee and Parolee-at-Large (PAL) Population includes the average daily population of felon parolees supervised in California plus the
average daily felon PAL population.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

56

CHART 9
FELON PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED TO CUSTODY (PV-RTC)
CALENDAR YEARS 1989 - 2008

80,000
74,615
70,245

70,000
62,377

60,000

50,000
,
45,471
39,976

40,000

30,000

20,000

10,000

0
1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

LIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

57

TABLE 36
FELON PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED TO CUSTODY (PV-RTC)
BY RACIAL/ETHNIC GROUP AND GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 1994 - 2008

CALENDAR
YEAR

TOTAL

TOTAL

White
Percent

MALE
Hispanic
Percent

Black
Percent

Other
Percent

TOTAL

White
Percent

FEMALE
Hispanic
Percent

Black
Percent

Other
Percent

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

45,469
52,430
57,984
67,832
70,418

41,688
47,999
52,759
61,815
64,038

32.7
34.2
34.7
35.4
34.6

26.7
28.0
27.4
28.0
27.7

37.5
34.8
34.8
33.6
34.8

3.0
3.0
3.1
3.0
2.9

3,781
4,431
5,225
6,017
6,380

34.8
36.0
36.5
37.4
36.2

23.9
23.8
22.0
21.6
20.6

38.4
37.0
37.4
37.0
38.9

2.9
3.2
4.1
4.0
4.3

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

70,670
73,340
74,279
71,185
62,314

64,267
66,745
68,008
65,292
57,329

34.9
34.5
34.5
35.3
34.6

27.7
28.0
28.3
28.9
29.0

34.6
34.5
34.4
32.5
32.9

2.9
3.1
2.9
3.4
3.5

6,403
6,595
6,271
5,893
4,985

37.0
37.5
39.0
40.0
37.5

21.0
21.0
21.1
22.6
24.0

38.7
38.6
37.4
34.6
35.4

3.3
2.9
2.6
2.9
3.0

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

58,712
61,182
69,127
71 995
71,995
74,615

54,149
56,018
63,426
65 982
65,982
68,389

35.2
35.6
35.0
34 8
34.8
34.1

29.0
29.8
30.8
31 5
31.5
31.9

32.2
30.8
30.1
29 3
29.3
29.8

3.5
3.9
4.1
43
4.3
4.3

4,563
5,164
5,701
6 013
6,013
6,226

39.1
39.4
40.0
40 5
40.5
39.5

24.2
26.0
26.2
28 4
28.4
28.1

34.1
31.7
30.5
27 2
27.2
28.4

2.5
2.9
3.3
39
3.9
4.0

Percent of
Total PV-RTC

40.0%
35.0%
30.0%

White

25.0%
Hispanic

20.0%
Black

15.0%
Other

10.0%
5.0%
0.0%
1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

These rates should not be considered to be CDCR's recidivism rates. For recidivism rates see Table 49 and Table 49A.
CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

58

2008

TABLE 37
FELON PAROLE VIOLATORS RETURNED TO CUSTODY (PV-RTC)
BY AGE GROUP, MEAN AGE AND GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 1994 - 2008

CALENDAR
YEAR

TOTAL

Under 20
Percent

20 - 24
Percent

25 - 29
Percent

MALE
30 - 34
Percent

35 - 39
Percent

40 - 44
Percent

45 - 49
Percent

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

41,688
48,824
54,118
61,815
64,038

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

12.2
11.4
10.5
10.5
10.3

22.9
21.6
20.6
19.7
18.9

25.1
24.5
23.4
22.3
21.8

19.7
20.6
21.3
21.5
21.5

11.7
12.5
13.2
14.3
14.8

5.0
5.8
6.7
7.0
7.5

3.1
3.5
4.0
4.5
4.8

32
33
34
34
34

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

64,267
66,745
68,008
65,292
57,329

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

10.5
11.1
11.4
11.3
11.8

17.9
17.1
16.3
16.2
17.0

20.8
19.6
19.0
18.4
17.3

21.2
20.7
20.2
19.6
18.7

15.6
16.2
16.8
17.2
17.0

8.4
9.0
9.6
10.1
10.7

5.3
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.3

35
35
35
36
36

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

54,149
56,018
63,426
65,982
68,389

0.2
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.3

12.2
12.4
12.2
11.7
11.6

17.3
18.4
18.9
19.6
19.8

16.7
15.5
14.9
14.8
15.1

17.7
17.3
16.8
15.7
15.0

17.0
16.3
16.1
15.6
14.9

10.9
11.1
11.8
12.3
12.4

8.1
8.5
9.0
10.2
10.9

36
36
36
36
36

20 - 24
Percent

25 - 29
Percent

35 - 39
Percent

40 - 44
Percent

45 - 49
Percent

CALENDAR
YEAR

TOTAL

Under 20
Percent

FEMALE
30 - 34
Percent

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

3,781
4,508
5,360
6,017
6,380

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

6.6
5.9
5.1
4.3
3.8

23.0
21.8
19.0
17.6
16.6

31.7
30.5
30.3
28.7
26.9

23.4
24.3
24.8
26.4
26.7

10.3
11.7
13.9
14.9
16.6

3.4
4.4
5.1
5.9
6.8

1.5
1.3
1.7
2.2
2.6

33
33
34
34
35

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

6,403
6,595
6,271
5,893
4,985

0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0

4.4
5.2
5.3
5.9
6.3

14.3
12.9
13.1
12.2
13.0

24.1
22.6
21.3
20.5
19.0

27.5
28.0
25.6
25.3
25.0

19.7
19.6
21.5
21.4
20.9

7.1
8.6
10.0
10.0
11.1

2.8
3.0
3.2
4.6
4.6

36
36
36
37
37

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

4,563
5,164
5,701
6,013
6,226

0.1
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.1

6.6
8.3
8.2
7.7
6.9

14.5
16.3
16.4
17.7
17.9

17.8
16.7
17.5
16.4
17.5

24.2
21.6
21.4
20.0
18.3

20.6
19.6
18.3
18.4
19.0

11.4
12.1
11.9
12.7
13.6

4.8
5.2
6.2
6.9
6.8

37
36
36
37
37

These rates should not be considered to be CDCR's recidivism rates. For recidivism rates see Table 49 and Table49A.
NOTE: PV-RTC refers to parolees returned to prison for violating a parole condition, parolees returned pending a parole revocation hearing, and parolees returned to
alternative placement in a substance abuse program without having their parole revoked. PV-RTC does not include revoked parolees housed in non-state facilities or
those returned with another prison commitment (PV-WNT). Previously published numbers may vary due to modifications to the database.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

59

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

Section 6
Parole and Outpatient Population

This page intentionally left blank.

TABLE 38
PAROLE AND OUTPATIENT POPULATION
SUPERVISED IN CALIFORNIA
RATE PER 100,000 CALIFORNIA POPULATION
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008
CALIFORNIA

RATE PER

SUPERVISED

100,000

DECEMBER

ESTIMATED

PAROLE/OUTPATIENT

CALIFORNIA

31

CALIFORNIA POPULATION *

POPULATION

POPULATION

1989

29,558,000

59,313

200.7

1990

30,296,000

70,479

232.6

1991

30,812,000

82,603

268.1

1992

31,303,000

86,389

276.0

1993

31,661,000

85,886

271.3

1994

31,910,000

89,609

280.8

1995

32,223,000

96,110

298.3

1996

32,670,000

100,934

309.0

1997

33,226,000

105,449

317.4

1998

33,773,000

111,875

331.3

1999
2000

34,336,000
34,650,000

117,612
121,414

342.5
350.4

2001

35,230,000

121,820

345.8

2002

35,802,238

117,138

327.2

2003

36,363,502

114,136

313.9

2004

36,810,358

113,768

309.1

2005

36,854,224

115,001

312.0

2006

37,380,870

121,808

325.9

2007

37,810,582

126,906

335.6

2008

38,246,598

123,597

323.2

* The estimated California population was obtained from the Department of Finance.

LIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

60

CHART 10
FELON PAROLE AND CIVIL NARCOTIC ADDICT (CNA) OUTPATIENT POPULATION
SUPERVISED IN CALIFORNIA
December 31, 1989 - December 31, 2008
Parolees/Outpatients
140,000
123,597
117,612
120,000

113,768

100,000
89,609

80,000
59,313
60,000

40,000

20,000

0
1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

61

TABLE 39
TOTAL PAROLE AND OUTPATIENT POPULATION
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008
Total Parole
and
December Outpatient
31
Population

Supervised by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
California
Offenders From
Parolees From
Civil Narcotic
Felon
Other States
Other States
Addict
Total
Parolees
on Parole
(ICOOP)
Outpatients

1989

61,665

59,313

55,383

1990

73,096

70,479

65,420

1991

85,470

82,603

77,120

1992

89,453

86,389

1993

88,858

85,886

1994

92,958

1995
1996

99,911
104,542

1997
1998

1,850

2,077

2,352

992

1,360

2,241

2,818

2,617

1,084

1,533

1

2,232

3,250

2,867

1,074

1,793

80,815

4

2,178

3,392

3,064

1,025

2,039

79,504

3

2,271

4,108

2,972

927

2,045

89,609

83,778

2

1,789

4,040

3,349

957

2,392

96,110
100,934

90,450
95,631

1
2

1,429
1,422

4,230
3,879

3,801
3,608

1,037
1,090

2,764
2,518

108,610

105,449

100,926

0

1,275

3,248

3,161

797

2,364

114,593

111,875

107,645

0

1,284

2,946

2,718

525

2,193

1999

119,620

117,612

113,720

1

1,350

2,541

2,008

1

2,007

2000

123,295

121,414

117,377

2

1,294

2,741

1,881

1

1,880

2001

123,554

121,820

117,675

1

1,405

2,739

1,734

0

1,734

2002

118,837

117,138

112,992

1

1,587

2,558

1,699

0

1,699

2003

115,691

114,136

110,173

0

1,636

2,327

1,555

0

1,555

2004

115,163

113,768

110,130

0

1,589

2,049

1,395

0

1,395

2005

116,227

115,001

111,658

0

1,541

1,802

1,226

0

1,226

2006

123,000

121,808

118,551

0

1,529

1,728

1,192

0

1,192

2007
2008

128,086
124,690

126,906
123,597

123,739
120,730

0
0

1,470
1,404

1,697
1,463

1,180
1,093

0
0

1,180
1,093

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

3

Total

Other Jurisdictions
California Felons California Parolees
Supervised by
Supervised by
by DJJ
Another State

62

TABLE 40
FELON PAROLE POPULATION
SUPERVISED BY THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS AND REHABILITATION
BY OFFENSE AND GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 2008

