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Florida Model Jail Standards 2014

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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER

SUBJECT

PAGE

EFFECTIVE DATE

1.

Definitions

4

08-30-11

2.

General Provisions

10

09-11-09

3.

Employee Regulations

20

01-01-14

4.

Admission, Classification, Release

22

07-01-13

5.

Housing

26

08-30-11

6.

Food

30

01-01-14

7.

Medical

32

09-11-09

7.27

Pharmacy

36

09-11-09

7.28

Storage and Handling of Individual
Prescriptions

36

07-01-07

8.

Clothing and Bedding

40

10-01-97

9.

Programs

41

01-01-09

10.

Privileges

45

07-01-03

11.

Security and Control

46

07-01-13

12.

Sanitation

50

01-01-14

13.

Order and Discipline

54

07-01-13

14.

Contraband

60

01-01-04

15.

Direct Supervision Jails

61

01-01-04

16.

Minimum Construction Standards

62

01-01-07

17.

Admission, Classification, and
Release of Juveniles

65

01-01-08

18.

Housing of Juveniles

67

01-01-08

Effective Date: 01/31/14

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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
19.

Standards Committee Guidelines

68

10-01-98

20.

Youth Detention Facilities

69

08-30-11

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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
CHAPTER 1 - DEFINITIONS
As used in this document, the following terms apply:
(1.01) "Activity Space" - Any space other than a cell or day room, which is designated, for
inmate programs, such as chapel, work, and study.
(1.02) "Administrative Confinement" - The segregation of an inmate for investigation,
protection, or some cause other than disciplinary action.
(1.03) "Auxiliary Correctional Officer" - Any person employed or appointed, with or without
compensation, who aids or assists a full-time or part-time correctional officer and who,
while under the supervision of a full-time or part-time correctional officer, has the same
authority as a full-time or part-time correctional officer for the purpose of providing
supervision, protection, care, custody, and control of inmates within a county or municipal
detention facility. For purposes of this document, no auxiliary officer shall be permitted to
be assigned to a post within the secured area of the facility where such officer is not under
the direct sight and sound supervision of a certified correctional officer at all times.
(1.04) "Cell" - Any room in a detention facility, except a dormitory, that is designed to
incarcerate one or more inmates.
(a) "Double Cell" - A single cell designed to house two inmates.
(b) "Holding Cell" - Any cell used to hold inmates awaiting some process, such as booking,
interrogation or court appearances.
(c) "Isolation Cell" - A single cell used for housing an inmate removed from the general
population.
(d) "Multiple Occupancy Cell" - A cell that contains sleeping space for two or more inmates
with a partition between the cell and the day room space.
(e) "Single Cell" - A cell that contains sleeping space for a single inmate.
(1.05) "Certified Correctional Officer" - An officer certified by the Criminal Justice Standards
and Training Commission pursuant to Chapter 943, Florida State Statutes.
(1.06) "Civilian Staff" - An employee, independent contractor, volunteer or any other person
who works or performs any service at a jail facility who is not certified as either a juvenile
detention officer by the Florida department of Juvenile Justice or a correctional officer, law
enforcement officer or auxiliary officer by the Criminal Justice Standards and Training
Commission in accordance with Chapter 943, Florida State Statutes. Civilian staff may not
be utilized in the secure area of the jail facility to provide supervision, care, custody or
control of inmates. Civilian staff may be utilized to provide psychological and medical care,
commissary, repair and maintenance services, property storage, education and religious
services, and work in communications, food preparation, programs, booking, records,
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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
classification, laundry, sanitation, control rooms and supervision of inmate workers.
(1.07) "Close Supervision" - Regular, documented, physical observation of an inmate by
certified correctional officers or members of the medical staff at intervals not to exceed 15
minutes.
(a) “Closely Monitored” – Regular documented, physical observation of an inmate by
certified correctional officers or members of the medical staff at intervals not to exceed
30 minutes or as specified by medical authority and/or the officer in charge.
(1.08) "Common Area" - Any area of a detention facility, which is used for more than one
purpose. It includes catwalks, walkways, halls, foyers, corridors, waiting rooms, entrances,
porches, or other areas, which provide movement, space, or are part of the access to the
facility and egress there from.
(1.09) "Day Room" - That area of a detention facility other than a cell, which is used, for the
general purposes of the inmates.
(1.10) "Detention Facility" - A county jail, a county stockade, a county work camp, a prison
camp, a county residential probation center, and any other place used by a county for the
lawful detention of inmates charged with or convicted of a felony, misdemeanor, a county
or municipal offense, or who is otherwise held pursuant to court order.
(1.11) "Dining Area" - Any area, other than a cell or day room, which is designated for feeding
inmates or staff of the detention facility.
(1.12) "Direct Filed Juvenile" - A juvenile who at the time of commission of the alleged offense
was at least 16 years of age and against whom an information has been filed by the state
attorney transferring the juvenile for prosecution as an adult pursuant to the provisions of
Chapter 985, Florida State Statutes.
(1.13) "Direct Observation" - Continuous visual observation 24 hours each day.
(1.14) "Direct Supervision Housing Unit" - A housing unit where the design capacity is such
that it may effectively be managed by one (1) officer. An officer's post in this type of
housing unit shall be located within the unit to ensure direct contact with inmates twentyfour (24) hours a day. Such housing units shall contain sleeping areas, day rooms, all
necessary personal hygiene fixtures, and sufficient tables and seats to accommodate
capacity.
(1.15) "Direct Supervision Jail" - A management style of jail construction that ensures
continuing direct contact between officers and inmates by the posting of officers inside
housing units. Security, evaluation, and classification of inmates are ongoing and continuous
functions of a direct supervision jail and are based on close staff contact and interaction
with inmates in a housing unit.
(1.16) "Disciplinary Confinement" - The segregation of an inmate for disciplinary reasons.
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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
(1.17) "Dormitory" - Any housing area in a detention facility that is designed to incarcerate
more than two inmates and that contains day room space in addition to sleeping space.
(1.18) "Employee" - Any person employed, under contract with, or appointed by a county or
municipal government or officer whose primary responsibility is the supervision, protection,
care, custody, and provision of support services and/or control of inmates.
(1.19) "FMJS Certified Jail Inspector" - Any person who has successfully completed the FMJS
Inspector Certification Course and is presently recognized, by the FMJS Committee, to conduct
correctional operations' inspections.
(1.20) “FMJS Certified Medical Inspector" - Any person who has successfully completed the
FMJS Medical Inspector Certification Course and is presently recognized by the FMJS
Committee to conduct medical compliance inspections.
(1.21) "Housing Area" - That area of the facility where inmates are held after admission and
intake to the facility.
(1.22) "Indicted Juvenile" - A juvenile of any age indicted by a grand jury for an offense
punishable by death or life imprisonment pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 985, Florida
State Statutes.
(1.23) "Inmate Worker" (Trusty) - An inmate whose classification status allows him/her to
perform work or services in or about the facility or county.
(1.24) "Juvenile" - A person who is under the age of 18.
(1.25) "Juvenile Previously Found to have Committed an Offense as an Adult" (a) A juvenile who has been indicted and has been found to have committed any offense for
which he/she was indicted and against whom the court imposed adult sanctions, shall
thereafter be handled as if he/she were an adult for any subsequent violation of Florida
law pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 985, Florida State Statutes.
(b)
A juvenile who has been transferred for criminal prosecution pursuant to a
voluntary or involuntary waiver hearing or information and who has been found to have
committed the offense for which he/she is transferred or a lesser included offense and
against whom the court imposed adult sanctions, shall thereafter be handled as if
he/she were an adult for any subsequent violation of Florida law pursuant to the
provisions of Chapter 985, Florida State Statutes. (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING
YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(1.26) "Juvenile Wanted in Another Jurisdiction as an Adult" - A juvenile who is wanted in
another jurisdiction for prosecution as an adult pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 985,
Florida State Statutes.
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(1.27) "Lock-Down" - That time when all inmates are physically restricted to their cell or
housing area.
(1.28) "Model Jail Standards" - Including, but not limited to, rules and procedures for all
County and Municipal Detention Facilities regarding construction, equipment, maintenance,
and operation, cleanliness, sanitation, the number of inmates who may be housed therein
per specified unit of floor space; the supply of bedding, food services, medical care and
health and comfort items; and the disciplinary treatment of inmates.
(1.29) "Multipurpose Space" - Any space, which is designated or developed for the use of the
inmates or the staff for a combination of programs, activity, dining, exercise, and training.
(1.30) "Non-secure Custody" - Holding the juvenile:
(a) In an unlocked multipurpose area such as a lobby, office or interrogation room which is
not designated, set aside, or used as a secure detention area or is not a part of such an
area, or, if a secure area, is used only for processing purposes;
(b) The juvenile is not physically secured to a cuffing rail or other stationary object during
the period of custody in the facility;
(c) The use of the area is limited to providing non-secure custody only long enough and for
the purposes of identification, investigation, processing, release to parents, or arranging
transfer to an appropriate juvenile facility or to court;
(d) In no event shall the area be designed or intended to be used for residential purposes;
(e) The juvenile must be under continuous visual supervision by a law enforcement officer
or facility staff while he/she is in non-secure custody.
(1.31) "Notable Violations" - All other violations that are not serious.
(1.32) "Officer-in-Charge" - The Sheriff, Chief Correctional Officer or any correctional
administrator appointed by a City or County Board of Commissioners.
(1.33) "Permanent File" - A record maintained as required by the Secretary of State, Division of
Library and Information Services, Records Management Program in accordance with the
General Records Schedule for Law Enforcement Agencies.
(1.34) "Prisoner" or "Inmate" - A person who is lawfully detained in a detention facility. .
(SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(1.35) "Recreation Area" - Any secure area (indoor/outdoor) designated to be used for inmate
exercise or recreation activities.
(1.36) "Reduced Custody Housing Area" -That area designed to hold a large number of inmates
in a dormitory or barracks type setting. The area may or may not have a security exterior
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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
and limited access. A reduced custody housing area may have exterior walls constructed of
canvas, cloth or any material similarly flexible or woven, which is flame resistant and is
supported by a structural frame of metal or similar durable material.
(1.37) "Regular Contact with Juveniles" means sight and sound contact pursuant to the
provisions of Chapter 985, Florida State Statutes.
(1.38) "Sally Port" - Any entry area for vehicles or personnel where one door or gate must be
closed prior to the opening of the other door or gate. Security vestibule is the same as sally
port except it refers to an inside area of the detention facility.
(1.39) "Secure Housing Area" - That area designed to house inmates that, as determined by a
classification process, pose a threat to the custody, security or welfare of others. This
requires living quarters to be equipped with security hardware. The individual cells and day
rooms are included in this area.
(1.40) "Serious Violation" - A violation of these standards or other conditions or practices that
appears to pose a substantial and immediate danger to the life, health, or safety of one or
more inmates or employees.
(1.41) "Should" when used in lieu of will, shall, or must is not a mandatory standard, and
denotes a correctional practice that is desirable and conducive to good inmate management.
(1.42) "Sight and Normal Sound" for the purposes of supervision within the facility - a security
post is located to ensure visual contact with the inmate and that at all times an officer is
able to hear and respond promptly to calls for help.
(1.43) "Special Handling Area" - Any cell or housing area used to house persons with special
needs such as mental illness or who exhibit suicidal tendencies and those who must be
observed on a more frequent basis. This area must meet all requirements of these
regulations.
(1.44) "Supervision, Care, Custody, and Control" - A certified correctional officer's, or juvenile
detention officer’s duties including observing, watching, monitoring, moving, having custody
of, exercising dominion and control over, safeguarding, taking charge of, restraining,
overseeing, protecting, supervising, and directing inmates. This definition shall not include
duties involving the automated opening or closing of doors within the facility when such
duties are performed under the direction and observation of a certified correctional officer
or certified juvenile detention officer.
(1.45) "Technical Assistance" upon the request of the Sheriff or the Chairperson of the Board of
County Commissioners in a county in which the Chief Correction Officer is not a
constitutional officer, the Department of Corrections may provide technical assistance to the
Officer-in-Charge, in the design and implementation of offender classification systems,
evaluation of construction and financing alternatives, the development of community service
programs, and the use of mutual aid programs in jail sharing efforts.
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(1.46) “Tempered” a mixture of hot and cold running water, under pressure, that is
thermostatically controlled to temperatures ranging between 100 and 120 degrees
Fahrenheit.
(1.47) "Temporary Custody of a Juvenile" - The holding of a juvenile for a period not to
exceed six hours in a secure booking area of a jail or other facility intended or used for the
detention of adults for the purpose of fingerprinting or photographing the juvenile or awaiting
appropriate transport to the Department of Juvenile Justice provided no sight and sound
contact between the juvenile and adult inmates or inmate workers is permitted and provided
the receiving facility has adequate staff to supervise and monitor the juvenile's activities at all
times pursuant to the provisions of 985.115, Florida State Statutes.
(1.48) "Waived Juvenile" - A juvenile who is at least 14 years of age and whose case has been
certified and transferred for trial as if the juvenile were an adult pursuant to the
provisions of Chapter 985, Florida State Statutes.
(1.49) “Juvenile Detention Officer” – An officer certified by the Florida Department of Juvenile
Justice pursuant to Section 63H-2.007, Florida Administrative Code. Juvenile Detention
Officer are authorized to provide supervision, protection, care, custody, and control of
inmates within a juvenile detention facility.
CHAPTER 2 - GENERAL PROVISIONS
(2.01)
These standards have been adopted by the Florida Sheriffs' Association and the
Association of Counties and filed with the Department of State pursuant to applicable Model
Jail Standards (Chapter 951, Florida State Statutes). Amendment or repeal of any provision
herein is within the discretion of the Standards Committee. The supervision, care, custody,
treatment, housing, and general handling of inmates will be in accordance with these
standards. Sections pertaining to contact visiting, work, and study release, canteen or
commissary privileges, and exercise are not applicable to inmates that are held less than 36
hours. In addition, a holding cell need not meet all housing standards set forth in this
chapter, provided that the cell complies with the following requirements: (SEE APPENDIX “C”
CONCERNING YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(a) The inmate is always within sight and normal sound of an officer certified in accordance
with Chapter 943, Florida State Statutes. This may be accomplished through means of
electronic surveillance, provided that a certified officer is available to respond to calls for
help;
(b) Inmates have reasonable access to toilet, sink, and drinking water facilities;
(c) The cell meets the requirements of the State Fire Codes at all times;
(d) The cell complies with sanitation standards as prescribed in Chapter 12 of this
document;
(e) There is sufficient lighting to observe inmates and to meet all security requirements;
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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
(f) Inmates will not be held in a holding cell in excess of 8 hours.
(1) It is understood that there may be occasions when an inmate’s behavior may
prevent him or her being placed into general population. Therefore, inmates who are
unruly and/or intoxicated may be kept in a holding cell beyond the eight (8) hour
limit.
(2) Any exceptions to the 8 hour rule must be fully documented indicating the
justification for and include 15-minute documented checks.
(2.02) FMJS Certified Jail Inspector- Any person who has successfully completed the FMJS
Inspector Certification Course and is presently recognized by the FMJS Committee, to conduct
correctional operations inspections. Additionally this FMJS certification is only valid until
December 31 of the fourth certification anniversary date. All FMJS inspectors are required to
successfully complete an on line re-certification class every four (4) years and pass the test with
a 75%, and submit final test scores and supporting documentation prior to a new certification
being issued.
(a) To become a Florida Model Jail Standards Inspector, the candidate’s qualifications must
include:
(1) Actively employed and/or retired certified with five (5) years experience in the care,
custody and control of inmates or a civilian employee with 8 years of experience in
the jail operations and;
(2) Written endorsement(s) from the candidate’s Sheriff.
(a) If the candidate is not employed by a Sheriff’s Office, written
endorsement must be submitted from the Chief Executive Officer of the correctional facility
with which the candidate is employed.
(2.03) "FMJS Certified Medical Inspector" - Any person who has successfully completed the
FMJS Medical Inspector Certification Course and is presently recognized by the FMJS
Committee to conduct medical compliance inspections. Additionally, this FMJS certification is
only valid for four (4) years. All FMJS Medical inspectors are required to successfully complete
an eight (8) hour re-certification course every four years, in order to maintain the certification.
(a) To become a Florida Model Jail Standards Medical Inspector, the candidate’s
qualifications must include:
(1) State of Florida Licensed Health Professional (restricted to physicians, nurses,
advanced registered nurse practitioners and physician assistants), and;
(2) Actively employed, or retired from active employment in a jail or prison setting for a
minimum of three (3) years, and:
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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
(3) Written endorsement from the candidate’s Sheriff and if services are contracted, an
endorsement from the candidate’s employing Chief Executive Officer.
a

If the candidate is not employed by a Sheriff’s Office, written endorsement(s)
must be submitted from the Chief Executive Officer of the correctional facility
with which the candidate is employed.

(4) Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT) and Paramedics may be allowed to attend
certification classes to become a certified inspector if they meet the following
requirements:
a

Florida certified EMT or Paramedic; and

b

Ten (10) years of verifiable experience working as an EMT or Paramedic in a
correctional setting.

