by Douglas Ankney
Forensic researchers from the University of Surrey in southeast England have revealed they can examine fingerprints to determine whether a person has ingested cocaine or merely touched cocaine. In 2017, Melanie Bailey and her team utilized a new test that used high-resolution mass spectrometry (“HRMS”) to examine fingerprints taken from persons who had testified to taking cocaine within the previous 24 hours. These subjects were then asked to wash their hands and give another set of prints. This same procedure was followed to examine fingerprints taken from another group of people who had only touched street cocaine. Those who had ingested cocaine produced a molecule known as benzoylecgonine that was not detected in the fingerprints taken from those who had only touched the drug.
Because 1-in-10 non-drug users are exposed to cocaine through environmental factors such as handling money, the ability to determine who has ingested versus who has merely touched cocaine is critical. This is especially true with the “war on drugs” and the legal ramifications of positive field-tests.
Bailey said, “At the roadside it would be possible to carry out a screening test, but you would still need to collect a sample to take back to the lab for confirmation.”
Researchers also believe the testing method will eventually be used to detect if people are receiving the correct dosage of therapeutic drugs.
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More from this issue:
- Changing Perception, Changing The Law, by Jean Trounstine
- California Supreme Court Finds IAC, Vacates Conviction in LAPD Officer’s Murder Case (Again) – 36 Years Later, by Dale Chappell
- Ninth Circuit Opens Door for Savings Clause Relief, Recognizes ‘Actual Innocence’ for Mandatory Career Offender Sentences, by Dale Chappell
- Seventh Circuit: Trial Judge Violated 5th Amendment by Modifying Instructions to Allow Jury to Convict on Offenses Not Charged in Indictment, by Douglas Ankney
- Attacking the Guilty Plea: The Ineffective Assistance of Counsel Standard, by Dale Chappell
- Suspending the Constitution: Police State Uses Crises to Expand Its Lockdown Powers, by John W. Whitehead
- SCOTUS: ‘Serious Drug Offense’ Under ACCA Is Self-Defining, Match with Equivalent Federal Offense Not Required, by Dale Chappell
- Kansas Supreme Court Holds Threat of Violence Statute Violates First Amendment to Extent it Criminalizes ‘Reckless’ Conduct, by Dale Chappell
- SCOTUS: Advocating for Shorter Sentence Sufficient to Preserve Claim that Sentence Imposed Greater Than Necessary to Comply With 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a), by Douglas Ankney
- New York Court of Appeals Orders Resentencing Because Trial Court Relied on Testimony from Improperly Unsealed Record, by Douglas Ankney
- California Court of Appeal: Senate Bill 1437 Abrogates ‘Natural and Probable Consequences Doctrine’ in Attempted Murder Prosecutions and Applies Retroactively to Cases on Appeal, by Douglas Ankney
- Sixth Circuit: Cardiologist’s Right to Due Process Violated Where District Court Ordered Government to Not Disclose Third Party’s Expert Evaluation of Medical Care Provided by Him, by Douglas Ankney
- En Banc Ninth Circuit Provides Guidance on When Amended Habeas Petition ‘Relates Back’ to Original Claims to Avoid Dismissal as Untimely, by Dale Chappell
- First Circuit: Home Search Affidavit Failed to Establish Nexus of Crime and Evidence, by David Reutter
- First Circuit: Securing a Weapon Not Used in Offense Is Not Exigent Circumstance Permitting Warrantless Entry and Search of Suspect’s Home, by Anthony Accurso
- Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Reverses Murder Conviction Due to Insufficient Evidence, by Douglas Ankney
- Second Circuit Holds Denial to Proceed Under Pseudonym by Magistrate Judge Is Immediately Appealable, by Dale Chappell
- Fifth Circuit Settles In-Circuit Confusion, Holds Implicit Extension of Time to File State Appeal Tolls AEDPA Clock to File Federal Habeas Petition, by Dale Chappell
- Pennsylvania Prosecutors Cash in on Low-Level Drug Crimes, by Edward Lyon
- Former Florida Deputy Jailed for Fabricating Drug Evidence, by David Reutter
- Prosecutors Overrepresented Among Federal Judges, by Jayson Hawkins
- ‘Travel Papers’ and the Pandemic Patriot Act 2.0, by Daisy Luther, The Organic Prepper
- FBI ‘Assessing’ Black Americans, by Jayson Hawkins
- California Supreme Court: Refusing to Testify Insufficient to Constitute Accessory After the Fact, by Anthony Accurso
- Seventh Circuit: Unsupported CI Statements Insufficient to Justify Higher Drug Quantity for Sentencing, by Dale Chappell
- Ninth Circuit: Proposition 47 Creates New, Intervening Judgment to Allow Another Federal Habeas Petition Attacking Entire Case, by Dale Chappell
- Seventh Circuit Vacates Sentence for Failure to Explain Extreme Departure of Guidelines Range, by Anthony Accurso
- Coronavirus: Will Courts Continue To Operate, Preserving the Rule of Law?, by Austin Sarat, Professor of Jurisprudence and Political Science, Amherst College, The Conversation
- Repeat Offenders May Be the Result of Different Brain Composition, by Michael Fortino, Ph.D