TOTAL

TOTAL
NUMBER
PERCENT
123,778
100.0

MALE
NUMBER
PERCENT
110,364
100.0

FEMALE
NUMBER
PERCENT
13,414
100.0

CRIMES AGAINST PERSONS

33,897

27.4

32,006

29.0

1,891

14.1

Homicide
Murder 1st
Murder 2nd
Manslaughter
Vehicular Manslaughter

2,169
45
762
884
478

1.8
0.0
0.6
0.7
0.4

1,970
37
714
805
414

1.8
0.0
0.6
0.7
0.4

199
8
48
79
64

1.5
0.1
0.4
0.6
0.5

Robbery

6,787

5.5

6,300

5.7

487

3.6

Assault and Battery
Assault Deadly Weapon
Other Assault/Battery

17,282
7,415
9,867

14.0
6.0
8.0

16,186
6,930
9,256

14.7
6.3
8.4

1,096
485
611

8.2
3.6
4.6

Sex Offenses
Rape
Lewd Act With Child
Oral Copulation
Sodomy
Penetration With Object
Other Sex Offenses

7,246
648
3,648
219
74
174
2,483

5.9
0.5
2.9
0.2
0.1
0.1
2.0

7,157
646
3,610
213
74
172
2,442

6.5
0.6
3.3
0.2
0.1
0.2
2.2

89
2
38
6
0
2
41

0.7
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3

413

0.3

393

0.4

20

0.1

PROPERTY CRIMES
Burglary
Burglary 1st
Burglary 2nd
Theft
Grand Theft
Petty Theft With Prior
Receiving Stolen Property
Vehicle Theft
Forgery/Fraud
Other Property

36,152
11,184
3,853
7,331
13,564
3,680
5,248
4,636
6,587
3,491
1,326

29.2
9.0
3.1
5.9
11.0
3.0
4.2
3.7
5.3
2.8
1.1

30,450
9,775
3,559
6,216
11,271
3,107
4,176
3,988
5,911
2,348
1,145

27.6
8.9
3.2
5.6
10.2
2.8
3.8
3.6
5.4
2.1
1.0

5,702
1,409
294
1,115
2,293
573
1,072
648
676
1,143
181

42.5
10.5
2.2
8.3
17.1
4.3
8.0
4.8
5.0
8.5
1.3

DRUG CRIMES
CS Possession
CS Possession For Sale
CS Sales
CS Manufacturing
CS Other
Hashish Possession
Marijuana Possess For Sale
Marijuana Sale
Marijuana Other

36,847
18,823
10,999
3,639
641
748
69
1,292
492
144

29.8
15.2
8.9
2.9
0.5
0.6
0.1
1.0
0.4
0.1

32,080
15,997
9,789
3,178
599
618
68
1,227
463
141

29.1
14.5
8.9
2.9
0.5
0.6
0.1
1.1
0.4
0.1

4,767
2,826
1,210
461
42
130
1
65
29
3

35.5
21.1
9.0
3.4
0.3
1.0
0.0
0.5
0.2
0.0

OTHER CRIMES
Escape
Driving Under the Influence
Arson
Possession of Weapon
Other Offenses

16,882
103
3,412
380
7,037
5,950

13.6
0.1
2.8
0.3
5.7
4.8

15,828
91
3,176
320
6,864
5,377

14.3
0.1
2.9
0.3
6.2
4.9

1,054
12
236
60
173
573

7.9
0.1
1.8
0.4
1.3
4.3

Kidnapping

Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

63

TABLE 41
PAROLE POPULATION
SUPERVISED IN CALIFORNIA
BY OFFENSE CATEGORY AND GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008
DECEMBER
31

TOTAL

TOTAL
MALE

PERSON
Percent

MALE
PROPERTY
Percent

DRUG
Percent

OTHER
Percent

TOTAL
FEMALE

PERSON
Percent

FEMALE
PROPERTY
Percent

DRUG
Percent

OTHER
Percent

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

55,369
65,420
77,121
80,815
79,504

50,693
59,537
69,759
73,177
72,397

30.4
28.1
26.2
26.8
27.9

35.2
32.5
31.7
31.2
30.0

29.4
32.1
32.3
31.3
30.9

5.0
7.3
9.8
10.7
11.2

4,676
5,883
7,362
7,638
7,107

15.8
14.8
13.4
13.6
14.5

46.4
41.1
39.3
39.1
38.2

34.1
40.0
43.0
43.2
42.1

3.6
4.2
4.3
4.1
5.2

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

83,778
90,450
95,631
100,926
107,645

76,610
82,482
86,904
91,286
96,988

27.9
28.1
28.2
27.9
27.2

29.7
28.3
27.3
26.4
25.9

30.9
32.2
33.4
34.7
36.2

11.5
11.3
11.1
11.0
10.7

7,168
7,968
8,727
9,640
10,657

14.2
13.5
13.1
12.7
12.8

37.9
37.4
37.6
37.1
35.8

42.5
43.1
43.3
45.0
46.6

5.3
6.1
5.9
5.2
4.9

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

113,720
117,377
117,675
112,992
110,173

101,967
105,037
104,893
100,931
98,054

26.7
26.4
26.1
27.0
27.5

25.5
24.8
24.6
25.3
26.9

37.3
38.3
38.6
36.8
34.2

10.5
10.5
10.6
10.9
11.4

11,753
12,340
12,782
12,061
12,119

12.4
12.2
12.1
11.5
12.1

34.5
33.3
32.8
36.5
39.4

48.3
49.7
50.2
46.7
42.8

4.8
4.8
4.9
5.3
5.7

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

110,130
111,658
118,551
123,739
123,778

98,016
99,376
105,510
110,128
110,364

28.0
27.9
27.2
27.6
29.0

28.3
28.2
28.8
28.4
27.6

31.8
30.1
30.0
29.8
29.1

11.9
13.8
14.0
14.3
14.3

12,114
12,282
13,041
13,611
13,414

12.4
12.9
13.1
13.2
14.1

42.0
43.0
43.6
43.6
42.5

39.6
36.5
36.1
36.0
35.5

6.0
7.6
7.2
7.3
7.9

Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

Percent of
Total Parolees

45.0%
40.0%
35.0%

Person
Crimes

30.0%
25.0%

Property
Crimes

20.0%
15.0%

Drug Crimes

10.0%
Other
Crimes

5.0%
0.0%
1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

64

TABLE 42
PAROLE AND OUTPATIENT POPULATION
SUPERVISED IN CALIFORNIA
BY RACIAL/ETHNIC GROUP AND GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008

DECEMBER
31

TOTAL
POPULATION

TOTAL
MALE

WHITE
Percent

MALE
HISPANIC
Percent

BLACK
Percent

OTHER
Percent

TOTAL
FEMALE

WHITE
Percent

FEMALE
HISPANIC
Percent

BLACK
Percent

OTHER
Percent

1989

55,386

50,696

29.3

31.8

34.6

4.3

4,690

35.2

25.7

31.4

7.7

1990

65,420

59,537

29.3

32.1

34.3

4.4

5,883

34.7

24.2

34.6

6.5

1991

77,120

69,758

29.3

33.4

32.8

4.5

7,362

34.1

24.8

35.8

5.4

1992

80,815

73,177

28.5

34.2

32.5

4.7

7,638

34.3

24.2

36.8

4.6

1993

79,504

72,397

28.3

36.3

30.6

4.7

7,107

35.6

25.0

35.3

4.0

1994

83,778

76,610

28.0

38.3

29.0

4.6

7,168

37.0

25.1

33.8

4.1

1995

90,450

82,482

28.1

39.5

27.8

4.6

7,968

38.2

24.4

33.0

4.4

1996

95,631

86,904

28.0

41.3

26.1

4.7

8,727

38.7

23.9

31.9

5.5

1997

100,926

91,286

27.9

41.7

25.5

4.9

9,640

38.7

24.1

31.5

5.8

1998

107,645

96,988

29.0

41.6

24.6

4.8

10,657

39.0

24.2

31.5

5.3

1999

113,720

101,967

28.8

41.5

24.9

4.8

11,753

38.3

24.9

32.3

4.4

2000

117,377

105,037

28.4

41.6

25.2

4.8

12,340

38.6

24.6

32.6

4.2

2001

117,675

104,893

28.4

41.4

25.4

4.7

12,782

37.6

25.3

33.1

4.0

2002

112,992

100,931

28.4

41.3

25.4

4.9

12,061

38.0

25.6

32.7

3.7

2003

114,255

101,948

30.1

39.2

25.7

4.9

12,307

39.6

25.5

31.1

3.8

2004

113,994

101,777

30.4

39.0

25.5

5.1

12,217

40.9

26.6

29.0

3.5

2005

115,184

102,654

30.4

39.9

24.7

5.1

12,530

41.5

27.5

27.1

3.9

2006

122,381

108,609

30.0

41.0

23.8

5.2

13,772

41.2

28.8

26.0

4.0

2007

126,906

112,789

29.4

42.0

23.5

5.1

14,117

40.7

30.0

25.3

4.0

2008

123,778

110,364

28.2

42.4

24.2

5.2

13,414

39.2

30.8

25.6

4.3

Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

65

CHART 11
PAROLE AND OUTPATIENT POPULATION
SUPERVISED IN CALIFORNIA
RACIAL/ETHNIC COMPOSITION
December 31, 1989 - December 31, 2008
45.0%
41.2%
40.0%

1989

34.3%

35.0%
30.0%

29.8%

1993

31.3%
29.4%

1998

24.3%

25.0%

2003

20.0%
2008

15.0%
10.0%
5.1%

4.6%

5.0%
0.0%
WHITE

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

BLACK

HISPANIC

66

OTHER

TABLE 43
PAROLE AND OUTPATIENT POPULATION
SUPERVISED IN CALIFORNIA
BY AGE GROUP, MEAN AGE AND GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1994 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008
DECEMBER
31