(2.04) The Officer-in-Charge shall contract or arrange for a FMJS Certified Inspector(s) for
the purpose of inspecting all county and municipal detention facilities. The FMJS Inspector(s)
shall inspect for compliance with all applicable Florida Model Jail Standards. At a minimum,
one complete FMJS Facility Inspection shall be conducted annually. The FMJS Facility
Inspection process shall consist of two separate components: (a) Correctional Operations,
and (b) Medical Compliance. The criteria for each type of inspection are listed below:
(a) Correctional Operations Inspection - As certified by the FMJS Committee, these FMJS
Inspectors shall only inspect for compliance with all applicable correctional operations
standards as listed in the Florida Model Jail Standards (See Adult Detention Facility
Checklist).
(1) Facilities shall not be self-inspected.
(b) Medical Compliance Inspection - As certified by the FMJS Committee, these FMJS
Medical Inspectors shall only inspect for compliance with all applicable medical
standards as listed in the Florida Model Jail Standards (Medical Checklist).
(1) Facilities shall not have their medical units self inspected.
(2.05) Technical Assistance
(a) FMJS Compliance Assistance – The Sheriff or Office in Charge may contact the Chair of
the FMJS for assistance in achieving compliance with the FMJS.
(b)
D.O.C. Technical Assistance - The governing board of a county or municipality
may enter into an agreement with the Department of Corrections authorizing the Department
to inspect the local detention facilities under the jurisdiction of the governing body. A
governing board of a county or municipality may enter into such agreements with the
Department upon consultation with the Sheriff, if the Sheriff operates the detention facility.
The inspections performed by the Department shall be consultatory in nature and for the
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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
purpose of advising the local governing bodies concerning compliance with the standards
adopted by the detention facility's chief correctional officer. Such agreements must include
but are not limited to, provisions for the physical and operational standards that were
adopted by the Chief Correctional Officer of the detention facility, the manner and frequency
of inspections to be conducted by the Department, whether such inspections are to be
announced or unannounced by the Department, the type of access the Department may have
to the detention facility, and the amount of payment by the local governing body, if any, for
the services rendered by the Department. Inspections and access to local detention facilities
shall not interfere with custody of inmates or the security of the facilities as determined by
the Chief Correctional Officer of each facility. Any fees collected by the Department pursuant
to such agreements must be deposited into the Grants and Donations Trust and shall be used
to pay the cost of the services provided by the Department to monitor local detention
facilities pursuant to such agreements. (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING YOUTH
DETENTION FACILITIES)
(2.05) The FMJS Inspector(s) will report directly to the Officer-in-Charge or designee. The FMJS
Inspector(s) may confer privately with any employee or inmate. They shall also have access
to all facility records and areas.
(2.06) Within 14 days of completing an inspection of a facility, the FMJS Inspector shall forward
a complete official report to the Officer-in Charge. (See Adult Detention Facility Checklist
and/or Medical Inspection Checklist ). The report will contain checklists adequate to record
whether or not the detention facility is in compliance with respect to the requirements of
these standards. The Officer-in-Charge or designee shall have 30 days after receipt in which
to respond to the report. A copy of the inspection report and the Officer-in-Charge's
response will then be forwarded to the County Commission and the FMJS Chairperson within
fourteen (14) days of completion. Inspection reports, responses, and all other reports or
documents prepared by the FMJS Inspector(s) or Officer-in-Charge shall become public
records, and shall be subject to review under 119, Florida State Statutes.
(2.07) Inspection Evaluation Process.
(a) Serious violations.
(1) Serious violations are any violations to these standards or other conditions, or
practices that appear to pose a substantial and immediate danger to the life, health
or safety of one or more inmates or employees. Non-compliance of any bold
italicized standards shall automatically be considered serious violations.
(2) When a facility inspector observes a serious violation, he/she shall immediately
notify the Officer-In-Charge or designee of the violation and of he/she duty to
correct the violation. The inspector(s) shall also, within 24 hours of the time he/she
first observes any such serious violation, prepare and provide the Officer-in-Charge a
special written report describing the violation, the notification given and the
corrective action required.
(3) The Officer-in-Charge or designee shall ensure corrective action regarding any such
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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
serious violation within 24 hours. Also, the Officer-in-Charge or designee shall submit
a written report in response to the serious violation. These reports and responses
shall be public records under the guidelines outlined in 119, Florida State Statutes.
(4) The inspector(s) shall re-inspect within 48 hours of the time he/she first observed
any serious violation to determine whether it has been corrected and shall prepare a
written report of the re-inspection.
(5) The following deficiencies shall be serious violations and subject to provisions of this
section:
(i.) Failure of the policy and procedure directives to contain:
a) Emergency Plans;
b) Tool, knife, and firearms control
(ii.) Persons assigned to food service areas known to have or suspected of having
communicable diseases, open wounds, sores or respiratory infections.
(iii.)
Failure to provide modified diet when ordered by the Health Authority. The
facility inspector will ensure, through review of medical files or confirmation by a
physician, that denial of such a modified diet would be immediately detrimental
to the health and well being of the inmate(s).
(iv.) Failure to provide separate storage for poisons and hazardous chemicals
away from food.
(v.)

Failure to establish agreement with one or more health care providers to
provide emergency services.

(vi.)

Failure to maintain first aid supplies on premises.

(vii.) Failure to have at least one staff member on duty trained in the delivery of
first aid care and CPR
(viii.) Permitting firearms and ammunition in secure areas of the facility except in
case of an emergency, and approved by the Officer-in-Charge.
(ix.) Failure to meet fire, safety, and prevention standards identified by a certified
state fire inspector as being life threatening. (See Section 11.04- Fire Safety
Inspections.)
(x.)

Failure to comply with the requirements of Sections 11.12, 11.14, and 11.16.

(b) Notable violations.
(1) Notable violations shall include any discrepancy to these standards, which is not
included under "Serious Violations".
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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
(2) When an inspector's report indicates one or more violations, the Officer-in-Charge or
designee shall formulate a "corrective action" plan.
(3) The corrective action plan shall specify, with respect to each violation, the corrective
action to be taken the timetable for such corrective action and the resources to be
used. The corrective action plan shall provide for correction of all violations as soon
as practicable and shall require that substantial progress toward corrections of
discrepancies be demonstrated within a reasonable time.
(2.08) Regular general jail inspections conducive to good correctional practice are expected to
be conducted at all county or municipal detention facilities. (See Section 11.03 - Regular
Inspections and Section 12.13 - Sanitation Inspections.)
(2.09) Each facility shall keep records as outlined by the Florida Department of State General
Records Schedule GS1 and GS2 pertaining to:
(a) Visitation - the name of the inmate, date, length of visit, names of visitors, relationship
to inmate, visitor's address, whether contact visit or non-contact visit.
(b) Exercise - the name of the inmate, date, time for exercise, whether it was outdoor or
indoor, and if the inmate refused. In those facilities where access to exercise is
unrestricted, documentation shall be by exception (i.e., where the inmate is denied
exercise).
(c) Medical observation - all pertinent medical information shall be recorded in the inmate's
medical file.
(d) Showers - name, date, whether accepted or refused. This paragraph shall only apply to
inmates confined in administrative or disciplinary confinement who do not have
unrestricted access to a shower.
(2.10) Policy and procedure directives for the employees and inmates concerning the operation
of each detention facility will be developed and maintained by each facility. The Officer-inCharge shall ensure at least one (1) formal review of his/her agency's policies and
procedures is conducted on an annual basis. Additionally, employees should certify that they
have read and understand all such applicable policy and procedures on an annual basis.
When conducting detention facilities inspections, the inspector(s) will examine the content
of the directives for compliance with facility rules and timely updating. The policy and
procedure directives shall include the following:
(a) Emergency plans in the event of fire, riot, escape, natural disaster, epidemic disease,
and hostage situations;
(b) Tool, knife, and firearms control;
(c) Contraband control;
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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
(d) Inmate property and "in-cell" belongings;
(e) Daily log and count procedures;
(f) Inmate grievances;
(g) Visiting procedures and control;
(h) Disciplinary procedures;
(i) Admission, classification, and release procedures;
(j) Health services;
(k) Food services;
(l) Inmate contact with attorneys, the court, public officials, and the press;
(m) Procedures for direct observation and close supervision;
(n) Local agency rules and regulations;
(o) Supervision of staff;
(p) Care, custody, and control of inmates;
(q) Provisions for administrative and disciplinary confinement;
(r) Procedures establishing conditions under which inmates will be screened and tested for
infectious disease.
(2.11) The Officer-in-Charge shall certify the maximum number of inmates which may be
housed in each detention facility based on a specified unit of floor space and analysis of
other pertinent factors. "Specified unit of floor space" shall be that amount of cell space that
is reasonably necessary for each inmate incarcerated in a detention facility, thereby
establishing the maximum number of inmates that may be housed. Such space
requirements will be established by a combined analysis of cell size; design or renovated
capacity; access to program, exercise, day room, and activity space; level of secure custody
needed for each inmate; the structural configuration of the facility; and such other
contributing factors which may be peculiar to a detention facility. The maximum number of
inmates that may be housed in facilities constructed before October 1, 1996 shall be based
on the factoring principles as set forth in Section 5.08.
(2.12) Beds in medical and disciplinary confinement cells shall not be included in determining
facility capacity. However, specific beds which are dedicated to the separate housing of
inmates with chronic or terminal illness, severe injury or highly contagious or infectious
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illness shall be included in capacity determination upon the written certification of the chief
correctional officer and the health authority.
(2.13) D.O.C. Informational Reports - Pursuant to 951.23(2), Florida State Statutes the
Officer-in-Charge or designee shall submit population reports to the Department of Corrections
on a monthly basis. (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(2.14) Compliancy Enforcement - If corrective action has not been taken, a facility may be
subject to action in accordance with the following provisions of 951.23 (6) (a), (b) and (c),
Florida State Statutes. Removal of prisoners to another county or municipality: (SEE APPENDIX
“C” CONCERNING YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(a) When a circuit court finds that county or municipal prisoners are detained in a county or
municipal detention facility that does not meet these minimum standards and
requirements, the court may then order the prisoners, or any part of them, removed to
and confined in a county or municipal detention facility that does meet such standards
and requirements, whether it is in the same county or municipality or in some other
county of municipality. (951.23, Florida State Statutes)
(b) The expense of maintaining prisoners removed to another county or municipality under
the provisions of paragraph (a) shall be borne by the county or municipality from which
they are removed. (951.23, Florida State Statutes)
(c) Promptly upon the making of any order authorized by paragraph (a), copies thereof
shall be sent to the Officer-in-Charge of the county or municipal detention facility from
which the county or municipal prisoners affected by such order are required to be
removed, to the board of county commissioners of the county or the city commissioners
of the municipality in which such county or municipal detention facility is situated, and to
the Officer-in-Charge of the county or municipal detention facility to which they are
required to be removed. If the order requires the removal of county or municipal
prisoners to a county or municipal detention facility in another county or municipality, a
copy thereof shall also be promptly sent to the board of county commissioners of the
county, or to the city commissioners of the municipality, in which it is situated. (951.23,
Florida State Statutes).
(2.15) Reimbursement Authority under 951.033, Florida State Statutes may be used by the
Officer-in Charge or designee under the following:
(a) The Legislature finds that there is an urgent need to alleviate the increasing financial
burdens on local subdivisions of the state caused by the expenses of incarcerating
prisoners. In addition to a prisoner's cash account on deposit in local detention facilities,
many prisoners have sources of income and assets outside of the facility, which may
include bank accounts, inheritances, real estate, social security payments, veteran's
payments, and other types of financial resources.
(b) The local detention facility shall determine the financial status of prisoners for the
purpose of paying from their income and assets all or a fair portion of their daily
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subsistence costs. In determining the financial status of prisoners, any income exempt
by state or federal law shall be excluded. Consideration shall be given to the prisoner's
ability to pay the liability or potential liability of the prisoner to the victim or guardian or
the estate of the victim, and his or her dependents.
(c) The Chief Correctional Officer of a local subdivision may direct a prisoner to pay for all
or a fair portion of daily subsistence costs. A prisoner is entitled to reasonable advance
notice of the assessment and shall be afforded an opportunity to present reasons for
opposition to the assessment.
(d) An order from the Chief Correctional Officer directing payment of all or a fair portion of
the prisoner's daily subsistence costs may survive against the estate of the sentenced
prisoner.
(e) The Chief Correctional Officer may seek payment for the prisoner's subsistence costs
from:
(1) The prisoner's cash account on deposit at the facility; or
(2) A civil restitution lien on the prisoner's cash account on deposit at the facility or on
other personal property.
(f) If the prisoner's cash account at the local detention facility does not contain sufficient
funds to cover subsistence costs, the Chief Correctional Officer may place a civil
restitution lien against the prisoner's cash account or other personal property. A civil
restitution lien may continue for a period of 3 years and applies to the cash account of
any prisoner who is re-incarcerated within the county in which the civil restitution lien
was originated.
(2.16) The Public Safety Coordinating Council (951.26, Florida State Statutes) shall meet at the
call of the chairperson for the purpose of assessing the population status of all detention or
correctional facilities owned or contracted by the county, or the county consortium, and
formulating recommendations to ensure that the population capacities of such facilities are
not exceeded. Such recommendations shall include an assessment of the availability of
pretrial intervention or probation programs, work release programs, substance abuse
programs, gain time schedules, applicable bail bond schedules, and the confinement status
of the inmates housed in each facility owned or contracted by the county, or the county
consortium.
(2.17) The Officer-in-Charge shall establish a standard for the detection, prevention, reduction
and punishment of sexual abuse of inmates, to address the safety and treatment needs of
inmates who have been a victim of a sexual act, and to discipline and seeks to prosecute
those who perpetrate these acts upon inmates. The standard shall include the following:
(a) Staff Training – required as part of the new employee orientation and annual refresher
training. All staff shall be trained to:
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(1) Recognize the physical, behavioral, and emotional signs of a victim of sexual abuse;
(2) Understand the identification and referral process when an alleged abuse occurs;
and
(3) Have a basic understanding of sexual abuse prevention and response techniques.
(b) Inmate Education – required as part of inmate orientation. All inmates will be provided
the following information:
(1) Methods inmates can use to protect themselves from becoming victims, while
incarcerated;
(2) Treatment options available to victims of sexual abuse, and
(3) Methods of reporting incidents of sexual abuse,
(4) A written copy of information summarizing this topic; i.e. pamphlet, inmate
handbook, etc.
(2.18) Americans With Disabilities Act – Compliance with the Florida Model Jail Standards will
require that a correctional facility comply with Title II of the Americans Disabilities Act. An
example of best practices are set forth in the Department of Justice ADA best practices toolkits
for State and Local Governments.

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CHAPTER 3 - EMPLOYEE REGULATIONS
(3.01) Each employee's conduct shall at all times be consistent with the maintenance of proper
security and welfare of the facility and of the inmates under their supervision.
(3.02) No employee shall:
(a) Report to duty or exercise supervision or control over inmates while under the influence
of an intoxicant;
(b) Report for duty or exercise supervision or control over inmates while under the influence
of a narcotic, barbiturate, hallucinogenic drug or central nervous stimulant. Exception
will be made only when such medication has been prescribed and is taken under a
doctor's care and if it does not impair the employee from carrying out their assigned
duties;
(c) Use profane or abusive language in supervising inmates;
(d) An employee will not threaten, intimidate or otherwise harass or retaliate against an
inmate for complaining about treatment of conditions of confinement, reporting abuse,
filing or seeking to file a grievance, communicating with counsel or seeking redress
through the courts;
(e) Trade, barter with, or accept anything of value from an inmate, his/her friends or family
except as provided in the policy and procedure directive for the facility;
(f) Introduce into or remove from the property of any detention facility any article without
authorization from the Officer-in-Charge or designee;
(g) Recommend or furnish any legal advice or any other advice concerning the selection of a
specified lawyer or bonds person for an inmate. If requested by an inmate, a directory
or list of names of all area lawyers or bonds persons should be made available for the
inmate's use;
(h)
Carry any firearm, ammunition, chemical agents, electronic device, blackjack or
any other equipment or device into the secure area of the detention facility except in
emergencies and as authorized by the policy and procedure directives for the facility.
However, the chemical agent oleoresin capsicum and electronic weapons may be carried
inside the detention facility by certified law enforcement or correctional officers trained in its
use, if authorized by the policy and procedure of the facility;
(i) Have keys to any area of a detention facility, which have not been issued to him/her by
an authorized employee;
(3.03) Use of Force.
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(a) Each agency shall develop policy and procedures on the use of force, which is consistent
with local, state and federal laws. In any case where force is used, a written and signed
report shall be made by the employee to the Officer-in-Charge or designee, who shall
review the report, have an investigation made when warranted, and shall approve or
disapprove the force used. All such written reports shall be retained in a file. An inmate
involved in a "Use-of-Force" incident shall be examined by a physician or other medical
personnel, as soon as practical following the incident. Acknowledgment of the medical
examination shall be annotated on the "Use-of-Force" report. The results of the
examination shall be documented in the inmate's medical file.
(b) Chemical agents and electronic weapons shall only be used with caution by employees
trained in it's use, when use of force is necessary, when this level of force is the least
likely to cause injuries to staff or inmates, and only if in compliance with and if
authorized by the policy and procedure directives for the facility. In all cases where
chemical agents or electronic weapons are used on inmates, each inmate shall be
examined by a physician or other medical personnel as soon as practicable.
Acknowledgment of the medical examination shall be annotated on the Use-of-Force
report.
(3.04) No Officer-in-Charge or other employee shall knowingly permit any subordinate, inmate,
or other person to commit any act or engage in any conduct, which would violate these
standards.
(3.05) All correctional officers and juvenile detention officers shall be in the process of
obtaining certification and be certified within six months of employment. The Officer-inCharge or designee will inspect all personnel records to confirm compliance with Criminal
Justice Standards and Training and Department of Juvenile Justice Certification.
(3.06) Employees shall make a complete written report to the Officer-in-Charge or designee on
all unusual incidents that occur during a tour of duty. Examples:
(1) Assault/battery by an inmate on an employee or another inmate;
(2) Any occasion in which an employee discharges firearms or uses chemical agents;
(3) Attempts by inmates to bribe an employee;
(4) Escapes or attempted escapes;
(5) Death, serious illness or serious injury; and
(6) Strikes, riots, and other disturbances.