- Washington Supreme Court Announces PRP Petition ‘Final’ Upon Issuance of Certificate of Finality to Allow Tolling of Federal Habeas Clock, by Dale Chappell
- Hawaii Lawmakers Propose Transparency from Prosecutors, by David Reutter
- New Fingerprint Test Can Distinguish Whether Person Ingested Cocaine or Only Touched It, by Douglas Ankney
- Wyoming Supreme Court Finds IAC Where Counsel Failed to Challenge Prolonging of Traffic Stop After Citation Completed, by Anthony Accurso
- North Carolina Supreme Court Announces Defendant Can Forfeit Right to Counsel by Egregious Misconduct; Trial Court May Forgo Compliance with N.C.G.S. § 15A-1242, by Douglas Ankney
- Report: LAPD Engaged in Racial Profiling in Traffic Stops, by Kevin Bliss
- Fingerprint Analysis: High Stakes, Low Qualifications, by Jayson Hawkins
- California Supreme Court: Defendant Doesn’t Forfeit Claim for Failing to Object to Expert’s Testimonial Hearsay at Trial That Occurred Before Sanchez Was Decided, by Anthony Accurso
- Big Brother Is ... Tracking You, by Douglas Ankney
- Georgia Supreme Court Reverses Dismissal of Second State Habeas Petition, by Douglas Ankney
- DNA Contamination Threatened Conviction of Innocent Man, by Kevin Bliss
- Sealed Records Open for View, by Kevin Bliss
- Citizens in California Can No Longer be Prosecuted for Refusing to Risk Their Lives Assisting Police, by Douglas Ankney
- News Websites Rethink Using Mugshots as Click-Bait, by Dale Chappell
- Advanced DNA Technology Helps Free Innocent Georgia Man After Nearly 18 Years in Prison, by Edward Lyon
- In the Criminal Justice System, Big Brother Gets Bigger Every Day, by Douglas Ankney
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- California’s Killer Cops, by Douglas Ankney
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- Complexity and Lack of Standardization Makes Crime Statistics Less Useful, by Matthew Clarke
- Chicago’s ‘Despicable’ Red-Light Camera System Exposed, by Douglas Ankney
- New York Police Department Plays Loose with Freedom of Information Act Laws, by Kevin Bliss
- How to Clear Your Record of Marijuana Charges in Illinois, by Dale Chappell
- Could a Second Chance be the Answer?, by Kevin Bliss
- Wrongfully Convicted NY Man Freed After 24 Years, by Jayson Hawkins
- News in Brief
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More from Douglas Ankney:
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- Texas Court of Criminal Appeals: Trial Court Did Not Abuse Discretion by Granting Rule 508 Motion to Dismiss Capital Murder Charge Where State Refused to Disclose Identity of Confidential Informant, March 15, 2022
- California Court of Appeal: Hearing on Discretionary Resentencing Under §1170.91(b)(1) for U.S. Servicemembers Requires Only That Petition Allege Defendant ‘May’ Be Suffering From a ‘Qualifying Condition’, March 15, 2022
- Search Your Constitution in Vain for the Fourth Amendment—the DOJ Seized It (Stealthily), March 15, 2022
- Police Disparage Philadelphia Citizenry with False Report That SEPTA Riders Stood Idle While Passenger was Raped, March 15, 2022
- ‘Possible Cause’ Is All That’s Needed for Geofence Warrants, March 15, 2022
- Third Circuit: Retroactive Application of Amended New Jersey Parole Guidelines May Violate Ex Post Facto Clause, March 1, 2022
- Acquitted Conduct Sentencing, Feb. 15, 2022
- Texas Court of Criminal Appeals: Defendant Satisfied Requirements of Confession and Avoidance, ‘Unintentional Self-Defense’ Jury Instruction Allowed Against Charge of Intentional Offense, Feb. 15, 2022
- Michigan Supreme Court Announces 2011 SORA May Not Be Retroactively Applied to Registrants Whose Offenses Predated Its Enactment Because Doing So Violates Prohibition on Ex Post Facto Laws, Feb. 15, 2022
More from these topics:
- Unreliable Drug Tests Standard for Law Enforcement and Prisons, Dec. 1, 2021. Drug Testing, junk science.
- Massachusetts Department of Corrections Sued Over Use of “Fake” Drug Tests on Legal Mail, Nov. 1, 2021. Jail Misconduct, Drug Testing, Class Notice, Mail.
- San Francisco Forensic Analyst’s Arrest on Drug Charges Exposes Flawed Lab, Feb. 15, 2021. Drug Testing, Crime Labs, junk science.
- NY State Prisons Finally Stop Using Faulty Drug Testing Equipment; Class Action Lawsuit Filed by Victims, April 1, 2020. Contractor Misconduct, Drug Testing.
- Colorado Supreme Court Announces Sniff by Drug Dog Trained to Detect Marijuana Now Constitutes a ‘Search’ Requiring Probable Cause, Aug. 21, 2019. Searches, Drug Testing.
- Washington: Prisoners’ Complaints Lead to Changes in DOC’s Drug Testing Policy, Aug. 6, 2019. DOC/BOP misconduct, Drug Testing.
- Florida Deputy Falsifies Drug Field-Test Results, Freeing 11 From Jail, April 12, 2019. Misconduct/Corruption, Police Misconduct, Jail Misconduct, Drug Testing.
- Prosecutors Have the Power to Stop Bad Roadside Drug Tests From Ruining People’s Lives, April 12, 2019. Drug Testing, Prosecutors, Traffic stop.
- North Dakota Supreme Court Announces Implied Consent Advisory Must be Read After Arrest and Before Administering Test, March 15, 2019. Drug Testing, Consent Decrees, DUI.
- Minnesota Supreme Court Joins the Chorus by Announcing Birchfield is Retroactive, Dec. 28, 2018. Drug Testing, Search warrants.