TOTAL

Under 20
Percent

20 - 24
Percent

25 - 29
Percent

30 - 34
Percent

MALE
35 - 39
40 - 44
Percent
Percent

45 - 49
Percent

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

76,610
82,482
86,904
91,286
96,988

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

13.9
13.0
12.5
11.7
11.5

23.4
23.3
22.8
22.0
21.0

23.2
22.9
22.5
21.8
21.1

17.7
18.4
18.5
19.0
19.3

11.1
11.3
12.0
13.0
13.5

5.7
5.9
6.3
6.8
7.3

4.8
4.9
5.2
5.5
6.0

32
32
33
33
34

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

101,967
105,037
104,893
100,931
101,948

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

11.5
11.0
10.6
10.5
10.9

19.7
18.5
17.9
17.7
18.1

20.4
19.9
19.1
18.6
17.6

19.4
19.1
18.6
18.0
17.0

14.1
15.1
15.8
15.9
16.1

7.9
8.8
9.5
10.3
10.7

6.6
7.3
8.2
8.8
9.4

34
35
36
36
36

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

101,777
102,654
108,609
112,789
110,364

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3

11.4
11.6
11.4
10.9
10.9

18.8
19.6
19.9
20.2
19.9

16.7
16.3
16.3
16.5
16.9

16.6
16.2
15.8
15.3
14.7

15.7
15.1
14.5
13.9
13.5

10.8
10.9
11.2
11.4
11.6

9.7
10.1
10.6
11.6
12.3

36
36
36
36
37

FEMALE
Under 20
Percent

20 - 24
Percent

25 - 29
Percent

30 - 34
Percent

35 - 39
Percent

40 - 44
Percent

45 - 49
Percent

50 and Over
Percent

Mean
Age

DECEMBER
31

TOTAL

1994
1995
1996
1997

7,168
7,968
8,727
9,640

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

5.9
4.8
5.0
4.6

20.1
18.5
16.6
15.8

27.8
27.0
25.7
25.0

23.7
24.3
25.3
25.4

13.2
15.0
15.9
16.8

6.1
6.6
7.7
7.9

3.2
3.7
3.8
4.5

34
34
35
35

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

11,753
12,340
12,782
12,061
12,307

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

5.0
4.8
5.3
5.2
6.2

12.2
11.8
11.1
11.7
12.8

21.8
19.6
18.6
18.1
16.9

25.9
25.3
24.5
23.5
21.3

19.9
21.5
21.9
21.5
21.8

9.5
10.9
11.5
12.2
13.0

5.5
6.1
7.0
7.7
7.9

37
37
38
38
38

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

12,217
12,530
13,772
14,117
13,414

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

6.7
7.3
7.6
7.3
7.2

14.9
15.7
16.5
16.5
16.9

16.0
15.4
15.8
16.1
16.8

21.0
19.9
18.6
17.9
16.3

20.3
19.6
19.1
18.6
17.9

12.9
13.1
13.3
13.8
14.3

8.0
8.7
9.1
9.7
10.4

37
37
37
37
37

Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

67

CHART 12
PAROLE AND OUTPATIENT POPULATION
SUPERVISED IN CALIFORNIA
AGE GROUPS
December 31, 1994 - December 31, 2008
45.0%

41.8%
1994

40.0%
36.6%

35.0%

31.8%

1998

30.3%

30.0%
25.8%
2003

25.0%
20.0%
17.0%

2008

15.0%

12.1%

10.0%
4.6%

5.0%
0.0%
18 - 29 YEARS

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

30-39 YEARS

40-49 YEARS

68

50+ YEARS

TABLE 44A
TOTAL FELONS PAROLED AND REPAROLED FROM AN INSTITUTION
BY REGION AND COUNTY OF PAROLE
CALENDAR YEAR 2008
TYPE OF PAROLE
TOTAL
NUMBER
TOTAL

FIRST PAROLE

PERCENT

NUMBER

REPAROLE

PERCENT

NUMBER

PERCENT

138,876

100.0

66,930

100.0

71,946

100.0

REGION I/ISPU

37,840

27.2

15,160

22.7

22,680

31.5

REGION II

28,101

20.2

10,513

15.7

17,588

24.4

REGION III

31,884

23.0

21,667

32.4

10,217

14.2

REGION IV

41,051

29.6

19,590

29.3

21,461

29.8

7,012

5.0

2,752

4.1

4,260

5.9

ALPINE

15

0.0

9

0.0

6

0.0

AMADOR

64

0.0

38

0.1

26

0.0

1,203

0.9

474

0.7

729

1.0

CALAVERAS

52

0.0

35

0.1

17

0.0

COLUSA

37

0.0

16

0.0

21

0.0

1,927

1.4

558

0.8

1,369

1.9

DEL NORTE

94

0.1

48

0.1

46

0.1

EL DORADO

458

0.3

166

0.2

292

0.4

6,204

4.5

2,168

3.2

4,036

5.6

GLENN

143

0.1

50

0.1

93

0.1

HUMBOLDT

840

0.6

273

0.4

567

0.8

IMPERIAL

400

0.3

159

0.2

241

0.3

INTERSTATE PAROLE UNIT
(ISPU)

130

0.1

124

0.2

6

0.0

41

0.0

26

0.0

15

0.0

4,824

3.5

2,130

3.2

2,694

3.7

KINGS

961

0.7

385

0.6

576

0.8

LAKE

375

0.3

172

0.3

203

0.3

LASSEN

114

0.1

52

0.1

62

0.1

31,957

23.0

21,730

32.5

10,227

14.2

728

0.5

285

0.4

443

0.6

MARIN

74

0.1

39

0.1

35

0.0

MARIPOSA

40

0.0

23

0.0

17

0.0

326

0.2

87

0.1

239

0.3

1,173

0.8

414

0.6

759

1.1

MODOC

37

0.0

16

0.0

21

0.0

MONO

19

0.0

11

0.0

8

0.0

REGION OF PAROLE

COUNTY OF PAROLE
ALAMEDA

BUTTE

CONTRA COSTA

FRESNO

INYO
KERN

LOS ANGELES
MADERA

MENDOCINO
MERCED

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

69

TABLE 44A
TOTAL FELONS PAROLED AND REPAROLED FROM AN INSTITUTION
BY REGION AND COUNTY OF PAROLE
CALENDAR YEAR 2008
TYPE OF PAROLE
TOTAL
NUMBER
MONTEREY

FIRST PAROLE

PERCENT

NUMBER

REPAROLE

PERCENT

NUMBER

PERCENT

1,429

1.0

564

0.8

865

1.2

171

0.1

93

0.1

78

0.1

NEVADA

82

0.1

40

0.1

42

0.1

ORANGE

10,449

7.5

5,911

8.8

4,538

6.3

PLACER

728

0.5

274

0.4

454

0.6

PLUMAS

58

0.0

23

0.0

35

0.0

RIVERSIDE

8,872

6.4

4,050

6.1

4,822

6.7

SACRAMENTO

8,258

5.9

3,783

5.7

4,475

6.2

80

0.1

45

0.1

35

0.0

12,163

8.8

5,540

8.3

6,623

9.2

SAN DIEGO

9,113

6.6

3,886

5.8

5,227

7.3

SAN FRANCISCO

2,362

1.7

592

0.9

1,770

2.5

SAN JOAQUIN

3,964

2.9

1,248

1.9

2,716

3.8

914

0.7

466

0.7

448

0.6

SAN MATEO

1,265

0.9

531

0.8

734

1.0

SANTA BARBARA

1,064

0.8

520

0.8

544

0.8

SANTA CLARA

4,284

3.1

1,743

2.6

2,541

3.5

515

0.4

157

0.2

358

0.5

SHASTA

1,425

1.0

529

0.8

896

1.2

SIERRA

6

0.0

4

0.0

2

0.0

190

0.1

67

0.1

123

0.2

SOLANO

2,020

1.5

655

1.0

1,365

1.9

SONOMA

1012

0.7

401

0.6

611

0.8

STANISLAUS

2,423

1.7

955

1.4

1,468

2.0

SUTTER

413

0.3

228

0.3

185

0.3

TEHAMA

405

0.3

143

0.2

262

0.4

TRINITY

29

0.0

9

0.0

20

0.0

TULARE

1,963

1.4

853

1.3

1,110

1.5

81

0.1

58

0.1

23

0.0

2,328

1.7

807

1.2

1,521

2.1

YOLO

861

0.6

258

0.4

603

0.8

YUBA

701

0.5

257

0.4

444

0.6

NAPA

SAN BENITO
SAN BERNARDINO

SAN LUIS OBISPO

SANTA CRUZ

SISKIYOU

TUOLUMNE
VENTURA

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

70

TABLE 44B
TOTAL MALE FELONS PAROLED AND REPAROLED FROM AN INSTITUTION
BY REGION AND COUNTY OF PAROLE
CALENDAR YEAR 2008
TYPE OF PAROLE
TOTAL
NUMBER
TOTAL

FIRST PAROLE

PERCENT

NUMBER

REPAROLE

PERCENT

NUMBER

PERCENT

125,005

100.0

59,211

100.0

65,794

100.0

REGION I/ISPU

34,213

27.4

13,467

22.7

20,746

31.5

REGION II

25,774

20.6

9,413

15.9

16,361

24.9

REGION III

28,477

22.8

19,120

32.3

9,357

14.2

REGION IV

36,541

29.2

17,211

29.1

19,330

29.4

ALAMEDA

6,687

5.2

2,605

4.4

4,082

6.2

ALPINE

12

0.0

8

0.0

4

0.0

AMADOR

60

0.0

35

0.1

25

0.0

1,094

0.9

412

0.7

682

1.0

CALAVERAS

45

0.0

32

0.1

25

0.0

COLUSA

35

0.0

15

0.0

20

0.0

1,811

1.4

500

0.8

1,311

2.0

DEL NORTE

85

0.1

42

0.1

43

0.1

EL DORADO

432

0.3

152

0.3

280

0.4

5,475

4.4

1,901

3.2

3,574

5.4

GLENN

130

0.1

47

0.1

83

0.1

HUMBOLDT

784

0.6

248

0.4

536

0.8

IMPERIAL

373

0.3

145

0.2

228

0.3

INTERSTATE PAROLE UNIT
(ISPU)

115

0.1

110

0.2

5

0.0

38

0.0

24

0.0

14

0.0

4,256

3.4

1,835

3.1

2,421

3.7

KINGS

849

0.7

328

0.6

521

0.8

LAKE

331

0.3

143

0.2

188

0.3

LASSEN

101

0.1

43

0.1

58

0.1

28,545

22.8

19,178

32.4

9,367

14.2

642

0.5

242

0.4

400

0.6

MARIN

65

0.1

31

0.1

34

0.1

MARIPOSA

39

0.0

22

0.0

17

0.0

304

0.2

79

0.1

225

0.3

1,079

0.9

383

0.6

696

1.1

36

0.0

15

0.0

21

0.0

REGION OF PAROLE

COUNTY OF PAROLE

BUTTE

CONTRA COSTA

FRESNO

INYO
KERN

LOS ANGELES
MADERA

MENDOCINO
MERCED
MODOC

71
CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

TABLE 44B
TOTAL MALE FELONS PAROLED AND REPAROLED FROM AN INSTITUTION
BY REGION AND COUNTY OF PAROLE
CALENDAR YEAR 2008
TYPE OF PAROLE
TOTAL
NUMBER
MONO