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CHAPTER 4 - ADMISSION, CLASSIFICATION, AND RELEASE
(4.01) When receiving and admitting an inmate to a detention facility, the certified staff
responsible for such admission shall inquire and reasonably determine that established rules,
regulations, and legal procedures for such admission are met. Any legal or procedural questions
concerning the admission of a person to a detention facility must be clearly resolved prior to
completing the admission process. When a foreign citizen is received/admitted to a detention
facility for any reason, the detention facility shall make notification using the guidelines as set
forth by the U.S. Department of State.
(4.02) During the admission and booking process the inmate shall be examined for
contraband, medically screened, and permitted to bathe unless the inmate is belligerent and
unruly to the point of being unmanageable. In case the inmate cannot be controlled on entry
he/she will be allowed to bathe as soon as the inmate’s manageability permits. A body cavity
search shall only be conducted by licensed medical personnel. Birth control devices or other
foreign matter shall be removed by the inmate or licensed medical personnel. A written report
documenting such action shall be submitted to the Officer-in-Charge or designee.
(4.03) Inmates shall be searched by certified staff when being admitted to a detention facility.
The provision of 901.211, Florida State Statutes, shall apply to such searches.
(a) Inmate being admitted to the facility for traffic, regulatory or non-violent misdemeanor
offenses will be strip searched only for cause. A strip search will be conducted by a
person of the same gender as the arrested person and in such a manner that the search
cannot be seen by persons not physically conducting or observing the search. Any
person observing shall be of the same gender as the arrested person.
(b)

A body cavity search shall only be made for cause and shall be conducted by
licensed medical personnel.

(c) A written report documenting such action shall be submitted to the Officer-in-Charge or
designee.
(4.04) Detention facilities shall not admit an unconscious person or a person who appears to be
seriously ill or injured. Any such person shall be afforded necessary medical attention prior
to admission.
(4.05) A female employee shall be present to admit and process female inmates. A male
employee shall be present to admit male inmates. A female correctional officer must be on
duty at all times when the facility houses female inmates.
(4.06) During the classification process, each inmate shall be given or provided access to a
copy of the Rules and Regulations pertaining to inmates.
(a) If the rules and regulations are issued to the inmate, he/she will sign documentation of
the receipt.
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(b) If the inmates are provided access to the rules and regulations, he/she will be
instructed on their location and, if appropriate, how to access the rules and regulations.
The inmate will sign a form indicating the notification was provided.
(4.07) An inmate record shall be started and maintained on each individual when admitted.
This record shall include:
(a) Full name and known aliases;
(b) Age, date of birth, and sex;
(c) Date admitted;
(d) Race;
(e) Height;
(f) Weight;
(g) Offense with which the inmate is charged, or held for other agencies, or for which the
inmate has been sentenced;
(h) Signature of persons delivering and receiving inmate;
(i) A written descriptive, or electronically captured, inventory of all monies, valuables or
other personal property. All items allowed to be kept by the inmate and those taken
and stored will be recorded. The inmate and the receiving officer will verify and sign the
inventory. If the inmate refuses to sign, a notation will be placed on the property
inventory and a second employee will witness and sign the inventory. After the initial
receipt is completed, any changes authorized in the personal property inventory must
also be documented, verified and signed by the inmate and the employee making the
transaction.
(j) Current or last known address;
(k) Name and address of next of kin;
(l) Marital status;
(m)

Religion.

(4.08) All persons booked into a facility on criminal charges shall be photographed and
fingerprinted.
(4.09) During the admission process, inmates shall be permitted reasonable access to a
telephone in order to contact their attorney, family members, or others.
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(4.10) As soon as practical following admission to a detention facility, each inmate shall be
classified. The classification process shall include all information available or obtainable from
the social, legal and self-reported medical history of the inmate.
(4.11) The primary objective of classification is to place inmates in the type of quarters that
best meet their needs and to provide reasonable protection for all inmates. Each facility
shall have designated classification personnel.
(4.12) Insofar as facilities permit, no inmate shall be subjected to more restrictive conditions of
confinement and out-of-cell time than is justified by the inmate's classification.
(4.13) Classification criteria as to housing, programs, and privileges shall be written and
incorporated into the facility's rules and regulations.
(4.14) Inmate records shall be maintained on each inmate. Such information shall not be
accessible to other inmates. Such records shall be placed in one file or data base at the time
of the inmate's release and should contain such information as:
(a) Legal authority for commitment;
(b) All information contained in the booking record;
(c) Classification information and progress reports;
(d) Sustained disciplinary reports including investigation and disposition;
(e) All absences from the detention facility;
(f) Photograph when taken;
(g) Record of any detainees or other civil or criminal process;
(h) Personal property records;
(i) The date and terms or conditions of release, the authority for release, and of the
releasing employee;
(j) Medical information, pursuant to law is maintained in a separate file.
(4.15) In determining custody grade, special handling, housing and programs for each inmate,
a uniform classification process shall be applied to all inmates. The aforementioned
classification process in (10) and (11) above shall follow the inmate throughout
incarceration as a method of assisting in his/her handling or treatment. The inmate's
adjustment should result in the gaining or loss of privilege, reduced custody housing,
extended visiting time, involvement in better job assignments, etc.
(4.16)

Inmates will be released only in accordance with the written instructions as

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contained in the rules and regulations of the institution which will include the
proper authority and procedure for the release. Positive identification must be
made of all inmates prior to being released.
(4.17) At the time of release, the inmate will sign for the return of his/her property, which
has been held by the facility. This form will be countersigned by an employee.

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CHAPTER 5 - HOUSING
(5.01) Housing standards will conform to the applicable standards of Section 12, Florida Model
Jail Standards.
(5.02) Male and female inmates shall not share the same cell and shall be separated by sight
and normal sound in housing areas. For purposes of housing, sound separation is defined as
restricting normal verbal communications
(5.03) (a) Inmates should be separated in the following manner whenever possible:
(1) Adult female felons;
(2) Adult female misdemeanants;
(3) Adult female non-sentenced;
(4) Adult female sentenced;
(5) Adult male felons;
(6) Adult male misdemeanants;
(7) Adult male non-sentenced;
(8) Adult male sentenced.
(b) Dangerous felons shall not be housed with misdemeanants. However, non dangerous
felons may be housed with misdemeanants.
(c) The determination whether an inmate is considered a dangerous felon shall be made
on a case-by-case basis by the officer-in-charge or designee as defined in the agency’s
directives.
(5.04) Special Needs Inmates
(a) Inmates who have been determined by the health authority to be mentally ill, suicidal,
alcoholic or drug addicted going through withdrawal and in need of close monitoring shall
be defined as “Special Needs Inmates.”
(1) Special housing shall be provided to Special Needs Inmates for medical reasons upon
orders of the health authority.
(b) Until such time as the health authority determines otherwise, in writing, any inmate who
is identified by correctional staff as a suicide risk shall not be housed in a “single cell”
unless the inmate is observed by direct visual observation 24 hours each day. Such
observation for suicidal inmates shall include regular, documented physical checks by
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corrections officers and/or medical staff persons at intervals not to exceed 15 minutes.
(c)
Inmates who pose a threat to staff, or other inmates, or property shall be
separated and closely monitored. When restrictions are placed on their movement or
privileges, documentation outlining these restrictions shall be maintained and readily available
to housing unit staff. (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(5.05) Persons brought to the jail pursuant to 397.677, Florida State Statutes, will be housed in
an area designated for that use. A person will be held no longer than necessary to meet the
requirements of the statute.
(5.06) Inmates shall be assigned housing based on a classification process as described in
4.(10) and (11) above with particular care to the assignment of those persons who have a
recorded or demonstrated history of, or exhibit aggressiveness toward other inmates.
(5.07) Inmates shall not be discriminated against, based on:
(a) Race;
(b) National Origin;
(c) Creed;
(d) Disability - as defined and prescribed in the Americans with Disabilities Act;
(e) Economic status;
(f) Political belief;
(g) Sex - except that males and females shall be housed separately.
(5.08) The following housing standards apply to all facilities: (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING
YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(a) Specified Unit of Floor Space:
(1) Single cells shall contain a minimum of 63 square feet of floor space.
(2) Multiple occupancy cells shall contain a minimum of 40 square feet of floor space per
inmate in the sleeping area.
(3) Dormitory housing units shall contain a minimum of 75 square feet of floor space per
inmate, including both sleeping and day room areas. However, inmates who are
allowed out of their unit for a minimum of 8 hours per day (e.g., work programs,
treatment programs, educational programs, etc.) may be housed in areas designated
with a minimum of 70 square feet of floor space per inmate (sleeping and day room
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areas included).
(4) Day rooms shall contain a minimum of 35 square feet per inmate for all cell areas,
except disciplinary and administrative confinement.
(5) Any facilities constructed prior to October 1, 1996, may also use the applicable
factoring procedures as set forth in Appendix A or B.
(b) Each single cell will contain at least:
(1) A sink with cold and either hot or tempered running water;
(2) Flushable toilets;
(3) Bunk;
(4) Artificial lighting which is of at least 20 foot-candles at 30 inches above the floor for
reading purposes;
(5) Ventilation, which circulates, at least 10 cubic feet of fresh air or purified air per
minute per person;
(6) Acoustics that ensure noise levels that do not interfere with normal human activities;
(7) Temperatures shall be maintained within a normal comfort range.
(c) All other housing areas shall provide a minimum of:
(1) Artificial lighting which is of at least 20 foot-candles at 30 inches above the floor;
(2) Ventilation, which circulates, at least 10 cubic feet of fresh or purified air per minute
per person;
(3) Toilets and sinks in the ratio of a minimum of 1 to 12 inmates. Urinals may be
substituted for up to one-half of the toilets in male housing units;
(4) Shower facilities in the ratio of a minimum of 1 to 16 inmates;
(5) Cold and either hot or tempered running water in the sinks;
(6) Showers shall have tempered running water;
(7) Ready access during non-sleeping hours to tables and chairs or areas designed for
reading or writing;
(8) Temperatures shall be maintained within a normal comfort range.
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(d) Upon admission and thereafter if indigent, inmates shall be provided reasonable access
to toothpaste, toothbrush, shaving equipment, a comb, soap, and a clean towel.
Dangerous shaving implements shall be restricted or issued for use only under
observation when it is determined that issuance of such equipment would pose a threat
to the safety of the inmate, staff or other inmates.
(e) Female inmates shall be provided necessary hygiene items.
(f) Hair grooming will be made available.
(g) Inmates shall be required to bathe at least twice weekly.
(h) Drinking cups shall be provided unless the living area is provided with drinking bubblers
or fountains.
(i) Each inmate in general population will be allowed to shower daily.
(j) Sinks, toilets, water fountains, and floor drains will be kept in good repair.
(k) Utility closets, pipe chases, and corridors will be kept clean and free of clutter at all
times.
(l) The Officer-in-Charge or designee shall determine what personal items may be kept in
the cell or stored with the inmate; however, an inmate shall be allowed to retain a
reasonable amount of personal property including but not limited to his or her legal
material, personal hygiene items, writing paper and writing instrument, and authorized
reading material, in reasonable quantities, as approved by the Officer-in- Charge or
designee. Personal items will be kept in an orderly manner. Fire potential is reduced by
limiting the amount of personal property in the cells.
(m) The Officer-in-Charge or designee shall inspect all areas daily or cause them to be
inspected. Appropriate disciplinary action should be taken against inmates who fail to
have their area, the common areas, and their persons clean and orderly.

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CHAPTER 6 - FOOD
(6.01) All aspects of food service operations, including contract services, shall meet the
minimum requirements of the Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services standards (64E11., Florida Administrative Code).
(6.02) No employee or inmate shall work in any area of food service operations if

he/she is known to have or suspected of having a communicable disease, open
wounds or sores, or respiratory infections. Clean outer garments will be worn, and all
inmates working in food service or delivery will maintain a high degree of personal cleanliness.

(6.03) Food preparation will be by or supervised by an employee trained in culinary services and
holding a Professional Food Manager certification as required by Chapter 64E-11.012, Florida
Administrative Code.
(6.04) Inmates shall be given three substantial, wholesome, and nutritious meals daily. Not
more than 14 hours may elapse between the evening meal and the morning meal. Hot meals
shall be served at least once daily. Seasonal fruits and vegetables are recommended in menu
planning. (This does not apply to extreme emergency situations; i.e., riots, fires, natural
disasters, etc. or inmates assigned to outside work groups.) (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING
YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(6.05) Menus - The Recommended Dietary Allowances of the National Research Council National Academy of Sciences shall serve as the standard for the preparation of menus and the
evaluation of menus served. Menus shall be planned for not less than 28 days in advance and
certified by a nutritionist or dietitian licensed by the State of Florida.
(a) If a nutritionist/dietitian is not employed by the detention facility, nutritional advice will
be obtained from a licensed nutritionist or dietitian from outside sources such as county
health services, local schools, hospitals or a professional dietary service.
(b) Modified diets shall be prepared for inmates when ordered by a physician or
designee.
(c) Records of meals served shall be kept for one (1) year.
(d) Food may not be withheld, nor the standard menu varied, as a disciplinary sanction or as
a reward for an individual inmate.
(e) Special management meals meeting the minimum daily nutrition requirement as
approved by a physician or other qualified medical staff member may be substituted for
regular meals in the event an inmate throws or otherwise misuses food, beverage, food
utensils, food trays, etc. This includes utilizing trays, cups, or utensils to throw human
waste or other substances.
(f) Inmates shall receive additional caloric intake in excess of regular meals if approved by
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a nutritionist or similarly qualified person, as being reasonably necessary because of work or
labor being performed by the inmate. Religious diets may be provided to inmates if required
by their faith. (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(6.06) The Officer-in-Charge or designee shall inspect the food service area on a regular basis at
least once a week, and shall make corrections on deficiencies found. The inspection of the food
service area shall be recorded and maintained for not less than one (1) year.
(6.07) All food supplies not in preparation are to be stored in a locked, clean, well-ventilated
room, which is free from vermin. A locked storage area separate from food supplies shall

be provided for soaps, detergents, waxes, cleaning compounds, insect and rodent
spray, and other poisons.
(6.08) The delivery of food to inmates in their quarters, day room or dining room shall be
under the supervision of an employee. The serving of food shall be consistent with common
sanitary measures. Trays shall not be placed on the floor or slid under a cell door. If drinking
cups are allowed in the cell, inmates shall be provided an opportunity to clean or exchange the
cup at least once each day.
(6.09) All food service equipment will be of such material, design, workmanship or installation to
permit full compliance with the provisions of these standards. The equipment shall be kept
clean and in good repair at all times.
(6.10) Inmates should be served in a common dining area or adjacent day room, if available,
unless their security, classification, and/or adjustment would preclude such dining.
(6.11) The Food Service Supervisor shall maintain a procedure to keep an accurate

accounting of all culinary equipment, specifically, knives, sharps, etc.

(6.12) Items from food service such as mace, nutmeg, raisins, and other items, which may be
used for manufacture of contraband beverages, will be the joint responsibility of the Food
Service Supervisor and the Officer-in-Charge. They will be considered a control item, whose
use will be governed by rule or regulation.

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CHAPTER 7 - MEDICAL
(7.01) There shall be an agreement with a Health Authority licensed in the State of

Florida for the provision of medical care and services as set forth herein.

(7.02) There will be a standard operating procedure for the medical section of the detention
facility that will be reviewed and updated annually by the Health Authority. The operating
procedure will cover, at a minimum, the following:
(a) Receiving medical screening;
(b) Health appraisal;
(c) Physical examination;
(d) Necessary medical, dental, and mental health services;
(e) Emergency medical and dental services;
(f) Notification of next of kin in cases of life threatening illness, or injury, or death; (NOTE:
All such notifications shall be in accordance with the parent agency's own policies and
procedures.)
(g) Prenatal care;
(h) Delousing procedures to be implemented as designated by the Health Authority;
(i) Detoxification procedures under medical supervision;
(j) A procedure by the Health Authority proscribing standards for review of health appraisals
and identification of problems to be reviewed by a physician, advance registered nurse
practitioner, or physician assistant.
(k) A policy and procedure for a Comprehensive Quality Improvement Program that defines
an ongoing effort and dedicated resources to monitor and evaluate the quality and
appropriateness of patient care objectively and systematically, to pursue opportunities to
improve patient care, and to resolve identified problems.
(7.03) Each detention or intake facility will have a receiving medical screening procedure, which
shall be performed during the admission process. The screening will, at a minimum, consist
of completing a medical screening form, and visual observation of the inmate by a member
of the staff. The screening shall include inquiry into and recording of:
(a) Current illnesses and health problems including communicable diseases and other
infectious diseases;
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(b) Medications taken and special health requirements;
(c) Behavioral observation, including state of consciousness and mental status;
(d) Notation of body deformities, trauma markings, bruises, lesions, ease of movement,
jaundice, etc.;
(e) Condition of skin, eyes, ears, nose and throat, including rashes and infestations, and
needle marks, or other indications of drug abuse;
(f) Inquiry into use of alcohol and other drugs including type of drugs used, mode of use,
amount used, frequency used, time and/or date of last use;
(g) Screening of other health problems as designated by a member of the medical staff.
(7.04) Medical records will be maintained on each inmate who is admitted to the facility, kept
confidential, and kept separately from the inmate’s custody record.
(7.05) Each inmate shall be given a health appraisal, including a physical hands on examination
by the health authority or designee within 14 days of admission to the facility. If the inmate
has received a health appraisal within the previous 90 days, a physician or designee shall
determine whether a new health appraisal is required. The extent of the health appraisal,
including the physical examination, shall be defined by the Health Authority, but shall include
at least the following items:
(a) Review of medical screening forms by qualified health personnel as designated by a
physician;
(b) Collection of additional data to complete the medical, dental, and psychiatric histories,
including a gynecological history for females;
(c) Laboratory and diagnostic tests as determined necessary by the Health Authority to
detect communicable disease, including sexually transmitted diseases and tuberculosis;
(d) Recording of height, weight, pulse, blood pressure and temperature;
(e) Other tests and examinations as appropriate;
(f) Medical examination with comments about mental and dental status;
(g) Review of the results of the medical examination, tests and identification of problems by
a physician or an advanced registered nurse practitioner when required by procedures as
referenced in (7.02) (j) of this standard; and
(h) The facility policy and procedure requiring a health appraisal shall be contained in the
standard operating procedure for the medical section.
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(7.06) Each detention facility shall have an agreement or understanding with one or more health
care providers to provide services at each facility in the system or at a location designated by
the health care provider.
(7.07) A schedule which lists the names, telephone numbers, and call days of the emergency
physician and health care provider shall be available at each facility.
(7.08) Facility staff trained in the delivery of emergency first aid care and CPR shall

be on duty at all times. First aid supplies as designated by the Health Authority
shall be available on the premises and readily available at all times. The Health
Authority or designee shall be responsible for monthly inspection of the first aid supplies.

(7.09) A medical request procedure shall be established and maintained so that inmates may
request medical assistance which may or may not require a formal clinic visit. All inmates
shall be provided medical request forms upon notification to staff. All written medical
requests shall be screened on a daily basis by medically trained personnel and appropriate
referrals made. In addition, any request received as a result of medication rounds or formal
sick call shall be screened when received and referred as appropriate.
(7.10) A sick call procedure shall be established and maintained so that an inmate reports for
and receives appropriate medical services for non-emergency illness and injury. The facility
shall provide each inmate the opportunity for daily sick call supervised by the health
authority.
(7.11) Treatment shall occur within the time period as provided by the Health Authority.
(7.12) Each detention system shall have an agreement or understanding with a licensed dentist
to provide emergency dental care.
(7.13) The facility's standard operating
pharmaceuticals shall include:

procedures

for

the

proper

management

of

(a) Adherence to federal and state regulations governing controlled substances;
(b) Maximum security storage and perpetual inventory of all controlled substances, syringes,
needles, sharps and other instruments as defined by the Health Authority.
(7.14) Medications shall be administered in accordance with the facility health care plan by
licensed medical personnel or by qualified and trained facility staff members according to the
directions of a designated physician.
(7.15) A copy of each inmate's medical record, either hard copy or electronic, shall be kept by
the detention system for a period of not less than 7 years following the release, transfer or
death of the inmate.
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(7.16) Summaries or copies of the health record shall be routinely sent to the facility to which
the inmate is transferred. Confidentiality of the health record shall be maintained during the
transfer process. All transferred health records shall be marked Confidential Health
Information. This includes county, state, or federal facilities to which the inmate is
transferred. Health record information shall be transmitted to specific physicians or medical
facilities in the community upon request by the physician or medical facility on the written
authorization of the inmate.
(7.17) Inmates who are committed and determined to be under the influence of alcohol or
drugs shall be separated from the general population and kept under close supervision for a
reasonable period of time.
(7.18) Unless otherwise authorized in writing by the Health Authority or designee, inmates
determined by medical personnel to have suicidal tendencies and those with a propensity for
having seizures, shall be assigned to quarters that have close supervision or direct
observation.
(7.19) Each detention system shall have an agreement with one or more health care providers
to provide emergency services at the facility or at a location designated by the health care
provider.
(7.20) State licensure or certification requirements and restrictions shall apply to health care
personnel working in the facility the same as those working in the community; copies of
licensing or certification credentials shall be on file at a central location in the detention
system.
(7.21) Each county and municipal detention facility, in consultation with the Health Authority
shall develop written procedures establishing conditions under which an inmate will be tested
for infectious disease. These procedures shall be consistent with guidelines established by
the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and the Florida Department of Health.
(7.22) Medical test results shall be confidential except for those who have a need to know such
information. No person to whom the results of a test have been disclosed under this section
may disclose the test results to another person not authorized under this standard.
(7.23) The person receiving the test results may divulge the results to the Sheriff or Chief
Correctional Officer, but such information is exempt from the public records provisions of
119.01 and 119.07, Florida State Statutes.
(7.24) The results of any test on an inmate shall become a part of that inmate's medical file.
Upon transfer of the inmate to any other correctional facility, the results of such testing shall
be transferred to the receiving facility in enveloped marked "confidential medical
information".
(7.25) Prenatal Care - Written policy and defined procedures require, and actual practice
evidences, that pregnant inmates receive timely and appropriate prenatal care by a qualified
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practitioner that includes medical examinations, advice on appropriate levels of activity and
safety precautions, nutritional guidance, and counseling.
(7.26) An inmate confined in an isolation cell used for medical purposes shall be examined by a
physician or designee within 48 hours following his/her confinement in such area or cell. A
physician or designee shall determine when the inmate will be returned to the general
population. The inmate shall remain in isolation if the physician or designee:
(1) Finds that the inmate presents a serious risk to himself or others, and/or,
(2) Continues to provide the inmate with follow-up medical care and treatment during the
entire time that the inmate remains confined in such area or cell as deemed necessary.
CHAPTER 7.27 - PHARMACY - LICENSING AND INSPECTION REQUIREMENTS
(7.27.01) Any county or municipal detention facility which stocks medicinal drugs in quantities
other than individual prescriptions shall be required to obtain the services of a consultant
pharmacist or dispensing physician and shall be required to comply with the licensing
requirements of 465, Florida State Statutes. Such facility shall have that part of its medical
services relating to procedures for the safe handling and storage of medicinal drugs exempt
from the inspection requirements of 951.23, Florida State Statutes.
(7.27.02) Any facility which maintains only individual prescriptions dispensed by a licensed
pharmacist is not required to be licensed under 465, Florida State Statutes.
CHAPTER 7.28 - STORAGE AND HANDLING OF INDIVIDUAL PRESCRIPTIONS
(7.28.01) Prescription drugs shall not be ordered or stocked in bulk quantities at those facilities
which maintain only individual prescriptions (as reference in 7.26.02).
(7.28.02) All individual prescriptions from pharmacies shall be properly labeled. Proper labeling
consists of:
(a) Name and address of the pharmacy;
(b) Date of dispensing;
(c) Name of prescribing practitioner;
(d) Name of patient;
(e) Directions for use;
(f) Warning statements if necessary;
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(g) Name and strength of medication;
(h) Prescription number; and
(i) Expiration date.
(7.28.03) All medication, bulk over-the-counter and individual prescriptions, needles, and
syringes shall be kept in a locked area at all times except when being issued. A maximum
security storage and perpetual inventory system of accountability will be maintained for sharps
and instruments.
(7.28.04) All prescribed medication will be recorded on a Medication Administration Record
(MAR) in either hard copy or electronic format developed by the facility which contains the
information required by paragraph (7.28.05) of this standard.
(a) A system of accountability of DEA – controlled substances must be in place. The
controlled substances are the medications that come under the jurisdiction of the
Federal Controlled Substances Act. This record should contain the name of the drug, the
date, the amount used or wasted, the amount remaining and the issuer’s signature or
electronic signature.
(b) When the record is full the amount remaining should be carried as balance forward. A
record shall be kept of each controlled drug.
(7.28.05) The Medication Administration Record will contain the following information:
(a) Name and number of inmate;
(b) Name and strength of medication;
(c) Directions for use;
(d) Date and time of issue;
(e) Initials or electronic signature of official issuing medication;
(f) Amount of medication issued;
(g) Special restrictions or limitations on use.
(7.28.06) Whenever an inmate refuses medication, the refusal shall be documented on the
Medication Administration Record.
(7.28.07) Unused medication shall be recorded when removed from circulation and stored in a
separate container with a list containing:
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(a) The prescription number;
(b) The name of the pharmacy issuing the prescription;
(c) The quantity of the unused medicine in the prescription container.
(7.28.08) Unused non-controlled medication shall be returned to the issuing pharmacy or
destroyed as follows:
(a) Unused non-controlled medication will be destroyed by incineration whenever possible.
Small amounts of drugs may be flushed into the sewer system, unless prohibited by
local ordinance. An officer or medical staff member shall destroy the medication in an
approved manner. A second officer or medical staff member shall witness this
destruction and both persons shall sign and date the unused drug list attesting to the
destruction of the medication and listing the method of destruction.
(b) Unused controlled medication shall be disposed of in the proper manner as per the
Florida Board of Pharmacy Rule 64B16-28.303, Methods of Destruction.
(7.28.09) In order to maintain continuity of prescribed medication whenever an inmate is
transferred to another facility, the inmate's medication log and three days dosage of the
medication shall accompany the inmate's medical records to the receiving facility unless
otherwise directed by the physician or designee.
(7.28.10) Inmates who are taking prescription medication and are released from custody shall
be given a minimum of 3 days dosage of the remainder of their medication to take with them,
or a 3 day supply via a written prescription or voucher to have filled at the detention facility’s
designated pharmacy, unless otherwise directed by the physician, so they may continue the
physician's prescribed treatment. If the inmate refuses the medication, the words "refused upon
release" shall be written in the Amount Issued column on the Medication Administration Record.
The official shall then initial the medication log and the medication shall be treated as unused
medication and handled in accordance with subsections (7.28.07) and (7.28.08) above.
(7.28.11) Refrigerators.
(a) Storage of medications which require refrigeration shall comply with the following:
(1) Drugs and nonprescription medications requiring refrigeration shall be stored in a
refrigerator.
(2) When stored in a general-use refrigerator, medications shall be stored in separate,
covered, waterproof, labeled receptacles.
(3) Refrigerators in which medications are stored shall be equipped with a thermometer,
and the temperature of the refrigerator shall be maintained between 36 degrees
Fahrenheit and 46 degrees Fahrenheit.
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(i) Medication refrigerators shall be cleaned and inspected monthly by Medical Staff.
(ii) A refrigerator check list, or other form developed by the facility, shall be used to
document the cleaning and inspection of refrigerators.
(iii) A refrigerator temperature log shall be used to record the interior temperature
of the refrigerator daily (excluding days when the Medical Staff is not on-site).

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CHAPTER 8 - CLOTHING AND BEDDING
(8.01) Inmates shall be furnished a bed, fire retardant mattress, mattress cover sheet, sheet,
pillow, pillow case, and a towel. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to cells or
areas used for short term holding of inmates less than 8 hours.
(8.02) Sheets, towels, and pillow cases will be laundered at least once each week. All bedding
shall be washed before reissue.
(8.03) Blankets will be issued in sufficient number to the inmates and shall be laundered as
necessary and before reissue.
(8.04) Mattresses shall meet the applicable Florida State Fire Marshal's Fire Safety Standards,
pursuant to Chapter 69A-54.006, Florida Administrative Code, and shall be maintained in
good repair, and in a sanitary condition.
(8.05) Inmate clothing shall be clean upon entry or inmates shall be furnished clean clothing if
kept beyond first appearance. Inmates shall be given the opportunity to have their clothing
laundered or exchanged for clean clothing at least twice each week. All issued clothing shall be
washed prior to reissue. (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(8.06) The Officer-in-Charge or designee may permit inmates to wear their personal shoes.
When an inmate needs shoes and is without funds, footwear shall be provided. Shower
slides are acceptable for inside use. Inmates who work shall be issued clothing and shoes
suitable for the type of work and prevailing weather.
(8.07) An inmate will not be deprived of clothing, bedding or towels except when necessary to
prevent the inmate from inflicting injury to self, to others, or to property.
(8.08) Any time an inmate is deprived of clothing or bedding, a record shall be maintained
identifying the reason and length of time for such deprivation.

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CHAPTER 9 - PROGRAMS
(9.01) The Officer-in-Charge or designee shall make all reasonable efforts to make use of
programs available through local community resources. At least one employee in each
detention system shall act as liaison between each facility within the system and the
community agencies that offer needed programs and services.
(a)
The following agencies may provide services to inmates: mental health centers;
substance abuse programs; county health departments; local hospitals; county school
boards; county libraries; county welfare departments; local universities and community
colleges; program offices of the Department of Children and Family Services; legal services;
ministerial associations; vocation rehabilitative services; and others.
(9.02) The Officer-in-Charge or designee shall ensure that all representatives of outside
agencies and volunteers will be familiar with facility regulations. Compliance with the
regulations shall be agreed to in writing.
(9.03) Mail (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(a) General correspondence such as between the inmate, the family, and other persons
should be encouraged.
(b) Incoming inmate mail may be monitored to ascertain any attempts to escape, security
violations, or conspiracy to introduce contraband. Incoming mail may be inspected to
intercept cash, checks, money orders or physical contraband.
(c) Outgoing mail shall not be interfered with except to open and inspect it to determine if:
(1) The letter contained threats of physical harm against persons or threats of criminal
activity;
(2) The letter threatens blackmail or extortion;
(3) The letter contains plans to escape;
(4) The letter contains plans for activities in violation of detention facility rules;
(5) The letter is in code;
(6) The letter contains information which, if communicated, would create a clear and
present danger of violence and physical harm to a human being.
(d) If correspondence is denied, the inmate shall be given written reasons as to why the
correspondence has been denied.
(e) Privileged mail includes mail from attorneys, courts, and public officials. If incoming
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privileged mail is opened to determine that it is privileged mail and contains no
contraband, it must be done in the presence of the inmate. Only the signature and
letterhead may be read.
(f) Outgoing privileged mail shall not be opened, but it may be held for a reasonable time,
not to exceed 72 hours, pending verification that it is properly addressed to a person or
agency referred to above.
(1) The officer in charge may authorize the inspection of privileged mail prior to being
sealed.
(2) Under no circumstances is staff to read privileged communication, only inspect the
contents for contraband.
(3) The inspection is to be conducted in the presence of the inmate and upon
completion; the inmate should seal the envelope.
(g) Indigent inmates. Inmates without funds will be supplied with writing materials and
postage to correspond with attorneys and the court. In addition, inmates without funds
will be supplied with writing materials and postage to correspond with their immediate
family at reasonable intervals.
(h) Inmates shall receive their mail through the facility, and shall be delivered to and from
inmates without unnecessary delay.
(i) There shall be no approved lists of correspondents or limits on the volume of mail an
inmate may receive or send.
(9.04) Visiting (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(a) Rules and regulations pertaining to the time and conduct of visitation shall be posted for
the knowledge of the inmates and prospective visitors. A copy of these rules shall be
given to each inmate held beyond first appearance. Visitation periods shall be permitted
so that each inmate in general population has the opportunity for at least 2 hours of
visitation each week.
(b) The Officer-in-Charge or designee may deny a particular visit or visitor in order to
maintain the safety, security, and/or good order and discipline of the institution. All
denials of visitation shall be documented, indicating why the visit was denied.
(c) All visitors shall be required to register and to record their name, address, and
relationship to the inmate. The Officer-in-Charge or designee may reasonably require
additional information if necessary in order to conduct that particular visit. Visitors may
be searched if necessary to the security of the institution.
(d) The most common types of visitation used in correctional facilities include, but are not
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limited to, non-contact, contact, and video.
(1) The allowing of contact visitation on any special occasion shall be the prerogative of
the Officer-in-Charge or designee.
(9.05) Work (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(a) Sentenced inmates may be assigned to work to the benefit of the facility, county, or
municipality within the guidelines expressed in the paragraphs below. Non-sentenced
inmates shall not be required to work beyond those duties necessary to maintain the
cleanliness and good order of their own area and the common areas of the detention
facilities. However, persons who are in pretrial status and held beyond first appearance
should be given the opportunity to volunteer for available work programs.
(b) No inmate shall be compelled to labor more than ten (10) hours per day nor be subject
to punishment for any refusal to labor beyond such limit; provided that the ten (10)
hours shall be the time embraced from the leaving to the return of the inmate to his/her
place of detention per 951.08 Florida State Statutes. However, this ruling would not
preclude a sentenced inmate from volunteering to labor more than ten (10) hours daily.
(c) All inmates shall have supervision in keeping with their custody level while outside the
secure perimeter of the detention facility. Inmate workers shall be checked by staff to
assure accountability and security.
(d) Work and study release, as authorized by the court or the facility, is encouraged. If work
or study releases are housed in a detention facility, they should be separated, whenever
practical, from the general population.
(e) Inmates may be required to work for other county or municipal agencies to the benefit
of that county or municipality. If so, their supervisor shall acknowledge, in writing, the
provisions of these regulations, particularly Chapter 3 and the policy and procedure
directives of the facility. It is the intent of this paragraph to encourage the use of
inmates in vocational and productive work programs which will benefit the inmate(s)
and the county or municipality.
(f) Inmates may voluntarily work for charitable or nonprofit organizations under the
following conditions:
(1) They shall be supervised by an employee of the facility or other county or municipal
employee;
(2) The work shall have the prior written approval of the Officer-in-Charge or designee;
(3) No monetary remuneration may be made to the inmate or the facility for the work.
(g) An inmate shall be cleared by the health authority prior to assignment in a structured
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work program in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act.
(9.06) Exercise (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(a) Inmates shall have the opportunity to have a minimum of 3 hours of outdoor exercise
per week, weather permitting. Uncontrollable or violent inmates are not subject to the
provisions of this paragraph.
(b) Sufficient space, and staffing to permit both individual activities and group activities shall
be provided.
(c) Inmates shall be allowed to remain in their housing areas or cells if they so desire.
(9.07) Each detention system should appoint a chaplain to coordinate religious services and
activities at each facility. Inmates shall be afforded a reasonable opportunity to practice
their religious beliefs.
(9.08) Each inmate shall have reasonable access to a telephone at reasonable times.
(9.09) Pro se inmates, are provided reasonable access to legal materials to assist them in filing
any type of action cognizable in Florida courts.
(9.10) All inmates, regardless of gender, shall have equal access to programs, privileges,
exercise, visitation, and work release opportunities, unless deemed to be a threat to the safety
of staff or other inmates or to security of the facility. (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING
YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)