FIRST PAROLE

PERCENT

NUMBER

REPAROLE

PERCENT

NUMBER

PERCENT

18

0.0

10

0.0

8

0.0

1,270

1.0

496

0.8

774

1.2

156

0.1

81

0.1

75

0.1

NEVADA

81

0.1

39

0.1

42

0.1

ORANGE

9,286

7.4

5,295

8.9

3,991

6.1

PLACER

671

0.5

239

0.4

432

0.7

PLUMAS

51

0.0

17

0.0

34

0.1

RIVERSIDE

7,878

6.3

3,545

6.0

4,333

6.6

SACRAMENTO

7,694

6.2

3,520

5.9

4,174

6.3

70

0.1

38

0.1

32

0.0

10,758

8.6

4,777

8.1

5,981

9.1

SAN DIEGO

8,190

6.6

3,406

5.8

4,784

7.3

SAN FRANCISCO

2,157

1.7

532

0.9

1,625

2.5

SAN JOAQUIN

3,583

2.9

1,094

1.8

2,489

3.8

861

0.7

444

0.7

417

0.6

1,118

0.9

447

0.8

671

1.0

958

0.8

470

0.8

488

0.7

3,797

3.0

1,514

2.6

2,283

3.5

473

0.4

134

0.2

339

0.5

SHASTA

1,259

1.0

452

0.8

807

1.2

SIERRA

5

0.0

4

0.0

1

0.0

180

0.1

62

0.1

118

0.2

SOLANO

1,812

1.4

567

1.0

1,245

1.9

SONOMA

938

0.8

353

0.6

585

0.9

2,204

1.8

840

1.4

1,364

2.1

SUTTER

366

0.3

197

0.3

169

0.3

TEHAMA

359

0.3

123

0.2

236

0.4

TRINITY

29

0.0

9

0.0

20

0.0

TULARE

1,766

1.4

752

1.3

1,014

1.5

73

0.1

52

0.1

21

0.0

2,092

1.7

681

1.2

1,411

2.1

YOLO

788

0.6

230

0.4

558

0.8

YUBA

641

0.5

216

0.4

425

0.6

MONTEREY
NAPA

SAN BENITO
SAN BERNARDINO

SAN LUIS OBISPO
SAN MATEO
SANTA BARBARA
SANTA CLARA
SANTA CRUZ

SISKIYOU

STANISLAUS

TUOLUMNE
VENTURA

72
CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

TABLE 44C
TOTAL FEMALE FELONS PAROLED AND REPAROLED FROM AN INSTITUTION
BY REGION AND COUNTY OF PAROLE
CALENDAR YEAR 2008
TYPE OF PAROLE
TOTAL
NUMBER
TOTAL

FIRST PAROLE

PERCENT

NUMBER

REPAROLE

PERCENT

NUMBER

PERCENT

13,871

100.0

7,719

100.0

6,152

100.0

REGION I/ISPU

3,627

26.1

1,693

21.9

1,934

31.4

REGION II

2,327

16.8

1,100

14.3

1,227

19.9

REGION III

3,407

24.6

2,547

33.0

860

14.0

REGION IV

4,510

32.5

2,379

30.8

2,131

34.6

325

2.3

147

1.9

178

2.9

ALPINE

3

0.0

1

0.0

2

0.0

AMADOR

4

0.0

3

0.0

1

0.0

109

0.8

62

0.8

47

0.8

CALAVERAS

7

0.1

3

0.0

4

0.1

COLUSA

2

0.0

1

0.0

1

0.0

116

0.8

58

0.8

58

0.9

DEL NORTE

9

0.1

6

0.1

3

0.0

EL DORADO

26

0.2

14

0.2

12

0.2

729

5.3

267

3.5

462

7.5

GLENN

13

0.1

3

0.0

10

0.2

HUMBOLDT

59

0.4

25

0.3

31

0.5

IMPERIAL

27

0.2

14

0.2

13

0.2

INTERSTATE PAROLE UNIT
(ISPU)

15

0.1

14

0.2

1

0.0

3

0.0

2

0.0

1

0.0

KERN

568

4.1

295

3.8

273

4.4

KINGS

112

0.8

57

0.7

55

0.9

LAKE

44

0.3

29

0.4

15

0.2

LASSEN

13

0.1

9

0.1

4

0.1

3,412

24.6

2,552

33.1

860

14.0

86

0.6

43

0.6

43

0.7

MARIN

9

0.1

8

0.1

1

0.0

MARIPOSA

1

0.0

1

0.0

0

0.0

MENDOCINO

22

0.7

8

0.1

14

0.2

MERCED

94

0.0

31

0.4

63

1.0

MODOC

1

0.0

1

0.0

0

0.0

REGION OF PAROLE

COUNTY OF PAROLE
ALAMEDA

BUTTE

CONTRA COSTA

FRESNO

INYO

LOS ANGELES
MADERA

73
CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

TABLE 44C
TOTAL FEMALE FELONS PAROLED AND REPAROLED FROM AN INSTITUTION
BY REGION AND COUNTY OF PAROLE
CALENDAR YEAR 2008
TYPE OF PAROLE
TOTAL
NUMBER
MONO

FIRST PAROLE

PERCENT

NUMBER

REPAROLE

PERCENT

NUMBER

PERCENT

1

0.0

1

0.0

0

0.0

159

1.1

68

0.9

91

1.5

15

0.1

12

0.2

3

0.0

NEVADA

1

0.0

1

0.0

0

0.0

ORANGE

1,163

8.4

616

8.0

547

8.9

PLACER

57

0.4

35

0.5

22

0.4

PLUMAS

7

0.1

6

0.1

1

0.0

RIVERSIDE

994

7.2

505

6.5

489

7.9

SACRAMENTO

564

4.1

263

3.4

301

4.9

10

0.1

7

0.1

3

0.0

1,405

10.1

763

9.9

642

10.4

SAN DIEGO

923

6.7

480

6.2

443

7.2

SAN FRANCISCO

205

1.5

60

0.8

145

2.4

SAN JOAQUIN

381

2.7

154

2.0

227

3.7

53

0.4

22

0.3

31

0.5

SAN MATEO

147

1.1

84

1.1

63

1.0

SANTA BARBARA

106

0.8

50

0.6

56

0.9

SANTA CLARA

487

3.5

229

3.0

258

4.2

SANTA CRUZ

42

0.3

23

0.3

19

0.3

SHASTA

166

1.2

77

1.0

89

1.4

SIERRA

1

0.0

0

0.0

1

0.0

SISKIYOU

10

0.1

5

0.1

5

0.1

SOLANO

208

1.5

88

1.1

120

2.0

SONOMA

74

0.5

48

0.6

26

0.4

219

1.6

115

1.5

104

1.7

SUTTER

47

0.3

31

0.4

16

0.3

TEHAMA

46

0.3

20

0.3

26

0.4

TULARE

197

1.4

101

1.3

96

1.6

8

0.1

6

0.1

2

0.0

236

1.7

126

1.6

110

1.8

YOLO

73

0.5

28

0.4

45

0.7

YUBA

60

0.4

41

0.5

19

0.3

MONTEREY
NAPA

SAN BENITO
SAN BERNARDINO

SAN LUIS OBISPO

STANISLAUS

TUOLUMNE
VENTURA

74
CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

TABLE 45A
TOTAL FELONS FIRST RELEASES TO PAROLE*
BY OFFENSE AND TIME SERVED ON PRISON SENTENCE
CALENDAR YEAR 2008
Commitment Offense Groups
___________________________________
Groups
Sub-groups
Grand Total

Total
Paroled
66,933

Total Months
Served
Mean Median
24.9
15.4

Crimes Against Persons
Homicide
Murder 1st (Pre 11-8-78)
Murder 1st
Murder 2nd (Pre 11-8-78)
Murder 2nd
Manslaughter
Vehicular Manslaughter

15,262
654
11
10
1
51
364
217

43.1
100.4
374.1
315.9
39.1
274.1
99.4
37.7

25.7
73.7
369.8
328.2
39.1
276.7
103.7
27.5

6.6
11.0
12.5
11.1
12.0
11.2
13.8
6.1

5.0
8.8
12.8
10.4
12.0
10.0
12.0
3.6

36.5
89.4
361.7
304.7
27.1
262.9
85.5
31.7

19.6
63.1
358.6
316.1
27.1
263.5
88.1
22.7

Robbery

3,103

54.1

37.5

6.6

5.1

47.5

31.5

Assault
Assault With Deadly Weapon
Attempted Murder 1st
Attempted Murder 2nd
Other Assault/Battery

8,556
3,459
9
223
4,865

32.4
38.8
189.9
112.8
23.8

20.0
24.5
190.4
112.5
18.2

6.3
7.2
12.3
12.1
5.5

4.9
5.7
9.9
10.2
4.0

26.0
31.6
177.6
100.8
18.3

14.5
17.3
182.3
103.3
11.8

Sex Crimes
Rape
Lewd Act With Child
Oral Copulation
Sodomy
Penetration With Object
Other Sex

2,804
225
1,255
63
27
72
1,162

48.3
84.5
64.3
76.0
84.7
59.3
20.9

30.8
61.7
61.3
61.4
68.5
41.0
15.3

6.4
8.1
7.2
6.8
8.8
7.5
5.0

4.8
6.6
5.6
5.7
8.6
5.7
3.6

41.9
76.4
57.0
69.3
76.0
51.9
15.9

25.3
58.5
50.9
54.7
52.1
36.6
10.5

145

82.1

54.7

9.1

7.0

73.0

46.4

21,789
6,666
2,018
4,648

18.8
23.1
36.8
17.2

13.0
14.0
22.2
12.6

4.1
4.4
5.8
3.8

2.6
2.8
4.1
2.4

14.8
18.7
31.0
13.4

10.2
10.9
17.2
9.2

Theft
Grand Theft
Petty Theft With Prior
Receiving Stolen Property

8,135
2,238
3,044
2,853

16.3
16.3
16.9
15.7

12.5
12.6
12.4
12.4

3.8
4.2
3.3
3.9

2.3
2.8
1.9
2.5

12.6
12.1
13.6
11.8

8.7
8.7
9.3
8.4

Other
Vehicle Theft
Forgery/Fraud
Other Property

6,988
4,065
2,104
819

17.6
18.1
17.7
15.2

13.3
13.6
13.2
12.3

4.1
3.9
4.3
4.4

2.6
2.5
2.9
3.1

13.5
14.2
13.4
10.8

10.5
11.0
10.1
7.6

Kidnapping
Property Crimes
Burglary
Burglary 1st
Burglary 2nd

Jail Months
Served
Mean Median
4.8
3.3

CDCR Months
Served
Mean Median
20.1
11.3

*First releases to parole include new admissions paroled for the first time and parole violators returned with a new term by the courts
who were paroled for the first time following the new offense.
NOTE: The median time served in CDCR and prior to CDCR may not add to the total median time served because the medians were
calculated separately.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

75

TABLE 45A
TOTAL FELONS FIRST RELEASES TO PAROLE*
BY OFFENSE AND TIME SERVED ON PRISON SENTENCE
CALENDAR YEAR 2008
Commitment Offense Groups
___________________________________
Groups
Sub-groups