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CHAPTER 10 - PRIVILEGES
(10.01) Inmate commissary and welfare fund.
(a) A commissary may be operated in the detention facility. If a commissary is established,
then an inmate welfare fund shall also be established. The Officer-in-Charge or designee
will establish a procedure for providing commissary or canteen facilities or access to
canteen items for the benefit of the inmate(s). It is recommended that inmates routinely
carry no money and that a check-off system from their account be implemented. If
money is permitted, a limit shall be set and all money in possession in excess of that
limit shall be confiscated and disposed of in accordance with Standard 14. Contraband.
A shopping list shall be developed and printed for the information of all inmates with the
prices and special conditions governing each sale shown clearly on such a list. Valuable
items purchased by inmates shall be added to their personal property list after purchase
and marked for identification.
(b) Canteen prices shall be set so as not to exceed the fair market value for comparable
products sold in the community where the facility is located.
(c) Expenses involved in the commissary operations, including compensation for
commissary employees, and gratuities for inmates who may assist such employees may
be paid from the profit.
(d) Profits from the commissary shall be used for overall inmate welfare, and an inmate
welfare fund committee shall recommend what expenditures are to be made. Activities
of the committee shall be reviewed by the Officer-in-Charge or designee, who shall have
final authority on expenditures. It is recommended that the Jail Chaplain be a member
of the committee.
(e) The Officer-in-Charge or designee shall be responsible for an audit of the fiscal
management of the commissary by a disinterested party on an annual basis, which shall
include certification of compliance with the pricing requirements of (10.01) (b) above.
Appropriate transaction records and stock inventory shall be kept current.
(10.02) Other Privileges.
(a) Control of how and when radio and television sets are to be used, if present, shall be
left to the discretion of the Officer-in-Charge or designee.
(b) A reading or library service shall be available to the inmates who are held beyond first
appearance.
(c) It is recommended that a staff member be appointed to organize leisure time activities
and to program exercise, recreation and avocation.

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CHAPTER 11 - SECURITY AND CONTROL

As required in Standard 2, General Provisions, the Officer-in-Charge or
designee shall have comprehensive written plans for emergencies to include fire,
riot, hostage situations, escape, medical emergency, and natural disaster. These
plans shall be developed after consultation with fire departments, emergency
medical personnel, and law enforcement agencies. The plans shall provide for:
(11.01)

(a) Alarm systems and notification;
(b) Transmission of alarm to:
(1) Fire department;
(2) Emergency medical services;
(3) Other law enforcement officials.
(c) Response to alarms;
(d) Isolation of fire or disturbance areas and the control of mobilization area;
(e) Specific equipment such as fire extinguishers and fire hoses to be located at

specific appropriate places within the institution and inspection and
preventive maintenance schedule for such equipment;

(f) Release and evacuation activity;
(g) Prevention of escape during evacuation;
(h) Fire fighting plans, the rendering of prompt medical aid, or the assistance of

law enforcement agencies in quelling riots or disturbances;

(i) The chain of command to be followed in all such emergencies, including the

specific responsibilities of staff and inmates;

(j) Inspection schedules of hazardous areas and review of fire plans.
(k) Documentation in the event of any such emergencies.
(11.02)
Fire exit drills and emergency evacuation drills shall be held with sufficient frequency
to familiarize correctional personnel with proper procedures. Such drills shall be conducted for
each shift of personnel, each calendar quarter. The actual movement of inmates to holding
areas outside the building is not required. The drills shall be recorded and records shall be
maintained in the facility.
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(11.03)
Regular Inspections - Security inspection procedures shall be carefully defined and
shall cover every part of the detention facility. A general inspection of the facility will be made
by the Officer-in-Charge or designee at least once each week. All cells, cell blocks, and other
quarters within the detention facility shall be checked daily by correctional officers. Inspections
and deficiencies shall be recorded and records shall be maintained in the facility. In addition,
the person notified of a deficiency or requested to take corrective action, and the date and time
of the corrective action taken shall be entered in the record.
(11.04)
Fire Safety Inspections - Each facility shall obtain a fire safety inspection performed
by personnel certified by the State Fire Marshal's office as fire safety inspectors. Pursuant to
951.23(5), Florida State Statutes, such inspections shall be performed at least once annually,
and a report of the findings of said inspections shall be requested by the facility. Each facility

shall meet applicable fire safety and prevention standards promulgated by the State
Fire Marshal for correctional facilities pursuant the rules of the State Fire Marshal,
Chapter 69A-54, Florida Administrative Code.

(11.05)
A key control system will be designed to indicate the location of all keys and locks in
the detention facility. The system will include:
(a) A complete inventory of all keys;
(b) A written report of malfunctioning locks, broken or lost keys or other safety hazards that
are key related;
(c) Absolute control of security keys by correctional officers and/or civilian staff, but never
by inmates;
(d) A full set of emergency keys maintained in a secure and easily accessible location away
from the detention facility for use in the event of fire or other emergency;
(e) A key control system which provides a shadow board or other means of ensuring that
staff can immediately identify missing keys.
(11.06) Inmate counts shall be taken at the beginning of each shift daily and recorded in the
detention facility log. At least one of the counts shall be a full lock-down count when all
inmates are required to be immobilized and visually inspected. All inmates will be visually
checked every hour between 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. unless involved in an outside program
that precludes a personal check. Checks will be entered in the daily log. (SEE APPENDIX “C”
CONCERNING YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)

There shall be a tool control plan including the standard use of inventory
shadow boards, etchings, or color coding of facility tools to ensure that such tools
are not used to breach the security of the facility. Tools brought into the facility for
(11.07)

maintenance or repair shall be accounted for at all times.

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(11.08)
Each facility will have a personnel identification system which will ensure that
employees, visitors, and inmates are positively identified and that security measures are not
bypassed.
(11.09) No person will enter a detention facility with firearms, ammunition,

chemical agents, or electronic weapons, except in emergencies, and then only
when authorized by the Officer-in- Charge or designee.
(a) The chemical agent oleoresin capsicum or other such suitable agents are authorized to
be carried inside the detention facility by certified correctional officers trained in its use,
only if authorized by the policy and procedure directives for the facility. A weapons
depository will be established near the secure entrance of the facility. Under no
circumstances will weapons or ammunition be placed in a desk drawer or other
container which has common access.
(b) Electronic Weapons are authorized to be used inside the detention facility by certified
officers trained in its use, only if authorized by the policy and procedure directives of the
facility.
(11.10)
Chemicals or other materials which could be incendiary or be a security hazard shall
be kept in a secure area and used under the direct supervision of an employee. Chemicals
or other cleaning materials shall be stored separately from edible foodstuffs.
(11.11) Shackles or other personal restraints may be used within the secured areas of the
facility. This standard should apply to inmates in transit or to inmates whose behavior presents
an immediate danger to themselves, other inmates, or staff. Such inmates may be temporarily
restrained by such devices only upon orders of the Officer-in-Charge or designee. Restraints
shall never be used as punishment.
(11.12) Restraint of Pregnant Inmates:

(a)

(b)

Restraints may not be used on a inmate who is known to be pregnant
during labor, delivery, and postpartum recovery, unless the corrections
official makes an individualized determination that the inmate presents
an extraordinary circumstance, except that:
1.

If the doctor, nurse, or other health care professional treating
the inmate requests that restraints not be used, the corrections
officer, or other officer accompanying the pregnant inmate shall
remove all restraints; and

2.

Under no circumstances shall leg, ankle, or waist restraints be
used on any pregnant inmate who is in labor or delivery.

If restraints are used on a pregnant inmate pursuant to paragraph (a):

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(c)

(d)

1.

The type of restraint applied and the application of the restraint
must be done in the least restrictive manner necessary; and

2.

The corrections official shall make written findings within 10
days after the use of restraints as to the extraordinary
circumstance that dictated the use of the restraints.

During the third trimester of pregnancy, or when requested by the
doctor, nurse, or other health care professional treating the pregnant
inmate:
1.

Waist restraints that directly constrict the area of pregnancy
may not be used;

2.

If wrist restraints are used, they must be applied in such a way
that the pregnant inmate is able to protect herself in the event
of a forward fall; and

3.

Leg and ankle restraints that restrain the legs close together
may not be used when the inmate is required to walk or stand.

4.

Use of leg, ankle, or waist restraints is subject to the provisions
of subparagraph (a)2.

In addition to the specific requirements of paragraphs (a)-(c), any
restraint of an inmate who is known to be pregnant must be done in
the least restrictive manner necessary in order to mitigate the
possibility of adverse clinical consequences.

(11.13) Each floor of a detention housing facility will have a correctional officer or

certified juvenile detention officer present. Split level housing areas which share a
common day room shall not require a second certified officer, provided observation
is easily maintained from either level. The presence of two officers certified in
accordance with 943, Florida State Statutes or Department of Juvenile Justice
requirements, is required when moving high risk inmates in or out of a "housing
area".
(11.14)
A secondary means of egress or fire exit from each housing area and floor of
a detention facility is required if inmates are housed or would otherwise be present on that
floor.
(11.15) Correctional officer posts shall be located to permit officers to hear and
respond promptly to calls for help.

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(11.16) Inmates shall be prohibited from supervising, controlling or exerting or assuming any
authority over other inmates.
(11.17)There shall be sufficient staff on duty so that at all times inmates within the

detention facility will be within sight or hearing distance of a correctional officer or
juvenile detention officer. This may be accomplished by means of electronic surveillance.
Civilian staff that is not certified as correctional officers by the Criminal Justice Standards and
Training Commission or as juvenile detention officers by the Department of Juvenile Justice
shall not be included as staff for purposes of this subsection.

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CHAPTER 12 - SANITATION
(12.01)
Water Supplies - Water supplies will be adequate to serve the demands of the
detention facility and should be from an approved existing public supply where possible.
When an on-site water supply developed, the system shall be constructed, operated, and
maintained in accordance with requirements of Chapter 62-550, Florida Administrative Code,
to ensure that the water supply is of safe bacteriological and chemical quality. Routine
water samples shall be submitted to determine that the quality of the water does not
deteriorate.
(12.02)
Food Service - Food supplies must be obtained from approved sources and be
prepared and served in approved facilities in a safe and sanitary manner as prescribed by
Chapter 64E-11, Florida Administrative Code. If prepared food is catered from outside
sources, it too must comply with Chapter 64E-11, Florida Administrative Code.
(12.03) Sanitary Systems, Facilities and Fixtures
(a) All sewage and liquid waste shall be disposed of into an approved public sewerage
system, if available. The disposal system shall meet requirements stated in 381.0065,
Florida State Statutes.
(b) All plumbing shall comply with requirements stated in 153, Florida State Statutes.
(c) Drinking water shall be accessible to all inmates. Common drinking cups are prohibited.
(d) Plumbing fixtures such as toilets, water fountains, and sinks shall be constructed of
smooth nonabsorbent easily cleanable material and kept in good repair. Penal or
security type fixtures may be used if construction meets the above requirements. If
conventional toilets are installed, they shall be equipped with open front seats.
(e) Mop sinks or curbed areas where floor drains equipped with hot and cold running water
shall be available in convenient locations throughout the facility for the proper disposal
of cleaning water and to facilitate cleaning.
(f) Showers shall have tempered running water under pressure and shall be available for
inmates to take showers at least twice weekly (daily access to showers is preferred). The
hot water supply to the shower shall not exceed 120 degrees Fahrenheit to prevent
scalding.
(g) In secure housing areas there shall be at least one sink and one toilet in each cell.
Dormitories and multiple occupancy cells shall have at least one toilet and one sink for each
twelve (12) inmates or fraction thereof. One shower head with tempered water shall be
provided for each 16 inmates or fraction thereof
(h) All floor drains shall be kept clean and equipped with tamper proof drain covers at all
times. If self-priming floor drains are utilized, proper backflow devices shall be installed
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to prevent siphonage. All floor drain traps shall be kept wet to prevent sewer gas from
entering the building.
(i) Plumbing fixtures shall be kept clean and sanitary at all times and shall be properly
maintained.
(12.04)

Preventative Maintenance - A preventative maintenance program will be
established to include but not be limited to: periodic painting, repairs, and other such
maintenance as required.

(12.05)

Garbage and Rubbish – All garbage, trash and rubbage shall be collected and
removed from inmate residential areas at least daily, more often is recommended.
Garbage shall be collected and stored in impervious leak proof and lock tight containers.
All containers, storage areas, dumpsters, compactors, etc., on the surrounding premises
shall be kept clean and free of vermin. Garbage shall be removed from the site as often
as necessary to maintain sanitary conditions. If garbage or trash is disposed of on the
premises then the disposal shall not create sanitary nuisance conditions and shall
comply with the provisions of the Florida Department of Environment Protection and
Florida Administrative Code of Chapter 62.