Total
Paroled

Total Months
Served
Mean Median

Jail Months
Served
Mean Median

CDCR Months
Served
Mean Median

Drug Crimes
Sales Related
CS Possession For Sale
CS Sales
CS Manufacturing
Marij. Possess For Sale
Marijuana Sale

21,470
10,368
6,683
2,278
287
821
299

20.6
25.3
23.9
31.9
44.0
13.7
19.5

15.1
19.4
19.0
24.0
36.9
10.3
14.4

4.5
4.8
4.6
5.6
8.2
3.5
4.8

3.2
3.4
3.2
3.9
5.5
2.5
3.6

16.1
20.4
19.3
26.3
35.8
10.2
14.7

11.2
15.8
15.1
17.5
28.8
7.5
10.9

Possession
CS Possession
CS Other
Hashish Possession
Marijuana Other

11,102
10,540
409
46
107

16.2
16.0
22.4
12.4
16.4

12.5
12.4
13.2
9.5
10.6

4.1
4.1
4.1
3.6
3.9

3.0
3.0
2.5
3.0
3.0

12.1
11.9
18.3
8.8
12.4

7.9
7.8
10.8
7.3
7.8

Other Crimes
Escape
Driving Under Influence
Arson
Possession Weapon
Other Offenses

8,412
45
2,071
161
3,963
2,172

18.4
19.2
15.5
35.1
18.2
20.1

12.9
12.2
12.3
26.8
13.0
13.9

4.3
2.7
3.6
8.1
3.9
5.6

2.9
1.4
2.5
6.5
2.4
4.5

14.0
16.5
11.9
27.1
14.3
14.5

9.5
8.0
7.7
17.3
10.5
8.9

*First releases to parole include new admissions paroled for the first time and parole violators returned with a new term by the courts
who were paroled for the first time following the new offense.
NOTE: The median time served in CDCR and prior to CDCR may not add to the total median time served because the medians were
calculated separately.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

76

TABLE 45B
MALE FELONS FIRST RELEASES TO PAROLE*
BY OFFENSE AND TIME SERVED ON PRISON SENTENCE
CALENDAR YEAR 2008
Commitment Offense Groups
___________________________________
Groups
Sub-groups
Grand Total

Total
Paroled
59,218

Total Months
Served
Mean Median
25.8
16.5

Crimes Against Persons
Homicide
Murder 1st (Pre 11-8-78)
Murder 1st
Murder 2nd (Pre 11-8-78)
Murder 2nd
Manslaughter
Vehicular Manslaughter

14,382
582
10
9
1
44
337
181

43.6
102.6
374.7
313.4
39.1
276.5
100.4
39.2

25.9
77.9
370.7
328.2
39.1
276.3
103.8
28.5

6.6
11.2
12.2
11.1
12.0
11.0
14.0
6.1

5.0
9.3
10.3
10.0
12.0
9.9
12.1
3.6

37.0
91.4
362.5
302.3
27.1
265.5
86.4
33.1

20.0
67.6
358.7
314.8
27.1
263.4
88.3
23.3

Robbery

2,880

55.2

40.7

6.6

5.0

48.6

33.0

Assault
Assault With Deadly Weapon
Attempted Murder 1st
Attempted Murder 2nd
Other Assault/Battery

8,016
3,232
8
209
4,567

32.8
39.6
192.5
114.2
24.0

20.2
25.0
190.9
112.8
18.3

6.3
7.2
11.4
11.9
5.4

4.8
5.7
9.1
10.2
4.0

26.5
32.4
181.1
102.3
18.6

14.8
17.8
183.1
103.7
11.9

Sex Crimes
Rape
Lewd Act With Child
Oral Copulation
Sodomy
Penetration With Object
Other Sex

2,765
224
1,239
61
27
72
1,142

48.4
83.9
64.5
78.1
84.7
59.3
21.0

30.8
61.7
61.3
61.4
68.5
41.0
15.3

6.4
8.1
7.2
6.9
8.8
7.5
5.0

4.8
6.6
5.6
5.7
8.6
5.7
3.6

42.1
75.9
57.2
71.2
76.0
51.9
16.0

25.4
58.4
51.0
55.6
52.1
36.6
10.5

139

83.8

57.4

9.2

7.0

74.6

49.3

18,225
5,785
1,863
3,922

19.6
24.1
37.6
17.8

13.3
14.3
22.4
12.7

4.1
4.5
5.8
3.9

2.6
2.9
4.1
2.4

15.5
19.7
31.8
13.9

10.5
11.1
17.5
9.6

Theft
Grand Theft
Petty Theft With Prior
Receiving Stolen Property

6,713
1,870
2,386
2,457

16.8
16.6
17.7
16.1

12.5
12.6
12.5
12.5

3.8
4.2
3.4
3.9

2.3
2.8
1.9
2.5

13.0
12.4
14.3
12.2

9.2
8.8
9.8
8.8

Other
Vehicle Theft
Forgery/Fraud
Other Property

5,727
3,638
1,376
713

18.2
18.5
19.0
15.4

13.6
14.0
13.8
12.4

4.1
3.9
4.4
4.6

2.6
2.5
2.9
3.2

14.1
14.6
14.5
10.8

10.8
11.2
10.4
7.6

Kidnapping
Property Crimes
Burglary
Burglary 1st
Burglary 2nd

Jail Months
Served
Mean Median
4.8
3.3

CDCR Months
Served
Mean Median
20.9
11.5

*First releases to parole include new admissions paroled for the first time and parole violators returned with a new term by the courts
Who were paroled for the first time following the new offense.
NOTE: The median time served in CDCR and prior to CDCR may not add to the total median time served because the medians were
calculated separately.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

77

TABLE 45B
MALE FELONS FIRST RELEASES TO PAROLE*
BY OFFENSE AND TIME SERVED ON PRISON SENTENCE
CALENDAR YEAR 2008
Commitment Offense Groups
___________________________________
Groups
Sub-groups

Total
Paroled

Total Months
Served
Mean Median

Jail Months
Served
Mean Median

CDCR Months
Served
Mean Median

Drug Crimes
Sales Related
CS Possession For Sale
CS Sales
CS Manufacturing
Marij. Possess For Sale
Marijuana Sale

18,678
9,204
5,900
1,982
267
773
282

21.2
25.9
24.5
33.0
44.5
13.8
19.7

16.2
19.6
19.2
24.4
37.3
10.3
14.7

4.5
4.9
4.6
5.8
8.1
3.5
4.9

3.2
3.4
3.2
4.0
5.5
2.4
3.6

16.8
21.0
19.9
27.2
36.4
10.3
14.9

11.5
16.0
15.6
17.9
29.1
7.5
11.0

Possession
CS Possession
CS Other
Hashish Possession
Marijuana Other

9,474
8,992
333
44
105

16.7
16.5
23.5
12.3
16.5

12.6
12.6
13.4
9.4
12.1

4.1
4.1
4.0
3.5
4.0

2.9
2.9
2.4
3.0
3.0

12.7
12.4
19.5
8.8
12.6

8.5
8.4
11.0
7.3
7.8

Other Crimes
Escape
Driving Under Influence
Arson
Possession Weapon
Other Offenses

7,933
37
1,911
137
3,866
1,982

18.4
20.7
15.5
36.0
18.2
20.4

12.9
12.4
12.3
26.5
13.0
14.0

4.3
2.5
3.6
7.6
3.9
5.6

2.9
1.2
2.5
6.5
2.4
4.5

14.1
18.2
11.8
28.4
14.4
14.8

9.6
9.2
7.7
18.2
10.5
9.1

*First releases to parole include new admissions paroled for the first time and parole violators returned with a new term by the courts
Who were paroled for the first time following the new offense.
NOTE: The median time served in CDCR and prior to CDCR may not add to the total median time served because the medians were
calculated separately.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

78

TABLE 45C
FEMALE FELONS FIRST RELEASES TO PAROLE*
BY OFFENSE AND TIME SERVED ON PRISON SENTENCE
CALENDAR YEAR 2008
Commitment Offense Groups
___________________________________
Groups
Sub-groups
Grand Total

Total
Paroled
7,715

Total Months
Served
Mean Median
17.8
12.9

Jail Months
Served
Mean Median
4.5
3.1

CDCR Months
Served
Mean Median
13.3
9.2

880
72
1
1
0
7
27
36

35.0
82.4
368.0
338.1
0
258.5
86.3
30.3

20.9
42.4
368.0
338.1
0
276.7
83.1
24.7

7.1
8.9
14.8
11.2
0
12.2
11.8
5.9

5.8
7.3
14.8
11.2
0
10.3
8.7
3.6

28.0
73.5
353.2
326.9
0
246.3
74.4
24.4

16.2
35.8
353.2
326.9
0
266.5
70.4
17.4

Robbery

223

40.2

30.8

6.8

5.4

33.4

24.8

Assault
Assault With Deadly Weapon
Attempted Murder 1st
Attempted Murder 2nd
Other Assault/Battery

540
227
1
14
298

26.4
28.4
168.8
92.2
21.4

18.2
19.0
168.8
83.6
15.4

6.9
7.1
19.5
14.2
6.3

5.8
6.2
19.5
12.2
5.2

19.5
21.2
149.3
78.0
15.0

11.2
11.9
149.3
72.7
10.4

39
1
16
2
0
0
20

36.4
222.4
50.0
13.9
0
0
18.6

24.5
222.4
37.2
13.9
0
0
18.6

7.3
19.0
7.9
3.6
0
0
6.6

5.7
19.0
5.7
3.6
0
0
5.4

29.1
230.4
42.0
10.4
0
0
12.0

16.6
230.4
32.7
10.4
0
0
7.7

6

42.3

47.0

7.5

6.9

34.8

37.5

3,564
881
155
726

14.9
16.5
27.6
14.2

12.4
12.6
20.6
12.2

3.8
4.1
6.2
3.7

2.5
2.6
5.1
2.4

11.1
12.4
21.4
10.5

8.0
8.8
14.7
7.6

Theft
Grand Theft
Petty Theft With Prior
Receiving Stolen Property

1,422
368
658
396

13.9
14.7
14.1
13.0

12.0
12.5
12.1
10.0

3.6
4.2
3.1
3.8

2.1
2.7
1.9
2.4

10.4
10.4
11.0
9.2

7.5
7.7
7.6
7.2

Other
Vehicle Theft
Forgery/Fraud
Other Property

1,261
427
728
106

14.9
14.2
15.4
13.7

12.5
12.4
12.6
10.4

3.9
3.9
4.0
3.4

2.7
2.5
2.8
2.1

10.9
10.4
11.4
10.3

8.9
9.6
8.9
7.6

Crimes Against Persons
Homicide
Murder 1st (Pre 11-8-78)
Murder 1st
Murder 2nd (Pre 11-8-78)
Murder 2nd
Manslaughter
Vehicular Manslaughter