(12.06)
Housing
(a) Floors, walls, ceiling, windows, doors, and all appurtenances of the structure shall be of
sound construction, properly maintained, easily cleanable and shall be kept clean. Walls,
ceilings, and area partitions be of light color.
(b) All areas of the detention facility other than closets or cabinets shall be well lighted. Cell
areas, dormitories, toilets, and day rooms shall have light fixtures capable of providing
at least 20 foot candles of illumination to permit observation, cleaning, maintenance,
and reading. Light fixtures shall be kept clean and maintained.
(c) Sufficient space shall be provided in all living and sleeping quarters to satisfy sanitary
needs of all individuals incarcerated. Every bed, cot or bunk shall have a clear space of
at least twelve (12) inches from the floor. There shall be a clear ceiling height of not less
than thirty-six (36) inches above any mattress and there shall be a clear space of not
less than twenty-seven (27) inches between the top of the lower mattress and the
bottom of the upper bunk of a double deck facility. Single beds, cots or bunks shall be
spaced not less than thirty-six (36) inches laterally and end-to-end. Sleeping
arrangements shall ensure that a minimum distance of six (6) feet is provided between
inmate’s heads, if a solid barrier is not used.
(d) All housing facilities shall be kept free of offensive odors with adequate ventilation.
(1) If natural ventilation is utilized, the opened window area for ventilation purposes
shall be equal to one-tenth of the floor space in the inmate residential area.
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(2) When mechanical ventilation or cooling systems are employed, the system shall be
kept clean and properly maintained. Intake air ducts shall be designed and installed
so that ducts or filters can be readily removed. In inmate residence areas and
segregation cells with solid doors, mechanical ventilation systems shall provide a
minimum of 10 cubic feet of fresh or purified re-circulated air per minute for each
inmate occupying the areas.
(3) All toilet rooms shall be provided with direct openings to the outside or provided with
mechanical ventilation to the outside.
(4) Adequate heating facilities shall be provided to maintain a minimum temperature of
60 degrees Fahrenheit at a point twenty (20) inches above the floor in inmate
sleeping areas.
(12.07)
Laundry and Dry Cleaning - Where laundry facilities are provided, they shall be
adequate to ensure an ample quantity of clean clothing, bed linens, and towels. Laundry
facilities shall be of sound construction and shall be kept clean and in good repair. Laundry
rooms shall be well lighted and properly ventilated. Clothes dryers and dry cleaning
machines shall be vented to the exterior. Exposure to dry cleaning solvents shall not exceed
threshold limit values set by the American Conference of Governmental Hygienists. If
laundry facilities are not available, sheets and blankets shall be sent to commercial
laundries.
(12.08)
Bedding, Clothing, and Personal Items - Beds and bedding shall be kept in good
repair and cleaned and sanitized regularly. Used mattress and pillow covers shall be washed
at least weekly and blankets washed or dry cleaned at least quarterly. Sheets and personal
clothing shall be washed at least weekly. Sheets, blankets, and mattresses shall be stored in
a clean, dry place between cleaning and reissue. Inmates to be held longer than 24 hours
should be issued clothing and personal comfort items, such as soap, towels, toothbrush and
toothpaste. Razors and blades may be issued on a controlled basis.
(12.09)
Housekeeping - Inmate residential areas shall be kept clean and sanitary at all times.
Clutter shall be eliminated in all areas of the detention facility. Floors shall be swept and
mopped daily and bars shall be kept clean. Books, magazines, newspapers, and other
objects will not be placed on or between bars. Walls shall be kept clean and free of objects
which provide hiding places for vermin. Mops, brooms, and other cleaning equipment shall
be stored in well ventilated areas. Mop sinks and other janitorial facilities shall be kept
clean. Garbage and trash receptacles shall be emptied and cleaned daily. Toilets, urinals,
showers, and sinks shall be cleaned daily. All windows, sills, and screens shall be kept clean
and in good repair. Inmates shall be assigned housekeeping and janitorial duties as directed
by the Officer-in-Charge or designee.
(12.10)
Insect and Rodent Control - Detention facilities shall be kept free of all insects and
rodents. A program to control vermin (e.g., pest control) in all areas of the detention facility
will be maintained on a scheduled basis. All outside openings shall be effectively sealed or
screened to prevent entry of insects or rodents. All pesticides used to control insects or
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rodents shall be applied in accordance with instructions and cautions on the registered
product label. Persons applying restricted use pesticides shall be certified by the State of
Florida. Facilities not having certified pest control operators shall utilize commercial licensed
pest control companies.
(12.11) Outdoor Areas - If a facility has an outdoor exercise area, it shall be kept free of litter
and trash and be well drained. If toilet and lavatory facilities are provided, they shall be kept
clean and maintained.
(12.12)
Industries - Industrial areas shall be kept clean. Noise levels shall not exceed an
average of 90 dBA on a time weighted average for an eight hour day as measured on the A
scale of a sound level meter set at slow response, unless proper ear protection is provided.
Thirty foot candles of illumination shall be provided at task level. Adequate ventilation shall
be provided to prevent exposure to dust and toxic gases or fumes.
(12.13)
Sanitation Inspections - A formal sanitation inspection of the detention facility will be
made by the Officer-in-Charge or designee at least once each week, and any substantial
deficiencies will be recorded and corrected.

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CHAPTER 13 – ORDER AND DISCIPLINE
(13.01) Rules and regulations governing the conduct of inmates and visitors shall be posted
and available to each inmate and all visitors.
(13.02) The rules shall include prohibited acts and the disciplinary action that can be taken to
ensure proper conduct. The rules shall also indicate the procedures for any disciplinary action
and the method for the establishment and loss of privileges. The rules shall provide a list of
prohibited acts which shall include, at a minimum, the following:
(1)

Assaulting any person;

(2)

Fighting with another person;

(3) Threatening another with bodily harm, or any offense against another person or
property.
(4) Extortion, blackmail, protection, demanding or receiving money or anything of value in
return for protection against others to avoid bodily harm, or under threat of informing;
(5) Engaging in sexual acts with self or others;
(6) Making sexual proposals or threats to another;
(7) Indecent exposure;
(8) Escape;
(9) Attempting or planning escape;
(10) Wearing a disguise or mask;
(11) Setting a fire;
(12) Destroying, altering, damaging or defacing government property or the property of
another person;
(13) Stealing (theft);
(14) Tampering with or blocking any locking device;
(15) Adulteration of any food or drink;
(16) Possession or introduction of any explosive, ammunition, firearm or weapon;
(17) Possession of contraband;
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(18) Misuse of authorized medication;
(19) Loaning of property or anything of value for profit or increased return;
(20) Possession of anything not authorized for retention or receipt by the inmate and not
issued to them through regular institutional channels;
(21) Mutilating or altering issued clothing, bedding, linen or mattresses;
(22) Rioting;
(23) Encouraging others to riot;
(24) Engaging in or encouraging a group demonstration;
(25) Refusing to work;
(26) Encouraging others to refuse to work or participating in work stoppage;
(27) Refusing to obey an order of any staff member;
(28) Un-excused absence from work or any assignment;
(29) Malingering, feigning an illness or injury;
(30) Failing to perform work as instructed by a supervisor;
(31) Insolence toward a staff member;
(32) Lying or providing a false statement to a staff member;
(33) Conduct which disrupts or interferes with the security or orderly running of the
institution;
(34) Counterfeiting, forging, or unauthorized reproduction of any document, article, or
identification, money, security, or official paper;
(35) Participating in an unauthorized meeting or gathering;
(36) Being in an unauthorized area;
(37) Failure to follow safety or sanitation regulations;
(38) Using any equipment or machinery contrary to instructions or posted safety standards;
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(39) Failing to stand count;
(40) Interfering with the taking of count;
(41) Making intoxicants or being intoxicated;
(42) Smoking where prohibited;
(43) Using abusive or obscene language;
(44) Gambling, preparing or conducting a gambling pool, possession of gambling
paraphernalia;
(45) Being unsanitary or untidy; failing to keep one's person and one's quarters in
accordance with posted standards;
(46) Tattooing or self-mutilation;
(47) Unauthorized use of mail or telephone;
(48) Unauthorized contacts with the public;
(49) Correspondence or conduct with a visitor in violation of posted regulations;
(50) Giving or offering any official or staff member a bribe, or anything of value.
(51) Giving money or anything of value to, or accepting money or anything of value
from another inmate, a member of their family, or their friend. Translations for
disabled and/or non-English speaking inmates will be provided. The course of action
to be taken when there is a violation of rules by visitors shall be covered in the
policy and procedure directives.
(13.03) In addition to disciplinary action, inmates can also be required to pay for damaged,
destroyed, or misappropriated property or goods. The rules and procedures for such
administrative reimbursement sanctions should be in accordance with 33-22.08 and 33601.308, Florida Administrative Code.
(13.04) A disciplinary committee and/or or a disciplinary hearing officer shall be
established/appointed by the Officer-in-Charge or designee. If a committee is established, it
shall consist of at least three members, with one member to be designated as the
chairperson. Any member of the disciplinary committee or any person appointed as a
disciplinary hearing officer shall be disqualified if he or she has participated as an
investigating officer or witness in the case against the inmate. All disciplinary committee
members and all disciplinary hearing officers shall operate within the principles set forth by
the facility which, at a minimum, shall require that consideration be given to the causes of
the adverse behavior, the setting and circumstances in which it occurred, the inmate's
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accountability, and the correctional goals. (SEE APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING YOUTH
DETENTION FACILITIES)
(13.05)
When an infraction of the rules is alleged to have occurred, a disciplinary report shall
be processed as required by the Officer-in-Charge or designee. The employee who
witnessed the alleged violation shall prepare a written statement, and a disciplinary report
shall be written to include:
(a) Date of infraction;
(b) Place and time of infraction;
(c) Date of report;
(d) The specific charge, to include identification of the rule or statute violated;
(e) Details of the infraction;
(f) The actions taken by the employee;
(g) The names of all witnesses. Where disclosure of witnesses would endanger the welfare
of the inmate or staff, the names of witnesses and the names of confidential informants
shall be maintained in a confidential file.
(13.06)
The Officer-in-Charge or designee will cause an investigation to be made of the
allegations of acts of prohibited conduct or violation of criminal statutes. The report of
investigation will be forwarded to the disciplinary hearing officer or committee described in
subsection (13.04) above along with the original disciplinary report. The disciplinary report will
include space for the required investigation; therefore, a separate form is not needed.
(13.07)
Inmates accused of infractions, who face disciplinary action, will be notified in
writing of the charges against them and given at least 24 hours written notice prior to the
hearing of such charges to prepare their defense. They will acknowledge the receipt of the
charges, or there shall be a note in the record that the charges were delivered. The inmate may
waive in writing the right to 24 hour advance notice of hearing.
(13.08) A hearing shall be held as soon as possible after the alleged occurrence of the rule
infraction or violation as circumstances permit, after allowing notification of the charges to the
inmate and the required 24 hours for his/her assimilation of the charges against him/her, but
within the 7 working days after the incident. For the purpose of this rule, "working days" shall
mean Monday through Friday, excluding holidays. The disciplinary hearing officer or
committee, through its chairperson, shall determine that the inmate properly understands the
charges against him/her and the possible adverse actions that can result from the disciplinary
hearing.
(a) There may be times, due to extenuating circumstances, when the hearing cannot be
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held within the seven (7) days of the incident. If this occurs, the circumstances
regarding the continuance must be fully documented and approved by the Officer-inCharge.
(b) In no circumstance may the hearing be postponed beyond ten (10) working days after
the incident.
(13.09)
When holding a disciplinary hearing, the hearing officer, chairperson or a majority of
the members shall have the authority:
(a) To require the production of documents or to call witnesses;
(b) To review inmate requests for assistance, for witnesses requested by the inmate or for
any evidence which they wish to call or present provided, however, that witnesses shall
not be called or certain information disclosed if doing so would create a risk of reprisal,
undermine authority or otherwise present a threat to the security of the institution. No
witnesses shall be called if it is clear that such testimony would be irrelevant, immaterial
or repetitive. Notations shall be made in the report with reasons for declining to call
requested witnesses or for restricting any information.
(c) To offer a staff member to assist the inmate during the hearing when the inmate is
apparently illiterate, has a language barrier or the complexity of the issues makes it
unlikely that the inmate would be able to properly represent him or herself. The
disciplinary hearing officer or committee, through chairperson, should require the proper
decorum throughout the disciplinary hearing.
(13.10)

An inmate shall have the following rights at a disciplinary hearing:

(a) An inmate charged with rule violations shall be present at the hearing unless he/she
waives in writing their right to attend the hearing, refuses to attend the hearing, or
he/she behavior during the hearing justified removal there from; the absence of an
inmate from a hearing and the reason therefore shall be documented;
(b) The inmate shall receive a copy of the written decision;
(c) The time spent by an inmate in disciplinary segregation shall be proportionate to the
offense committed but in no event shall be greater than 30 days per violation;
(d) An inmate shall have the right to appeal the decision of the hearing officer or committee
to the Officer-in-Charge or designee.
(e) All steps in the disciplinary process shall be maintained as a written record. However, if
the inmate is found not guilty, the disciplinary report shall be so noted and may be
removed from the inmate's file.
(f) The decision shall be based solely upon the evidence presented at the hearing, and shall
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contain a statement of the reasons for the decision and the evidence relied upon.
(13.11)
After closed deliberations, the inmate shall be informed of the disciplinary hearing
officer's or the committee's recommended decision. The recommendations will be forwarded
to the Officer-in-Charge or designee for agreement or reduction and implementation. The
Officer-in-Charge or designee shall not increase the disciplinary penalties suggested by the
disciplinary hearing officer or committee.
(13.12)
Discipline shall not be arbitrary nor capricious, nor in the nature of retaliation or
revenge. Corporal punishment of any kind is prohibited.
(13.13) Inmates may be placed in administrative confinement for the purpose of ensuring
immediate control and supervision when it is determined they constitute a threat to
themselves, to others, or to the safety and security of the detention facility. An incident report
or disciplinary report shall follow each such action.
(a) The time of release for inmates in disciplinary or administrative confinement shall be
recorded and filed in the inmate's file.
(b) Each inmate in administrative confinement shall receive housing, food, clothing, medical
care, exercise, visitation, showers, and other services and privileges comparable to
those available to the general population except as justified by his/her classification
status or special inmates as defined in Section 5.04-Special Inmates.
(c) Such inmates should be checked by medical staff at intervals not exceeding 72 hours.
(d) Inmates in administrative or disciplinary confinement shall be required to bathe twice
weekly.
(13.14)
The Officer-in-Charge or designee shall see and talk to each inmate in disciplinary or
administrative confinement at least once each morning and once each afternoon. At each of
these times, the inmate's general condition and attitude shall be documented.

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CHAPTER 14 - CONTRABAND
(14.01)
No person shall introduce or cause to be introduced into or upon the property of a
detention facility, or give to any inmate, any article of contraband; or give to any inmate
anything which is not specifically authorized by written detention facility directive, or which
has not been specifically authorized by the Officer-in-Charge or designee. The Officer- nCharge or designee will establish and provided a list of articles or items which inmates may
have in their possession. All other items in the possession of an inmate shall be considered
contraband.
(14.02)
Confiscated monies shall revert immediately to the inmate welfare fund, or deposited
into the inmate’s canteen account, unless it is needed as evidence in a trial or disciplinary
hearing. If a detention facility does not have an inmate welfare fund, confiscated monies
shall be receipted and placed in the inmate's personal property or inmate bank account. If
the inmate is to be charged under the contraband statute, 951.22, Florida State Statutes,
any contraband shall be disposed of in accordance with 932.704, Florida State Statutes.

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CHAPTER 15 - DIRECT SUPERVISION JAILS
(15.01)
Inmates shall not be housed in direct supervision units unless approved by the
facility classification process in accordance with 951.23 (4), Florida State Statutes.
(15.02)
Any agency utilizing a direct supervision mode of inmate management shall ensure
that before accepting inmates, jail staff shall receive training in the philosophy of direct
supervision. Training mandated by 943, Florida State Statutes, is required in addition to the
training requisites above.
(15.03)
Certified correctional officers or certified juvenile detention officers, who have
received specific training regarding working in direct supervision jails, shall be in the facility
at all times to perform each of the following duties:
(a) Provide direct supervision of inmates in the housing unit.
(b) Provide emergency backup to the supervising officer as a priority of the employee's
assigned duties.
(15.04)
Policies and procedures shall be developed by the Officer-in-Charge or designee for
the operation of the facility. These policies and procedures shall reflect the rules for direct
supervision jails as delineated in the Florida Model Jail Standards. All staff shall be
knowledgeable of and have access to the policy manual and shall receive training in the
implementation of said policies and procedures prior to being assigned as a housing unit
officer.
(15.05)
Each officer assigned to a housing unit shall have a secondary means of
communications at all times to summon assistance.
(15.06)
Furnishings and equipment, including bunks and tables, located within the direct
supervision housing unit need not be of a security type.
(15.07)
When housed in a direct supervision housing unit, inmates should be subject to
informal discipline as follows:
(a) Inmates shall not be required to remain in their individual sleeping areas for more than
two (2) hours.
(b) Any informal discipline shall terminate upon completion of the then current shift.
(c) No inmate may be the subject of informal discipline more than twice in any seven (7)
day period.
(d) Inmates on informal discipline shall receive the same food, clothing, and visitation as
any other inmate in the housing unit.
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CHAPTER 16 - MINIMUM CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS
(16.01)
Any county or municipal government contemplating extensive renovation or new
construction shall, prior to the conceptual development, establish the purposes and
objectives of the facility. Such decisions should be the result of a consultation with the
Public Safety Coordinating Council. The facility should obtain technical assistance in
determining what type of renovation or construction of a new facility will best meet the
needs of local government entities.
(16.02)
When renovation is contemplated, those items which are to be renovated must come
into complete compliance with these standards. In addition, if any renovation affects square
footage, bed space or out-of-cell time, then that part of the facility which is to be renovated
must come into complete compliance with the standards established herein.
(16.03)
Design Standards - The following design standards are mandatory for all
renovations, remodeling or new construction:
(a) All aspects of design and construction shall conform to fire and safety standards and the
Americans with Disabilities Act (A.D.A.) requirements.
(b) All correctional facility designs shall provide for the maximum visibility of inmates by
correctional officers and shall provide for the protection and safety of the correctional
officers.
(c) Entry of inmates into a detention facility by vehicle shall be through a secure vehicular
sally port. This provision does not apply to facilities utilized exclusively as temporary
holding facilities or to house reduced custody inmates.
(d) Modular construction, other than pre-cast, shall comply with all safety and building
codes.
(e) All exterior confinement walls shall be either 6 inches of poured, reinforced concrete, 4
inches of pre-cast concrete, or other material deemed secure, or 8 inches of reinforced
and filled concrete block. If concrete block is used, it must be reinforced horizontally
with masonry reinforcing 16 inches on center and vertically with #4 steel reinforcing
rods 16 inches on center and all voids filled with 3,000 PSI of concrete from top to
bottom.
(f) All interior walls surrounding a secure area shall meet the requirements for exterior
walls. Wet areas shall conform to all safety and building codes.
(g) All walls within a reduced custody housing area shall be standard masonry construction
or other durable material to include, canvas, cloth, or any material similarly flexible or
woven which is supported by a structural frame of metal or similar durable material, is
flame resistant, and provides for a secure exterior wall.
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(h) Ceilings in a secure housing area shall be either poured or pre-cast concrete. Poured in
place concrete will be a minimum of 4 inches thick and reinforced. Pre-cast concrete
panels will be 5,000 PSI reinforced concrete and shall be the manufacturer's standard
thickness. Three quarters of an inch of cement plaster on ribbed metal lathe will be
acceptable when the structural frame and secure walls of the building restrict escape
routes. Cement plaster ceilings are required to cover pipe work, conduit, and duct work
in areas where accessible to inmates.
(i) Single occupancy cells will be designed with a minimum of 63 square feet of floor space.
(j) Multiple occupancy cells will be designed with a minimum of 40 square feet of floor
space per inmate in the sleeping area.
(k) Day room space shall be furnished providing a minimum of 35 square feet per inmate
for all cell areas, except disciplinary and administrative confinement.
(l) Open dormitory or reduced custody housing units shall be designed with a minimum of
75 square feet of floor space per inmate, including both sleeping and day room area.
However, inmates who are allowed out of their unit for a minimum of 8 hours per day
(e.g., work programs, treatment programs, educational programs, etc.), may be housed
in areas designated with a minimum of 70 square feet of floor space per inmate
(sleeping and day room area included). The configuration of sleeping areas shall be such
as to afford maximum visibility for the correctional officer.
(m)

Holding cells will be designed to include sufficient space for seating of inmates.
Holding cells shall be located within sight or normal sound of an officer at all times.
Inmates in a holding cell shall have reasonable access to toilet, sink, and drinking water
facilities upon request.

(n) Impervious floors shall be used in all areas. Suitable floor drains shall be installed so as
to control vandalism.
(o) Provisions shall be made for emergency power to be constantly available for the purpose
of maintaining essential services, security, and safety systems throughout the facility.
(p) Security vestibules are required whenever an entrance or exit penetrates the secure
housing area or exterior confinement walls. Security vestibule doors shall be equipped
with an interlock device to prohibit both doors being opened at the same time. Security
vestibule door locks shall be either electrically or mechanically operated from a control
box located remotely from the vestibule.
(q) Detention facilities shall provide a secure outside recreation area and multipurpose
housing shall provide space for programs, visiting (including social and attorney visiting),
and inside recreation. There shall also be adequate areas for medical examination and
for storage of inmate property.
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(r) Provision shall be made for secure sensitive storage and for a safe storage for items
such as chemicals and flammable material.
(16.04)

All furnishings and equipment in secure housing areas shall be security type.

(a) Tool resistant steel of the latest industry standards shall be used in all security devices
which control access to the exterior of the facility.
(b) Window sash of all types located in inmates' secure housing quarters shall be of the
security type. Detention windows, fixed or operable, shall not have a clear opening
width exceeding 5 inches.
(c) Glass and glazing materials shall have the proper security values for the area in which
they are used.
(d) View panels in security areas shall be security type with security type glazing.
(e) Doors leading into secure housing areas shall be either a minimum of 12 gauge sound
deadened hollow metal with security glazed viewing panel or bar grille doors of not less
than 7/8" steel bars, round or hexagonal spaced 5" on centers. These doors shall be a
minimum of 3 feet wide.
(f) Cell doors shall be a minimum of 2'8" wide. Doors for single, multiple occupancy or
dormitory type cells shall be of a material and design consistent with the security
requirements of the area. Maximum security cell doors shall be either 12 gauge sounddeadened hollow metal with security glazed panel or bar grille type.
(g) Doors to rooms in a reduced custody area or to individual cells in direct supervision
areas shall be sound-deadened hollow metal or solid core wood with viewing panels.
(16.05)Mechanical systems shall include the following:
(a) Heating, ventilating and/or air conditioning shall be designed to maintain temperatures
at a normal comfort range in the occupied areas of the facility. Ducts penetrating
inmates' access areas, which exceed 5 inches in length and width, shall have security
grilles securely anchored wherever ducts penetrate secure walls, ceiling, or floors.
(b) Mechanical ventilation of all confinement areas not having adequate natural ventilation
is mandatory.
(c) If natural ventilation is used, the window shall have a free area equal to one-tenth of
the floor space. Cross ventilation is required.
(d) In secure housing areas, light fixtures shall be secure and tamper-proof with no exposed
electrical conduit accessible to inmates. All switches and outlets with inmate access shall
have a remote override.
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(e) All sinks and showers shall have cold and either hot or tempered water.
(f) Single occupancy cells shall have a toilet and sink. Showers should be located in the day
room area.
(g) Multiple occupancy units, dormitory units, and direct supervision type housing units shall
allow ready access to toilets, sinks, and showers.
(h) Fixture counts shall be 2 toilets, 2 mirrors, 1 shower, and 2 sinks for each 16 inmates or
fraction thereof. Stainless steel fixtures are recommended.
(i) Bunks and tables in maximum security housing areas shall be security type substantially
anchored.
(j) Flooding protection. Floor drains in inmate housing areas and holding cells shall be
located to reduce the incidence of malicious tampering and flooding. Where practical, a
drain shall be located in security corridors and not inside cells or day rooms.
(16.06)
All facilities shall be architecturally designed to satisfy all of the requirements of
these standards.
(16.07)
Individual criteria. The aforementioned standards have been established for design
and construction of correctional facilities to provide for security, custody, control, programs,
and welfare of incarcerated inmates held under local authority.
(16.08)
USE OF REDUCED CUSTODY HOUSING AREA - Any county detention facility or
municipal detention facility may provide for the custody on a temporary basis in a reduced
custody housing area of sentenced or un-sentenced misdemeanants, non-dangerous felons,
or such other inmates who are determined by the Sheriff or other Chief Correctional Officer
to not present a risk of escape or a threat to the staff, other inmates, or themselves.
(a) Canvas, Cloth, or Facilities of Similar Materials. Pursuant to 951.23, Florida State
Statutes, inmates may be housed in a reduced custody housing area which traditionally
would have been an exterior security wall, but in lieu thereof, may be constructed of
canvas, cloth, or any materials similarly flexible or woven, which is flame resistant and is
supported by a structural frame of metal or similar durable material. Notwithstanding
provisions of the otherwise applicable building code, a reduced custody housing area
may be occupied by inmates or may be used for sleeping purposes. The Sheriff or Chief
Correctional Officer shall provide that a reduced custody housing area shall be governed
by fire and life safety standards which do not interfere with the normal use of the facility
and which effect a reasonable degree of compliance with rules of the State Fire Marshal
for correctional facilities, Chapter 69A-3.012 and 69A-54 , Florida Administrative Code.

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CHAPTER 17 - ADMISSION, CLASSIFICATION AND RELEASE OF JUVENILES (SEE
APPENDIX “C” CONCERNING YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES)
(17.01) When receiving and admitting a juvenile to an adult detention facility, the employees
responsible for such admission shall inquire and determine that established rules,
regulations and legal procedures for such admission are met. Any legal or procedural
questions concerning the admission of a juvenile to a detention facility shall be resolved
prior to his/her admission.
(17.02)
A juvenile who has not been transferred to the adult system by direct file 985.557
Florida State Statutes, waiver 985.556 Florida State Statutes, or grand jury indictment
(985.56 Florida State Statutes.) or who has not been found to have committed a criminal
offense as an adult, shall be held in temporary custody if release is not possible. Such
juvenile shall only be held for a period not to exceed six hours in a secure booking area of a
jail or other facility intended or used for the detention of adults for the purpose of
fingerprinting or photographing the juvenile or awaiting appropriate transport to the
Department of Juvenile Justice, provided no sight and sound contact between the juvenile
and adult inmates or inmate workers are permitted and provided the receiving facility has
adequate staff to supervise and monitor the juvenile's activities at all times pursuant to the
provisions of 985.115, Florida State Statutes.
(17.03)
When a juvenile is brought for placement in an adult jail, the intake officer shall
assure that the juvenile is accompanied by certain documents which, pursuant to 985.201,
985.21 and 985.255 Florida State Statutes, approve the placement of a juvenile in an adult
jail. Such proper legal documentation shall remain in the juvenile's file at all times. Unless
wanted in another jurisdiction as an adult, a juvenile shall not be placed in an adult jail
unless one of the following documents is present:
(a) Indicted juvenile. The arrest and booking report will be accompanied by the grand jury
indictment.
(b) Waived juvenile. The arrest and booking report will be accompanied by a copy of the
court order certifying that the juvenile has been waived for prosecution as an adult.
(c) Direct filed juvenile. The arrest and booking report will be accompanied by a certificate
of filing of direct information by the state attorney.
(d) Pursuant to 985.201 and 985.557 Florida State Statutes, any juvenile who has been
found to have committed a criminal offense as an adult and upon whom the court has
imposed adult sanctions shall be treated as an adult upon admission pursuant to any
subsequent arrest. The receiving facility shall contact the Court Clerk's Office, State
Attorney's Office, or other appropriate agency to verify the offender's status.
(17.04)
If a juvenile is taken into custody for a criminal traffic offense or a driver's license
violation and the juvenile does not demand to be taken before a magistrate, the receiving
facility shall immediately notify, or cause to be notified, the minor's parents, guardian, or
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responsible adult relative of the action taken. After making every reasonable effort to give
notice, the arresting officer or booking officer may, pursuant to 316.635(3), Florida State
Statutes.
(a) Issue a notice to appear pursuant to 901.28, Florida State Statutes, and release the
minor to a parent guardian, responsible adult relative or other responsible adult;
(b) Issue a notice to appear pursuant to 901.28, Florida State Statutes, and deliver the
minor to an appropriate substance abuse treatment or rehabilitation facility or refer the
minor to an appropriate medical facility as provided in 901.29, Florida State Statutes. If
the minor cannot be delivered to an appropriate substance abuse treatment or
rehabilitation facility or in accordance with 985.56, Florida State Statutes; or
(c) If the violation constitutes a felony and the minor cannot be released pursuant to
903.03, Florida State Statutes, the minor may be released in accordance with 985.115,
Florida State Statutes.
(17.05)
However, except for a conviction of a traffic offense involving death or personal
injury, a minor shall not be imprisoned in an adult detention facility pursuant to 985.56 and
316.635, Florida State Statutes. If a minor is imprisoned for a traffic offense involving death
or personal injury, under no circumstances shall the minor be placed in the same cell as an
adult. The facility shall have adequate staff to supervise and monitor the minor's activities at
all times.

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CHAPTER 18 - HOUSING OF JUVENILES
(18.01) (a) When a juvenile has been transferred for prosecution as an adult by direct file,
waiver or grand jury indictment or is wanted by another jurisdiction for prosecution as an
adult, the juvenile shall be housed separately from adult inmates to prohibit the juvenile
from having regular contact with incarcerated adults, including inmate workers. "Regular
contact" means sight and sound contact. Separation of juveniles from adults shall permit no
more than haphazard or accidental contact.
(b) The receiving jail or other facility shall contain a separate section for juveniles and shall
have an adequate staff to supervise and monitor the juvenile's activities at all times.
Supervision and monitoring of juveniles shall include physical observation and
documented checks by receiving facility correctional officers at intervals not to exceed
15 minutes.
(c) Nothing in this paragraph shall prohibit the placing of two or more juveniles in the same
cell provided the cell meets the size requirements outlined in Section 16.03- Design
Standards.
(d) Under no circumstances shall a juvenile be placed in the same cell with an adult,
pursuant to 985.215, Florida State Statutes.
(18.02)
Pursuant to the provisions of 985.56, 985.556, and 985.557, Florida State Statutes,
juveniles may be housed with adults if all the following conditions exist:
(a) The juvenile has been certified for prosecution as an adult by the courts by direct file,
waiver or grand jury indictment; and
(b) The juvenile has been tried as an adult; and
(c) The juvenile has been found to have committed the offense for which he was charged
or a lesser included offense; and
(d) The juvenile has been sentenced as an adult. However, no juvenile shall be placed in
adult housing unless the juvenile's classification is the same as the adults with whom the
juvenile is housed.
(18.03)
A juvenile who has been found to have committed a criminal offense as an adult and
who has received adult sanctions may be housed as an adult on any subsequent admission.
However, no juvenile shall be placed in adult housing unless the juvenile's classification is
the same as the adults with whom the juvenile is housed.

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CHAPTER 19 - STANDARDS COMMITTEE GUIDELINES
(19.01)

Jail Operational Requirements:

By October 1, 1996 (and with each subsequent revision), each Sheriff or Chief Correctional
Officer shall adopt, at a minimum, these model standards.
(19.02)

Committee Composition:

(a) The Standards' Committee shall include three (3) representatives from the Florida
Sheriffs' Association and two (2) representatives from the Association of Counties.
(b) The Committee members' responsibility is to serve two (2) year terms.
(c) By majority vote, the Committee shall elect a Chairperson. Each elected Chairperson
shall preside for a two (2) year term.
(19.03)

Committee Procedures:

(a) A minimum of three (3) Committee Members shall be present in order to conduct any
official committee business.
(b) The Committee shall develop and review minimum standards for jails including, but not
limited to operations, construction, medical care, maintenance, food services, housing
and space requirements, sanitation, cleanliness, disciplinary actions, and furnishings.
(c) The Committee shall, at a minimum, conduct biannual reviews of all existing standards.
(d) Any proposed amendments and/or changes to existing or future standards shall require
a minimum of three (3) affirmative votes for implementation.
(e) All approved amendments and/or changes to the FMJS shall take effect on October 1 of
that same year, unless otherwise specified.
(19.04)

Notifications and Announcements of Committee Business:

(a) Notice of all proceedings shall be prepared and provided to all county/municipal
detention facilities throughout the entire state.
(b) Notice of any standard adoption, amendment, or repeal, shall be prepared and provided
to all county/municipal detention facilities throughout the entire state.
(c) Notice of any official Committee business shall be made available, upon request, to the
public.

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CHAPTER 20 – Youth Detention Facilities
Preface – The spirit of this chapter refers specifically to county operated youth detention
facilities; the preceding FMJS Chapters 1 through 19 also applies to county operated youth
detention facilities. However, FMJS Chapter 20 standards are designed to be specific to county
operated youth detention facilities, thereby signaling an acknowledgement that children
in the juvenile justice system are fundamentally different than adults, requiring
certain departures from typical adult facility protocols. Failure to meet any standard in Chapter
20 would be considered a serious violation that may result in removal of certification and
compliance authorization to operate the county operated youth detention facility by the FMJS
Committee. Youth detention facilities must comply with Federal requirements and inspections as
well.
Pursuant to Florida State Statute as it pertains to and empowers the Florida Model Jail
Standards, the following law was enacted in 2011:

985.688 Administering county and municipal delinquency programs and facilities. –
(11)(a)
Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, a county is in compliance with this
section if:
1. The county provides the full cost for pre-adjudication detention for juveniles;
2. The county authorizes the county sheriff, any other county jail operator, or a contracted
provider located inside or outside the county to provide pre-adjudication detention care for
juveniles;
3. The county sheriff or other county jail operator is accredited by the Florida Corrections
Accreditation Commission or American Correctional Association; and
4. The facility is inspected annually and meets the Florida Model Jail Standards.
(a) A county or county sheriff may form regional detention facilities through an interlocal
agreement in order to meet the requirements of this section.
(b) Each county sheriff or other county jail operator must follow the federal regulations
that require sight and sound separation of juvenile inmates from adult inmates.
(c) A county or county sheriff that complies with this subsection is not subject to any
additional training, procedures, or inspections required by this chapter.
The supervision, care, custody, treatment, housing, and general handling of youths shall be in
accordance with the following standards:
(20.01)

Technical Assistance and Re-inspection Protocol

(a) FMJS Compliance Assistance – The Sheriff or Officer in Charge may contact the Florida
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Sheriff’s Association (FSA) for assistance in achieving compliance with the FMJS.
(1) Each facility shall be pre-inspected by a FMJS inspector for compliance prior to
operation.
(2)Annual regular inspections shall commence upon initial FMJS pre-inspection
compliance.
(3) Any failed pre-inspections or regular inspections shall require a corrective action plan
and re-inspection within 90 days to prove compliance.
(4) A second failure of FMJS compliance during re-inspection shall result in the denial of
certification and compliance authorization to operate the facility by the FMJS Committee.
After a failed re-inspection, the Officer in Charge must submit, in writing, a request to
the FSA for a subsequent inspection certifying that all failed standards have been met.
Thereafter, the facility must pass a new inspection for the previous failures to meet
previously deficient standards.
(20.02)

USE OF FORCE.

(a)

Each agency shall develop policies and procedures on use of force, which is
consistent with the Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE) Use of Force
Continuum and/or the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice (FDJJ) Use of Force
Continuum regarding resistance and control techniques as well as local, state
and federal laws.
(1) FDLE approved training for certified corrections officers is required
(2) FDJJ approved training for non-corrections certified employees is
required

(b)

Each agency will adopt a comprehensive annual training program for employees
consistent with policies and procedures and the Florida Department of Law
Enforcement (FDLE) Use of Force Continuum and/or the Florida Department of
Juvenile Justice (FDJJ) Use of Force Continuum regarding resistance and control
techniques.
(1) FDLE approved training for certified corrections officers is required
(2) FDJJ approved training for non-corrections certified employees is
required

(c)

Failure to abide by use of force policies and training requirements consistent with
the Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE) Use of Force Continuum
and/or the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice (FDJJ) Use of Force Continuum
regarding resistance and control techniques may result in removal of certification
and compliance authorization to operate the facility by the FMJS Committee.
(1) FDLE approved training for certified corrections officers is required
(2) FDJJ approved training for non-corrections certified employees is
required

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(d)

Employees shall use the minimal amount of force necessary (beginning with
verbal intervention techniques) to effect control over a youth.