Sex Crimes
Rape
Lewd Act With Child
Oral Copulation
Sodomy
Penetration With Object
Other Sex
Kidnapping
Property Crimes
Burglary
Burglary 1st
Burglary 2nd

*First releases to parole include new admissions paroled for the first time and parole violators returned with a new term by the courts
Who were paroled for the first time following the new offense.
NOTE: The median time served in CDCR and prior to CDCR may not add to the total median time served because the medians were
calculated separately.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

79

TABLE 45C
FEMALE FELONS FIRST RELEASES TO PAROLE*
BY OFFENSE AND TIME SERVED ON PRISON SENTENCE
CALENDAR YEAR 2008
Commitment Offense Groups
___________________________________
Groups
Sub-groups

Total
Paroled

Total Months
Served
Mean Median

Jail Months
Served
Mean Median

CDCR Months
Served
Mean Median

Drug Crimes
Sales Related
CS Possession For Sale
CS Sales
CS Manufacturing
Marij. Possess For Sale
Marijuana Sale

2,792
1,164
783
296
20
48
17

16.1
20.4
19.0
24.6
37.2
12.2
15.8

12.9
18.7
17.4
20.3
24.3
10.1
12.9

4.5
4.6
4.5
4.9
8.4
3.7
4.5

3.2
3.4
3.3
3.4
6.8
3.0
3.2

11.7
15.8
14.5
19.7
28.8
8.5
11.2

9.0
14.1
11.8
16.6
17.6
7.4
10.1

Possession
CS Possession
CS Other
Hashish Possession
Marijuana Other

1,628
1,548
76
2
2

13.1
12.8
17.7
13.1
8.9

10.3
10.2
12.6
13.1
8.9

4.3
4.3
4.7
4.3
3.0

3.2
3.2
2.9
4.3
3.0

8.7
8.5
12.9
8.8
5.9

6.9
6.9
10.5
8.8
5.9

479
8
160
24
97
190

17.0
12.1
16.0
30.3
16.5
16.6

12.6
9.6
12.1
30.9
12.5
13.1

4.8
3.5
3.9
10.5
3.7
5.5

3.4
2.0
2.7
6.4
2.4
4.8

12.2
8.6
12.2
19.8
12.8
11.1

7.8
7.1
7.7
15.5
9.8
7.5

Other Crimes
Escape
Driving Under Influence
Arson
Possession Weapon
Other Offenses

*First releases to parole include new admissions paroled for the first time and parole violators returned with a new term by the courts
Who were paroled for the first time following the new offense.
NOTE: The median time served in CDCR and prior to CDCR may not add to the total median time served because the medians were
calculated separately.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

80

TABLE 46
MEDIAN TIME SERVED ON PRISON SENTENCE
FELONS FIRST RELEASED TO PAROLE
BY GENDER
CALENDAR YEARS 1989 - 2008

CALENDAR
YEAR

TOTAL FELONS
FIRST RELEASED
TO PAROLE

MALE
TOTAL
TIME SERVED*
RELEASES
(months)

FEMALE
TOTAL
TIME SERVED*
RELEASES
(months)

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

37,224
44,421
49,204
50,911
54,213

34,057
40,354
44,724
46,567
49,618

17
16
16
16
16

3,167
4,067
4,480
4,344
4,595

16
14
14
14
14

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

58,044
56,861
57,520
60,329
60,500

53,102
51,630
51,956
54,146
53,994

16
18
19
19
19

4,942
5,231
5,564
6,183
6,506

13
14
14
14
14

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

59,553
57,940
55,479
50,927
53,520

52,958
51,626
49,412
45,712
48,044

19
19
19
20
19

6,595
6,314
6,067
5,215
5,476

14
14
14
14
14

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

60,553
64,371
67,278
67,967
66,933

53,938
57,062
59,479
60,012
59,218

17
16
15
16
17

6,615
7,309
7,799
7,955
7,715

13
13
13
13
13

* Time served includes time spent in custody prior to reception by CDCR and time served in a CDCR institution.
Note: First releases to parole include new admissions and parole violators with new terms.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

81

CHART 13
MEDIAN TIME SERVED ON PRISON SENTENCE
FELONS FIRST RELEASED TO PAROLE
BY GENDER
CALENDAR YEARS 1989 - 2008
25

20
M
o
n
t 15
h
s
S
e 10
r
v
e
d
5

25
MALE

MALE

FEMALE

FEMALE

20

20
19

M
o
17 n
16
16
16
16
16
t 1516
h
14
14
14
14
s

19

19

19

19

19

19

18
17

17
16

16
15

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

14

13

13

13

13

13

13

S
e 10
r
v
e
d 5

0
1987

1989

1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

2007

0
1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

82

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

TABLE 47
FELON PAROLE MOVEMENTS
BY GENDER
CALENDAR YEAR 2008

MOVEMENTS

TOTAL

MALE
NUMBER

FEMALE
NUMBER

POPULATION
Beginning December 31, 2007
Ending
December 31, 2008
NET CHANGE

123,739
120,730
(3,009)

110,278
107,961
(2,317)

13,461
12,769
(692)

TOTAL ARRIVALS

177,296

158,519

18,777

135,731
65,588
70,143

122,183
57,993
64,190

13,548
7,595
5,953

From Court

1,300

1,126

174

From Temp Release

3,637
1,839
1,798

3,264
1,664
1,600

373
175
198

36,509

31,836

4,673

119

110

9

180,765

161,230

19,535

Parole Supervision Terminated
Discharged
Deceased

49,176
48,318
858

42,287
41,495
792

6,889
6,823
66

Absconded From Parole Supervision (PAL)

46,582

40,970

5,612

Parole Violators Returned to Custody
With a New Term (PV-WNTs)
Without a New Term (PV-RTCs)

83,980
19,370
64,610

77,072
17,667
59,405

6,908
1,703
5,205

1,027

901

126

Institution Releases to Parole
First Parole
Reparole*

First Parole
Reparole*
Reinstated to Parole Status
Other Arrivals
TOTAL DEPARTURES

Other Departures

NOTE: NET CHANGE may not equal ARRIVALS less DEPARTURES SUB TOTAL due to uncategorized moves.
* Offenders may be counted more than once when reparoled.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

83

TABLE 48
FELONS PAROLED FROM AN INSTITUTION
AND CHANGE SINCE THE PREVIOUS YEAR
BY GENDER
CALENDAR YEARS 1989 - 2008
CALENDAR

TOTAL RELEASES

RELEASES TO PAROLE
FEMALE

TO PAROLE

CHANGE SINCE PREVIOUS YEAR

YEAR

MALE

Number

Percent

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

67,795
75,428
81,324
77,648
79,389

5,868
6,991
7,800
6,926
7,085

73,663
82,419
89,124
84,574
86,474

11,686
8,756
6,705
-4,550
1,900

18.9%
11.9%
8.1%
-5.1%
2.2%

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

88,466
96,822
101,958
109,397
114,407

8,207
9,402
10,597
11,618
12,547

96,673
106,224
112,555
121,015
126,954

10,199
9,551
6,331
8,460
5,939

11.8%
9.9%
6.0%
7.5%
4.9%

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

113,747
113,596
113,708
106,569
105,169

12,837
12,588
12,397
10,856
10,404

126,584
126,184
126,105
117,425
115,573

-370
-400
-79
-8,680
-1,852

-0.3%
-0.3%
-0.1%
-6.9%
-1.6%

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

107,150
110,821
118,896
125,066
126,573

11,103
12,205
13,340
14,030
14,095

118,253
123,026
132,236
139,096
140,668

2,680
4,773
9,210
6,860
1,572

2.3%
4.0%
7.5%
5.2%
1.1%

* Offenders may be released and counted more than once.

140,000
126,573
120,000
107,150
113,747
100,000
88,466

80,000

MALE

60,000

67,795

FEMALE

40,000
11,103

12,837

20,000

14,095

8,207

5,868
0
1989

1991

1993

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1995

1997

84

1999

2001

2003

2005

2007

CHART 14
FELON RELEASES TO PAROLE
CALENDAR YEARS 1989 - 2008

Felon Releases
To Parole
160,000

138,874
140,000

125,991
118,018
120,000

108,797
100,000

84,574
80,000

73,663

60,000

40,000

20,000

0
1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

85

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

TABLE 49
FELON PAROLEES AT LARGE (PALs)
BY GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008
DECEMBER
31

MALE
TOTAL

NUMBER

FEMALE
NUMBER
PERCENT

PERCENT

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

9,054
10,560
9,354
9,871
13,245

8,020
9,351
8,319
8,744
11,611

88.6
88.6
88.9
88.6
87.7

1,034
1,209
1,035
1,127
1,634

11.4
11.4
11.1
11.4
12.3

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

15,012
17,055
18,034
19,294
19,665

13,172
15,054
15,969
17,020
17,357

87.7
88.3
88.5
88.2
88.3

1,840
2,001
2,065
2,274
2,308

12.3
11.7
11.5
11.8
11.7

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

19,867
20,099
20,875
20,895
19,736

17,596
17,743
18,292
18,312
17,374

88.6
88.3
87.6
87.6
88.0

2,271
2,356
2,583
2,583
2,362

11.4
11.7
12.4
12.4
12.0

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

19,056
19,936
18,965
18,481
17,382

16,696
17,402
16,542
15,978
15,115

87.6
87.3
87.2
86.5
87.0

2,360
2,534
2,423
2,503
2,267

12.4
12.7
12.8
13.5
13.0

Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

22,500
19,056

20,000
19,867
17,500

17,382
15,000
15,012

12,500
10,000
7,500

9,054

5,000
2,500
0
1989

1991

1993

1995

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1997

86

1999

2001

2003

2005

2007

TABLE 50
CIVIL NARCOTIC ADDICT RELEASEES AT LARGE (RALs)
BY GENDER
DECEMBER 31, 1989 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2008
DECEMBER
31

MALE
TOTAL

NUMBER

FEMALE
NUMBER
PERCENT

PERCENT

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993

273
285
418
416
494

193
203
303
300
365

70.7
71.2
72.5
72.1
73.9

80
82
115
116
129

29.3
28.8
27.5
27.9
26.1

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

654
853
728
556
470

475
643
565
401
357

72.6
75.4
77.6
72.1
76.0

179
210
163
155
113

27.4
24.6
22.4
27.9
24.0

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

393
258
316
311
342

301
197
256
249
280

76.6
76.4
81.0
80.1
81.9

92
61
60
62
62

23.4
23.6
19.0
19.9
18.1

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

272
249
230
179
88

219
199
185
146
71

80.5
79.9
80.4
81.6
80.7

53
50
45
33
17

19.5
20.1
19.6
18.4
19.3

Components may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

900
800
700
654
600
500
400
393
300
200

272

273

100
88
0
1989

1991

1993

1995

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

1997

1999

87

2001

2003

2005

2007

Table 51
*

Recidivism Rates within One and Two Year Follow-up Periods for
Felons Paroled to California Supervision
California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
First Released to Parole1 in 2006
By Principal Commitment Offense