(e)

Verbal intervention techniques shall be the initial response by an employee to
resistance by a youth except where physical intervention techniques are
necessary to prevent: physical harm to the youth, employee, or another person;
property damage; or the youth is attempting escape or absconding from lawful
supervision.

(f)

When resistance “escalates suddenly”, employees shall use an appropriate
means to defend other youths and themselves, in accordance with policies and
procedures, local, state, and federal laws given the existing circumstances.

(g)

In any case where force is used, a written and signed report shall be made by
the employee to the Officer-in-Charge or designee, who shall review the report,
have an investigation made when warranted, and shall approve or disapprove
the use of force based upon policies and procedures, local, state, and federal
laws.

(h)

All use of force reports shall be retained in compliance with the General Records
Schedule and Chapters 119 and 257 of the Florida State Statutes and made
available to the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ).

(i)

A youth involved in a "Use-of-Force" incident shall be examined by medical
personnel, as soon as practical following the incident. Acknowledgment of the
medical examination shall be annotated on the "Use-of-Force" report. The
results of the examination shall be documented in the youth’s medical file.

(j)

Agency approved chemical and electronic weapons may be accessible in the
juvenile facility to certified corrections officers.

(k)

Agency approved chemical agents and electronic weapons shall only be used by
certified corrections officers trained in their use, when the use of force is
necessary, when this level of force is the least likely to cause injuries to staff or
youths, and only if in compliance with and if authorized by the policy and
procedure directives for the facility. In all cases where chemical agents or
electronic weapons are used on youths, each youth shall be examined by medical
personnel as soon as practical. Acknowledgment of the medical examination shall
be annotated on the Use-of-Force report.

(l)

Employees who are assigned to adult inmate duties shall not directly supervise in
a county operated youth detention facility on the same shift, unless the adult
inmate duties come after youth detention duties; except in life-threatening
situations. (Once adult inmate duties are performed, an employee shall not return
to the direct supervision of youth duties during the same work-shift)

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(m) Facility staff providing specialized services (medical care, food service, laundry,
maintenance, engineering, etc) who are not normally in contact with detainees, or
whose infrequent contacts occur under conditions of separation of juveniles and
adults, can serve both populations (subject to state standards or licensing
requirements). Adult inmates shall not be allowed to serve meals or provide
miscellaneous duties in a youth detention facility.
(n) Each juvenile detention facility will maintain an electronic video recording system
and archive the recordings for at least 30 days.
(20.03) CLASSIFICATION
The primary objective of a classification plan is to place youths in the type of housing that best
meets their needs and to provide reasonable protection for all youths.
(a) Each facility shall have a classification plan that includes the following:
Consideration
of age, physical, gender, mental, social, educational maturity of the youth, medical disabilities,
and other special needs.
(b) Housing assignments for sexually aggressive youths will be made to protect other
youths.
(20.04) SUICIDE PREVENTION
(a) Close Supervision – is reserved for a youth who is not actively suicidal but expresses
suicidal ideations and/or has a recent prior history of self destructive behavior and would be
considered a low risk for suicide. Close supervision requires regular, documented, physical
observation of the youth by staff or members of the medical staff at intervals not to exceed
fifteen (15) minutes.
(1) A written directive by each agency shall address “close supervision” as for
placement, participation, and removal.
(b) Direct Observation – is reserved for a youth who is actively suicidal, either by
threatening or engaging in self-injury and would be considered a high risk for suicide. Direct
supervision requires the youth to be observed by a staff member on a continuous,
uninterrupted basis with documented fifteen (15) minutes checks.
(1) A written directive by each agency shall address “direct observation” as for
placement, participation, and removal.
(20.05) CASE-RECORD MANAGEMENT
Records shall be maintained on each youth.
(a)

A daily reporting system will be maintained by the facility and include information

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related to the admission, release, and current status of all youth in the facility. This information
will be entered into the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice Information System (JJIS) daily;
provided the DJJ makes the JJIS system available including training at no cost to the county
facility.
(20.06)

BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT

Rules and regulations governing the conduct of youths and visitors shall be posted and available
to each youth and all visitors.
(a)
A systematic behavioral management system of consequences and rewards shall be
in place to encourage positive behavior from the youths.
(b)
The use of drugs to control youth behavior is prohibited, foregoing the
administration of medication as prescribed by a licensed physician.
(20.07) ACTIVITIES AND PROGRAMMING
Youth shall be provided the opportunity to participate in constructive activities that will
benefit the youth as follows:
(a) Gender-specific educational programming shall be available for at-risk girls and boys, to
include topics such as physical and mental abuse, high-risk sexual behavior, mental
health and substance abuse issues, and gang activity.
(b) Educational programming shall be made available that includes: life and social skill
competency development, which help youths function more responsibly and successfully
in everyday life situations, including social skills that specifically address interpersonal
relationships.
(c) Education for the youths shall be provided in accordance with State law and funding
availability.
(d) Recreation and physical activities shall be provided to promote physical growth and
development, including daily large muscle exercise. Youths shall have the opportunity to
have daily outdoor exercise, weather permitting. Uncontrollable or violent youths shall
have their recreational time curtailed as required for safety.
(20.08) HOUSING
Youth shall not be housed in direct supervision units unless approved by the facility
classification process in accordance with 951.23 (4), Florida State Statutes.
(20.09) MANDATORY CHILD ABUSE REPORTING PER FLORIDA STATUTE
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Any facility employee who knows, or has reasonable cause to suspect, that a child is abused,
abandoned, or neglected by a parent, legal custodian, caregiver, or other person responsible for
the child’s welfare, as defined by Florida Statute 39.201, or that a child is in need of supervision
and care and has no parent, legal custodian, or responsible adult relative immediately known
and available to provide supervision and care, reports such knowledge or suspicion to the
Florida Abuse Hotline, as prescribed in Florida Statute 39.201(1)(a).
(a) Youths shall be allowed to self-report abuse as well.
(20.10) TRANSPORTATION
(a) All youths and employees shall wear seat belts during transportation.
(b) Employees shall lock facility vehicles when not in use.
(c) Staff performing supervision within the secure area of a juvenile detention center may not
supervise adult inmates on the same shift prior to supervising youth inside the secure area of
juvenile detention center. If a staff member supervising youth within the secure area of a
detention center, then supervises adult offenders, the staff member may not return to
supervising youth within the secure area of the detention center. This shall not apply to a
transportation unit whose sole duties reside in moving adults and juveniles outside of the
secure area, but does not perform supervision duties within the secure area of a juvenile
detention center or correctional facility. Adult inmates and juveniles shall not be transported
together.
(20.11) MEDICAL CARE AND TREATMENT
(a) All medical care and treatment shall be governed by informed consent practices applicable
in FS 743.0645. Emergency medical care or treatment may be rendered to minors without
parental consent as defined in FS 743.064 with notification accomplished as soon as possible
after the emergency medical care or treatment is administered. Per FS 743.0645 (1) (b):
Medical care and treatment includes ordinary and necessary medical and dental examination
and treatment, including ordinary immunizations, tuberculin testing, and well child care, but
does not include surgery, general anesthesia, provision of psychotropic medications, or other
extraordinary procedures for which a separate court order, power of attorney or informed
consent as provided by law is required; except as provided in FS 39.407(3).
(b) With the exception of emergency medical care and care that is required by Florida Statute,
all medical treatment shall require informed consent of the parent or guardian. In the absence
of parent or guardian consent, a court order may be required.
(c) It is required that juveniles receive a health appraisal within 7 days of admission to
the facility;
(d) It is required that juveniles found to be under the influence of drugs or alcohol
should not be admitted and be directed to the nearest hospital emergency room for
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evaluation and medical clearance.
(e) Youths may not be confined in isolation for medical purposes unless the order is made
by a medical professional and approved by a medical doctor. In addition, such youth
should be examined by a physician or designee within 8-12 hours of his or her
confinement.
(20.12)

BAKER ACT

Youth brought to the facility pursuant to 397.677 Florida Statutes (protective custody/Baker
Act) shall not be housed at the facility but will be referred to either a local hospital or
designated Mental Health/Baker Act receiving facility until such time as it is determined that the
youth no longer meets Baker Act criteria.

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APPENDIX A
EXHIBIT 1
PER SPECIFIED UNIT OF FLOOR SPACE FACTORING PROCESS
This factoring process will apply to detention facilities constructed prior to October 8, 1976.
Recognizing that these facilities do not comply with current space requirements, this process
has been developed to allow these facilities to house inmates in smaller quarters, provided they
are allowed sufficient out-of-cell time to equal the requirements of this process. Inmates shall
be afforded a square footage factor of 63 in cells of any type (22 of which must be sleeping
space) and a square footage factor of 75 in dormitories, sleeping quarters, or reduced custody
housing area (40 of which must be sleeping space).
As used in this process, cell refers to any type cell as defined in subsection (1.04) of these
standards.
Density (capacity) for each cell is determined by consideration of all the above square footage
factors. It results in setting the number of persons who may be placed in each cell and only
under the conditions described by the completed factoring process.
Programmed out-of-cell time will be factored on the following schedule based on reasonable
activities in a detention facility. A square foot factor of 3 will be allowed for each hour of
programmed out-of-cell time per week not to exceed the maximum allowable described below.
Sq. F.F. = Square Foot Factor

N.T.E. = Not to Exceed

Visiting (out-of-cell) NTE 27 (9 hours per week)
Outside Recreation/Exercise NTE 21 (1 hour per day)
Inside Recreation/Exercise/Programs NTE 21 (1 hour per day)
Common Dining NTE 21 (1 hour per day)
Work NTE 41 (Maximum allowable under process)
Total NTE 41 (Maximum allowable under process)
The limited factors (N.T.E.) allowed for out-of-cell time prevent the process from circumventing
the minimum square footage requirement in cells. The maximum factor of 3, in most instances,
will require access to at least two programs for those cells containing minimum square footage.
Programs providing for out-of-cell factors shall be included in facility policies and procedures
and accurate records maintained on required forms.
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APPENDIX B
An adult county or municipal detention facility constructed prior to October 1, 1996 may house
two inmates in a single cell of 63 square feet or more, provided the following conditions are
met:
(a) Inmates are permitted out of the single cell a minimum of 10 hours per day to a day
room, dining area, exercise area or other area approved for inmate occupancy;
(b) Neither inmate is classified as dangerous or special risk;
(c) Both inmates are similarly classified;
(d) The combined bed space does not exceed 22 square feet of floor space;
(e) Additional staff, as determined by the Officer-in-Charge or designee, is provided for the
supervision of inmates. The following criteria shall be evaluated in determining the
additional staff needed:
(1) Admission, Classification, and Release, Chapter #4
(2) Housing, Chapter #5
(3) Medical, Chapter #7
(4) Clothing and Bedding, Chapter #8
(5) Programs, Chapter #9
(6) Privileges, Chapter #10
(7) Security and Control, Chapter #11
(8) Sanitation, Chapter #12
(9) Minimum Construction Standards, Chapter #16

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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
APPENDIX C – YOUTH DETENTION FACILITIES
(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(1.25) "Juvenile" is expanded to differentiate between people under the
age of 18 within the juvenile justice system and other youth currently
housed in adult jails, i.e. youth charged as adults or previously found to
have committed an offense as an adult;
(1.34) "Prisoner" or "Inmate" is edited to add "juvenile" or
"youth" to reflect the possibility that such individuals may be
housed by sheriffs;
(2.01) Because detention is especially stressful for youth and the
average length of detention for juveniles is 48 hours, the provision
exempting FMJS sections regarding visitation and other privileges is
edited to permit juveniles such visits and privileges regardless of how
recently they arrived in the facility. J uveniles should be moved into
regular programming as soon as practicable.
(2.05) Technical Assistance is expanded to include encouragement to
facility operators to seek assistance from the FSA and DJJ;

(e)

A daily reporting system will be maintained by the facility and include
information related to the admission, release, and current status of all
youth in the facility. This information will be entered into the Florida
Department of Juvenile Justice Information System daily. (JJIS)

(f)

(2.14) Compliancy Enforcement is edited to make clear that a circuit
court may order the transfer of juveniles to another county or the DJJ
for noncompliance with the FMJS;
Chapter 4 and the FMJS must ensure that juveniles are not to be
admitted to a county operated juvenile detention facility in violation of
either Florida State Statute 985 or the federal Juvenile Justice and
Delinquency Prevention Act.
(5.04) Special Needs Inmates is expanded to include juveniles who
are low functioning.

(g)

(h)

Florida Statute 393.063
(9)"Developmental disability" means a disorder or syndrome that is attributable to retardation,
cerebral palsy, autism, Spina bifida, or Prader-Willi syndrome; that manifests before the age of
18; and that constitutes a substantial handicap that can reasonably be expected to continue
indefinitely.
(31)"Retardation" means significantly sub-average general intellectual functioning existing
concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior that manifests before the age of 18 and can
reasonably be expected to continue indefinitely. "Significantly sub average general intellectual
functioning," for the purpose of this definition, means performance which is two or more
standard deviations from the mean score on a standardized intelligence test specified in the
rules of the agency. "Adaptive behavior," for the purpose of this definition, means the
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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
effectiveness or degree with which an individual meets the standards of personal independence
and social responsibility expected of his or her age, cultural group, and community.
Title 42 of the United States Code Chapter 144 and the Developmental Disabilities Assistance
and Bill of Rights Act of 2000: defines developmental disabled as:
(8) DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY.(A) IN GENERAL. -The term ''developmental disability'' means a severe, chronic disability of
an individual that(i) is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or combination of mental and
physical impairments;
(ii) is manifested before the individual attains age 22;
(iii) is likely to continue indefinitely;
(iv) results in substantial functional limitations in 3 or more of the following areas of
major life activity:
(I) Self-care.
(II) Receptive and expressive language.
(III) Learning.
(IV) Mobility.
(V) Self-direction.
(VI) Capacity for independent living.
(VII) Economic self-sufficiency; and
(v) reflects the individual's need for a combination and sequence of special,
interdisciplinary, or generic services, individualized supports, or other forms of
assistance that are of lifelong or extended duration and are individually planned and
coordinated.
(5.04) Special Needs Inmates is also expanded to include juveniles who are: (1) under the age
of nine, (2) have a mental illness as determined by the health authority regardless of age, (3)
have the characteristics of an intellectual disability regardless of age, or (4) have the
characteristics of autism spectrum disorder.
(a) Characteristics of Persons with Intellectual Disabilities
1. May not communicate at age level (limited vocabulary, difficulty
understanding/answering questions, mimics answers/responses, unable to communicate
events clearly in his/her own words, unable to understand complicated instructions or
abstract questions).
2. May not understand consequences of situations (unaware of seriousness of
situations, easily led or persuaded by others, and/or naïve eagerness to confess or
please authority figures).

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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
3. May not behave appropriately (unaware of social norms, acts younger than
actual age, may display childlike behavior, displays low frustration tolerance and/or poor
impulse control, may “act out,” become emotional, or try to leave under pressure).
4. May have difficulty performing tasks (inability to read write or tell time, easily
distracted, poor motor coordination).
(b) Characteristics of Persons on the Autism Spectrum:
1. Non-verbal or has limited speech.
2. Avoids eye contact.
3. If verbal, may have trouble with correct speech volume.
4. Rocks back and forth.
5. Demonstrates apparent insensitivity or high tolerance for pain.
6. Responds in unusual manner to lights, sounds or other sensory input.
7. Exhibits avoidance of touch.
8. Seeks sensory stimulation, including heavy pressure.
9. Display inappropriate behaviors, like laughing or giggling at inappropriate
things.
10. Echoes words or phrases.
(i) (6.04) is edited to include a healthy snack for juveniles, in addition to 3
nutritious meals;
(j) (6.05) Menus shall be clarified to note that juveniles have caloric and nutritional needs
greater than adults and that pregnant girls have special dietary needs that
must be met;
(k) (8.05) is edited to permit juveniles clean clothes daily; including underwear.
(l) (9.03)(g) All detained juveniles are per se indigent and supplied with writing
materials and postage to correspond with attorneys and courts, as well as
their family.
(m) (9.04) Visiting – Juveniles shall be permitted visitation with family at least three (3)
times a week.
(n) (9.05) Work. Juveniles may not be required to work other than to clean their
living area and secure common areas and shall be specifically exempted from this
standard;
(o) (9.06) Exercise- Juveniles shall be permitted at least 1 hour of large muscle
exercise a day;
(p) (9.10) is edited to make it clear that juveniles may not have access to work release.
(q) (11.06) is edited to require logged visual checks of youth every 15 minutes.
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FLORIDA MODEL JAIL STANDARDS
(r) (13.04) is edited to mandate that juveniles have an advocate assigned to them for the
purposes of disciplinary hearings;
(s) Chapter 17 does not apply to detention facilities that house p r e - adj ud i ca t ed
y ouths in the juvenile justice system.
(t) Effective October 1, 2011, youth detention buildings previously operated by the DJJ
may be exempt from FMJS housing standard 5.08 when taken over by a Sheriff or County for
the purposes of pre-adjudicated youth detention. Upon renovation or
modification
completion, all standards of 5.08 shall be met.

Effective Date: 01/31/14

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