Principal Commitment Offense

Returned to Prison Within:2
One Year
Two Years 3

Number
Paroled

Murder First (old law)
Murder First (new law)
Murder Second (old law)
Murder Second (new law)
Manslaughter
Vehicular Manslaughter
Robbery
Assault/Deadly WP
Attempted Murder First
Attempted Murder Second
Other Assault/Battery
Rape
Lewd Act With Child
Oral Copulation
Sodomy
Sexual Penetration with Object
Other Sex
Kidnapping
Burglary First
Burglary Second
Grand Theft
Petty Theft With Prior
Receiving Stolen Property
Vehicle Theft
Forgery/Fraud
Other Property
CS Possession
CS Possession for Sale
CS Sales
CS Manufacturing
CS Other
Hashish Possession
Marijuana Possession for Sale
Marijuana Sale
Marijuana Other
Escape
Driving Under Influence
Arson
Possession Weapon
Other Offenses
TOTAL

Number

1
3
2
27
310
191
2,844
3,275
14
200
4,982
235
1,206
118
23
60
1,141
138
1,991
4,479
2,238
3,766
3,186
4,985
2,375
659
11,532
6,837
2,030
673
409
35
722
312
84
95
1,859
142
3,668
2,197
69,044

0
0
0
1
68
19
963
1,189
2
31
2,043
64
275
38
7
12
536
26
778
1,948
885
1,689
1,597
2,687
786
300
5,265
2,160
689
126
188
16
225
94
17
40
395
54
1,662
845
27,720

Percent 4
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
3.70%
21.94%
9.95%
33.86%
36.31%
14.29%
15.50%
41.01%
27.23%
22.80%
32.20%
30.43%
20.00%
46.98%
18.84%
39.08%
43.49%
39.54%
44.85%
50.13%
53.90%
33.09%
45.52%
45.66%
31.59%
33.94%
18.72%
45.97%
45.71%
31.16%
30.13%
20.24%
42.11%
21.25%
38.03%
45.31%
38.46%
40.15%

Number
0
0
0
1
105
41
1,438
1,647
2
61
2,707
83
388
47
7
19
684
40
1,067
2,530
1,134
2,177
1,955
3,248
1,044
368
6,752
2,835
904
176
236
21
298
133
23
54
545
66
2,173
1,127
36,136

Percent 4
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
3.70%
33.87%
21.47%
50.56%
50.29%
14.29%
30.50%
54.34%
35.32%
32.17%
39.83%
30.43%
31.67%
59.95%
28.99%
53.59%
56.49%
50.67%
57.81%
61.36%
65.16%
43.96%
55.84%
58.55%
41.47%
44.53%
26.15%
57.70%
60.00%
41.27%
42.63%
27.38%
56.84%
29.32%
46.48%
59.24%
51.30%
52.34%

* See back page for definitions and formula
1

First releases to parole include those paroled for the first time from prison on a new admission to
prison and paroled for the first time following return to prison with a new court commitment.

2

Returns to prison on new court commitments following discharge on this parole are not included.
Returns within two years include returns within one year.
Percentages not computed for less than 20 releases to parole.

3
4

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

88

TABLE 51A
DEFINITIONS FOR RECIDIVISM RATES FOR
FELONS PAROLED TO CALIFORNIA SUPERVISION
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS AND REHABILITATION
FIRST RELEASE TO PAROLE IN 2006

Recidivist: A felon who returns to prison for any reason during a specified follow-up
period.
Recidivism cohort: The number of felons first released to parole during a given year.
Return to prison: Includes felons who are returned to Substance-Abuse TreatmentControl Units in correctional facilities; returned pending a revocation hearing by the
Board of Prison Terms on charges of violating the conditions of parole; returned to
custody for parole violations to serve revocation time; or returned to prison by a court for
a new felony conviction.
First release to parole: The first release to parole for felons with new admissions and
parole violators returned with a new term (PV-WNT) during a calendar year.
Recidivism rate: The ratio of the number of recidivists in the cohort to the number of
felons at risk of recidivating in the cohort during the specified time period, times one
hundred.
How California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) calculates
recidivism: The recidivism rate starts with a cohort of felon offenders who are released
to parole in a given year. They are tracked for a period of three years to determine if they
return to prison. The release cohort includes only offenders, who are paroled for the first
time from prison on a new admission to prison or paroled for the first time following
return to prison with a new court commitment. The recidivism rate does not include
parole violators who are re-released.

For more information on recidivism please contact:
Paula Agostini, Chief
CDCR Adult Research Branch
P.O. Box 942883, Rm 508-S
Sacramento, CA 95811-7243
Phone # (916) 323-2919

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES 89

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

Reference Guide

This page intentionally left blank.

REFERENCE GUIDE
INSTITUTION ACRONYMS, NAMES AND LOCATIONS
ASP

Avenal State Prison - Avenal

CAL

Calipatria State Prison - Calipatria

CCC
CCC-CAMPS
CCI
CCI-RC
CCWF
CCWF-RC

California Correctional Center - Susanville
California Correctional Center - Camps - Susanville
California Correctional Institution - Tehachapi
California Correctional Institution - Reception Center - Tehachapi
Central California Women’s Facility - Chowchilla
Central California Women’s Facility - Reception Center - Chowchilla

CEN
CIM-RCE
CIM-MIN
CIM-RCC
CIM-RCW
CIW
CIW-RC

Centinela State Prison - Imperial
California Institution for Men – Reception Center East - Chino
California Institution for Men - Minimum - Chino
California Institution for Men - Reception Center Central - Chino
California Institution for Men - Reception Center West - Chino
California Institution for Women - Frontera
California Institution for Women - Reception Center - Frontera

CMC-EAST
CMC-WEST

California Men’s Colony - East - San Luis Obispo
California Men’s Colony - West - San Luis Obispo

CMF

California Medical Facility - Vacaville

COR

California State Prison, Corcoran - Corcoran

CRC

California Rehabilitation Center - Norco

CTF-C
CTF-N
CTF-S

Correctional Training Facility - Central - Soledad
Correctional Training Facility - North - Soledad
Correctional Training Facility - South - Soledad

CVSP
DVI
DVI-RC

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

Chuckawalla Valley State Prison - Blythe
Deuel Vocational Institution - Tracy
Deuel Vocational Institution - Reception Center - Tracy

90

REFERENCE GUIDE
INSTITUTION ACRONYMS, NAMES AND LOCATIONS
FSP

Folsom State Prison - Represa

HDSP
HDSP-RC

High Desert State Prison - Susanville
High Desert State Prison - Reception Center - Susanville

ISP

Ironwood State Prison - Blythe

KVSP
LAC
LAC-RC

Kern Valley State Prison - Delano
California State Prison, Los Angeles County - Lancaster
California State Prison, Los Angeles County - Reception Center - Lancaster

MCSP

Mule Creek State Prison - Ione

NKSP
NKSP-RC

North Kern State Prison - Delano
North Kern State Prison - Reception Center- Delano

PBSP

Pelican Bay State Prison - Crescent City

PITCH

Pitchess Detention Center - Saugus

PVSP

Pleasant Valley State Prison - Coalinga

RIO-RC

Rio Consumnes Correctional Center - Reception Center - Sacramento

RJD
RJD-RC

Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility - San Diego
Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility - Reception Center - San Diego

SAC

California State Prison, Sacramento - Represa

SATF

California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility & State Prison at Corcoran Corcoran

SBRN

San Bruno County Jail – San Bruno

SRITA

Santa Rita County Jail - Pleasanton

SCC
SCC-CAMPS

Sierra Conservation Center - Jamestown
Sierra Conservation Center - Camps - Jamestown

SOL

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

California State Prison, Solano - Vacaville

91

REFERENCE GUIDE
INSTITUTION ACRONYMS, NAMES AND LOCATIONS
SQ
SQ-RC

California State Prison, San Quentin - San Quentin
California State Prison, San Quentin - Reception Center - San Quentin

SVSP
VSPW
VSPW-RC

Salinas Valley State Prison - Soledad
Valley State Prison for Women - Chowchilla
Valley State Prison for Women - Reception Center - Chowchilla

WSP
WSP-RC

Wasco State Prison - Wasco
Wasco State Prison - Reception Center - Wasco

CALIFORNIA OUT-OF-STATE CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES
AZ-FLORE

Florence Correctional Center - Arizona

AZ-LAPAL

La Palma Correctional Center - Arizona

AZ-REDRK

Red Rock Correctional Center - Arizona

MS-TALLA

Tallahatchie County Correctional Facility – Mississippi

OK-NFORK

North Fork Correctional Facility – Oklahoma

TN-WTNDF

West Tennessee Detention Facility - Tennessee

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

92

REFERENCE GUIDE

COUNTY AND AREA
OF COMMITMENT

SAN FRANCISCO
BAY AREA

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

San Francisco Bay Area: Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano and Sonoma.
Southern California: Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Luis Obispo,
Santa Barbara and Ventura.
Remainder of the State: Alpine, Amador, Butte, Calaveras, Colusa, Del Norte, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Humboldt, Inyo,
Kings, Lake, Lassen, Madera, Mariposa, Mendocino, Merced, Modoc, Mono, Monterey, Nevada, Placer, Plumas, Sacramento,
San Benito, San Joaquin, Santa Cruz, Shasta, Sierra, Siskiyou, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Trinity, Tulare, Tuolumne, Yolo and
Yuba.
.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

93

REFERENCE GUIDE

COUNTY AND REGION
OF PAROLE
REGION II
REGION I

REGION III

REGION IV

Region I: Covers Alpine, Amador, Butte, Calaveras, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Inyo, Kern, Kings, Lassen, Madera,
Mariposa, Merced, Modoc, Mono, Nevada, Placer, Plumas, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Sierra, Siskiyou, Stanislaus,
Sutter, Tehama, Trinity, Tulare, Tuolumne, Yolo and Yuba Counties.
Region II: Covers Alameda, Contra Costa, Del Norte, Humboldt, Lake, Marin, Mendocino, Monterey, Napa, San Benito,
San Francisco, San Luis Obispo, San Mateo, Santa Barbara, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, Solano, Sonoma and Ventura Counties.
Region III: Covers Los Angeles County.
Region IV: Covers Imperial, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino and San Diego Counties.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

94

REFERENCE GUIDE

GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ACRONYMS

ABSCONDER: see PAROLEE AT LARGE (PAL) and RELEASEE AT LARGE (RAL).
ADP: see AVERAGE DAILY POPULATION.
ADMISSION: The first commitment from the court for felons, civil narcotic addicts, safekeepers,
county diagnostic cases, and those received for the first time from other jurisdictions.
ADMISSION RATE: The number of felon new admissions received by CDCR from court during a
specified time period, per 100,000 California population.
AREA OF COMMITMENT: California counties are grouped into three areas for statistical purposes:
San Francisco Bay Area, Southern California and the Remainder of the State (refer to the map in the
Reference Guide).
ARRIVAL STATUS: The offender’s status upon receipt by CDCR, e.g., New Admission, Parole
Violator with a New Term (PV-WNT), Parole Violator Returned to Custody (PV-RTC), Civil Narcotic
Addict, or Escape Return.
AVERAGE DAILY POPULATION (ADP): The average population per day for a stated population
for a specified time period, usually one year.
BASELINE CAMPS: see INSTITUTION BASED CAMPS.
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS AND REHABILITATION (CDCR): The
state agency which has jurisdiction over the California prison and parole systems.
CALIFORNIA FELON PAROLEES: Offenders committed to CDCR as felons serving their parole
period in California.
CALIFORNIA REHABILITATION CENTER (CRC): A facility operated by the CDCR to house
Civil Narcotic Addicts (CNA) and selected felons.
CAMPS: Facilities that house 60-160 minimum custody inmates to work on conservation projects or
fight fires.
CDCR: see CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS AND REHABILITATION.
CIVIL ADDICT: see CIVIL NARCOTIC ADDICT.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

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REFERENCE GUIDE

GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ACRONYMS

CIVIL COMMITMENT: A type of commitment in which criminal proceedings are suspended while a
defendant undergoes substance abuse treatment at the California Rehabilitation Center (CRC) as a Civil
Narcotic Addict.
CIVIL NARCOTIC ADDICT (CNA): An offender civilly committed to CDCR for treatment of
narcotic addiction. See Welfare & Institutions Code section 3000, et seq..
CNA: see CIVIL NARCOTIC ADDICT.
COMMITMENT RATE: The number of felon new admissions from court and PV-WNTs committed
to CDCR during a specified time period, per 100,000 California or county population.
COMMITMENT TYPE: Felons, Civil Narcotic Addicts, County Diagnostic cases (under Penal Code
Section 1203.03), some Division of Juvenile Justice commitments, Safekeepers, federal prisoners and
prisoners from other states.
COMMUNITY BASED PROGRAMS: see COMMUNITY CORRECTIONAL CENTERS.
COMMUNITY CORRECTIONAL CENTERS: County, state, and private facilities located in local
communities and administered by or under contract with CDCR to house inmates in community
correctional facilities, work or drug treatment furloughs, prisoner mother programs and county jails.
COMMUNITY CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES (CCF): A secured facility in the community that
is operated by local authority (Public) or a private organization (Private). CCFs house inmates and
PV-RTCs.
CONTINUED ON PAROLE (COP): Parolees who are returned to CDCR custody and then returned
to parole instead of having revocation time assessed and their parole revoked.
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE (CS) SCHEDULE: A schedule that categorizes drugs, substances, or
precursors according to their potential for abuse and provides penalties (Health and Safety Code
Sections 11054 through 11058).
COOPERATIVE CASES (ICOOP): see INTERSTATE COMPACT AGREEMENT.
COP: see CONTINUED ON PAROLE.
COUNTY DIAGNOSTIC CASE: An offender placed by the court in CDCR custody for a presentence diagnostic evaluation (Penal Code Section 1203.03).

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

96

REFERENCE GUIDE

GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ACRONYMS

COURT COMMITMENT: A commitment imposed by the court sentencing a defendant to CDCR.
CRC: see CALIFORNIA REHABILITATION CENTER.
CSTCU: CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE TREATMENT CONTROL UNIT: Status of parolee
upon return by Board action for temporary substance abuse treatment.
CS: see CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE SCHEDULE.
CYA: see DIVISION OF JUVENILE JUSTICE.
DEPARTMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH (DMH) STATE HOSPITALS: State Mental Health
Hospitals under contract with CDCR to provide psychiatric treatment to inmates who require treatment
that is not available in CDCR facilities.
DESIGN BED CAPACITY: The maximum number of beds a facility was originally designed to
contain, plus or minus beds eliminated or added due to conversions, additions or deactivations.
DIAGNOSTIC CASE: see COUNTY DIAGNOSTIC CASE.
DISCHARGE: When an offender has completed his or her court sentence and is no longer under
CDCR’s jurisdiction.
DIVISION OF JUVENILE JUSTICE (DJJ): The Division within CDCR that has jurisdiction over
juvenile offenders who are wards of the juvenile court or committed to DJJ by a criminal court. The
Division was formerly known as the California Youth Authority (CYA).
DMH: see DEPARTMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH STATE HOSPITALS.
ESCAPEE RETURNED TO FINISH TERM (ESCTFT): An escapee returned to prison to finish the
term that was being served at the time of escape.
ESCAPEE RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM (ESCWNT): An escapee returned to prison with a
new term.
ESCTFT: see ESCAPEE RETURNED TO FINISH TERM.
ESCWNT: see ESCAPEE RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

97

REFERENCE GUIDE

GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ACRONYMS

FELON: A person convicted of a felony offense and sentenced to state prison by the court.
FIRST RELEASE TO PAROLE: The first release to parole for felon new admissions or parole
violators returned with a new term (PV-WNT).
ICOOP: see INTERSTATE COMPACT.
INCIDENT: A violation of the laws, regulations, or rules of the Director of Corrections and
Rehabilitation by an inmate.
INSTITUTION: As used in this publication, an institution is a state prison or a community
correctional center.
INSTITUTION BASED CAMPS: Conservation camps that are adjacent to the California Correctional
Institution (CCI), California Men’s Colony (CMC) or California Rehabilitation Center (CRC).
INSTITUTION TRANSFERS: Inmate movement between CDCR institutions.
INTERSTATE COMPACT AGREEMENT (ICOOP): An agreement between California and other
states that allows CDCR to supervise parolees from other states.
INTERSTATE PAROLE UNIT (ISPU): A CDCR parole unit that coordinates the supervision of
California parolees who reside in other states.
ISPU: see INTERSTATE PAROLE UNIT.
MEAN: The sum of individual values divided by the total number of cases; an average of all values.
MEDIAN: The middle value in a distribution, above and below which lie an equal number of values.
NEW ADMISSION: See ADMISSION.
OFFENSE: As used in this publication, the principal or controlling offense for which a person was
committed to CDCR. See also PRINCIPAL OFFENSE.
OFFENSE CATEGORIES: Similar offenses grouped into four major categories: Crimes Against
Persons, Property Crimes, Drug Crimes, and Other Crimes.

CALIFORNIA PRISONERS AND PAROLEES

98

REFERENCE GUIDE

GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ACRONYMS

OFFENSE GROUPS: Similar offenses grouped together for reporting purposes, e.g. murder, burglary,
possession of a controlled substance, etc.
OPR-TFT: see OUTPATIENT PAROLEE RETURNED TO FINISH TERM.
OPR-WNT: see OUTPATIENT PAROLEE RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM.
OUT-OF-STATE INSTITUTION: Private correctional facilities located outside California that are
under contract with CDCR to provide housing for California inmates.
OUT-OF-STATE PAROLE: See INTERSTATE PAROLE UNIT.
OUTPATIENT: A civil narcotic addict on parole.
OUTPATIENT PAROLEE RETURNED TO FINISH TERM (OPR-TFT): An outpatient parolee
who violated the conditions of parole and has been ordered by the Board of Parole Hearings to return to
prison to finish their remaining term.
OUTPATIENT PAROLEE RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM (OPR-WNT): An outpatient
parolee who received a court sentence for a new crime and was returned to CDCR to serve the
additional term.
PAL: see PAROLEE AT LARGE.
PAROLE: Offenders who are supervised in the community by CDCR for an established period of time.
PAROLE REGION: There are four parole regions that administer parole supervision throughout the
state. The boundaries are identified on the maps contained in this Reference Guide.
PAROLE VIOLATOR RETURNED TO CUSTODY (PV-RTC):
condition of parole and was returned to CDCR.

A parolee who violated a

PAROLE VIOLATOR RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM (PV-WNT): A parolee who received a
court sentence for a new crime and was returned to CDCR to serve an additional term.
PAROLEE AT LARGE (PAL): A felon parolee who absconds from parole supervision.
PENDING REVOCATION: A parolee who has been charged with violating a condition of parole and
placed in CDCR custody pending investigation to determine if revocation time will be assessed.

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GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ACRONYMS

PMP: see PRISON MOTHER PROGRAM.
POPULATION AT RISK: Offenders in a population on January 1 of any given year plus offenders
entering the population during the year.
PRINCIPAL OFFENSE: The controlling offense designated by the court as the offender’s base term,
usually the offense that keeps the offender in custody for the longest period of time. The principal
offense is used by CDCR for statistical purposes.
PRISON: A state correctional institution where offenders are confined after being sentenced by a court.
PRISON MOTHER PROGRAM (PMP): Community based facilities operated by private profit or
nonprofit organizations that house mothers and their small children while the mother serves a court
imposed term.
PV-RTC: see PAROLE VIOLATOR RETURNED TO CUSTODY.
PV-WNT: see PAROLE VIOLATOR RETURNED WITH A NEW TERM.
RACIAL/ETHNIC GROUPS: Grouping of racial and ethnic origins into four major groups, White,
Black, Hispanic, and Other, for summary statistical purposes.
RAL: see RELEASEE AT LARGE.
RATE: As used in this publication, the ratio of the number of a specific group to a population base.
REINSTATED: A parolee at large (PAL) who is reinstated to active parole status.
RELEASEE AT LARGE (RAL): A civil narcotic addict (CNA) on outpatient (parole) status who
absconds from CDCR supervision.
REPAROLE: When a parolee, who was returned to custody for violating a condition of parole,
completes the assessed revocation time and is released to serve the remaining time on the original parole
period.
REVOCATION: The suspension of parole and return of an offender to custody for a parole violation.
REVOCATION TIME ASSESSED: The amount of time in custody that is assessed for a parole
violation.

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GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ACRONYMS

SAFEKEEPER: County prisoners housed in state prison during sentencing when the county facility
does not have adequate facilities to provide for the prisoner.
SUSPENSION: The interruption of a parole period. Time on suspension is not credited to the period
of parole.
TEMPORARY RELEASE: When an offender is temporarily released from a CDCR institution and
placed in jail, an outside hospital or medical facility, or on leave to the community.
TERM: A specific period of time the court sentences an inmate to serve in prison.
WORK FURLOUGH:
nonprofit organizations.

Community based facilities operated by the state and private profit and

WORK FURLOUGH IN CUSTODY: Inmates housed in Community Correctional Centers who are
placed in local custody for either disciplinary reasons or for an arrest by local jurisdiction.
YOUTH AUTHORITY: see DIVISION OF JUVENILE JUSTICE.

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Map of California’s Correctional
and Rehabilitation Facilities
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